Seagrass Restoration Enhances “Blue Carbon” Sequestration in Coastal Waters
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{"title"=>"Seagrass Restoration Enhances \"Blue Carbon\" Sequestration in Coastal Waters", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Jill T.", "last_name"=>"Greiner", "scopus_author_id"=>"55821097700"}, {"first_name"=>"Karen J.", "last_name"=>"McGlathery", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701715245"}, {"first_name"=>"John", "last_name"=>"Gunnell", "scopus_author_id"=>"55820712800"}, {"first_name"=>"Brent A.", "last_name"=>"McKee", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005976930"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"23967303", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0072469", "sgr"=>"84881482662", "arxiv"=>"e 72469", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84881482662", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"369566695"}, "id"=>"a8551436-0fa8-30d5-b610-a632c9c84ea8", "abstract"=>"Seagrass meadows are highly productive habitats that provide important ecosystem services in the coastal zone, including carbon and nutrient sequestration. Organic carbon in seagrass sediment, known as \"blue carbon,\" accumulates from both in situ production and sedimentation of particulate carbon from the water column. Using a large-scale restoration (>1700 ha) in the Virginia coastal bays as a model system, we evaluated the role of seagrass, Zosteramarina, restoration in carbon storage in sediments of shallow coastal ecosystems. Sediments of replicate seagrass meadows representing different age treatments (as time since seeding: 0, 4, and 10 years), were analyzed for % carbon, % nitrogen, bulk density, organic matter content, and ²¹⁰Pb for dating at 1-cm increments to a depth of 10 cm. Sediment nutrient and organic content, and carbon accumulation rates were higher in 10-year seagrass meadows relative to 4-year and bare sediment. These differences were consistent with higher shoot density in the older meadow. Carbon accumulation rates determined for the 10-year restored seagrass meadows were 36.68 g C m⁻² yr⁻¹. Within 12 years of seeding, the restored seagrass meadows are expected to accumulate carbon at a rate that is comparable to measured ranges in natural seagrass meadows. This the first study to provide evidence of the potential of seagrass habitat restoration to enhance carbon sequestration in the coastal zone.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/seagrass-restoration-enhances-blue-carbon-sequestration-coastal-waters", "reader_count"=>290, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>8, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>7, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>65, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>12, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>60, "Student > Postgraduate"=>10, "Student > Master"=>71, "Other"=>8, "Student > Bachelor"=>36, "Lecturer"=>5, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>5}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>8, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>7, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>65, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>12, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>60, "Student > Postgraduate"=>10, "Student > Master"=>71, "Other"=>8, "Student > Bachelor"=>36, "Lecturer"=>5, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>5}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>19, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>110, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Chemical Engineering"=>1, "Chemistry"=>1, "Computer Science"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>15, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>5, "Engineering"=>6, "Environmental Science"=>126, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>19}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>126}, "Chemical Engineering"=>{"Chemical Engineering"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>6}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>15}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>5}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>110}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Republic of Singapore"=>1, "Colombia"=>2, "United States"=>2, "Italy"=>4, "United Kingdom"=>3, "Mexico"=>3, "Kenya"=>1, "France"=>1, "Germany"=>1, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>21}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1169743"], "description"=>"<p><b>A</b>) Historical record in the 10-year treatment (SB) of sediment accretion rate, percent organic carbon, and carbon burial rate with years before present starting in 2011 (= 0 on x-axis). <b>B</b>) Recent record in the 10-year treatment of sediment accretion rate, percent organic carbon, and carbon burial rate with years before present starting in 2011. Time influenced by seagrass restoration (10 years) is enclosed in box with grey diagonal lines. The vertical, grey hyphenated line at 5 years before present indicates the end of the 5-year lag period, where before there was little change in carbon burial rates due to low seagrass density. </p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sediment", "accretion", "percent", "carbon", "burial", "10-year"], "article_id"=>772517, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Jill T. Greiner", "Karen J. McGlathery", "John Gunnell", "Brent A. McKee"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072469.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Record_of_sediment_accretion_rate_percent_organic_carbon_and_carbon_burial_rate_in_10_year_treatment_/772517", "title"=>"Record of sediment accretion rate, percent organic carbon, and carbon burial rate in 10-year treatment.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-08-14 02:56:36"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1169741"], "description"=>"<p><b>A</b>) Percent organic matter (% OM); <b>B</b>) Percent organic carbon (% C); <b>C</b>) Percent nitrogen (% N) for 4 age treatments (0- (HI), 4-, 0- (SB), and 10-year) in top 10 cm of sediment, where error bars indicate standard error. Averages for each variable were calculated in 1-cm intervals to a depth of 10 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["down-core", "profiles", "sediment", "10"], "article_id"=>772515, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Jill T. Greiner", "Karen J. McGlathery", "John Gunnell", "Brent A. McKee"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072469.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Vertical_average_down_core_profiles_of_sediment_characteristics_in_the_top_10_cm_/772515", "title"=>"Vertical average down-core profiles of sediment characteristics in the top 10 cm.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-08-14 02:56:36"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1169742"], "description"=>"<p><b>A</b>) Total down core <sup>210</sup>Pb activity in Hog Island treatments, 0-year (HI) and 4-year. There was no significant <sup>210</sup>Pb activity to determine sedimentation rate throughout the core. <b>B</b>) Total down core <sup>210</sup>Pb activity in South Bay treatments, 0-year (SB) and 10-year. There was significant <sup>210</sup>Pb activity in the 10-year treatment above 10 cm depth, allowing for the determination of a sedimentation rate. Error in each measurement was not significant due to low instrumental error.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>[], "article_id"=>772516, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Jill T. Greiner", "Karen J. McGlathery", "John Gunnell", "Brent A. McKee"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072469.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Total_down_core_210_Pb_activity_for_all_treatments_/772516", "title"=>"Total down core <sup>210</sup>Pb activity for all treatments.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-08-14 02:56:36"}

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Relative Metric

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