Major Clades of Australasian Rutoideae (Rutaceae) Based on rbcL and atpB Sequences
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{"title"=>"Major Clades of Australasian Rutoideae (Rutaceae) Based on rbcL and atpB Sequences", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Michael J.", "last_name"=>"Bayly", "scopus_author_id"=>"6601967891"}, {"first_name"=>"Gareth D.", "last_name"=>"Holmes", "scopus_author_id"=>"24466332200"}, {"first_name"=>"Paul I.", "last_name"=>"Forster", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102608754"}, {"first_name"=>"David J.", "last_name"=>"Cantrill", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003509425"}, {"first_name"=>"Pauline Y.", "last_name"=>"Ladiges", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004507870"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84881520577", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0072493", "pui"=>"369566541", "pmid"=>"23967311", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84881520577", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"e95e6155-789c-36d6-a272-f4adc2638d57", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Rutaceae subfamily Rutoideae (46 genera, c. 660 species) is diverse in both rainforests and sclerophyll vegetation of Australasia. Australia and New Caledonia are centres of endemism with a number of genera and species distributed disjunctly between the two regions. Our aim was to generate a high-level molecular phylogeny for the Australasian Rutoideae and identify major clades as a framework for assessing morphological and biogeographic patterns and taxonomy. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Phylogenetic analyses were based on chloroplast genes, rbcL and atpB, for 108 samples (78 new here), including 38 of 46 Australasian genera. Results were integrated with those from other molecular studies to produce a supertree for Rutaceae worldwide, including 115 of 154 genera. Australasian clades are poorly matched with existing tribal classifications, and genera Philotheca and Boronia are not monophyletic. Major sclerophyll lineages in Australia belong to two separate clades, each with an early divergence between rainforest and sclerophyll taxa. Dehiscent fruits with seeds ejected at maturity (often associated with myrmecochory) are inferred as ancestral; derived states include woody capsules with winged seeds, samaras, fleshy drupes, and retention and display of seeds in dehisced fruits (the last two states adaptations to bird dispersal, with multiple origins among rainforest genera). Patterns of relationship and levels of sequence divergence in some taxa, mostly species, with bird-dispersed (Acronychia, Sarcomelicope, Halfordia and Melicope) or winged (Flindersia) seeds are consistent with recent long-distance dispersal between Australia and New Caledonia. Other deeper Australian/New Caledonian divergences, some involving ant-dispersed taxa (e.g., Neoschmidia), suggest older vicariance. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: This comprehensive molecular phylogeny of the Australasian Rutoideae gives a broad overview of the group's evolutionary and biogeographic history. Deficiencies of infrafamilial classifications of Rutoideae have long been recognised, and our results provide a basis for taxonomic revision and a necessary framework for more focused studies of genera and species.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/major-clades-australasian-rutoideae-rutaceae-based-rbcl-atpb-sequences", "reader_count"=>16, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>4, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>4, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>9, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Chemistry"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>9}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>2}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Australia"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1168814", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1168816", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1168819", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1168823", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1168826"], "description"=>"<div><p>Background</p><p>Rutaceae subfamily Rutoideae (46 genera, c. 660 species) is diverse in both rainforests and sclerophyll vegetation of Australasia. Australia and New Caledonia are centres of endemism with a number of genera and species distributed disjunctly between the two regions. Our aim was to generate a high-level molecular phylogeny for the Australasian Rutoideae and identify major clades as a framework for assessing morphological and biogeographic patterns and taxonomy.</p><p>Methodology/Principal Findings</p><p>Phylogenetic analyses were based on chloroplast genes, <i>rbc</i>L and <i>atp</i>B, for 108 samples (78 new here), including 38 of 46 Australasian genera. Results were integrated with those from other molecular studies to produce a supertree for Rutaceae worldwide, including 115 of 154 genera. Australasian clades are poorly matched with existing tribal classifications, and genera <i>Philotheca</i> and <i>Boronia</i> are not monophyletic. Major sclerophyll lineages in Australia belong to two separate clades, each with an early divergence between rainforest and sclerophyll taxa. Dehiscent fruits with seeds ejected at maturity (often associated with myrmecochory) are inferred as ancestral; derived states include woody capsules with winged seeds, samaras, fleshy drupes, and retention and display of seeds in dehisced fruits (the last two states adaptations to bird dispersal, with multiple origins among rainforest genera). Patterns of relationship and levels of sequence divergence in some taxa, mostly species, with bird-dispersed (<i>Acronychia</i>, <i>Sarcomelicope</i>, <i>Halfordia</i> and <i>Melicope</i>) or winged (<i>Flindersia</i>) seeds are consistent with recent long-distance dispersal between Australia and New Caledonia. Other deeper Australian/New Caledonian divergences, some involving ant-dispersed taxa (e.g., <i>Neoschmidia</i>), suggest older vicariance.</p><p>Conclusions/Significance</p><p>This comprehensive molecular phylogeny of the Australasian Rutoideae gives a broad overview of the group’s evolutionary and biogeographic history. Deficiencies of infrafamilial classifications of Rutoideae have long been recognised, and our results provide a basis for taxonomic revision and a necessary framework for more focused studies of genera and species.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Biochemistry", "Bioenergetics", "Energy-producing organelles", "cytochemistry", "organelles", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary systematics", "taxonomy", "Plant taxonomy", "cladistics", "Molecular systematics", "Molecular cell biology", "Cellular structures", "Subcellular organelles", "Plant science", "Plant phylogenetics", "clades", "australasian", "rutoideae", "sequences"], "article_id"=>771744, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Michael J. Bayly", "Gareth D. Holmes", "Paul I. Forster", "David J. Cantrill", "Pauline Y. Ladiges"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072493.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072493.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072493.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072493.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072493.s005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>22, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Major_Clades_of_Australasian_Rutoideae_Rutaceae_Based_on_rbc_L_and_atp_B_Sequences/771744", "title"=>"Major Clades of Australasian Rutoideae (Rutaceae) Based on <i>rbc</i>L and <i>atp</i>B Sequences", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-08-13 03:32:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1168812"], "description"=>"<p>Estimates include means plus upper and lower bounds of 95% highest posterior density intervals. Numbers of nucleotide differences associated with each divergence are also shown; these are the total number of base differences observed in <i>rbc</i>L and <i>atp</i>B combined, ignoring missing data and ambiguous base calls. Dispersal vectors are inferred from fruit and seed morphology.</p>*<p>Seeds are forcibly ejected from the fruits, but have no obvious features for secondary dispersal by ants or other animals (i.e., there is no elaiosome, obvious sarcotesta or pellicle).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Biochemistry", "Bioenergetics", "Energy-producing organelles", "cytochemistry", "organelles", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary systematics", "taxonomy", "Plant taxonomy", "cladistics", "Molecular systematics", "Molecular cell biology", "Cellular structures", "Subcellular organelles", "Plant science", "Plant phylogenetics", "estimates", "divergences", "bayesian", "relaxed", "molecular"], "article_id"=>771742, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Michael J. Bayly", "Gareth D. Holmes", "Paul I. Forster", "David J. Cantrill", "Pauline Y. Ladiges"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072493.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Age_estimates_for_selected_New_Caledonian_Australian_divergences_based_on_Bayesian_relaxed_clock_molecular_dating_/771742", "title"=>"Age estimates for selected New Caledonian/Australian divergences based on Bayesian relaxed clock molecular dating.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-08-13 03:32:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1168809"], "description"=>"<p>The tree includes 115 of the 154 genera currently recognised <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0072493#pone.0072493-Kubitzki1\" target=\"_blank\">[<b>2</b>]</a>. The distribution of fruit types is optimised on the tree (colour coding of branches). Also shown are the limits of subfamilies and some tribes, including circumscriptions of the tribe Boronieae by: a, Engler <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0072493#pone.0072493-Engler1\" target=\"_blank\">[3]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0072493#pone.0072493-Engler2\" target=\"_blank\">[4]</a>; b, Armstrong <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0072493#pone.0072493-Armstrong1\" target=\"_blank\">[5]</a>; c, Hartley <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0072493#pone.0072493-Hartley6\" target=\"_blank\">[31]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0072493#pone.0072493-Hartley7\" target=\"_blank\">[32]</a>. Clades R1 and R2 match those of <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0072493#pone-0072493-g001\" target=\"_blank\">Fig. 1</a>; clades A-E match those of <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0072493#pone-0072493-g002\" target=\"_blank\">Fig. 2</a>. Letter codes following taxon names in clade R2 indicate other tribal placements in the classification of Engler <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0072493#pone.0072493-Engler1\" target=\"_blank\">[3]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0072493#pone.0072493-Engler2\" target=\"_blank\">[4]</a> (Z, Zanthoxyleae; R, Ruteae; T, Toddalieae; F, Flinderseae). Asterisks denote clades with <50% bootstrap support in analyses of the primary data.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Biochemistry", "Bioenergetics", "Energy-producing organelles", "cytochemistry", "organelles", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary systematics", "taxonomy", "Plant taxonomy", "cladistics", "Molecular systematics", "Molecular cell biology", "Cellular structures", "Subcellular organelles", "Plant science", "Plant phylogenetics", "summarising", "relationships", "combining", "molecular", "phylogenies"], "article_id"=>771739, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Michael J. Bayly", "Gareth D. Holmes", "Paul I. Forster", "David J. Cantrill", "Pauline Y. Ladiges"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072493.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>20, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Supertree_summarising_relationships_in_Rutaceae_combining_results_of_the_present_study_with_those_of_other_molecular_phylogenies_see_Methods_for_details_/771739", "title"=>"Supertree summarising relationships in Rutaceae, combining results of the present study with those of other molecular phylogenies (see Methods for details).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-08-13 03:32:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1168808"], "description"=>"<p>Details have been simplified for some clades (indicated by terminal triangles). The most parsimonious trees were 1277 steps long (958 steps excluding autapomorphies), with CI  =  0.59 and RI  =  0.81. Numbers below branches are MP bootstrap values, followed by posterior probability values from BI analysis of the same dataset. Distribution information is shown to the right of taxon names; areas shown in brackets are not represented by samples in this study. Taxa in green occur chiefly in rainforests. Asterisks denote taxa that occur in a range of habitats, sometimes including rainforests. Abbreviations: Aus, Australia; LHI, Lord Howe Island; Mal, Malesian region; NC, New Caledonia; NG, Indonesian Papua and Papua New Guinea.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Biochemistry", "Bioenergetics", "Energy-producing organelles", "cytochemistry", "organelles", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary systematics", "taxonomy", "Plant taxonomy", "cladistics", "Molecular systematics", "Molecular cell biology", "Cellular structures", "Subcellular organelles", "Plant science", "Plant phylogenetics", "trees", "produced", "mp"], "article_id"=>771738, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Michael J. Bayly", "Gareth D. Holmes", "Paul I. Forster", "David J. Cantrill", "Pauline Y. Ladiges"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072493.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Strict_consensus_of_trees_produced_by_MP_analysis_of_combined_rbc_L_and_atp_B_sequences_/771738", "title"=>"Strict consensus of trees produced by MP analysis of combined <i>rbc</i>L and <i>atp</i>B sequences.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-08-13 03:32:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1168811"], "description"=>"<p>Tree topology and clade labels match those of <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0072493#pone-0072493-g003\" target=\"_blank\">Fig. 3</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Biochemistry", "Bioenergetics", "Energy-producing organelles", "cytochemistry", "organelles", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary systematics", "taxonomy", "Plant taxonomy", "cladistics", "Molecular systematics", "Molecular cell biology", "Cellular structures", "Subcellular organelles", "Plant science", "Plant phylogenetics", "characters", "mapped", "supertree"], "article_id"=>771741, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Michael J. Bayly", "Gareth D. Holmes", "Paul I. Forster", "David J. Cantrill", "Pauline Y. Ladiges"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072493.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Leaf_and_flower_characters_mapped_on_to_supertree_for_Rutaceae_/771741", "title"=>"Leaf and flower characters mapped on to supertree for Rutaceae.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-08-13 03:32:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1168807"], "description"=>"<p><b>A</b>, opposite, compound leaves of rainforest tree <i>Melicope polybotrya</i>. <b>B</b>, opposite, compound leaves of xeromorphic shrub <i>Boronia ternata</i>. <b>C</b>, alternate, simple and terete leaves of <i>Philotheca tubiflora</i>. <b>D</b>, dehiscent fruit (follicles) of <i>Myrtopsis</i>, from which the seeds and endocarp are forcibly ejected at maturity. <b>E</b>, fruit and seeds of <i>Melicope glaberrima</i>. The seeds are adapted for bird dispersal. At maturity they remain attached to the follicles (“displayed” in the canopy). They have a shiny outer layer (pellicle), below which there is a spongy layer (sarcotesta) surrounding a strong inner layer of the seed coat (sclerotesta) capable of withstanding endozoochory. <b>F</b>, syncarpous drupes of <i>Halfordia kendack</i> (i.e., each drupe is the product of a single flower). <b>G</b>, apocarpous drupes of <i>Comptonella microcarpa</i> (i.e., each drupe is the product of a single carpel, with multiple drupes per flower). <b>H</b>, syncarpous drupe of <i>Acronychia laevis</i>. <b>I</b>, woody capsule of <i>Flindersia australis,</i> with winged seeds. <b>J</b>, winged samara of <i>Pentaceras australis</i>. <b>K</b>, seed of <i>Philotheca difformis</i>. An adaxial portion of endocarp remains attached to dehisced seeds and is assumed to function as an elaiosome for ant dispersal. [Credits: A, P. Ladiges; H, Peter Woodward; I, N. Turland; J, USDA-ARS, U.S. National Arboretum, U.S. National Seed Herbarium, Washington, DC, prepared by Robert J. Gibbons for <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0072493#pone.0072493-Kirkbride1\" target=\"_blank\">[126]</a>; B, C, D, E, F, G, K, M. Bayly.]</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Biochemistry", "Bioenergetics", "Energy-producing organelles", "cytochemistry", "organelles", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary systematics", "taxonomy", "Plant taxonomy", "cladistics", "Molecular systematics", "Molecular cell biology", "Cellular structures", "Subcellular organelles", "Plant science", "Plant phylogenetics", "australasian", "rutoideae", "fruits"], "article_id"=>771737, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Michael J. Bayly", "Gareth D. Holmes", "Paul I. Forster", "David J. Cantrill", "Pauline Y. Ladiges"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072493.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>29, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Examples_of_variation_in_Australasian_Rutoideae_in_leaves_fruits_and_seeds_/771737", "title"=>"Examples of variation in Australasian Rutoideae in leaves, fruits and seeds.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-08-13 03:32:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1168804"], "description"=>"<p>Shown for comparison are the subfamilial classifications of Engler <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0072493#pone.0072493-Engler1\" target=\"_blank\">[3]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0072493#pone.0072493-Engler2\" target=\"_blank\">[4]</a>, Thorne <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0072493#pone.0072493-Thorne2\" target=\"_blank\">[20]</a> and Kubitzki <i>et al. </i><a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0072493#pone.0072493-Kubitzki1\" target=\"_blank\">[2]</a>. The number of Australasian genera in each group is indicated (values in brackets represent the total number of those genera included in family-wide molecular phylogenies <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0072493#pone.0072493-Chase1\" target=\"_blank\">[16]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0072493#pone.0072493-Groppo1\" target=\"_blank\">[19]</a>). Subfamily Rutoideae, as currently defined, is paraphyletic; its type genus, <i>Ruta</i>, occurs in clade R1. If clade R2 was considered worthy of recognition as a separate subfamily it would need a different name: the oldest of the names available, each with equal priority under the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0072493#pone.0072493-McNeill1\" target=\"_blank\">[65]</a>, are Zanthoxyloideae, Amyridoideae and Diosmoideae.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Biochemistry", "Bioenergetics", "Energy-producing organelles", "cytochemistry", "organelles", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary systematics", "taxonomy", "Plant taxonomy", "cladistics", "Molecular systematics", "Molecular cell biology", "Cellular structures", "Subcellular organelles", "Plant science", "Plant phylogenetics", "clades", "published", "molecular"], "article_id"=>771735, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Michael J. Bayly", "Gareth D. Holmes", "Paul I. Forster", "David J. Cantrill", "Pauline Y. Ladiges"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072493.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>86, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Summary_of_the_major_clades_of_Rutaceae_based_on_published_molecular_phylogenies_16_19_/771735", "title"=>"Summary of the major clades of Rutaceae, based on published molecular phylogenies[16], [19].", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-08-13 03:32:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1168813"], "description"=>"<p>Genera of Australasian Rutaceae: geographic distributions and species numbers.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Biochemistry", "Bioenergetics", "Energy-producing organelles", "cytochemistry", "organelles", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary systematics", "taxonomy", "Plant taxonomy", "cladistics", "Molecular systematics", "Molecular cell biology", "Cellular structures", "Subcellular organelles", "Plant science", "Plant phylogenetics", "australasian", "geographic", "distributions"], "article_id"=>771743, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Michael J. Bayly", "Gareth D. Holmes", "Paul I. Forster", "David J. Cantrill", "Pauline Y. Ladiges"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072493.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>9, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Genera_of_Australasian_Rutaceae_geographic_distributions_and_species_numbers_/771743", "title"=>"Genera of Australasian Rutaceae: geographic distributions and species numbers.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-08-13 03:32:58"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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