Mechanistic Comparison between Gastric Bypass vs. Duodenal Switch with Sleeve Gastrectomy in Rat Models
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{"title"=>"Mechanistic Comparison between Gastric Bypass vs. Duodenal Switch with Sleeve Gastrectomy in Rat Models", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Yosuke", "last_name"=>"Kodama", "scopus_author_id"=>"35772326300"}, {"first_name"=>"Helene", "last_name"=>"Johannessen", "scopus_author_id"=>"55546047700"}, {"first_name"=>"Marianne W.", "last_name"=>"Furnes", "scopus_author_id"=>"15135851000"}, {"first_name"=>"Chun Mei", "last_name"=>"Zhao", "scopus_author_id"=>"7403563967"}, {"first_name"=>"Gjermund", "last_name"=>"Johnsen", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003564155"}, {"first_name"=>"Ronald", "last_name"=>"Mårvik", "scopus_author_id"=>"55905402700"}, {"first_name"=>"Bård", "last_name"=>"Kulseng", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603268714"}, {"first_name"=>"Duan", "last_name"=>"Chen", "scopus_author_id"=>"14061826900"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"369770292", "sgr"=>"84883624436", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0072896", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84883624436", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "pmid"=>"24039816"}, "id"=>"6afbf68c-48a3-382d-89ad-53bf86b1d56b", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Both gastric bypass (GB) and duodenal switch with sleeve gastrectomy (DS) have been widely used as bariatric surgeries, and DS appears to be superior to GB. The aim of this study was to better understand the mechanisms leading to body weight loss by comparing these two procedures in experimental models of rats.\\n\\nMETHODS: Animals were subjected to GB, DS or laparotomy (controls), and monitored by an open-circuit indirect calorimeter composed of comprehensive laboratory animal monitoring system and adiabatic bomb calorimeter.\\n\\nRESULTS: Body weight loss was greater after DS than GB. Food intake was reduced after DS but not GB. Energy expenditure was increased after either GB or DS. Fecal energy content was increased after DS but not GB.\\n\\nCONCLUSION: GB induced body weight loss by increasing energy expenditure, whereas DS induced greater body weight loss by reducing food intake, increasing energy expenditure and causing malabsorption in rat models.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/mechanistic-comparison-between-gastric-bypass-vs-duodenal-switch-sleeve-gastrectomy-rat-models", "reader_count"=>8, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Researcher"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Researcher"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>6, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>6}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"France"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1197712"], "description"=>"<p>Total food intake (kcal/rat) (<b>A,B</b>) and relative food intake (kcal/100 g body weight) (<b>C,D</b>) during day- and night-time. Short-term after surgery: 3 weeks after gastric bypass (GB), 2 weeks after duodenal switch (DS) or 2–3 weeks after lapatoromy (LAP). Long-term after surgery: 14 weeks after GB, 8 weeks after DS or 8–14 weeks after LAP. Data are expressed as means ± SEM. *: <i>p</i><0.05, **: <i>p</i><0.01, ns: not significant between LAP (n = 13) <i>vs.</i> GB (n = 8) or DS (n = 5).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>[], "article_id"=>794241, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Yosuke Kodama", "Helene Johannessen", "Marianne W. Furnes", "Chun-Mei Zhao", "Gjermund Johnsen", "Ronald Mårvik", "Bård Kulseng", "Duan Chen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072896.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Food_intake_/794241", "title"=>"Food intake.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-09-09 01:58:38"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1197714"], "description"=>"<p>Satiety ratio (min/g) (<b>A,B</b>) and rate of eating (g/min) (<b>C,D</b>) during day- and night-time<b>.</b> Short-term after surgery: 3 weeks after gastric bypass (GB), 2 weeks after duodenal switch (DS) or 2–3 weeks after lapatoromy (LAP). Long-term after surgery: 14 weeks after GB, 8 weeks after DS or 8–14 weeks after LAP. Data are expressed as means ± SEM. ***: <i>p</i><0.001, ns: not significant between LAP (n = 13) <i>vs.</i> GB (n = 8) or DS (n = 5).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>[], "article_id"=>794243, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Yosuke Kodama", "Helene Johannessen", "Marianne W. Furnes", "Chun-Mei Zhao", "Gjermund Johnsen", "Ronald Mårvik", "Bård Kulseng", "Duan Chen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072896.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Eating_behavior_/794243", "title"=>"Eating behavior.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-09-09 01:58:38"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1197716"], "description"=>"<p>Short-term after surgery: 3 weeks after gastric bypass (GB), 2 weeks after duodenal switch (DS) or 2–3 weeks after laparotomy (LAP). Long-term after surgery: 14 weeks after GB, 8 weeks after DS or 8–14 weeks after LAP. Data are expressed as means ± SEM. *: <i>p</i><0.05, **: <i>p</i><0.01, ***: <i>p</i><0.001, ns: not significant between LAP<sub>GB</sub> (n = 7) <i>vs.</i> GB (n = 8) or LAP<sub>DS</sub> (n = 6) <i>vs.</i> DS (n = 5).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["expenditure", "day-"], "article_id"=>794245, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Yosuke Kodama", "Helene Johannessen", "Marianne W. Furnes", "Chun-Mei Zhao", "Gjermund Johnsen", "Ronald Mårvik", "Bård Kulseng", "Duan Chen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072896.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Energy_expenditure_during_day_and_night_time_/794245", "title"=>"Energy expenditure during day- and night-time.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-09-09 01:58:38"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1197717"], "description"=>"<p>Three weeks after gastric bypass (GB) or laparotomy (LAP<sub>GB</sub>) (<b>A</b>) and eight weeks after duodenal switch (DS) or laparotomy (LAP<sub>DS</sub>) (<b>B</b>). Data are expressed as mean ± SEM. **: <i>p</i><0.01, ns: not significant between LAP<sub>GB</sub> (n = 7) <i>vs.</i> GB (n = 8) or LAP<sub>DS</sub> (n = 6) <i>vs.</i> DS (n = 5).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>[], "article_id"=>794246, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Yosuke Kodama", "Helene Johannessen", "Marianne W. Furnes", "Chun-Mei Zhao", "Gjermund Johnsen", "Ronald Mårvik", "Bård Kulseng", "Duan Chen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072896.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Fecal_energy_density_/794246", "title"=>"Fecal energy density.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-09-09 01:58:38"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1197718"], "description"=>"<p>Parameters during day- and nighttime at 14 weeks after gastric bypass (GB) and the age-matched laparotomy-operated group (LAP<sub>GB</sub>), and at 8 weeks after duodenal switch (DS) and the age-matched laparotomy-operated group (LAP<sub>DS</sub>). Data are expressed as means ± SEM. *: <i>p</i><0.05, **: <i>p</i><0.01, ***: <i>p</i><0.001 between LAP<sub>GB</sub><i>vs.</i> GB or LAP<sub>DS</sub><i>vs.</i> DS.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>[], "article_id"=>794247, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Yosuke Kodama", "Helene Johannessen", "Marianne W. Furnes", "Chun-Mei Zhao", "Gjermund Johnsen", "Ronald Mårvik", "Bård Kulseng", "Duan Chen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072896.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Metabolism_/794247", "title"=>"Metabolism.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-09-09 01:58:38"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1197719"], "description"=>"<p>Parameters during day- and night-time at 3 weeks after gastric bypass (GB), 2 weeks after duodenal switch (DS) and 2–3 weeks after laparotomy (LAP). Data are expressed as means ± SEM. *: <i>p</i><0.05, **: <i>p</i><0.01, ***: <i>p</i><0.001 between LAP <i>vs.</i> GB or DS. <sup>†</sup>: <i>p</i><0.05, <sup>††</sup>: <i>p</i><0.01, <sup>†††</sup>: <i>p</i><0.001 between GB <i>vs.</i> DS.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>[], "article_id"=>794248, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Yosuke Kodama", "Helene Johannessen", "Marianne W. Furnes", "Chun-Mei Zhao", "Gjermund Johnsen", "Ronald Mårvik", "Bård Kulseng", "Duan Chen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072896.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Eating_behavior_/794248", "title"=>"Eating behavior.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-09-09 01:58:38"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1197720"], "description"=>"<p>Parameters during day- and night-time at 14 weeks after gastric bypass (GB), 8 weeks after duodenal switch (DS) and 8–14 weeks after laparotomy (LAP). Data are expressed as mean ± SEM. *: <i>p</i><0.05, **: <i>p</i><0.01, ***: <i>p</i><0.001 between LAP <i>vs.</i> GB or DS. <sup>†</sup>: <i>p</i><0.05, <sup>††</sup>: <i>p</i><0.01, <sup>†††</sup>: <i>p</i><0.001 between GB <i>vs.</i> DS.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>[], "article_id"=>794249, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Yosuke Kodama", "Helene Johannessen", "Marianne W. Furnes", "Chun-Mei Zhao", "Gjermund Johnsen", "Ronald Mårvik", "Bård Kulseng", "Duan Chen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072896.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Eating_behavior_/794249", "title"=>"Eating behavior.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-09-09 01:58:38"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1197721"], "description"=>"<p>Parameters during day- and night-time at 3 weeks after gastric bypass (GB) and the age-matched laparotomy-operated group (LAP<sub>GB</sub>), and at 2 weeks after duodenal switch (DS) and the age-matched laparotomy-operated group (LAP<sub>DS</sub>). Data are expressed as means ± SEM. *: <i>p</i><0.05, **: <i>p</i><0.01, ***: <i>p</i><0.001 between LAP<sub>GB</sub><i>vs.</i> GB or LAP<sub>DS</sub><i>vs.</i> DS.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>[], "article_id"=>794250, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Yosuke Kodama", "Helene Johannessen", "Marianne W. Furnes", "Chun-Mei Zhao", "Gjermund Johnsen", "Ronald Mårvik", "Bård Kulseng", "Duan Chen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072896.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Metabolism_/794250", "title"=>"Metabolism.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-09-09 01:58:38"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1197724", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1197725", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1197726", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1197727"], "description"=>"<div><p>Background</p><p>Both gastric bypass (GB) and duodenal switch with sleeve gastrectomy (DS) have been widely used as bariatric surgeries, and DS appears to be superior to GB. The aim of this study was to better understand the mechanisms leading to body weight loss by comparing these two procedures in experimental models of rats.</p><p>Methods</p><p>Animals were subjected to GB, DS or laparotomy (controls), and monitored by an open-circuit indirect calorimeter composed of comprehensive laboratory animal monitoring system and adiabatic bomb calorimeter.</p><p>Results</p><p>Body weight loss was greater after DS than GB. Food intake was reduced after DS but not GB. Energy expenditure was increased after either GB or DS. Fecal energy content was increased after DS but not GB.</p><p>Conclusion</p><p>GB induced body weight loss by increasing energy expenditure, whereas DS induced greater body weight loss by reducing food intake, increasing energy expenditure and causing malabsorption in rat models.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["gastric", "bypass", "duodenal", "gastrectomy"], "article_id"=>794253, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Yosuke Kodama", "Helene Johannessen", "Marianne W. Furnes", "Chun-Mei Zhao", "Gjermund Johnsen", "Ronald Mårvik", "Bård Kulseng", "Duan Chen"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072896.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072896.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072896.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072896.s004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>10, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mechanistic_Comparison_between_Gastric_Bypass_vs_Duodenal_Switch_with_Sleeve_Gastrectomy_in_Rat_Models_/794253", "title"=>"Mechanistic Comparison between Gastric Bypass vs. Duodenal Switch with Sleeve Gastrectomy in Rat Models", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-09-09 01:58:38"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1197709"], "description"=>"<p>The gastrointestinal tract of human (<b>A–D</b>) and rat (<b>E–H</b>) before (<b>A, E</b>) and after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (GB) (<b>B, F</b>), mini-GB (<b>C, G</b>), and duodenal switch (<b>D, H</b>)<b>.</b> Glandular stomach is indicated by grid gray and jejunum by light grid gray. The rumen of rat stomach is non-glandular (white area). Note: In <b>A, E</b>, percentages mean % of small intestine, e.g. in <b>E</b>, jejunum is 90% of total small intestine in rats based on <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0072896#pone.0072896-DeSesso1\" target=\"_blank\">[11]</a>; in <b>F</b>, rat Roux-en-Y GB <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0072896#pone.0072896-Stylopoulos1\" target=\"_blank\">[3]</a>, and in <b>G</b>, Mini-GB used in the present study.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>[], "article_id"=>794238, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Yosuke Kodama", "Helene Johannessen", "Marianne W. Furnes", "Chun-Mei Zhao", "Gjermund Johnsen", "Ronald Mårvik", "Bård Kulseng", "Duan Chen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072896.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Schematic_drawing_of_anatomy_/794238", "title"=>"Schematic drawing of anatomy.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-09-09 01:58:38"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1197710"], "description"=>"<p>Naïve rats (data from Taconic), rats that underwent laparotomy (LAP) at 13 weeks (LAP) and rats that have had high-fat since 5 weeks of age (data from <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0072896#pone.0072896-Furnes3\" target=\"_blank\">[31]</a>) (<b>A</b>)<b>.</b> Rats after gastric bypass (GB), duodenal switch (DS) and laparotomy (LAP) (<b>B</b>). Data are expressed as means ± SEM. **: <i>p</i><0.01, ***: <i>p</i><0.001 between LAP <i>vs.</i> GB or DS.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>[], "article_id"=>794239, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Yosuke Kodama", "Helene Johannessen", "Marianne W. Furnes", "Chun-Mei Zhao", "Gjermund Johnsen", "Ronald Mårvik", "Bård Kulseng", "Duan Chen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072896.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Body_weight_/794239", "title"=>"Body weight.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-09-09 01:58:38"}

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Relative Metric

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