The Genetic History of Indigenous Populations of the Peruvian and Bolivian Altiplano: The Legacy of the Uros
Publication Date
September 11, 2013
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
José Raul Sandoval, Daniela R. Lacerda, Marilza S. A. Jota, Alberto Salazar Granara, et al
Volume
8
Issue
9
Pages
e73006
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0073006
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0073006
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24039843
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3770642
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/24039843
Web of Science
000326734500021
Scopus
84899472211
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/genetic-history-indigenous-populations-peruvian-bolivian-altiplano-legacy-uros
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"The Genetic History of Indigenous Populations of the Peruvian and Bolivian Altiplano: The Legacy of the Uros", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"José Raul", "last_name"=>"Sandoval"}, {"first_name"=>"Daniela R.", "last_name"=>"Lacerda"}, {"first_name"=>"Marilza S. A.", "last_name"=>"Jota"}, {"first_name"=>"Alberto", "last_name"=>"Salazar-Granara"}, {"first_name"=>"Pedro Paulo R.", "last_name"=>"Vieira"}, {"first_name"=>"Oscar", "last_name"=>"Acosta"}, {"first_name"=>"Cinthia", "last_name"=>"Cuellar"}, {"first_name"=>"Susana", "last_name"=>"Revollo"}, {"first_name"=>"Ricardo", "last_name"=>"Fujita"}, {"first_name"=>"Fabrício R.", "last_name"=>"Santos"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84899472211", "sgr"=>"84899472211", "issn"=>"1932-6203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0073006", "pmid"=>"24039843", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\n1932-6203 (Linking)", "pui"=>"563067341"}, "id"=>"1fea54b0-4543-3a1b-bdd5-18220b70b75c", "abstract"=>"The Altiplano region of the South American Andes is marked by an inhospitable climate to which the autochthonous human populations adapted and then developed great ancient civilizations, such as the Tiwanaku culture and the Inca Empire. Since pre-Columbian times, different rulers established themselves around the Titicaca and Poopo Lakes. By the time of the arrival of Spaniards, Aymara and Quechua languages were predominant on the Altiplano under the rule of the Incas, although the occurrence of other spoken languages, such as Puquina and Uruquilla, suggests the existence of different ethnic groups in this region. In this study, we focused on the pre-Columbian history of the autochthonous Altiplano populations, particularly the Uros ethnic group, which claims to directly descend from the first settlers of the Andes, and some linguists suggest they might otherwise be related to Arawak speaking groups from the Amazon. Using phylogeographic, population structure and spatial genetic analyses of Y-chromosome and mtDNA data, we inferred the genetic relationships among Uros populations (Los Uros from Peru, Uru-Chipaya and Uru-Poopo from Bolivia), and compared their haplotype profiles with eight Aymara, nine Quechua and two Arawak (Machiguenga and Yanesha) speaking populations from Peru and Bolivia. Our results indicated that Uros populations stand out among the Altiplano populations, while appearing more closely related to the Aymara and Quechua from Lake Titicaca and surrounding regions than to the Amazon Arawaks. Moreover, the Uros populations from Peru and Bolivia are genetically differentiated from each other, indicating a high heterogeneity in this ethnic group. Finally, our results support the distinctive ancestry for the Uros populations of Peru and Bolivia, which are likely derived from ancient Andean lineages that were partially replaced during more recent farming expansion events and the establishment of complex civilizations in the Andes.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/genetic-history-indigenous-populations-peruvian-bolivian-altiplano-legacy-uros", "reader_count"=>56, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Researcher"=>16, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>11, "Student > Master"=>5, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>7}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Researcher"=>16, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>11, "Student > Master"=>5, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>7}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Environmental Science"=>2, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>8, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>27, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>5, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Chemistry"=>3, "Social Sciences"=>4, "Linguistics"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>5}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>3}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>4}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>27}, "Linguistics"=>{"Linguistics"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>8}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>2}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Brazil"=>1, "Switzerland"=>1, "Peru"=>1, "Germany"=>2, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84899472211"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84899472211?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84899472211&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84899472211&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84899472211", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84899472211", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84899472211", "dc:title"=>"The genetic history of indigenous populations of the Peruvian and Bolivian Altiplano: the legacy of the Uros.", "dc:creator"=>"Sandoval J.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PloS one", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"8", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"9", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2013-01-01", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"2013", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0073006", "citedby-count"=>"20", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Universidad de San Martín de Porres", "affiliation-city"=>"Lima", "affiliation-country"=>"Peru"}], "pubmed-id"=>"24039843", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0073006", "share_count"=>2, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>2}

Journal Comments | Further Information

Twitter

Counter

  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"250", "xml_views"=>"9", "html_views"=>"2946"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"43", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"981"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"44", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"1203"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"43", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"352"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"35", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"277"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"28", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"313"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"249"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"221"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"307"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"175"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"127"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"122"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"189"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"210"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"152"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"148"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"124"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"157"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"195"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"158"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"148"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"124"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"133"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"179"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"184"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"198"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"214"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"222"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"182"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"121"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"140"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"162"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"141"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"93"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"107"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"94"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"153"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"138"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"150"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"209"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"296"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"424"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"447"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"239"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"227"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"371"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"273"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"477"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"536"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"391"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"455"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"567"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"475"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"91"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"101"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"92"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"141"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"92"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"62"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"98"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"121"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"76"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"109"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"58"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"61"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"78"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"77"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"61"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"30"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1200612"], "description"=>"<p>It was used Reynolds’ <i>Rst</i> genetic distances among populations to build a bidimensional graphic with the Past software. Uros: red triangles, Aymara: blue circles, Quechua: yellow squares, and Arawaks: green squares.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mds", "generated", "q-m3", "str", "haplotypes", "22", "peruvian", "bolivian"], "article_id"=>796606, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["José Raul Sandoval", "Daniela R. Lacerda", "Marilza S. A. Jota", "Alberto Salazar-Granara", "Pedro Paulo R. Vieira", "Oscar Acosta", "Cinthia Cuellar", "Susana Revollo", "Ricardo Fujita", "Fabrício R. Santos"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0073006.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>27, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Non_metric_MDS_plot_generated_with_PAST_for_Q_M346_and_Q_M3_STR_haplotypes_among_22_Peruvian_and_Bolivian_populations_/796606", "title"=>"Non-metric MDS plot generated with PAST for Q-M346* and Q-M3 STR haplotypes among 22 Peruvian and Bolivian populations.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-09-11 01:44:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1200620"], "description"=>"*<p>Between populations within groups.</p>**<p><i>Rct</i> (between groups), p-values>0.05.</p>***<p>p-values<0.01 (significant).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["17", "y-strs", "q-m3", "lineages", "involving", "22", "peruvian", "bolivian", "populations"], "article_id"=>796611, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["José Raul Sandoval", "Daniela R. Lacerda", "Marilza S. A. Jota", "Alberto Salazar-Granara", "Pedro Paulo R. Vieira", "Oscar Acosta", "Cinthia Cuellar", "Susana Revollo", "Ricardo Fujita", "Fabrício R. Santos"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0073006.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_AMOVA_results_for_17_Y_STRs_of_the_Q_M3_and_Q_M346_lineages_involving_22_Peruvian_and_Bolivian_populations_n_387_/796611", "title"=>"AMOVA results for 17 Y-STRs of the Q-M3 and Q-M346<sup>*</sup> lineages involving 22 Peruvian and Bolivian populations (n = 387).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-09-11 01:44:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1200611"], "description"=>"<p>Different population groups are defined by distinct colors, where Aymara and Quechua communities from the border of the lakes (Titicaca and Poopo) are discriminated. The haplotypes (H#) composed of 15 Y-STRs are represented by circles with sizes proportional to numbers of individuals (H3 = 1, H1 = 13 males), and branch lengths are proportional to STR mutation steps (one repeat unit between H3 and H4). Haplotype names are according to the 15 Y-STRs (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0073006#pone.0073006.s005\" target=\"_blank\">Table S2c</a>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["joining", "q-m3", "str", "haplotypes", "22", "peruvian", "bolivian"], "article_id"=>796605, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["José Raul Sandoval", "Daniela R. Lacerda", "Marilza S. A. Jota", "Alberto Salazar-Granara", "Pedro Paulo R. Vieira", "Oscar Acosta", "Cinthia Cuellar", "Susana Revollo", "Ricardo Fujita", "Fabrício R. Santos"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0073006.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Median_Joining_network_for_Q_M3_STR_haplotypes_among_22_Peruvian_and_Bolivian_populations_/796605", "title"=>"Median Joining network for Q-M3 STR haplotypes among 22 Peruvian and Bolivian populations.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-09-11 01:44:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1200631", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1200632", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1200633", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1200634", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1200635", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1200636", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1200637", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1200638", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1200639", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1200640"], "description"=>"<div><p>The Altiplano region of the South American Andes is marked by an inhospitable climate to which the autochthonous human populations adapted and then developed great ancient civilizations, such as the Tiwanaku culture and the Inca Empire. Since pre-Columbian times, different rulers established themselves around the Titicaca and Poopo Lakes. By the time of the arrival of Spaniards, Aymara and Quechua languages were predominant on the Altiplano under the rule of the Incas, although the occurrence of other spoken languages, such as Puquina and Uruquilla, suggests the existence of different ethnic groups in this region. In this study, we focused on the pre-Columbian history of the autochthonous Altiplano populations, particularly the Uros ethnic group, which claims to directly descend from the first settlers of the Andes, and some linguists suggest they might otherwise be related to Arawak speaking groups from the Amazon. Using phylogeographic, population structure and spatial genetic analyses of Y-chromosome and mtDNA data, we inferred the genetic relationships among Uros populations (Los Uros from Peru, Uru-Chipaya and Uru-Poopo from Bolivia), and compared their haplotype profiles with eight Aymara, nine Quechua and two Arawak (Machiguenga and Yanesha) speaking populations from Peru and Bolivia. Our results indicated that Uros populations stand out among the Altiplano populations, while appearing more closely related to the Aymara and Quechua from Lake Titicaca and surrounding regions than to the Amazon Arawaks. Moreover, the Uros populations from Peru and Bolivia are genetically differentiated from each other, indicating a high heterogeneity in this ethnic group. Finally, our results support the distinctive ancestry for the Uros populations of Peru and Bolivia, which are likely derived from ancient Andean lineages that were partially replaced during more recent farming expansion events and the establishment of complex civilizations in the Andes.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["populations", "peruvian", "bolivian"], "article_id"=>796622, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["José Raul Sandoval", "Daniela R. Lacerda", "Marilza S. A. Jota", "Alberto Salazar-Granara", "Pedro Paulo R. Vieira", "Oscar Acosta", "Cinthia Cuellar", "Susana Revollo", "Ricardo Fujita", "Fabrício R. Santos"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0073006.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0073006.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0073006.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0073006.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0073006.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0073006.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0073006.s007", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0073006.s008", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0073006.s009", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0073006.s010"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>20, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_Genetic_History_of_Indigenous_Populations_of_the_Peruvian_and_Bolivian_Altiplano_The_Legacy_of_the_Uros_/796622", "title"=>"The Genetic History of Indigenous Populations of the Peruvian and Bolivian Altiplano: The Legacy of the Uros", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-09-11 01:44:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1200610"], "description"=>"<p>Population codes are found in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0073006#s2\" target=\"_blank\">Materials and Methods</a> (Sampling section). Yellow circles represent Quechua populations, blue circles represent Aymara, green circles represent Arawak, and red circles represent Uroś populations. A detailed map of the Andean Altiplano region can be seen in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0073006#pone.0073006.s002\" target=\"_blank\">Figure S2</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["america", "andes", "locations", "22", "peruvian", "bolivian", "populations"], "article_id"=>796604, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["José Raul Sandoval", "Daniela R. Lacerda", "Marilza S. A. Jota", "Alberto Salazar-Granara", "Pedro Paulo R. Vieira", "Oscar Acosta", "Cinthia Cuellar", "Susana Revollo", "Ricardo Fujita", "Fabrício R. Santos"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0073006.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Map_of_the_western_South_America_showing_the_Andes_and_locations_of_the_22_Peruvian_and_Bolivian_populations_under_study_/796604", "title"=>"Map of the western South America showing the Andes and locations of the 22 Peruvian and Bolivian populations under study.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-09-11 01:44:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1200621"], "description"=>"*<p>Between populations within groups.</p>**<p><i>Fct</i> (between groups), p-value>0.05.</p>***<p>p-values<0.01 (significant).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mtdna", "sequences", "c1", "d1", "haplogroups", "22", "peruvian", "bolivian", "populations"], "article_id"=>796612, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["José Raul Sandoval", "Daniela R. Lacerda", "Marilza S. A. Jota", "Alberto Salazar-Granara", "Pedro Paulo R. Vieira", "Oscar Acosta", "Cinthia Cuellar", "Susana Revollo", "Ricardo Fujita", "Fabrício R. Santos"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0073006.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_AMOVA_results_for_mtDNA_control_region_sequences_on_the_A2_B2_C1_and_D1_haplogroups_found_among_22_Peruvian_and_Bolivian_populations_n_8202_8202_388_/796612", "title"=>"AMOVA results for mtDNA control region sequences on the A2, B2, C1 and D1 haplogroups found among 22 Peruvian and Bolivian populations (n = 388).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-09-11 01:44:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1200619"], "description"=>"<p>It was used Reynolds’ Φ<i>st</i> genetic distances among populations. Uros: red triangles, Aymaras: blue circles, Quechuas: yellow squares, and Arawaks: green squares.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mds", "generated", "mtdna", "sequences", "haplogroups", "22", "bolivian", "peruvian"], "article_id"=>796609, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["José Raul Sandoval", "Daniela R. Lacerda", "Marilza S. A. Jota", "Alberto Salazar-Granara", "Pedro Paulo R. Vieira", "Oscar Acosta", "Cinthia Cuellar", "Susana Revollo", "Ricardo Fujita", "Fabrício R. Santos"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0073006.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Non_metric_MDS_plot_generated_with_PAST_for_mtDNA_control_region_sequences_for_all_haplogroups_among_22_Bolivian_and_Peruvian_populations_/796609", "title"=>"Non-metric MDS plot generated with PAST for mtDNA control region sequences for all haplogroups among 22 Bolivian and Peruvian populations.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-09-11 01:44:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1200614"], "description"=>"<p>Different population groups are defined by distinct colors, where Aymaran and Quechuan communities from the border of the lakes (Titicaca and Poopo) are discriminated. The mtDNA haplotypes (Hp#) are represented by circles with sizes proportional to numbers of individuals (Hp10 = 1 individual), and branch lengths are proportional to nucleotide changes (1 mutation step between Hp1 and Hp3). Clusters of haplotypes into four mtDNA haplogroups (A2, B2, C1, D1) are indicated.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["joining", "mtdna", "haplotypes", "22", "peruvian", "bolivian"], "article_id"=>796607, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["José Raul Sandoval", "Daniela R. Lacerda", "Marilza S. A. Jota", "Alberto Salazar-Granara", "Pedro Paulo R. Vieira", "Oscar Acosta", "Cinthia Cuellar", "Susana Revollo", "Ricardo Fujita", "Fabrício R. Santos"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0073006.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Median_Joining_network_of_mtDNA_control_region_haplotypes_found_in_22_Peruvian_and_Bolivian_populations_/796607", "title"=>"Median Joining network of mtDNA control region haplotypes found in 22 Peruvian and Bolivian populations.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-09-11 01:44:06"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"40", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"15", "supp-data"=>"21", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"47", "full-text"=>"54", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"11", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"33", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"49", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"13", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"32", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"7", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"9", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"53", "full-text"=>"48", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"11", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"34", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"13", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"37", "full-text"=>"38", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"43", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"33", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"34", "full-text"=>"35", "pdf"=>"13", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"14", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"32", "full-text"=>"40", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"14", "supp-data"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"10", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"9", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2013-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2013-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Population biology", "average_usage"=>[269, 448, 558, 658, 744, 830, 914, 995, 1068, 1139, 1214, 1284, 1349]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Earth sciences/Geography", "average_usage"=>[285, 472, 614, 714, 817, 928, 1028, 1122, 1225, 1327, 1410, 1482, 1549]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences/Biogeography", "average_usage"=>[320, 517, 642, 738, 850, 955, 1039, 1136, 1226, 1315, 1406, 1495, 1565]}, {"subject_area"=>"/People and places/Geographical locations", "average_usage"=>[263, 456, 571, 673, 776, 866, 955, 1040, 1132, 1217, 1310, 1391, 1454]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts