Face Recognition Deficits in Autism Spectrum Disorders Are Both Domain Specific and Process Specific
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{"title"=>"Face recognition deficits in autism spectrum disorders are both domain specific and process specific", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Sarah", "last_name"=>"Weigelt", "scopus_author_id"=>"16204621400"}, {"first_name"=>"Kami", "last_name"=>"Koldewyn", "scopus_author_id"=>"12800283200"}, {"first_name"=>"Nancy", "last_name"=>"Kanwisher", "scopus_author_id"=>"7007112379"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84901728667", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0074541", "sgr"=>"84901728667", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "pmid"=>"24040276", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"606273214"}, "id"=>"542cba29-66f5-3b3c-ad13-c07b985215ca", "abstract"=>"Although many studies have reported face identity recognition deficits in autism spectrum disorders (ASD), two fundamental question remains: 1) Is this deficit \"process specific\" for face memory in particular, or does it extend to perceptual discrimination of faces as well? And 2) Is the deficit \"domain specific\" for faces, or is it found more generally for other social or even nonsocial stimuli? The answers to these questions are important both for understanding the nature of autism and its developmental etiology, and for understanding the functional architecture of face processing in the typical brain. Here we show that children with ASD are impaired (compared to age and IQ-matched typical children) in face memory, but not face perception, demonstrating process specificity. Further, we find no deficit for either memory or perception of places or cars, indicating domain specificity. Importantly, we further showed deficits in both the perception and memory of bodies, suggesting that the relevant domain of deficit may be social rather than specifically facial. These results provide a more precise characterization of the cognitive phenotype of autism and further indicate a functional dissociation between face memory and face perception.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/face-recognition-deficits-autism-spectrum-disorders-both-domain-specific-process-specific-1", "reader_count"=>77, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>7, "Researcher"=>14, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Postgraduate"=>6, "Student > Master"=>13, "Other"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>7, "Researcher"=>14, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Postgraduate"=>6, "Student > Master"=>13, "Other"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>1, "Unspecified"=>4, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>10, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3, "Neuroscience"=>6, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Psychology"=>41, "Social Sciences"=>6, "Computer Science"=>3, "Linguistics"=>1, "Sports and Recreations"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>10}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>6}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>6}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>41}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>3}, "Linguistics"=>{"Linguistics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>1, "Netherlands"=>1, "United States"=>2, "Japan"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "France"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1201283"], "description"=>"<p>Mean across ASD participants of the standardized score for each participant (i.e., the standard deviation of each participant from the typical population) for each stimulus category for memory (left) and perception (right). Values below zero indicate an impairment in ASD. ** denotes p<.01.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>[], "article_id"=>797120, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Sarah Weigelt", "Kami Koldewyn", "Nancy Kanwisher"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0074541.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Direct_comparison_between_memory_and_perception_data_/797120", "title"=>"Direct comparison between memory and perception data.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-09-11 02:21:10"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1201280"], "description"=>"<p>A) The memory paradigm. A study phase consisting of 10 items per category (faces and cars, or bodies and places), each presented for 3 s at the center of the screen, was followed by a 2AFC test phase consisting of 10 pairs of stimuli per category (one studied, one new). B) The perception paradigm. Perceptual discrimination was tested for the four categories (faces, cars, bodies, and places) via an immediate 2AFC match-to-sample task. In detail, a target item was presented for 1 s at the center of the screen, and immediately followed by a test pair of stimuli side-by-side. Each test pair included the target item and a distractor item created by morphing the target item towards a different-identity exemplar of the same category. C) Morph continua. One example from each stimulus category for the morph continua is shown. There were ten morph continua per category.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>[], "article_id"=>797117, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Sarah Weigelt", "Kami Koldewyn", "Nancy Kanwisher"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0074541.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Experimental_paradigms_/797117", "title"=>"Experimental paradigms.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-09-11 02:21:10"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1201281"], "description"=>"<p>Memory accuracy in percent correct for each of the four stimulus categories for children with ASD versus age and IQ-matched typical children. Results indicate a deficit in face and body memory in children with ASD. Chance was 50% indicated by the horizontal line. Error bars denote SEM. ** denotes p<.01, *** denotes p<.001.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>[], "article_id"=>797118, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Sarah Weigelt", "Kami Koldewyn", "Nancy Kanwisher"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0074541.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_memory_results_/797118", "title"=>"The memory results.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-09-11 02:21:10"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1201284"], "description"=>"*<p>Note that we were unable to obtain the IQ score of one TD child and the ADOS score of one ASD child.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>[], "article_id"=>797121, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Sarah Weigelt", "Kami Koldewyn", "Nancy Kanwisher"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0074541.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Participant_information_/797121", "title"=>"Participant information.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-09-11 02:21:10"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1201282"], "description"=>"<p>Perceptual discrimination threshold (morph-level difference necessary to perform at 75% correct) for the four categories for children with ASD versus age and IQ-matched typical children. Results indicate deficits in body perception in children with ASD. Error bars denote SEM. *** denotes p<.001.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>[], "article_id"=>797119, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Sarah Weigelt", "Kami Koldewyn", "Nancy Kanwisher"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0074541.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_perception_results_/797119", "title"=>"The perception results.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-09-11 02:21:10"}

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2013-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2013-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/People and places/Population groupings", "average_usage"=>[265, 456, 578, 682, 782, 881, 965, 1053, 1133, 1223, 1310, 1391, 1457]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences", "average_usage"=>[289, 475, 593, 703, 805, 902, 990, 1078, 1158, 1250, 1336, 1417, 1482]}]}
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