Describing Temperament in an Ungulate: A Multidimensional Approach
Publication Date
September 10, 2013
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Katharina L. Graunke, Gerd Nürnberg, Dirk Repsilber, Birger Puppe, et al
Volume
8
Issue
9
Pages
e74579
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0074579
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0074579
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24040289
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3769396
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/24040289
Web of Science
000327538600100
Scopus
84883826798
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/describing-temperament-ungulate-multidimensional-approach
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Mendeley | Further Information

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Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1200103"], "description"=>"<p>Smoothed 3D scores plot of 361 crossbreed calves during the novel-object test (NO) with the ratio of RMSSD/SDNN between NO and base measurement as the third dimension; colour spectrum from dark blue (strongly sympathetically activated) to red (strongly parasympathetically activated), smoother “running median”, bandwidth method “nearest neighbours”, and sampling proportion 0.100 (SigmaPlot 10.0, SysStat Software Inc., USA).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["scores"], "article_id"=>796190, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Katharina L. Graunke", "Gerd Nürnberg", "Dirk Repsilber", "Birger Puppe", "Jan Langbein"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0074579.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_3D_scores_plot_including_the_RMSSD_SDNN_ratio_/796190", "title"=>"3D scores plot including the RMSSD/SDNN-ratio.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-09-10 02:33:45"}
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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1200106", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1200107", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1200108", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1200109", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1200110"], "description"=>"<div><p>Studies on animal temperament have often described temperament using a one-dimensional scale, whereas theoretical framework has recently suggested two or more dimensions using terms like “valence” or “arousal” to describe these dimensions. Yet, the valence or assessment of a situation is highly individual. The aim of this study was to provide support for the multidimensional framework with experimental data originating from an economically important species (<i>Bos taurus</i>). We tested 361 calves at 90 days <i>post natum</i> (dpn) in a novel-object test. Using a principal component analysis (PCA), we condensed numerous behaviours into fewer variables to describe temperament and correlated these variables with simultaneously measured heart rate variability (HRV) data. The PCA resulted in two behavioural dimensions (principal components, PC): novel-object-related (PC 1) and exploration-activity-related (PC 2). These PCs explained 58% of the variability in our data. The animals were distributed evenly within the two behavioural dimensions independent of their sex. Calves with different scores in these PCs differed significantly in HRV, and thus in the autonomous nervous system’s activity. Based on these combined behavioural and physiological data we described four distinct temperament types resulting from two behavioural dimensions: “neophobic/fearful – alert”, “interested – stressed”, “subdued/uninterested – calm”, and “neoophilic/outgoing – alert”. Additionally, 38 calves were tested at 90 and 197 dpn. Using the same PCA-model, they correlated significantly in PC 1 and tended to correlate in PC 2 between the two test ages. Of these calves, 42% expressed a similar behaviour pattern in both dimensions and 47% in one. No differences in temperament scores were found between sexes or breeds. In conclusion, we described distinct temperament types in calves based on behavioural and physiological measures emphasising the benefits of a multidimensional approach.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["temperament", "multidimensional"], "article_id"=>796193, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Katharina L. Graunke", "Gerd Nürnberg", "Dirk Repsilber", "Birger Puppe", "Jan Langbein"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0074579.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0074579.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0074579.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0074579.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0074579.s005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>13, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Describing_Temperament_in_an_Ungulate_A_Multidimensional_Approach_/796193", "title"=>"Describing Temperament in an Ungulate: A Multidimensional Approach", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-09-10 02:33:45"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1200104"], "description"=>"<p>Changes in behavioural score between the test ages presented separately for (A) PC 1 and (B) PC 2 of 18 Charolais calves (black dots) and 20 Holstein Friesian calves (grey dots); solid black line marks 100% stability over time, dashed grey line marks the trend line.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ages", "separately"], "article_id"=>796191, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Katharina L. Graunke", "Gerd Nürnberg", "Dirk Repsilber", "Birger Puppe", "Jan Langbein"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0074579.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Score_changes_between_the_test_ages_separately_for_each_principal_component_PC_/796191", "title"=>"Score changes between the test ages separately for each principal component (PC).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-09-10 02:33:45"}

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Relative Metric

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