The Systematic Classification of Gallbladder Stones
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{"title"=>"The Systematic Classification of Gallbladder Stones", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Tie", "last_name"=>"Qiao", "scopus_author_id"=>"55156953200"}, {"first_name"=>"Rui hong", "last_name"=>"Ma", "scopus_author_id"=>"55236816800"}, {"first_name"=>"Xiao bing", "last_name"=>"Luo", "scopus_author_id"=>"55063792100"}, {"first_name"=>"Liu qing", "last_name"=>"Yang", "scopus_author_id"=>"55588683300"}, {"first_name"=>"Zhen liang", "last_name"=>"Luo", "scopus_author_id"=>"55236876700"}, {"first_name"=>"Pei ming", "last_name"=>"Zheng", "scopus_author_id"=>"55236359100"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84885061253", "sgr"=>"84885061253", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0074887", "pmid"=>"24124459", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pui"=>"369964472"}, "id"=>"b0910845-23ff-33da-8c74-1f50be626083", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: To develop a method for systematic classification of gallbladder stones, analyze the clinical characteristics of each type of stone and provide a theoretical basis for the study of the formation mechanism of different types of gallbladder stones.\\n\\nMETHODOLOGY: A total of 807 consecutive patients with gallbladder stones were enrolled and their gallstones were studied. The material composition of gallbladder stones was analyzed using Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy and the distribution and microstructure of material components was observed with Scanning Electron Microscopy. The composition and distribution of elements were analyzed by an X-ray energy spectrometer. Gallbladder stones were classified accordingly, and then, gender, age, medical history and BMI of patients with each type of stone were analyzed.\\n\\nPRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Gallbladder stones were classified into 8 types and more than ten subtypes, including cholesterol stones (297), pigment stones (217), calcium carbonate stones (139), phosphate stones (12), calcium stearate stones (9), protein stones (3), cystine stones (1) and mixed stones (129). Mixed stones were those stones with two or more than two kinds of material components and the content of each component was similar. A total of 11 subtypes of mixed stones were found in this study. Patients with cholesterol stones were mainly female between the ages of 30 and 50, with higher BMI and shorter medical history than patients with pigment stones (P<0.05), however, patients with pigment, calcium carbonate, phosphate stones were mainly male between the ages of 40 and 60.\\n\\nCONCLUSION: The systematic classification of gallbladder stones indicates that different types of stones have different characteristics in terms of the microstructure, elemental composition and distribution, providing an important basis for the mechanistic study of gallbladder stones.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/systematic-classification-gallbladder-stones", "reader_count"=>22, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>2, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>2, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Engineering"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>12, "Sports and Recreations"=>1, "Chemistry"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>12}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>1}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1225004"], "description"=>"<p>A, B. Phosphate stone (original magnification ×6000). A. Echin-sphere phosphate particles. B. Rough bulbiform phosphate particles. C,D. Calcium stearate stone (original magnification ×6000). C. Calcium stearate presented as network structure. D. Calcium stearate presented as staggered arranged network, protein stone (original magnification×6000). E. Coralliform protein and bilirubinate complex. F. Chrysanthemum petal-like protein and bilirubinate complex. G, H. Cystine stone. G. Stacked hexagonal crystals, some with prominent edges (original magnification ×400). H. The prominent edges appeared lamellar after magnification (original magnification ×6000).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["gallbladder"], "article_id"=>814913, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Tie Qiao", "Rui-hong Ma", "Xiao-bing Luo", "Liu-qing Yang", "Zhen-liang Luo", "Pei-ming Zheng"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0074887.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Microstructure_of_four_rare_gallbladder_stone_types_/814913", "title"=>"Microstructure of four rare gallbladder stone types.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-10-04 01:52:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1224978"], "description"=>"<p>A. Cholesterol stone B. Pigment stone C. Calcium carbonate stone D. Phosphate stone E. Calcium stearate stone F. Protein stone G. Cystine stone H. Cholesterol- bilirubinate mixed stone I. Bilirubinate -calcium carbonate mixed stone J. Bilirubinate -phosphate mixed stone.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["gallbladder"], "article_id"=>814889, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Tie Qiao", "Rui-hong Ma", "Xiao-bing Luo", "Liu-qing Yang", "Zhen-liang Luo", "Pei-ming Zheng"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0074887.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_appearance_of_each_type_of_gallbladder_stone_/814889", "title"=>"The appearance of each type of gallbladder stone.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-10-04 01:52:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1224980"], "description"=>"<p>A. Cholesterol stone: 1466, 1377, and 1057 cm<sup>−1</sup> were the characteristic absorption peaks of cholesterol. B. Pigment stone: 1663, 1629, 1570, and 1247 cm<sup>−1</sup> were the characteristic absorption peaks of bilirubin and bilirubinate. C. Calcium carbonate of calcite type: 1436, 875, and 712 cm<sup>−1</sup> were the characteristic absorption peaks of calcium carbonate of calcite type. D. Calcium carbonate of aragonite type: 1494, 854, 713, and 700 cm<sup>−1</sup> were the characteristic absorption peaks of calcium carbonate of aragonite type.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ir", "spectrogram", "gallbladder"], "article_id"=>814891, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Tie Qiao", "Rui-hong Ma", "Xiao-bing Luo", "Liu-qing Yang", "Zhen-liang Luo", "Pei-ming Zheng"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0074887.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>32, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_A_typical_IR_spectrogram_of_the_three_most_common_gallbladder_stone_types_/814891", "title"=>"A typical IR spectrogram of the three most common gallbladder stone types.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-10-04 01:52:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1225015"], "description"=>"<p>A. Cholesterol- bilirubinate mixed crystals. B. Bilirubinate- calcium carbonate mixed crystals. C. Cholesterol- calcium carbonate mixed crystals. D. Bilirubinate- phosphate mixed particles. E. Bilirubinate- calcium stearate mixed particles. F. Cholesterol- phosphate mixed crystals. G. Cholesterol- bilirubinate- calcium carbonate mixed crystals. H. Cholesterol- bilirubinate- phosphate mixed crystals.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["stones", "magnification"], "article_id"=>814924, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Tie Qiao", "Rui-hong Ma", "Xiao-bing Luo", "Liu-qing Yang", "Zhen-liang Luo", "Pei-ming Zheng"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0074887.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Microstructure_of_mixed_stones_original_magnification_215_3000_/814924", "title"=>"Microstructure of mixed stones (original magnification ×3000).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-10-04 01:52:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1225016"], "description"=>"<p>Clinical characteristics of patients with each type of stone.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["patients"], "article_id"=>814925, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Tie Qiao", "Rui-hong Ma", "Xiao-bing Luo", "Liu-qing Yang", "Zhen-liang Luo", "Pei-ming Zheng"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0074887.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Clinical_characteristics_of_patients_with_each_type_of_stone_/814925", "title"=>"Clinical characteristics of patients with each type of stone.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-10-04 01:52:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1225017"], "description"=>"<p>Proportion of different subtypes of mixed stones.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["subtypes"], "article_id"=>814926, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Tie Qiao", "Rui-hong Ma", "Xiao-bing Luo", "Liu-qing Yang", "Zhen-liang Luo", "Pei-ming Zheng"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0074887.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Proportion_of_different_subtypes_of_mixed_stones_/814926", "title"=>"Proportion of different subtypes of mixed stones.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-10-04 01:52:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1225018"], "description"=>"<p>Elemental composition of each type of stone.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>[], "article_id"=>814927, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Tie Qiao", "Rui-hong Ma", "Xiao-bing Luo", "Liu-qing Yang", "Zhen-liang Luo", "Pei-ming Zheng"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0074887.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Elemental_composition_of_each_type_of_stone_/814927", "title"=>"Elemental composition of each type of stone.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-10-04 01:52:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1224985"], "description"=>"<p>A. Phosphate stone: 1036, 605, 564 were the characteristic absorption peaks of phosphate. B. Calcium stearate stone: 2917, 2849, 1575, 1540, 1470, 1112, and 721 cm<sup>−1</sup> were the characteristic absorption peaks of calcium stearate. C. protein stone: 1756, 1661, 1575, 1541, 1370, and 1039 cm<sup>−1</sup> were the absorption peaks of protein. D. cystine stone: 1622, 1566, 1490, 1409, 847, and 541 cm<sup>−1</sup> were the absorption peaks of cystine.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ir", "spectrogram", "gallbladder"], "article_id"=>814896, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Tie Qiao", "Rui-hong Ma", "Xiao-bing Luo", "Liu-qing Yang", "Zhen-liang Luo", "Pei-ming Zheng"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0074887.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_A_typical_IR_spectrogram_of_four_rare_gallbladder_stone_types_/814896", "title"=>"A typical IR spectrogram of four rare gallbladder stone types.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-10-04 01:52:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1224989"], "description"=>"<p>A. Cholesterol- bilirubinate mixed stone: 1666, 1570, and 1246 cm<sup>−1</sup> were the absorption peaks of bilirubin and bilirubinate, while 1463, 1377, and 1056 cm<sup>−1</sup> were those of cholesterol. B. Cholesterol- calcium carbonate mixed stone: 1467, 1377 and 1056 cm<sup>−1</sup> were the absorption peaks of cholesterol, while 1467, 874, 854, 712, 699 were those of calcium carbonate, and 1467 was the fusion peak of cholesterol and calcium carbonate. C. Bilirubinate-calcium carbonate mixed stone: 1663, 1572, and 1249 cm<sup>−1</sup> were the absorption peaks of bilirubin and bilirubinate, while 1454, 874, 856, 700 and 686 cm<sup>−1</sup> were those of calcium carbonate. D. Bilirubinate-phosphate mixed stone: 1663, 1572, and 1250 cm<sup>−1</sup> were the absorption peaks of bilirubin and bilirubinate, while 1031, 603, and 560 cm<sup>−1</sup> were those of phosphate.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ir", "spectrogram", "gallbladder"], "article_id"=>814899, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Tie Qiao", "Rui-hong Ma", "Xiao-bing Luo", "Liu-qing Yang", "Zhen-liang Luo", "Pei-ming Zheng"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0074887.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>18, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_A_typical_IR_spectrogram_of_four_common_mixed_gallbladder_stone_types_/814899", "title"=>"A typical IR spectrogram of four common mixed gallbladder stone types.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-10-04 01:52:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1224995"], "description"=>"<p>A, B. Cholesterol stone. A. Plate-like cholesterol crystals. B. Lamellar cholesterol crystals. C, D. Pigment stone. C. Clumping-like bilirubinate particles. D. Irregular bilirubinate particles. E – H. Calcium carbonate stone. E. Bulbiform and ellipsoid calcium carbonate crystals. F. Fusiform calcium carbonate crystal. G. Hawthorn-like calcium carbonate crystal. H. Cuboid calcium carbonate crystal.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["gallbladder", "types", "magnification"], "article_id"=>814905, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Tie Qiao", "Rui-hong Ma", "Xiao-bing Luo", "Liu-qing Yang", "Zhen-liang Luo", "Pei-ming Zheng"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0074887.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>24, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Microstructure_of_the_three_most_common_gallbladder_stone_types_original_magnification_215_3000_/814905", "title"=>"Microstructure of the three most common gallbladder stone types (original magnification ×3000).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-10-04 01:52:53"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"583", "full-text"=>"640", "pdf"=>"26", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"499", "full-text"=>"552", "pdf"=>"15", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"16", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2013-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2013-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[269, 466, 588, 697, 800, 896, 988, 1076, 1165, 1254, 1340, 1417]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Anatomy and physiology", "average_usage"=>[256, 428]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences", "average_usage"=>[264, 460, 584, 692, 794, 887, 978, 1067, 1154, 1241, 1328, 1408, 1474]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Physical sciences", "average_usage"=>[254, 431, 547, 651, 748, 842, 932, 1017, 1098, 1178, 1259, 1336, 1404]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Physical sciences/Materials science", "average_usage"=>[250, 417, 535, 649, 758, 857, 952, 1036, 1113, 1206, 1287, 1353, 1429]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Physical sciences/Physics", "average_usage"=>[254, 421, 527, 626, 720, 813, 900, 983, 1063, 1136, 1210, 1283, 1342]}]}
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