Different Traits Determine Introduction, Naturalization and Invasion Success In Woody Plants: Proteaceae as a Test Case
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{"title"=>"Different Traits Determine Introduction, Naturalization and Invasion Success In Woody Plants: Proteaceae as a Test Case", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Desika", "last_name"=>"Moodley", "scopus_author_id"=>"55670344600"}, {"first_name"=>"Sjirk", "last_name"=>"Geerts", "scopus_author_id"=>"26429449200"}, {"first_name"=>"David M.", "last_name"=>"Richardson", "scopus_author_id"=>"7403444596"}, {"first_name"=>"John R.U.", "last_name"=>"Wilson", "scopus_author_id"=>"55495798500"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84884560064", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0075078", "pui"=>"369882581", "pmid"=>"24086442", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84884560064", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203"}, "id"=>"2bf6cbd4-4b08-3c9a-a3f5-a5ac4fb9153e", "abstract"=>"A major aim of invasion ecology is to identify characteristics of successful invaders. However, most plant groups studied in detail (e.g. pines and acacias) have a high percentage of invasive taxa. Here we examine the global introduction history and invasion ecology of Proteaceae--a large plant family with many taxa that have been widely disseminated by humans, but with few known invaders. To do this we compiled a global list of species and used boosted regression tree models to assess which factors are important in determining the status of a species (not introduced, introduced, naturalized or invasive). At least 402 of 1674 known species (24%) have been moved by humans out of their native ranges, 58 species (14%) have become naturalized but not invasive, and 8 species (2%) are invasive. The probability of naturalization was greatest for species with large native ranges, low susceptibility to Phytophthora root-rot fungus, large mammal-dispersed seeds, and with the capacity to resprout. The probability of naturalized species becoming invasive was greatest for species with large native ranges, those used as barrier plants, tall species, species with small seeds, and serotinous species. The traits driving invasiveness of Proteaceae were similar to those for acacias and pines. However, while some traits showed a consistent influence at introduction, naturalization and invasion, others appear to be influential at one stage only, and some have contrasting effects at different stages. Trait-based analyses therefore need to consider different invasion stages separately. On their own, these observations provide little predictive power for risk assessment, but when the causative mechanisms are understood (e.g. Phytophthora susceptibility) they provide valuable insights. As such there is considerable value in seeking the correlates and mechanisms underlying invasions for particular taxonomic or functional groups.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/different-traits-determine-introduction-naturalization-invasion-success-woody-plants-proteaceae-test", "reader_count"=>70, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>14, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>16, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Student > Master"=>13, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>14, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>16, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Student > Master"=>13, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Environmental Science"=>24, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>40, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>40}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>24}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Czech Republic"=>1, "United States"=>1, "Denmark"=>1, "Brazil"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "South Africa"=>1, "Switzerland"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>7}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1215036"], "description"=>"<p>Out of the 1674 species in the family at least 402 species have been introduced worldwide. Out of the 402 species, 336 species have not yet naturalized, 58 species are naturalized but not recorded as invasive and 8 species are invasive. In the same manner, out of the 1121 Australian species at least 206 species have been introduced, of which 147 have not yet naturalized, 51 are naturalized but not invasive and 8 are invasive. Numbers of genera in each category are shown in parentheses.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["proteaceae", "naturalized"], "article_id"=>807643, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Desika Moodley", "Sjirk Geerts", "David M. Richardson", "John R. U. Wilson"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0075078.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_number_of_Proteaceae_species_that_are_introduced_naturalized_or_invasive_/807643", "title"=>"The number of Proteaceae species that are introduced, naturalized or invasive.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-09-24 02:28:31"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1215038"], "description"=>"<p>Patterns depict A) introduced, B) naturalized and C) invasive species. Each point represents a genus (to avoid clutter only selected genus names are included) with lines indicating expectations from a hypergeometric distribution (median and 95% confidence intervals). Genera falling between the lines are not significantly over- or underrepresented. Genera above or below the intervals are significantly over- or underrepresented respectively. To assess how invasiveness differs across the genera of Proteaceae.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["proteaceae", "genera"], "article_id"=>807645, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Desika Moodley", "Sjirk Geerts", "David M. Richardson", "John R. U. Wilson"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0075078.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Taxonomic_distribution_of_Proteaceae_genera_worldwide_/807645", "title"=>"Taxonomic distribution of Proteaceae genera worldwide.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-09-24 02:28:31"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1215040"], "description"=>"<p>A) native range size; B) the number of susceptible and resistant species to <i>Phytophthora</i>; C) use as barrier plants; and D) plant height (m). Different letters indicate groups that differed significantly at <i>p</i><0.05. For barrier plants and susceptibility to <i>Phytophthora</i>, Fisher's exact test for count data was used. Only factors that explained at least 15% of either model are shown.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["australian", "proteaceae"], "article_id"=>807647, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Desika Moodley", "Sjirk Geerts", "David M. Richardson", "John R. U. Wilson"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0075078.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Factors_associated_with_introduction_naturalization_and_invasion_in_Australian_Proteaceae_species_/807647", "title"=>"Factors associated with introduction, naturalization, and invasion in Australian Proteaceae species.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-09-24 02:28:31"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1215041"], "description"=>"<p>Only traits contributing at least 5% to the models are shown; traits that explained at least 15% of either model are shown in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0075078#pone-0075078-g003\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 3</a> and Table S6. Data range includes the minimum and maximum values from the fitted functions and is representative of effect size.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["boosted", "regression", "naturalization", "proteaceae"], "article_id"=>807648, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Desika Moodley", "Sjirk Geerts", "David M. Richardson", "John R. U. Wilson"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0075078.t002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Summary_of_the_boosted_regression_tree_models_of_factors_associated_with_naturalization_a_and_invasion_b_in_Proteaceae_species_/807648", "title"=>"Summary of the boosted regression tree models of factors associated with naturalization (a) and invasion (b) in Proteaceae species.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-09-24 02:28:31"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1215042"], "description"=>"<p>The range and median values for continuous variables are shown in parentheses.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["separating", "introduced", "naturalized", "invasive", "proteaceae"], "article_id"=>807649, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Desika Moodley", "Sjirk Geerts", "David M. Richardson", "John R. U. Wilson"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0075078.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Traits_used_in_the_analyses_for_separating_introduced_vs_naturalized_and_naturalized_vs_invasive_Proteaceae_species_/807649", "title"=>"Traits used in the analyses for separating introduced vs. naturalized and naturalized vs. invasive Proteaceae species.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-09-24 02:28:31"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1215047", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1215048", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1215049", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1215050", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1215051", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1215052", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1215053", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1215054"], "description"=>"<div><p>A major aim of invasion ecology is to identify characteristics of successful invaders. However, most plant groups studied in detail (e.g. pines and acacias) have a high percentage of invasive taxa. Here we examine the global introduction history and invasion ecology of Proteaceae—a large plant family with many taxa that have been widely disseminated by humans, but with few known invaders. To do this we compiled a global list of species and used boosted regression tree models to assess which factors are important in determining the status of a species (not introduced, introduced, naturalized or invasive).</p><p>At least 402 of 1674 known species (24%) have been moved by humans out of their native ranges, 58 species (14%) have become naturalized but not invasive, and 8 species (2%) are invasive. The probability of naturalization was greatest for species with large native ranges, low susceptibility to <i>Phytophthora</i> root-rot fungus, large mammal-dispersed seeds, and with the capacity to resprout. The probability of naturalized species becoming invasive was greatest for species with large native ranges, those used as barrier plants, tall species, species with small seeds, and serotinous species.</p><p>The traits driving invasiveness of Proteaceae were similar to those for acacias and pines. However, while some traits showed a consistent influence at introduction, naturalization and invasion, others appear to be influential at one stage only, and some have contrasting effects at different stages. Trait-based analyses therefore need to consider different invasion stages separately. On their own, these observations provide little predictive power for risk assessment, but when the causative mechanisms are understood (e.g. <i>Phytophthora</i> susceptibility) they provide valuable insights. As such there is considerable value in seeking the correlates and mechanisms underlying invasions for particular taxonomic or functional groups.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["naturalization", "woody", "proteaceae"], "article_id"=>807654, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Desika Moodley", "Sjirk Geerts", "David M. Richardson", "John R. U. Wilson"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0075078.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0075078.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0075078.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0075078.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0075078.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0075078.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0075078.s007", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0075078.s008"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Different_Traits_Determine_Introduction_Naturalization_and_Invasion_Success_In_Woody_Plants_Proteaceae_as_a_Test_Case_/807654", "title"=>"Different Traits Determine Introduction, Naturalization and Invasion Success In Woody Plants: Proteaceae as a Test Case", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-09-24 02:28:31"}

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2013-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2013-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Plant science", "average_usage"=>[269, 451, 577, 699, 812, 922, 1019, 1126, 1225, 1309, 1404, 1493, 1563]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences/Ecology", "average_usage"=>[298, 487, 610, 722, 827, 929, 1029, 1125, 1217, 1306, 1388, 1464, 1535]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences/Invasive species", "average_usage"=>[275]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences/Plant ecology", "average_usage"=>[253, 410]}, {"subject_area"=>"/People and places/Geographical locations", "average_usage"=>[263, 456, 571, 673, 776, 866, 955, 1040, 1132, 1217, 1310, 1391, 1454]}]}
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