Preferred Habitat of Breeding Birds May Be Compromised by Climate Change: Unexpected Effects of an Exceptionally Cold, Wet Spring
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{"title"=>"Preferred Habitat of Breeding Birds May Be Compromised by Climate Change: Unexpected Effects of an Exceptionally Cold, Wet Spring", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Michael J.", "last_name"=>"Whitehouse", "scopus_author_id"=>"36843349500"}, {"first_name"=>"Nancy M.", "last_name"=>"Harrison", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201807929"}, {"first_name"=>"Julia", "last_name"=>"Mackenzie", "scopus_author_id"=>"36775107600"}, {"first_name"=>"Shelley A.", "last_name"=>"Hinsley", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004179208"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84884260204", "pui"=>"369835177", "pmid"=>"24058694", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0075536", "sgr"=>"84884260204"}, "id"=>"d43214ee-7dde-33d7-99ad-3501e92f0b8e", "abstract"=>"Previous studies of the consequences for breeding birds of climate change have explored how their populations may respond to increasing temperatures. However, few have considered the likely outcome of predicted extreme conditions and the relative vulnerability of populations in different habitats. Here, we compare phenology and breeding success in great tits and blue tits over a 10 year period, including the extremely harsh conditions during spring 2012, at three sites in eastern England--mixed deciduous woodland, riparian and urban habitat. Production, measured as brood biomass, was significantly lower in 2012 compared with the previous 9 years, with the decrease in productivity relatively greatest in woodland habitat. Production was related to hatch delay, i.e. birds not initiating incubation immediately after clutch completion, which was more common in 2012 than in previous years. The best predictor of hatch delay was daytime temperature (not nighttime minimum temperature) and rainfall, which convincingly reflected low growth and activity of caterpillar prey. We found that birds breeding in riparian and urban habitats were less vulnerable to the extremes of weather than those breeding in mixed deciduous woodland.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/preferred-habitat-breeding-birds-compromised-climate-change-unexpected-effects-exceptionally-cold-we", "reader_count"=>43, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Researcher"=>10, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>14, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Other"=>3, "Student > Master"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Researcher"=>10, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>14, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Other"=>3, "Student > Master"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Environmental Science"=>12, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>26}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>26}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>12}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United Kingdom"=>1, "Italy"=>1, "Portugal"=>2, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1208342"], "description"=>"<p>Symbols denote median dates for first egg (E), clutch completion (C; and earliest potential start of incubation) and hatching (H) and the bars show the interquartile range for the 9 year average 2003-2011 (hatched, upper), and 2012 only (solid, lower).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["nesting", "tits", "cambridge", "botanical", "gardens", "brampton"], "article_id"=>802445, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Michael J. Whitehouse", "Nancy M. Harrison", "Julia Mackenzie", "Shelley A. Hinsley"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0075536.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>29, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Average_timing_of_nesting_events_for_great_tits_GT_and_blue_tits_BT_at_Cambridge_University_Botanical_Gardens_CUBG_green_Cow_Lane_Nature_Reserve_CL_blue_and_Brampton_Wood_Nature_Reserve_BW_red_/802445", "title"=>"Average timing of nesting events for great tits (GT) and blue tits (BT) at Cambridge University Botanical Gardens (CUBG; green), Cow Lane Nature Reserve (CL; blue) and Brampton Wood Nature Reserve (BW; red).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-09-18 02:05:31"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1208346"], "description"=>"<p>Overlaid is the difference in night-time and daytime temperatures and rainfall between 2012 and the average for the preceding nine years.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["progression", "delayed", "incubation", "tits", "brampton"], "article_id"=>802449, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Michael J. Whitehouse", "Nancy M. Harrison", "Julia Mackenzie", "Shelley A. Hinsley"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0075536.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>26, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_progression_of_egg_laying_delayed_or_partial_incubation_and_full_incubation_for_great_tits_at_Brampton_Wood_Nature_Reserve_during_2012_/802449", "title"=>"The progression of egg-laying, delayed or partial incubation, and full incubation for great tits at Brampton Wood Nature Reserve during 2012.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-09-18 02:05:31"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1208345"], "description"=>"<p>Symbols represent individual nests during 2003-2011 (black) and 2012 only (red).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["tits", "brampton", "rainfall", "predictor", "clutch"], "article_id"=>802448, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Michael J. Whitehouse", "Nancy M. Harrison", "Julia Mackenzie", "Shelley A. Hinsley"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0075536.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>21, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Hatch_delay_for_great_tits_and_blue_tits_at_Brampton_Wood_Nature_Reserve_in_relation_to_mean_daily_temperature_maximum_T_max_and_rainfall_the_best_predictor_weather_variables_during_the_week_prior_to_clutch_completion_the_week_of_clutch_completion_and_th/802448", "title"=>"Hatch delay for great tits and blue tits at Brampton Wood Nature Reserve in relation to mean daily temperature maximum (T<sub>max</sub>) and rainfall (the best predictor weather variables) during the week prior to clutch completion, the week of clutch completion, and the week after clutch completion.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-09-18 02:05:31"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1208343"], "description"=>"<p>Mean (and standard error) weekly rainfall, temperature maximum (T<sub>max</sub>) and minimum (T<sub>min</sub>) during March-June (week 1 = 1<sup>st</sup> week of April) for 2003-2011 (black) and 2012 only (red).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["march-june", "2003-2011", "2012"], "article_id"=>802446, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Michael J. Whitehouse", "Nancy M. Harrison", "Julia Mackenzie", "Shelley A. Hinsley"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0075536.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mean_and_standard_error_weekly_rainfall_temperature_maximum_T_max_and_minimum_T_min_during_March_June_week_1_1_st_week_of_April_for_2003_2011_black_and_2012_only_red_/802446", "title"=>"Mean (and standard error) weekly rainfall, temperature maximum (T<sub>max</sub>) and minimum (T<sub>min</sub>) during March-June (week 1 = 1<sup>st</sup> week of April) for 2003-2011 (black) and 2012 only (red).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-09-18 02:05:31"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1208340"], "description"=>"<p>Symbols for 2012 are also marked (×). The warmth sum index is the sum of maximum daily temperatures from 1 March-25 April (see McCleery and Perrins 1998).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["dates", "tits", "cambridge", "botanical", "gardens", "brampton", "2003"], "article_id"=>802443, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Michael J. Whitehouse", "Nancy M. Harrison", "Julia Mackenzie", "Shelley A. Hinsley"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0075536.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>27, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mean_first_egg_dates_for_great_tits_and_blue_tits_at_Cambridge_University_Botanical_Gardens_green_Cow_Lane_Nature_Reserve_blue_and_Brampton_Wood_Nature_Reserve_red_between_2003_and_2012_/802443", "title"=>"Mean first egg dates for great tits and blue tits at Cambridge University Botanical Gardens (green), Cow Lane Nature Reserve (blue) and Brampton Wood Nature Reserve (red) between 2003 and 2012.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-09-18 02:05:31"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1208339"], "description"=>"<p>Median (bar), interquartile range (box), minimum, maximum and outlier values for clutch size, brood biomass and nestling weight for great tits and blue tits at Cambridge University Botanical Gardens (CUBG), Cow Lane Nature Reserve (CL) and Brampton Wood Nature Reserve (BW) during 2012 only (red) and 2003-2011 (blue).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["interquartile", "outlier", "clutch", "brood", "biomass", "nestling", "tits", "cambridge", "botanical", "gardens", "brampton", "2012", "2003-2011"], "article_id"=>802442, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Michael J. Whitehouse", "Nancy M. Harrison", "Julia Mackenzie", "Shelley A. Hinsley"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0075536.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>78, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Median_bar_interquartile_range_box_minimum_maximum_and_outlier_values_for_clutch_size_brood_biomass_and_nestling_weight_for_great_tits_and_blue_tits_at_Cambridge_University_Botanical_Gardens_CUBG_Cow_Lane_Nature_Reserve_CL_and_Brampton_Wood_Nature_Reserv/802442", "title"=>"Median (bar), interquartile range (box), minimum, maximum and outlier values for clutch size, brood biomass and nestling weight for great tits and blue tits at Cambridge University Botanical Gardens (CUBG), Cow Lane Nature Reserve (CL) and Brampton Wood Nature Reserve (BW) during 2012 only (red) and 2003-2011 (blue).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-09-18 02:05:31"}

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Relative Metric

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