Semantic Annotation of Mutable Data
Publication Date
November 04, 2013
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Robert A. Morris, Lei Dou, James Hanken, Maureen Kelly, et al
Volume
8
Issue
11
Pages
e76093
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0076093
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0076093
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24223697
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3817185
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/24223697
Scopus
84892419269
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/semantic-annotation-mutable-data
Events
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Mendeley | Further Information

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Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1266787"], "description"=>"<p>The diagram follows standard UML class diagram conventions. White arrows point from subclass to superclass. Black arrows point at the class that is the range of the property from which the arrow originates.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>[], "article_id"=>840899, "categories"=>["Information And Computing Sciences", "Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Robert A. Morris", "Lei Dou", "James Hanken", "Maureen Kelly", "David B. Lowery", "Bertram Ludäscher", "James A. Macklin", "Paul J. Morris"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0076093.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Class_structure_of_OAD_/840899", "title"=>"Class structure of OAD.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-04 03:02:30"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1266791"], "description"=>"<p>Figure illustrates an abbreviated annotation providing a taxonomic identification for an occurrence record. The record is selected by reference to a lengthy identifier in the namespace of the Harvard University Herbaria (prefix “huh:”). [<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0076093#pone.0076093.s005\" target=\"_blank\">RDF S1</a>] is a complete RDF representation in N3 syntax. The prefixes“oa:”, “oad:” and “dwcFP:” indicate terms respectively from the Open Annotation Ontology <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0076093#pone.0076093-Sanderson3\" target=\"_blank\">[61]</a>, the extension ontology we propose [<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0076093#pone.0076093.s003\" target=\"_blank\">Ontology S1</a>], and a purpose built OWL ontology [<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0076093#pone.0076093.s004\" target=\"_blank\">Ontology S2</a>] representation of the Darwin Core vocabulary <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0076093#pone.0076093-Wieczorek1\" target=\"_blank\">[29]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["providing", "taxonomic"], "article_id"=>840903, "categories"=>["Information And Computing Sciences", "Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Robert A. Morris", "Lei Dou", "James Hanken", "Maureen Kelly", "David B. Lowery", "Bertram Ludäscher", "James A. Macklin", "Paul J. Morris"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0076093.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Annotation_providing_a_taxonomic_identification_/840903", "title"=>"Annotation providing a taxonomic identification.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-04 03:02:30"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1266795"], "description"=>"<p>Note that the Selector is particular to the Darwin Core, so is part of the dwcFP ontology, not the oad ontology. A complete RDF representation is in [<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0076093#pone.0076093.s006\" target=\"_blank\">RDF S2</a>].</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>[], "article_id"=>840907, "categories"=>["Information And Computing Sciences", "Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Robert A. Morris", "Lei Dou", "James Hanken", "Maureen Kelly", "David B. Lowery", "Bertram Ludäscher", "James A. Macklin", "Paul J. Morris"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0076093.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Taxonomic_identification_of_a_record_identified_with_a_set_of_domain_terms_/840907", "title"=>"Taxonomic identification of a record identified with a set of domain terms.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-04 03:02:30"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1266797"], "description"=>"<p>The annotation uses an assertion within the imaginary photo vocabulary to associate an owner with the image that is the target. As described in the text, this approach cannot guarantee that the linkage arises from the annotation itself. See [<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0076093#pone.0076093.s007\" target=\"_blank\">RDF S3</a>] for complete RDF representation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["components"], "article_id"=>840909, "categories"=>["Information And Computing Sciences", "Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Robert A. Morris", "Lei Dou", "James Hanken", "Maureen Kelly", "David B. Lowery", "Bertram Ludäscher", "James A. Macklin", "Paul J. Morris"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0076093.g004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Linking_components_using_only_domain_terms_/840909", "title"=>"Linking components using only domain terms.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-04 03:02:30"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1266799"], "description"=>"<p>The photo:owner assertion is more tightly coupled to the annotation than in [<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0076093#pone-0076093-g004\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 4</a>] to the extent that it is acting on an object whose type is a class on OA. The Open World Assumption notwithstanding, if the photo:owner predicate were removed, the foaf:Person would be unrelated to the annotation, and the tag would carry no knowledge. In this case, a consumer of the annotation could reasonably conclude that it received an incomplete annotation. See [<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0076093#pone.0076093.s008\" target=\"_blank\">RDF S4</a>] for complete RDF.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>[], "article_id"=>840911, "categories"=>["Information And Computing Sciences", "Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Robert A. Morris", "Lei Dou", "James Hanken", "Maureen Kelly", "David B. Lowery", "Bertram Ludäscher", "James A. Macklin", "Paul J. Morris"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0076093.g005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Linking_using_a_SemanticTag_/840911", "title"=>"Linking using a SemanticTag.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-04 03:02:30"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1266801"], "description"=>"<p>By use of an oa:Motivation the annotator signals that the purpose of the annotation is to associate the owner with the image. See [<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0076093#pone.0076093.s005\" target=\"_blank\">RDF S5</a>].</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>[], "article_id"=>840913, "categories"=>["Information And Computing Sciences", "Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Robert A. Morris", "Lei Dou", "James Hanken", "Maureen Kelly", "David B. Lowery", "Bertram Ludäscher", "James A. Macklin", "Paul J. Morris"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0076093.g006"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Strong_association_by_use_of_oa_Motivation_/840913", "title"=>"Strong association by use of oa:Motivation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-04 03:02:30"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1266803"], "description"=>"<p>The annotation models a suggestion that an ordered list of image enhancements be applied to the Target. See [<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0076093#pone.0076093.s006\" target=\"_blank\">RDF S6</a>] for the complete RDF.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ordered"], "article_id"=>840915, "categories"=>["Information And Computing Sciences", "Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Robert A. Morris", "Lei Dou", "James Hanken", "Maureen Kelly", "David B. Lowery", "Bertram Ludäscher", "James A. Macklin", "Paul J. Morris"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0076093.g007"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_An_ordered_list_of_actions_/840915", "title"=>"An ordered list of actions.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-04 03:02:30"}
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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2013-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2013-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[269, 466, 588, 697, 800, 896, 988, 1076, 1165, 1254, 1340, 1417]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Ecology", "average_usage"=>[290, 478, 601, 716, 816, 914, 1016, 1112, 1203, 1285, 1373, 1451, 1516]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Psychology", "average_usage"=>[284, 458, 579, 688, 782, 879, 957, 1048, 1126, 1204, 1280, 1357, 1415]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Computer and information sciences/Computer software", "average_usage"=>[275, 441, 557, 690, 806, 929, 1029, 1117, 1218, 1286, 1349, 1438, 1506]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Computer and information sciences/Data visualization", "average_usage"=>[293, 478, 588, 673, 782, 884, 973, 1055, 1126, 1239, 1329, 1404, 1497]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences/Biodiversity", "average_usage"=>[366, 501]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Engineering and technology", "average_usage"=>[254, 440, 558, 675, 785, 883, 972, 1061, 1154, 1248, 1336, 1414, 1489]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Engineering and technology/Industrial engineering", "average_usage"=>[244, 415, 530, 647, 750, 829, 915, 999, 1097, 1201, 1293, 1361, 1439]}]}
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