Energetic Consequences of Human Sociality: Walking Speed Choices among Friendly Dyads
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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1255848", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1255849", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1255850"], "description"=>"<div><p>Research has shown that individuals have an optimal walking speed–a speed which minimizes energy expenditure for a given distance. Because the optimal walking speed varies with mass and lower limb length, it also varies with sex, with males in any given population tending to have faster optimal walking speeds. This potentially creates an energetic dilemma for mixed-sex walking groups. Here we examine speed choices made by individuals of varying stature, mass, and sex walking together. Individuals (N = 22) walked around a track alone, with a significant other (with and without holding hands), and with friends of the same and opposite sex while their speeds were recorded every 100 m. Our findings show that males walk at a significantly slower pace to match the females’ paces (p = 0.009), when the female is their romantic partner. The paces of friends of either same or mixed sex walking together did not significantly change (p>0.05). Thus significant pace adjustment appears to be limited to romantic partners. These findings have implications for both mobility and reproductive strategies of groups. Because the male carries the energetic burden by adjusting his pace (slowing down 7%), the female is spared the potentially increased caloric cost required to walk together. In energetically demanding environments, we will expect to find gender segregation in group composition, particularly when travelling longer distances.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["consequences", "choices"], "article_id"=>830849, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Janelle Wagnild", "Cara M. Wall-Scheffler"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0076576.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0076576.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0076576.s003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Energetic_Consequences_of_Human_Sociality_Walking_Speed_Choices_among_Friendly_Dyads_/830849", "title"=>"Energetic Consequences of Human Sociality: Walking Speed Choices among Friendly Dyads", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-10-23 03:06:09"}
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Relative Metric

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