Toothpicking and Periodontal Disease in a Neanderthal Specimen from Cova Foradà Site (Valencia, Spain)
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{"title"=>"Toothpicking and Periodontal Disease in a Neanderthal Specimen from Cova Foradà Site (Valencia, Spain)", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Marina", "last_name"=>"Lozano", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102205305"}, {"first_name"=>"Maria Eulàlia", "last_name"=>"Subirà", "scopus_author_id"=>"36907977300"}, {"first_name"=>"José", "last_name"=>"Aparicio", "scopus_author_id"=>"55888169800"}, {"first_name"=>"Carlos", "last_name"=>"Lorenzo", "scopus_author_id"=>"35346371000"}, {"first_name"=>"Gala", "last_name"=>"Gómez-Merino", "scopus_author_id"=>"55888334800"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"24146934", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0076852", "pui"=>"370046424", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84885828734", "sgr"=>"84885828734"}, "id"=>"9b8835ae-c97e-3f95-a815-6bfb394899e1", "abstract"=>"We present a Neanderthal maxilla (CF-1) from Cova Foradà site (Oliva, Valencia, Spain) with periodontal disease and evidence of attempts to alleviate pain with the use of a toothpick. Two interproximal grooves have been found on the distal surfaces of the upper left Pm(3) and M(1) of CF-1 maxilla. The location, morphology and size of the grooves coincide with other interproximal grooves found on the teeth of other fossil specimens. Heavy dental wear and periodontal disease would have caused the Cova Foradà Neanderthal specimen pain and discomfort, which the individual attempted to mitigate using some kind of dental probe.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/toothpicking-periodontal-disease-neanderthal-specimen-cova-forad%C3%A0-site-valencia-spain", "reader_count"=>41, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>10, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>7, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>6, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>10, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>7, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>6, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Mathematics"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>5, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>7, "Arts and Humanities"=>14, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>5, "Computer Science"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>5}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>5}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>7}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>14}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>2, "Luxembourg"=>1, "Portugal"=>1, "Germany"=>1, "Spain"=>2}, "group_count"=>5}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1239540"], "description"=>"<p>A: Interproximal groove on distal surface of left Pm<sup>3</sup> (binocular lens image). B: Detailed view of the interproximal groove on Pm<sup>3</sup> (ESEM image, 100×). C: Interproximal groove on distal surface of left M<sup>1</sup> (binocular lens image). D. Detailed view of the interproximal groove on M<sup>1</sup> (ESEM image, 30×).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["interproximal", "groove", "distal"], "article_id"=>824616, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Marina Lozano", "Maria Eulàlia Subirà", "José Aparicio", "Carlos Lorenzo", "Gala Gómez-Merino"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0076852.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>19, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_A_Interproximal_groove_on_distal_surface_of_left_Pm_3_binocular_lens_image_B_Detailed_view_of_the_interproximal_groove_on_Pm_3_ESEM_image_100_215_C_Interproximal_groove_on_distal_surface_of_left_M_1_binocular_lens_image_D_Detailed_view_of_the_interproxim/824616", "title"=>"A: Interproximal groove on distal surface of left Pm<sup>3</sup> (binocular lens image). B: Detailed view of the interproximal groove on Pm<sup>3</sup> (ESEM image, 100×). C: Interproximal groove on distal surface of left M<sup>1</sup> (binocular lens image). D. Detailed view of the interproximal groove on M<sup>1</sup> (ESEM image, 30×).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-10-16 03:26:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1239538"], "description"=>"<p>Location of Cova Foradà site.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cova"], "article_id"=>824614, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Marina Lozano", "Maria Eulàlia Subirà", "José Aparicio", "Carlos Lorenzo", "Gala Gómez-Merino"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0076852.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Location_of_Cova_Forad_224_site_/824614", "title"=>"Location of Cova Foradà site.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-10-16 03:26:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1239541"], "description"=>"<p>All measures are in mm. “n.d” mean no data available for this measure. Data obtained from <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0076852#pone.0076852-Frayer1\" target=\"_blank\">[1]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0076852#pone.0076852-Ungar1\" target=\"_blank\">[4]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0076852#pone.0076852-Hlusko1\" target=\"_blank\">[18]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0076852#pone.0076852-Siffre1\" target=\"_blank\">[19]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0076852#pone.0076852-UbelakerD1\" target=\"_blank\">[20]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0076852#pone.0076852-deLumley1\" target=\"_blank\">[21]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0076852#pone.0076852-BermdezdeCastro1\" target=\"_blank\">[22]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0076852#pone.0076852-Rosas1\" target=\"_blank\">[23]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0076852#pone.0076852-Urbanowski1\" target=\"_blank\">[24]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0076852#pone.0076852-Schulz1\" target=\"_blank\">[25]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0076852#pone.0076852-Berryman1\" target=\"_blank\">[26]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0076852#pone.0076852-Brown1\" target=\"_blank\">[27]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0076852#pone.0076852-Bonfiglioli1\" target=\"_blank\">[28]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0076852#pone.0076852-Puech1\" target=\"_blank\">[30]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0076852#pone.0076852-Prez1\" target=\"_blank\">[31]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0076852#pone.0076852-BermdezdeCastro2\" target=\"_blank\">[32]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0076852#pone.0076852-BermdezdeCastro3\" target=\"_blank\">[33]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["interproximal", "grooves"], "article_id"=>824617, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Marina Lozano", "Maria Eulàlia Subirà", "José Aparicio", "Carlos Lorenzo", "Gala Gómez-Merino"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0076852.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>13, "page_views"=>18, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Populations_with_interproximal_grooves_on_teeth_/824617", "title"=>"Populations with interproximal grooves on teeth.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-10-16 03:26:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1239539"], "description"=>"<p>Detailed images of the last row: lower left, the arrow shows the interproximal groove on distal surface of left M<sup>1</sup>. Lower right, the arrow shows the interproximal groove on distal surface of left Pm<sup>3</sup>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["views", "frontal", "maxilla", "cova"], "article_id"=>824615, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Marina Lozano", "Maria Eulàlia Subirà", "José Aparicio", "Carlos Lorenzo", "Gala Gómez-Merino"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0076852.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Different_general_views_inferior_internal_frontal_and_left_of_the_maxilla_from_Cova_Forad_224_site_/824615", "title"=>"Different general views (inferior, internal, frontal and left) of the maxilla from Cova Foradà site.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-10-16 03:26:49"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2013-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2013-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Behavior", "average_usage"=>[306, 490, 611, 718, 817, 916, 999, 1091, 1185, 1258, 1341, 1412, 1476]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Paleontology", "average_usage"=>[605, 959, 1140, 1273, 1412, 1552, 1709, 1830, 1959, 2077, 2241, 2360, 2456]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Physical anthropology", "average_usage"=>[425, 580, 768, 980, 1109, 1229, 1353, 1449, 1554, 1650, 1702, 1817, 1923]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences", "average_usage"=>[264, 460, 584, 692, 794, 887, 978, 1067, 1154, 1241, 1328, 1408, 1474]}]}
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