Fish and Robots Swimming Together in a Water Tunnel: Robot Color and Tail-Beat Frequency Influence Fish Behavior
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{"title"=>"Fish and Robots Swimming Together in a Water Tunnel: Robot Color and Tail-Beat Frequency Influence Fish Behavior", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Giovanni", "last_name"=>"Polverino", "scopus_author_id"=>"55305600900"}, {"first_name"=>"Paul", "last_name"=>"Phamduy", "scopus_author_id"=>"55265621400"}, {"first_name"=>"Maurizio", "last_name"=>"Porfiri", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701357619"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"370118353", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0077589", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84886411700", "pmid"=>"24204882", "sgr"=>"84886411700"}, "id"=>"9b82cd13-eb91-3185-8e9b-83d5a1441c63", "abstract"=>"The possibility of integrating bioinspired robots in groups of live social animals may constitute a valuable tool to study the basis of social behavior and uncover the fundamental determinants of animal functions and dysfunctions. In this study, we investigate the interactions between individual golden shiners (Notemigonus crysoleucas) and robotic fish swimming together in a water tunnel at constant flow velocity. The robotic fish is designed to mimic its live counterpart in the aspect ratio, body shape, dimension, and locomotory pattern. Fish positional preference with respect to the robot is experimentally analyzed as the robot's color pattern and tail-beat frequency are varied. Behavioral observations are corroborated by particle image velocimetry studies aimed at investigating the flow structure behind the robotic fish. Experimental results show that the time spent by golden shiners in the vicinity of the bioinspired robotic fish is the highest when the robot mimics their natural color pattern and beats its tail at the same frequency. In these conditions, fish tend to swim at the same depth of the robotic fish, where the wake from the robotic fish is stronger and hydrodynamic return is most likely to be effective.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/fish-robots-swimming-together-water-tunnel-robot-color-tailbeat-frequency-influence-fish-behavior", "reader_count"=>40, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>8, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Master"=>2, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>9, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>8, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Master"=>2, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>9, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>14, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>15, "Philosophy"=>1, "Neuroscience"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Psychology"=>1, "Computer Science"=>3, "Sports and Recreations"=>1, "Unspecified"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>14}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>1}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>15}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>3}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>2, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>4}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1259119"], "description"=>"<p>(Online version in color).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["bioinspired", "robotic", "computer-aided", "connected", "transparent", "plexiglas", "rods"], "article_id"=>833154, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Giovanni Polverino", "Paul Phamduy", "Maurizio Porfiri"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0077589.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Illustration_of_the_bioinspired_robotic_fish_and_golden_shiner_a_computer_aided_design_of_the_bioinspired_robotic_fish_connected_to_the_two_transparent_Plexiglas_rods_and_b_picture_of_an_experimental_golden_shiner_/833154", "title"=>"Illustration of the bioinspired robotic fish and golden shiner: (a) computer-aided design of the bioinspired robotic fish connected to the two transparent Plexiglas rods and (b) picture of an experimental golden shiner.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-10-25 09:42:45"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1259120"], "description"=>"<p>Two webcams are placed above and laterally of the tunnel to record animal activity from two different perspectives. (Online version in color).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["setup", "bioinspired", "shiner", "blazka-type", "delimited"], "article_id"=>833155, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Giovanni Polverino", "Paul Phamduy", "Maurizio Porfiri"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0077589.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Schematic_of_the_experimental_setup_behavioral_experiment_the_bioinspired_Red_robot_and_an_individual_golden_shiner_swimming_in_a_section_of_a_Blazka_type_water_tunnel_delimited_by_two_plastic_honeycombs_/833155", "title"=>"Schematic of the experimental setup (behavioral experiment): the bioinspired Red robot and an individual golden shiner swimming in a section of a Blazka-type water tunnel delimited by two plastic honeycombs.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-10-25 09:42:45"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1259121"], "description"=>"<p>A laser sheet oriented in the horizontal (<i>x</i>, <i>y</i>) perspective illuminates the seeded water in correspondence of the center of the bottom (a), middle (b), and top (c) compartments of the focal region, respectively. A camera placed below the tunnel films the area illuminated by the laser. (Online version in color).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["setup", "bioinspired", "blazka-type", "delimited", "honeycombs"], "article_id"=>833156, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Giovanni Polverino", "Paul Phamduy", "Maurizio Porfiri"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0077589.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Schematic_of_the_experimental_setup_hydrodynamics_experiment_the_bioinspired_Red_robot_swimming_in_a_section_of_a_Blazka_type_water_tunnel_delimited_by_two_plastic_honeycombs_not_pictured_/833156", "title"=>"Schematic of the experimental setup (hydrodynamics experiment): the bioinspired Red robot swimming in a section of a Blazka-type water tunnel delimited by two plastic honeycombs (not pictured).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-10-25 09:42:45"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1259125"], "description"=>"<p>A live fish is considered to actively interact with the bioinspired robotic fish when the <i>x</i>-coordinate of its center of mass is in the focal region, which extends four body lengths from the <i>x</i>-coordinate of the robotic fish center of mass along its longitudinal axis. The focal region is partitioned into front, B1, B2, B3, and B4 compartments from the Top view. The same region is partitioned into top, middle, and bottom compartments from the Side view.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["views", "schematic", "compartments", "focal"], "article_id"=>833158, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Giovanni Polverino", "Paul Phamduy", "Maurizio Porfiri"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0077589.g004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Top_and_Side_views_of_the_water_tunnel_with_schematic_illustration_of_the_compartments_forming_the_focal_region_/833158", "title"=>"Top and Side views of the water tunnel with schematic illustration of the compartments forming the focal region.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-10-25 09:42:45"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1259129"], "description"=>"<p>The time interval (<i>t</i>) between frames is scaled with respect to the tail-beat period (<i>T</i> = 0.33 seconds) corresponding to the tail-beat frequency of 3 Hz. The initial time (<i>t</i> = 0) does not correspond to the same tail configuration, as PIV analyses were independently executed for the three compartments. For the first row (T) the tail-beat amplitude is −12, 3, 0, and −3 mm, for the second row (M) it is −10, −1, 3, and −5 mm, and for the third row (B) it is −3, −1, 8, and −10 mm (measured as the lateral transverse displacement at the caudal fin terminal with respect to the <i>y</i>-axis). Red structures represent counterclockwise vortices and blue structures represent clockwise vortices. The regions of observation correspond to the three compartments defined for the Side view identified in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0077589#pone-0077589-g004\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 4</a>. (Online version in color).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["vorticity", "compartments", "tail-beat"], "article_id"=>833161, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Giovanni Polverino", "Paul Phamduy", "Maurizio Porfiri"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0077589.g005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Time_resolved_vorticity_field_measured_in_top_T_middle_M_and_bottom_B_compartments_of_the_Side_view_respectively_with_the_robot_tail_beat_frequency_set_at_3_Hz_/833161", "title"=>"Time-resolved vorticity field measured in top (T), middle (M), and bottom (B) compartments of the Side view, respectively, with the robot tail-beat frequency set at 3 Hz.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-10-25 09:42:45"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1259130"], "description"=>"<p>Gray histograms represent the mean time spent in the vicinity of the Gray robot and red histograms represent the mean time spent in the vicinity of the Red robot. Means not sharing a common superscript are significantly different (Fisher's PLSD, p<0.05). (Online version in color).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["spent", "focal", "minutes"], "article_id"=>833162, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Giovanni Polverino", "Paul Phamduy", "Maurizio Porfiri"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0077589.g006"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Behavioral_experiment_mean_time_spent_by_fish_within_the_focal_region_in_each_experimental_condition_note_that_the_total_acquisition_time_was_five_minutes_for_each_trial_/833162", "title"=>"Behavioral experiment: mean time spent by fish within the focal region in each experimental condition (note that the total acquisition time was five minutes for each trial).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-10-25 09:42:45"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1259132"], "description"=>"<p>Histograms represent the mean time spent in the vicinity of the Gray robot (left) and the Red robot (right) with respect to both Top view (top) and Side view (bottom). Error bars refer to the standard error. Means not sharing a common superscript are significantly different (Fisher's PLSD, p<0.05).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["spent", "compartment", "focal", "minutes"], "article_id"=>833164, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Giovanni Polverino", "Paul Phamduy", "Maurizio Porfiri"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0077589.g007"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Behavioral_experiment_mean_time_spent_by_fish_in_each_compartment_of_the_focal_region_across_the_experimental_conditions_note_that_the_total_acquisition_time_was_five_minutes_for_each_trial_/833164", "title"=>"Behavioral experiment: mean time spent by fish in each compartment of the focal region across the experimental conditions (note that the total acquisition time was five minutes for each trial).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-10-25 09:42:45"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1259134"], "description"=>"<p>Data refer to the percentage of time with respect to the mean time spent in the whole focal region for the conditions with the robots beating their tail at 3 Hz.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["spent", "one-body", "compartments", "compartment"], "article_id"=>833166, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Giovanni Polverino", "Paul Phamduy", "Maurizio Porfiri"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0077589.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mean_time_spent_by_fish_in_each_of_the_four_one_body_length_compartments_behind_the_robot_Top_view_while_in_the_middle_compartment_of_the_water_column_Side_view_/833166", "title"=>"Mean time spent by fish in each of the four one-body length compartments behind the robot (Top view) while in the middle compartment of the water column (Side view).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-10-25 09:42:45"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1259141"], "description"=>"<div><p>The possibility of integrating bioinspired robots in groups of live social animals may constitute a valuable tool to study the basis of social behavior and uncover the fundamental determinants of animal functions and dysfunctions. In this study, we investigate the interactions between individual golden shiners (<i>Notemigonus crysoleucas</i>) and robotic fish swimming together in a water tunnel at constant flow velocity. The robotic fish is designed to mimic its live counterpart in the aspect ratio, body shape, dimension, and locomotory pattern. Fish positional preference with respect to the robot is experimentally analyzed as the robot's color pattern and tail-beat frequency are varied. Behavioral observations are corroborated by particle image velocimetry studies aimed at investigating the flow structure behind the robotic fish. Experimental results show that the time spent by golden shiners in the vicinity of the bioinspired robotic fish is the highest when the robot mimics their natural color pattern and beats its tail at the same frequency. In these conditions, fish tend to swim at the same depth of the robotic fish, where the wake from the robotic fish is stronger and hydrodynamic return is most likely to be effective.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["robots", "tail-beat"], "article_id"=>833173, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Giovanni Polverino", "Paul Phamduy", "Maurizio Porfiri"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0077589"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Fish_and_Robots_Swimming_Together_in_a_Water_Tunnel_Robot_Color_and_Tail_Beat_Frequency_Influence_Fish_Behavior_/833173", "title"=>"Fish and Robots Swimming Together in a Water Tunnel: Robot Color and Tail-Beat Frequency Influence Fish Behavior", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-10-25 09:42:45"}

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2013-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2013-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[269, 466, 588, 697, 800, 896, 988, 1076, 1165, 1254, 1340, 1417]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Biomechanics", "average_usage"=>[262, 443, 579, 690, 795, 884, 991, 1089, 1183, 1275, 1366, 1445, 1522]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Organisms", "average_usage"=>[281, 484, 611, 728, 835, 934, 1030, 1123, 1214, 1299, 1383, 1464]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Physiology", "average_usage"=>[256, 449, 572, 676, 775, 866, 955, 1041, 1127, 1213, 1290, 1370, 1437]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Zoology", "average_usage"=>[294, 473, 591, 693, 788, 883, 972, 1054, 1140, 1222, 1299, 1381, 1446]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Engineering and technology", "average_usage"=>[254, 440, 558, 675, 785, 883, 972, 1061, 1154, 1248, 1336, 1414, 1489]}]}
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