Exposure Is Not Enough: Suppressing Stimuli from Awareness Can Abolish the Mere Exposure Effect
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{"title"=>"Exposure Is Not Enough: Suppressing Stimuli from Awareness Can Abolish the Mere Exposure Effect", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Daniel", "last_name"=>"de Zilva", "scopus_author_id"=>"55293434600"}, {"first_name"=>"Luke", "last_name"=>"Vu", "scopus_author_id"=>"55888347700"}, {"first_name"=>"Ben R.", "last_name"=>"Newell", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003401856"}, {"first_name"=>"Joel", "last_name"=>"Pearson", "scopus_author_id"=>"7401927372"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84885699094", "pmid"=>"24147067", "sgr"=>"84885699094", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0077726", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"370046579"}, "id"=>"b6f1c674-1d41-3398-9204-3555fd3fb2db", "abstract"=>"Passive exposure to neutral stimuli increases subsequent liking of those stimuli--the mere exposure effect. Because of the broad implications for understanding and controlling human preferences, the role of conscious awareness in mere exposure has received much attention. Previous studies have claimed that the mere exposure effect can occur without conscious awareness of the stimuli. In two experiments, we applied a technique new to the mere exposure literature, called continuous flash suppression, to expose stimuli for a controlled duration with and without awareness. To ensure the reliability of the awareness manipulation, awareness was monitored on a trial-by-trial basis. Our results show that under these conditions the mere exposure effect does not occur without conscious awareness. In contrast, only when participants were aware of the stimuli did exposure increase liking and recognition. Together these data are consistent with the idea that the mere exposure effect requires conscious awareness and has important implications for theories of memory and affect.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/exposure-not-enough-suppressing-stimuli-awareness-abolish-mere-exposure-effect", "reader_count"=>42, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>14, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>7, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>14, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>7, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3, "Neuroscience"=>4, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>2, "Psychology"=>29, "Social Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>4}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>29}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Belgium"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Chile"=>1, "Switzerland"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

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Relative Metric

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