Exposure of Wild Boar to Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex in France since 2000 Is Consistent with the Distribution of Bovine Tuberculosis Outbreaks in Cattle
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{"title"=>"Exposure of Wild Boar to Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex in France since 2000 Is Consistent with the Distribution of Bovine Tuberculosis Outbreaks in Cattle", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Céline", "last_name"=>"Richomme", "scopus_author_id"=>"35312272400"}, {"first_name"=>"Mariana", "last_name"=>"Boadella", "scopus_author_id"=>"24512148100"}, {"first_name"=>"Aurélie", "last_name"=>"Courcoul", "scopus_author_id"=>"15755076100"}, {"first_name"=>"Benoît", "last_name"=>"Durand", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102555214"}, {"first_name"=>"Antoine", "last_name"=>"Drapeau", "scopus_author_id"=>"55227704900"}, {"first_name"=>"Yannick", "last_name"=>"Corde", "scopus_author_id"=>"55227140700"}, {"first_name"=>"Jean", "last_name"=>"Hars", "scopus_author_id"=>"6508332139"}, {"first_name"=>"Ariane", "last_name"=>"Payne", "scopus_author_id"=>"55455214300"}, {"first_name"=>"Alexandre", "last_name"=>"Fediaevsky", "scopus_author_id"=>"23018485500"}, {"first_name"=>"María Laura", "last_name"=>"Boschiroli", "scopus_author_id"=>"55893695500"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84886042058", "sgr"=>"84886042058", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "pmid"=>"24167584", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0077842", "pui"=>"370089789"}, "id"=>"a1678ef2-311d-3ac0-9469-54412548fe4f", "abstract"=>"The Eurasian wild boar (Sus scrofa) is increasingly considered as a relevant actor in the epidemiology of animal tuberculosis (TB). Therefore, monitoring TB in wild boar becomes a key tool for establishing comprehensive control schemes for this disease. To estimate the exposure of free living wild boar to Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTC) in France, a bovine-purified protein derivative based ELISA was used to test 2,080 archived serum samples of hunter-harvested animals in 58 French \"départements\". Two cut-off values were used for diagnostic interpretation: 0.2, recommended by the manufacturer (specificity: 96.43%; sensitivity: 72.6%), and 0.5 (specificity: 100%; sensitivity: 64%). During the same period, at the 0.2 cut-off, global true seroprevalence was 5.9% (IC95%: 4.3%-7.7%) and 76% of the sampled \"départements\" had seropositive wild boar, including seven cattle TB-free \"départements. At the 0.5 cut-off, global true seroprevalence was 2.2% (IC95%: 1.5-3.2) and positive wild boar belonged to 21% of the \"départements\". All but one of these positive \"départements\" had reported at least one cattle TB outbreak since 2000. A good consistence between seropositive wild boar and TB outbreaks in cattle was found, especially at the 0.5 cut-off value (the mean distance to the nearest cattle TB outbreak was 13 km and 27 km for seropositive and seronegative wild boar, respectively; P<0.05). The use of an ELISA to detect MTC antibodies in wild boar has permitted the description of the geographic distribution of MTC contact in wild boar in France. Our results suggest that the ELISA could be used as a first screening tool to conduct TB surveillance in wild boar at a population level. High-risk wild boar populations (e.g. overabundant) could be tested and if identified positive by ELISA they should be surveyed in detail by combining pathology and culture.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/exposure-wild-boar-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-complex-france-since-2000-consistent-distribution-bovi", "reader_count"=>49, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>14, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>12, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Other"=>2, "Student > Master"=>6, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>14, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. 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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1254560", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1254561"], "description"=>"<div><p>The Eurasian wild boar (<i>Sus scrofa</i>) is increasingly considered as a relevant actor in the epidemiology of animal tuberculosis (TB). Therefore, monitoring TB in wild boar becomes a key tool for establishing comprehensive control schemes for this disease. To estimate the exposure of free living wild boar to Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTC) in France, a bovine-purified protein derivative based ELISA was used to test 2,080 archived serum samples of hunter-harvested animals in 58 French “départements”. Two cut-off values were used for diagnostic interpretation: 0.2, recommended by the manufacturer (specificity: 96.43%; sensitivity: 72.6%), and 0.5 (specificity: 100%; sensitivity: 64%). During the same period, at the 0.2 cut-off, global true seroprevalence was 5.9% (IC<sub>95%</sub>: 4.3%-7.7%) and 76% of the sampled “départements” had seropositive wild boar, including seven cattle TB-free “départements. At the 0.5 cut-off, global true seroprevalence was 2.2% (IC<sub>95%</sub>: 1.5-3.2) and positive wild boar belonged to 21% of the “départements”. All but one of these positive “départements” had reported at least one cattle TB outbreak since 2000. A good consistence between seropositive wild boar and TB outbreaks in cattle was found, especially at the 0.5 cut-off value (the mean distance to the nearest cattle TB outbreak was 13km and 27km for seropositive and seronegative wild boar, respectively; P<0.05). The use of an ELISA to detect MTC antibodies in wild boar has permitted the description of the geographic distribution of MTC contact in wild boar in France. Our results suggest that the ELISA could be used as a first screening tool to conduct TB surveillance in wild boar at a population level. High-risk wild boar populations (e.g. overabundant) could be tested and if identified positive by ELISA they should be surveyed in detail by combining pathology and culture.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["boar", "france", "2000", "bovine", "tuberculosis", "outbreaks"], "article_id"=>829828, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Céline Richomme", "Mariana Boadella", "Aurélie Courcoul", "Benoît Durand", "Antoine Drapeau", "Yannick Corde", "Jean Hars", "Ariane Payne", "Alexandre Fediaevsky", "María Laura Boschiroli"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0077842.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0077842.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Exposure_of_Wild_Boar_to_Mycobacterium_tuberculosis_Complex_in_France_since_2000_Is_Consistent_with_the_Distribution_of_Bovine_Tuberculosis_Outbreaks_in_Cattle/829828", "title"=>"Exposure of Wild Boar to <i>Mycobacterium tuberculosis</i> Complex in France since 2000 Is Consistent with the Distribution of Bovine Tuberculosis Outbreaks in Cattle", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-10-22 02:56:19"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1254540"], "description"=>"<p>Distances between wild boar and the nearest TB outbreak in cattle: (a) bPPD ELISA cut-off 0.2, (b) bPPD ELISA cut-off 0.5.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["boar", "nearest", "tb", "outbreak", "bppd", "elisa", "cut-off"], "article_id"=>829825, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Céline Richomme", "Mariana Boadella", "Aurélie Courcoul", "Benoît Durand", "Antoine Drapeau", "Yannick Corde", "Jean Hars", "Ariane Payne", "Alexandre Fediaevsky", "María Laura Boschiroli"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0077842.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>21, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Distances_between_wild_boar_and_the_nearest_TB_outbreak_in_cattle_a_bPPD_ELISA_cut_off_0_2_b_bPPD_ELISA_cut_off_0_5_/829825", "title"=>"Distances between wild boar and the nearest TB outbreak in cattle: (a) bPPD ELISA cut-off 0.2, (b) bPPD ELISA cut-off 0.5.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-10-22 02:56:19"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1254541"], "description"=>"<p>Histogram shows the distribution of simulated average d-outbreak under the null hypothesis (no relationship between seropositivity and d-outbreak). Bootstrap test was for 1000 repetitions. Red dot is the observed average d-outbreak. </p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["d-outbreak", "bootstarp", "seropositve", "boar"], "article_id"=>829826, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Céline Richomme", "Mariana Boadella", "Aurélie Courcoul", "Benoît Durand", "Antoine Drapeau", "Yannick Corde", "Jean Hars", "Ariane Payne", "Alexandre Fediaevsky", "María Laura Boschiroli"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0077842.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Distribution_of_average_d_outbreak_in_kilometers_obtained_by_bootstarp_analysis_for_seropositve_wild_boar_a_using_the_0_2_cut_off_and_b_using_the_0_5_cut_off_/829826", "title"=>"Distribution of average d-outbreak (in kilometers) obtained by bootstarp analysis for seropositve wild boar (a) using the 0.2 cut-off, and (b) using the 0.5 cut-off.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-10-22 02:56:19"}

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Relative Metric

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