Phylogenetic Position and Subspecies Divergence of the Endangered New Zealand Dotterel (Charadrius obscurus)
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{"title"=>"Phylogenetic Position and Subspecies Divergence of the Endangered New Zealand Dotterel (Charadrius obscurus)", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Julia M.I.", "last_name"=>"Barth", "scopus_author_id"=>"35315370300"}, {"first_name"=>"Michael", "last_name"=>"Matschiner", "scopus_author_id"=>"26644197800"}, {"first_name"=>"Bruce C.", "last_name"=>"Robertson", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201834620"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84886440969", "pmid"=>"24205094", "sgr"=>"84886440969", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0078068", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"370118330"}, "id"=>"547f106a-8dca-30d9-8074-b5c50291a5e1", "abstract"=>"The New Zealand Dotterel (Charadrius obscurus), an endangered shorebird of the family Charadriidae, is endemic to New Zealand where two subspecies are recognized. These subspecies are not only separated geographically, with C. o. aquilonius being distributed in the New Zealand North Island and C. o. obscurus mostly restricted to Stewart Island, but also differ substantially in morphology and behavior. Despite these divergent traits, previous work has failed to detect genetic differentiation between the subspecies, and the question of when and where the two populations separated is still open. Here, we use mitochondrial and nuclear markers to address molecular divergence between the subspecies, and apply maximum likelihood and Bayesian methods to place C. obscurus within the non-monophyletic genus Charadrius. Despite very little overall differentiation, distinct haplotypes for the subspecies were detected, thus supporting molecular separation of the northern and southern populations. Phylogenetic analysis recovers a monophyletic clade combining the New Zealand Dotterel with two other New Zealand endemic shorebirds, the Wrybill and the Double-Banded Plover, thus suggesting a single dispersal event as the origin of this group. Divergence dates within Charadriidae were estimated with BEAST 2, and our results indicate a Middle Miocene origin of New Zealand endemic Charadriidae, a Late Miocene emergence of the lineage leading to the New Zealand Dotterel, and a Middle to Late Pleistocene divergence of the two New Zealand Dotterel subspecies.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/phylogenetic-position-subspecies-divergence-endangered-new-zealand-dotterel-charadrius-obscurus", "reader_count"=>17, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>11, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Computer Science"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>11}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}}, "group_count"=>0}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1258763"], "description"=>"<p>Shown is the BEAST topology. Black dots indicate nodes with Bayesian Posterior Probability (PP) >0.95 and Bootstrap Support (BS) >75, grey dots indicate PP >0.95 and BS <75 and white dots PP <0.95 and BS >75. PP and BS values that are both lower than 0.95 and 75, respectively, are not indicated (for all support values, please see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0078068#pone.0078068.s001\" target=\"_blank\">Fig. S1</a>). Horizontal grey boxes (CRD I and II) highlight the non-monophyletic <i>Charadrius</i> groups. The asterisk marks the time-constrained split; node bars show 95% highest probability density (HPD).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["time-calibrated", "phylogeny"], "article_id"=>832845, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Julia M. I. Barth", "Michael Matschiner", "Bruce C. Robertson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0078068.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>17, "page_views"=>47, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Placement_of_C_obscurus_within_a_time_calibrated_phylogeny_of_Charadriidae_/832845", "title"=>"Placement of <i>C. obscurus</i> within a time-calibrated phylogeny of Charadriidae.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-10-25 09:21:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1258764"], "description"=>"<p>A) Distribution of sample sites. Northern population: 1, Bay of Plenty (7 samples). Southern population: 2, Awarua Bay (1 sample); 3, Table Hill (2 samples); 4, Mason Bay (4 samples). B) Cytochrome b haplotype genealogy. Circle radius indicates quantity of individuals; numbers in circles refer to sample locations shown above.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["zealand", "dotterel", "locations"], "article_id"=>832846, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Julia M. I. Barth", "Michael Matschiner", "Bruce C. Robertson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0078068.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_New_Zealand_Dotterel_sample_locations_and_haplotypes_/832846", "title"=>"New Zealand Dotterel sample locations and haplotypes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-10-25 09:21:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1258765", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1258766", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1258767"], "description"=>"<div><p>The New Zealand Dotterel (<i>Charadrius obscurus</i>), an endangered shorebird of the family Charadriidae, is endemic to New Zealand where two subspecies are recognized. These subspecies are not only separated geographically, with <i>C. o. aquilonius</i> being distributed in the New Zealand North Island and <i>C. o. obscurus</i> mostly restricted to Stewart Island, but also differ substantially in morphology and behavior. Despite these divergent traits, previous work has failed to detect genetic differentiation between the subspecies, and the question of when and where the two populations separated is still open. Here, we use mitochondrial and nuclear markers to address molecular divergence between the subspecies, and apply maximum likelihood and Bayesian methods to place <i>C. obscurus</i> within the non-monophyletic genus <i>Charadrius</i>. Despite very little overall differentiation, distinct haplotypes for the subspecies were detected, thus supporting molecular separation of the northern and southern populations. Phylogenetic analysis recovers a monophyletic clade combining the New Zealand Dotterel with two other New Zealand endemic shorebirds, the Wrybill and the Double-Banded Plover, thus suggesting a single dispersal event as the origin of this group. Divergence dates within Charadriidae were estimated with BEAST 2, and our results indicate a Middle Miocene origin of New Zealand endemic Charadriidae, a Late Miocene emergence of the lineage leading to the New Zealand Dotterel, and a Middle to Late Pleistocene divergence of the two New Zealand Dotterel subspecies.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["phylogenetic", "subspecies", "divergence", "endangered", "zealand", "dotterel"], "article_id"=>832847, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Julia M. I. Barth", "Michael Matschiner", "Bruce C. Robertson"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0078068.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0078068.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0078068.s003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>21, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Phylogenetic_Position_and_Subspecies_Divergence_of_the_Endangered_New_Zealand_Dotterel_Charadrius_obscurus_/832847", "title"=>"Phylogenetic Position and Subspecies Divergence of the Endangered New Zealand Dotterel (<i>Charadrius obscurus</i>)", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-10-25 09:21:46"}

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