Wolbachia Infections Mimic Cryptic Speciation in Two Parasitic Butterfly Species, Phengaris teleius and P. nausithous (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae)
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{"title"=>"Wolbachia infections mimic cryptic speciation in two parasitic butterfly species, Phengaris teleius and P. nausithous (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae)", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Sylvia", "last_name"=>"Ritter", "scopus_author_id"=>"56002024000"}, {"first_name"=>"Stefan G.", "last_name"=>"Michalski", "scopus_author_id"=>"22934690600"}, {"first_name"=>"Josef", "last_name"=>"Settele", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602884936"}, {"first_name"=>"Martin", "last_name"=>"Wiemers", "scopus_author_id"=>"16176478600"}, {"first_name"=>"Zdenek F.", "last_name"=>"Fric", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603196624"}, {"first_name"=>"Marcin", "last_name"=>"Sielezniew", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506256734"}, {"first_name"=>"Martina", "last_name"=>"Šašić", "scopus_author_id"=>"8673077000"}, {"first_name"=>"Yves", "last_name"=>"Rozier", "scopus_author_id"=>"56000966300"}, {"first_name"=>"Walter", "last_name"=>"Durka", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603987907"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84892405310", "pui"=>"372116247", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0078107", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "sgr"=>"84892405310", "pmid"=>"24223136"}, "id"=>"096478ad-23fe-33fd-a9b1-7888030aa33b", "abstract"=>"Deep mitochondrial divergence within species may result from cryptic speciation, from phylogeographic isolation or from endosymbiotic bacteria like Wolbachia that manipulate host reproduction. Phengaris butterflies are social parasites that spend most of their life in close relationship with ants. Previously, cryptic speciation has been hypothesised for two Phengaris species based on divergent mtDNA sequences. Since Phengaris species are highly endangered, the existence of cryptic species would have drastic consequences for conservation and management. We tested for cryptic speciation and alternative scenarios in P. teleius and P. nausithous based on a comprehensive sample across their Palaearctic ranges using COI gene sequences, nuclear microsatellites and tests for Wolbachia. In both species a deep mitochondrial split occurring 0.65-1.97 myrs ago was observed that did not correspond with microsatellite data but was concordant with Wolbachia infection. Haplotypes previously attributed to cryptic species were part of the Wolbachia-infected clades. In both species remaining phylogeographic structure was largely consistent between mitochondrial and nuclear genomes. In P. teleius several mitochondrial and nuclear groups were observed in East Asia while a single haplogroup and nuclear cluster prevailed across continental Eurasia. Neutrality tests suggested rapid demographic expansion into that area. In contrast, P. nausithous had several mitochondrial and nuclear groups in Europe, suggesting a complex phylogeographic history in the western part of the species range. We conclude that deep intraspecific divergences found in DNA barcode studies do not necessarily need to represent cryptic speciation but instead can be due to both infection by Wolbachia and phylogeographic structure.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/wolbachia-infections-mimic-cryptic-speciation-two-parasitic-butterfly-species-phengaris-teleius-p-na", "reader_count"=>50, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>10, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>14, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>9, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>10, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>14, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>9, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Environmental Science"=>2, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>38, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>2, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>38}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Hungary"=>1, "Brazil"=>1, "France"=>1, "Portugal"=>2, "Germany"=>1, "Russia"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1270683"], "description"=>"<p>COI = cytochrome oxidase I (for details see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0078107#pone-0078107-g002\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 2</a>) and MS = microsatellites (for details see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0078107#pone-0078107-g004\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 4</a>) for <i>Phengaris teleius</i> (<b>A</b>) and <i>P. nausithous</i> (<b>B</b>). For details on populations, see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0078107#pone.0078107.s004\" target=\"_blank\">Table S1</a>. Distribution ranges are based on records (Europe: <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0078107#pone.0078107-Wynhoff1\" target=\"_blank\">[42]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0078107#pone.0078107-Kudrna1\" target=\"_blank\">[105]</a>; Asia: <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0078107#pone.0078107-Lukhtanov1\" target=\"_blank\">[106]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0078107#pone.0078107-Tshikolovets1\" target=\"_blank\">[107]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0078107#pone.0078107-Tshikolovets2\" target=\"_blank\">[108]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0078107#pone.0078107-Tshikolovets3\" target=\"_blank\">[109]</a> and expert knowledge (Asia: personal communication Kosterin, Wang). Shading color corresponds to subspecific affiliation of <i>P. teleius</i> according to <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0078107#pone.0078107.s004\" target=\"_blank\">Table S1</a> (cyan: nominate species, peach: <i>P. t. obscurata</i>, blue: <i>P. t. euphemia</i>, orange: <i>P. t. sinalcon</i>, pink: <i>P. t. ogumae</i>, yellow: <i>P. t. kazamoto</i>, green: <i>P. t. hosonoi</i>, violet: <i>P. t. daisensis</i>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sampling", "sites", "mitochondrial"], "article_id"=>843552, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Sylvia Ritter", "Stefan G. Michalski", "Josef Settele", "Martin Wiemers", "Zdenek F. Fric", "Marcin Sielezniew", "Martina Šašić", "Yves Rozier", "Walter Durka"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0078107.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Distribution_range_sampling_sites_and_genetic_structure_at_mitochondrial_and_nuclear_genomes_/843552", "title"=>"Distribution range, sampling sites and genetic structure at mitochondrial and nuclear genomes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-06 03:49:08"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1270692"], "description"=>"<p>Circle size is proportional to haplotypes frequency (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0078107#pone.0078107.s004\" target=\"_blank\">Table S1</a>). The proportion of individuals infected with <i>Wolbachia</i> is indicated by a colored pie chart. Note that in several haplotypes samples could not be tested for <i>Wolbachia</i> since the corresponding sequence was extracted from Genbank (grey shading).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["haplotype", "networks"], "article_id"=>843558, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Sylvia Ritter", "Stefan G. Michalski", "Josef Settele", "Martin Wiemers", "Zdenek F. Fric", "Marcin Sielezniew", "Martina Šašić", "Yves Rozier", "Walter Durka"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0078107.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_COI_haplotype_networks_for_Phengaris_teleius_A_and_P_nausithous_B_/843558", "title"=>"COI haplotype networks for <i>Phengaris teleius</i> (A) and <i>P. nausithous</i> (B).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-06 03:49:08"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1270698"], "description"=>"<p>Bootstrap values in percent (>50%) are given above branches (based on ML analysis) and below branches (MP analysis). Bootstrap values within subclades are not shown (see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0078107#pone.0078107.s002\" target=\"_blank\">Figure S2</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0078107#pone.0078107.s003\" target=\"_blank\">S3</a>). *haplotypes associated with <i>Wolbachia.</i></p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["haplotypes", "ml", "mitochondrial"], "article_id"=>843564, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Sylvia Ritter", "Stefan G. Michalski", "Josef Settele", "Martin Wiemers", "Zdenek F. Fric", "Marcin Sielezniew", "Martina Šašić", "Yves Rozier", "Walter Durka"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0078107.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Phylogram_for_haplotypes_of_Phengaris_teleius_and_P_nausithous_based_on_ML_analysis_for_mitochondrial_COI_/843564", "title"=>"Phylogram for haplotypes of <i>Phengaris teleius</i> and <i>P. nausithous</i> based on ML analysis for mitochondrial COI.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-06 03:49:08"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1270699"], "description"=>"<p>Small bars represent individuals and their cluster membership coefficients. For details see text, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0078107#pone-0078107-g001\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 1</a>, and <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0078107#pone.0078107.s001\" target=\"_blank\">Figure S1</a>; for population details see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0078107#pone.0078107.s004\" target=\"_blank\">Table S1</a>. *individuals infected with <i>Wolbachia.</i></p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["microsatellite", "genotypes"], "article_id"=>843565, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Sylvia Ritter", "Stefan G. Michalski", "Josef Settele", "Martin Wiemers", "Zdenek F. Fric", "Marcin Sielezniew", "Martina Šašić", "Yves Rozier", "Walter Durka"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0078107.g004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_STRUCTURE_analysis_of_microsatellite_genotypes_for_Phengaris_teleius_A_and_P_nausithous_B_/843565", "title"=>"Results of STRUCTURE analysis of microsatellite genotypes for <i>Phengaris teleius</i> (A) and <i>P. nausithous</i> (B).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-06 03:49:08"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1270701"], "description"=>"<p><i>H</i><sub>e</sub> expected heterozygosity, <i>A</i> mean number of alleles, <i>Ar</i> allelic richness based on 7 and 10 individuals, for <i>P. teleius</i> and <i>P. nausithous</i>, respectively.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["estimates", "microsatellite", "loci", "clusters"], "article_id"=>843567, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Sylvia Ritter", "Stefan G. Michalski", "Josef Settele", "Martin Wiemers", "Zdenek F. Fric", "Marcin Sielezniew", "Martina Šašić", "Yves Rozier", "Walter Durka"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0078107.t003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mean_estimates_of_genetic_diversity_across_8_microsatellite_loci_in_clusters_identified_in_the_STRUCTURE_analysis_/843567", "title"=>"Mean estimates of genetic diversity across 8 microsatellite loci in clusters identified in the STRUCTURE analysis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-11-06 03:49:08"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1270702"], "description"=>"<p>N = number of sequences.</p><p>S = number of polymorphic sites.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["estimates", "mtdna", "coi", "phylogenetic", "clusters", "geographic"], "article_id"=>843568, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Sylvia Ritter", "Stefan G. Michalski", "Josef Settele", "Martin Wiemers", "Zdenek F. Fric", "Marcin Sielezniew", "Martina Šašić", "Yves Rozier", "Walter Durka"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0078107.t002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Nucleotide_diversity_960_Tajima_s_D_and_Fu_s_F_estimates_at_mtDNA_COI_of_different_phylogenetic_clusters_and_geographic_zones_/843568", "title"=>"Nucleotide diversity <i>π</i>, Tajima’s <i>D</i>, and Fu’s <i>F</i> estimates at mtDNA COI of different phylogenetic clusters and geographic zones.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-11-06 03:49:08"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1270703"], "description"=>"<p>Sequence divergence values and estimated node dates for prominent splits of recovered phylogenetic trees (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0078107#pone-0078107-g003\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 3</a>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["divergence", "node", "dates", "splits", "recovered", "phylogenetic", "trees"], "article_id"=>843569, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Sylvia Ritter", "Stefan G. Michalski", "Josef Settele", "Martin Wiemers", "Zdenek F. Fric", "Marcin Sielezniew", "Martina Šašić", "Yves Rozier", "Walter Durka"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0078107.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Sequence_divergence_values_and_estimated_node_dates_for_prominent_splits_of_recovered_phylogenetic_trees_Figure_3_/843569", "title"=>"Sequence divergence values and estimated node dates for prominent splits of recovered phylogenetic trees (Figure 3).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-11-06 03:49:08"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1270708", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1270709", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1270710", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1270711", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1270712"], "description"=>"<div><p>Deep mitochondrial divergence within species may result from cryptic speciation, from phylogeographic isolation or from endosymbiotic bacteria like <i>Wolbachia</i> that manipulate host reproduction. <i>Phengaris</i> butterflies are social parasites that spend most of their life in close relationship with ants. Previously, cryptic speciation has been hypothesised for two <i>Phengaris</i> species based on divergent mtDNA sequences. Since <i>Phengaris</i> species are highly endangered, the existence of cryptic species would have drastic consequences for conservation and management. We tested for cryptic speciation and alternative scenarios in <i>P. teleius</i> and <i>P. nausithous</i> based on a comprehensive sample across their Palaearctic ranges using COI gene sequences, nuclear microsatellites and tests for <i>Wolbachia</i>. In both species a deep mitochondrial split occurring 0.65–1.97 myrs ago was observed that did not correspond with microsatellite data but was concordant with <i>Wolbachia</i> infection. Haplotypes previously attributed to cryptic species were part of the <i>Wolbachia</i>-infected clades. In both species remaining phylogeographic structure was largely consistent between mitochondrial and nuclear genomes. In <i>P. teleius</i> several mitochondrial and nuclear groups were observed in East Asia while a single haplogroup and nuclear cluster prevailed across continental Eurasia. Neutrality tests suggested rapid demographic expansion into that area. In contrast, <i>P. nausithous</i> had several mitochondrial and nuclear groups in Europe, suggesting a complex phylogeographic history in the western part of the species range. We conclude that deep intraspecific divergences found in DNA barcode studies do not necessarily need to represent cryptic speciation but instead can be due to both infection by <i>Wolbachia</i> and phylogeographic structure.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["infections", "mimic", "cryptic", "speciation", "parasitic"], "article_id"=>843573, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Sylvia Ritter", "Stefan G. Michalski", "Josef Settele", "Martin Wiemers", "Zdenek F. Fric", "Marcin Sielezniew", "Martina Šašić", "Yves Rozier", "Walter Durka"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0078107.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0078107.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0078107.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0078107.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0078107.s005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Wolbachia_Infections_Mimic_Cryptic_Speciation_in_Two_Parasitic_Butterfly_Species_Phengaris_teleius_and_P_nausithous_Lepidoptera_Lycaenidae_/843573", "title"=>"<i>Wolbachia</i> Infections Mimic Cryptic Speciation in Two Parasitic Butterfly Species, <i>Phengaris teleius</i> and <i>P. nausithous</i> (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae)", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-11-06 03:49:08"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2013-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2013-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[269, 466, 588, 697, 800, 896, 988, 1076, 1165, 1254, 1340, 1417]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Biochemistry", "average_usage"=>[266, 468, 593, 703, 804, 903, 993, 1084, 1171, 1256, 1339, 1422, 1492]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Genetics", "average_usage"=>[284, 491, 620, 738, 843, 945, 1043, 1137, 1225, 1315, 1400, 1479, 1555]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences/Biogeography", "average_usage"=>[320, 517, 642, 738, 850, 955, 1039, 1136, 1226, 1315, 1406, 1495, 1565]}, {"subject_area"=>"/People and places", "average_usage"=>[270, 456, 573, 676, 773, 867, 955, 1037, 1120, 1205, 1286, 1363, 1436]}, {"subject_area"=>"/People and places/Geographical locations", "average_usage"=>[263, 456, 571, 673, 776, 866, 955, 1040, 1132, 1217, 1310, 1391, 1454]}]}
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