Methods for Identifying Neisseria meningitidis Carriers: A Multi-Center Study in the African Meningitis Belt
Publication Date
October 23, 2013
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Nicole E. Basta, James M. Stuart, Maria C. Nascimento, Olivier Manigart, et al
Volume
8
Issue
10
Pages
e78336
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0078336
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0078336
Scopus
84886049157
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/methods-identifying-neisseria-meningitidis-carriers-multicenter-study-african-meningitis-belt
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Methods for Identifying Neisseria meningitidis Carriers: A Multi-Center Study in the African Meningitis Belt", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Nicole E.", "last_name"=>"Basta", "scopus_author_id"=>"23476661000"}, {"first_name"=>"James M.", "last_name"=>"Stuart", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202133539"}, {"first_name"=>"Maria C.", "last_name"=>"Nascimento", "scopus_author_id"=>"16042884900"}, {"first_name"=>"Olivier", "last_name"=>"Manigart", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603430187"}, {"first_name"=>"Caroline", "last_name"=>"Trotter", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005753490"}, {"first_name"=>"Musa", "last_name"=>"Hassan-King", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603687599"}, {"first_name"=>"Daniel", "last_name"=>"Chandramohan", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003426215"}, {"first_name"=>"Samba O.", "last_name"=>"Sow", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003590307"}, {"first_name"=>"Abdoulaye", "last_name"=>"Berthe", "scopus_author_id"=>"55893280000"}, {"first_name"=>"Ahmed", "last_name"=>"Bedru", "scopus_author_id"=>"15749760200"}, {"first_name"=>"Yenenesh K.", "last_name"=>"Tekletsion", "scopus_author_id"=>"55847846600"}, {"first_name"=>"Jean Marc", "last_name"=>"Collard", "scopus_author_id"=>"7103192085"}, {"first_name"=>"Jean François", "last_name"=>"Jusot", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603330004"}, {"first_name"=>"Aldiouma", "last_name"=>"Diallo", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102961667"}, {"first_name"=>"Hubert", "last_name"=>"Basséne", "scopus_author_id"=>"26649800300"}, {"first_name"=>"Doumagoum M.", "last_name"=>"Daugla", "scopus_author_id"=>"8560271600"}, {"first_name"=>"Khadidja", "last_name"=>"Gamougam", "scopus_author_id"=>"55538477200"}, {"first_name"=>"Abraham", "last_name"=>"Hodgson", "scopus_author_id"=>"7101639287"}, {"first_name"=>"Abudulai A.", "last_name"=>"Forgor", "scopus_author_id"=>"9943428600"}, {"first_name"=>"Babatunji A.", "last_name"=>"Omotara", "scopus_author_id"=>"57190859754"}, {"first_name"=>"Galadima B.", "last_name"=>"Gadzama", "scopus_author_id"=>"23004447500"}, {"first_name"=>"Eleanor R.", "last_name"=>"Watkins", "scopus_author_id"=>"54401889400"}, {"first_name"=>"Lisa S.", "last_name"=>"Rebbetts", "scopus_author_id"=>"55847413100"}, {"first_name"=>"Kanny", "last_name"=>"Diallo", "scopus_author_id"=>"56578167800"}, {"first_name"=>"Noel S.", "last_name"=>"Weiss", "scopus_author_id"=>"35406927700"}, {"first_name"=>"M. Elizabeth", "last_name"=>"Halloran", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006382777"}, {"first_name"=>"Martin C.J.", "last_name"=>"Maiden", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006019693"}, {"first_name"=>"Brian", "last_name"=>"Greenwood", "scopus_author_id"=>"36040863900"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"370091238", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0078336", "sgr"=>"84886049157", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84886049157", "isbn"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0078336", "pmid"=>"24194921"}, "id"=>"528de406-1cce-33da-b8fd-895bc89ed737", "abstract"=>"OBJECTIVE: Detection of meningococcal carriers is key to understanding the epidemiology of Neisseria meningitidis, yet no gold standard has been established. Here, we directly compare two methods for collecting pharyngeal swabs to identify meningococcal carriers.\\n\\nMETHODS: We conducted cross-sectional surveys of schoolchildren at multiple sites in Africa to compare swabbing the posterior pharynx behind the uvula (U) to swabbing the posterior pharynx behind the uvula plus one tonsil (T). Swabs were cultured immediately and analyzed using molecular methods.\\n\\nRESULTS: One thousand and six paired swab samples collected from schoolchildren in four countries were analyzed. Prevalence of meningococcal carriage was 6.9% (95% CI: 5.4-8.6%) based on the results from both swabs, but the observed prevalence was lower based on one swab type alone. Prevalence based on the T swab or the U swab alone was similar (5.2% (95% CI: 3.8-6.7%) versus 4.9% (95% CI: 3.6-6.4%) respectively (p=0.6)). The concordance between the two methods was 96.3% and the kappa was 0.61 (95% CI: 0.50-0.73), indicating good agreement.\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS: These two commonly used methods for collecting pharyngeal swabs provide consistent estimates of the prevalence of carriage, but both methods misclassified carriers to some degree, leading to underestimates of the prevalence.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/methods-identifying-neisseria-meningitidis-carriers-multicenter-study-african-meningitis-belt", "reader_count"=>46, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Researcher"=>14, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>6, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Other"=>3, "Student > Master"=>8, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Researcher"=>14, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>6, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Other"=>3, "Student > Master"=>8, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Mathematics"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>10, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>15, "Social Sciences"=>4, "Computer Science"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>9}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>15}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>4}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>9}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>10}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>2}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

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