Keep Your Opponents Close: Social Context Affects EEG and fEMG Linkage in a Turn-Based Computer Game
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{"title"=>"Keep your opponents close: Social context affects EEG and fEMG linkage in a turn-based computer game", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Michiel M.", "last_name"=>"Spapé", "scopus_author_id"=>"25030458900"}, {"first_name"=>"J. Matias", "last_name"=>"Kivikangas", "scopus_author_id"=>"55252849200"}, {"first_name"=>"Simo", "last_name"=>"Järvelä", "scopus_author_id"=>"55257565200"}, {"first_name"=>"Ilkka", "last_name"=>"Kosunen", "scopus_author_id"=>"34880239500"}, {"first_name"=>"Giulio", "last_name"=>"Jacucci", "scopus_author_id"=>"56216682200"}, {"first_name"=>"Niklas", "last_name"=>"Ravaja", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701727327"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84894267868", "pui"=>"372425580", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0078795", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "sgr"=>"84894267868", "pmid"=>"24278112"}, "id"=>"b239c23b-6306-3279-ab0a-28cc838983cc", "abstract"=>"In daily life, we often copy the gestures and expressions of those we communicate with, but recent evidence shows that such mimicry has a physiological counterpart: interaction elicits linkage, which is a concordance between the biological signals of those involved. To find out how the type of social interaction affects linkage, pairs of participants played a turn-based computer game in which the level of competition was systematically varied between cooperation and competition. Linkage in the beta and gamma frequency bands was observed in the EEG, especially when the participants played directly against each other. Emotional expression, measured using facial EMG, reflected this pattern, with the most competitive condition showing enhanced linkage over the facial muscle-regions involved in smiling. These effects were found to be related to self-reported social presence: linkage in positive emotional expression was associated with self-reported shared negative feelings. The observed effects confirmed the hypothesis that the social context affected the degree to which participants had similar reactions to their environment and consequently showed similar patterns of brain activity. We discuss the functional resemblance between linkage, as an indicator of a shared physiology and affect, and the well-known mirror neuron system, and how they relate to social functions like empathy.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/keep-opponents-close-social-context-affects-eeg-femg-linkage-turnbased-computer-game", "reader_count"=>57, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>14, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Student > Master"=>7, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>14, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Student > Master"=>7, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Engineering"=>1, "Mathematics"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>4, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Neuroscience"=>3, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Psychology"=>27, "Social Sciences"=>4, "Computer Science"=>12}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>3}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>4}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>27}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>4}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>12}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>1, "Hungary"=>1, "United States"=>1, "Finland"=>2, "United Kingdom"=>1, "France"=>2}, "group_count"=>5}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1289741"], "description"=>"<p>Correlation of power between epochs in five frequency bands (theta, Θ: 4–8 Hz, alpha, A: 8–12 Hz, beta, B: 13–28 Hz, gamma, Γ1: 30–45 Hz and higher gamma, Γ2: 55–80 Hz) between the EEG of two participants over six electrodes (F3/4, C3/4, P3/4) as a function of competition (C1: cooperative, C2: competitive against computer, C3: competitive with computer, C4: against one another, BL: baseline). As an example, the dotted line surrounding a single cell (also indicating the highest difference compared to baseline), occurs in condition C4, beta frequency band, between the right central electrode (C4) of player<sub>i</sub> and of player<sub>j</sub>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["eeg"], "article_id"=>858069, "categories"=>["Information And Computing Sciences", "Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Michiel M. Spapé", "J. Matias Kivikangas", "Simo Järvelä", "Ilkka Kosunen", "Giulio Jacucci", "Niklas Ravaja"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0078795.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Tonic_EEG_linkage_/858069", "title"=>"Tonic EEG linkage.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-20 03:17:10"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1289737"], "description"=>"<p>Task-related EEG power, averaged over sites, in the beta, gamma and higher gamma frequency bands as a function of competition (C1: cooperative, C2: competitive against computer, C3: competitive with computer, C4: against one another) with baseline (BL) subtracted from each condition. Error bars indicate SE between subjects.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>[], "article_id"=>858065, "categories"=>["Information And Computing Sciences", "Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Michiel M. Spapé", "J. Matias Kivikangas", "Simo Järvelä", "Ilkka Kosunen", "Giulio Jacucci", "Niklas Ravaja"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0078795.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Power_effects_/858065", "title"=>"Power effects.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-20 03:17:10"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1289736"], "description"=>"<p>Participants commanded teams of hedgehogs and engaged in ballistic shooting (weapon choices are portrayed in the menu on the right) with or against other players.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["screen-capture"], "article_id"=>858064, "categories"=>["Information And Computing Sciences", "Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Michiel M. Spapé", "J. Matias Kivikangas", "Simo Järvelä", "Ilkka Kosunen", "Giulio Jacucci", "Niklas Ravaja"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0078795.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_A_screen_capture_of_Hedgewars_/858064", "title"=>"A screen-capture of Hedgewars.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-20 03:17:10"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1289743"], "description"=>"<div><p>In daily life, we often copy the gestures and expressions of those we communicate with, but recent evidence shows that such mimicry has a physiological counterpart: interaction elicits linkage, which is a concordance between the biological signals of those involved. To find out how the type of social interaction affects linkage, pairs of participants played a turn-based computer game in which the level of competition was systematically varied between cooperation and competition. Linkage in the beta and gamma frequency bands was observed in the EEG, especially when the participants played directly against each other. Emotional expression, measured using facial EMG, reflected this pattern, with the most competitive condition showing enhanced linkage over the facial muscle-regions involved in smiling. These effects were found to be related to self-reported social presence: linkage in positive emotional expression was associated with self-reported shared negative feelings. The observed effects confirmed the hypothesis that the social context affected the degree to which participants had similar reactions to their environment and consequently showed similar patterns of brain activity. We discuss the functional resemblance between linkage, as an indicator of a shared physiology and affect, and the well-known mirror neuron system, and how they relate to social functions like empathy.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["opponents", "eeg", "femg", "linkage", "turn-based"], "article_id"=>858071, "categories"=>["Information And Computing Sciences", "Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Michiel M. Spapé", "J. Matias Kivikangas", "Simo Järvelä", "Ilkka Kosunen", "Giulio Jacucci", "Niklas Ravaja"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0078795", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Keep_Your_Opponents_Close_Social_Context_Affects_EEG_and_fEMG_Linkage_in_a_Turn_Based_Computer_Game_/858071", "title"=>"Keep Your Opponents Close: Social Context Affects EEG and fEMG Linkage in a Turn-Based Computer Game", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-11-20 03:17:10"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1289742"], "description"=>"<p><i>Note.</i> Listed are means and SEs for the four conditions (C1: cooperative, C2: competitive against computer, C3: competitive with computer, C4: against one another, BL: baseline) and the significance for the predictors Condition and linkage, over zygomaticus major (ZM), corrugator supercilii (CS), and orbicularis oculi (OO) muscle regions.</p>*<p>p<.05,</p>**<p>p<.01,</p>***<p>p<.001.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["emg", "linkage", "predictors"], "article_id"=>858070, "categories"=>["Information And Computing Sciences", "Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Michiel M. Spapé", "J. Matias Kivikangas", "Simo Järvelä", "Ilkka Kosunen", "Giulio Jacucci", "Niklas Ravaja"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0078795.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Condition_and_EMG_Linkage_as_Predictors_of_Social_Presence_/858070", "title"=>"Condition and EMG Linkage as Predictors of Social Presence.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-11-20 03:17:10"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1289739"], "description"=>"<p>Mean squared cross-correlation in EMG collected from three facial muscle groups as a function of competition (C1: cooperative, C2: competitive against computer, C3: competitive with computer, C4: against one another, BL: baseline).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>[], "article_id"=>858067, "categories"=>["Information And Computing Sciences", "Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Michiel M. Spapé", "J. Matias Kivikangas", "Simo Järvelä", "Ilkka Kosunen", "Giulio Jacucci", "Niklas Ravaja"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0078795.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_EMG_linkage_/858067", "title"=>"EMG linkage.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-20 03:17:10"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1289738"], "description"=>"<p>Mean interpersonal coherence in beta frequency band as a function of site and competition (C1: cooperative, C2: competitive against computer, C3: competitive with computer, C4: against one another, BL: baseline).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["eeg"], "article_id"=>858066, "categories"=>["Information And Computing Sciences", "Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Michiel M. Spapé", "J. Matias Kivikangas", "Simo Järvelä", "Ilkka Kosunen", "Giulio Jacucci", "Niklas Ravaja"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0078795.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Phasic_EEG_linkage_/858066", "title"=>"Phasic EEG linkage.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-20 03:17:10"}

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Relative Metric

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