Demographics of the European Apicultural Industry
Publication Date
November 13, 2013
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Marie Pierre Chauzat, Laura Cauquil, Lise Roy, Stéphanie Franco, et al
Volume
8
Issue
11
Pages
e79018
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079018
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0079018
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24236084
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3827320
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/24236084
Web of Science
000327254700082
Scopus
84893160426
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/demographics-european-apicultural-industry
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Demographics of the European apicultural industry", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Marie Pierre", "last_name"=>"Chauzat", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507237974"}, {"first_name"=>"Laura", "last_name"=>"Cauquil", "scopus_author_id"=>"56019506500"}, {"first_name"=>"Lise", "last_name"=>"Roy", "scopus_author_id"=>"56019243500"}, {"first_name"=>"Stéphanie", "last_name"=>"Franco", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005515933"}, {"first_name"=>"Pascal", "last_name"=>"Hendrikx", "scopus_author_id"=>"12805692000"}, {"first_name"=>"Magali", "last_name"=>"Ribière-Chabert", "scopus_author_id"=>"36442713100"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"24236084", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0079018", "pui"=>"372232453", "issn"=>"19326203", "sgr"=>"84893160426", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84893160426"}, "id"=>"5e1acc62-c857-33e2-8de1-3cbfab343e62", "abstract"=>"Over the last few years, many European and North American countries have reported a high rate of disorders (mortality, dwindling and disappearance) affecting honeybee colonies (Apis mellifera). Although beekeeping has become an increasingly professional activity in recent years, the beekeeping industry remains poorly documented in Europe. The European Union Reference Laboratory for Honeybee Health sent a detailed questionnaire to each Member State, in addition to Kosovo and Norway, to determine the demographics and state of their beekeeping industries. Based on data supplied by the National Reference Laboratory for honeybee diseases in each European country, a European database was created to describe the beekeeping industry including the number and types of beekeepers, operation size, industry production, and health (notifiable diseases, mortalities). The total number of beekeepers in Europe was estimated at 620,000. European honey production was evaluated at around 220,000 tons in 2010. The price of honey varied from 1.5 to 40 €/kg depending on the country and on the distribution network. The estimated colony winter mortality varied from 7 to 28% depending on the country and the origin of the data (institutional survey or beekeeping associations). This survey documents the high heterogeneity of the apicultural industry within the European Union. The high proportion of non-professional beekeepers and the small mean number of colonies per beekeeper were the only common characteristics at European level. The tremendous variation in European apicultural industries has implication for any comprehensive epidemiological or economic analysis of the industry. This variability needs to be taken into account for such analysis as well as for future policy development. The industry would be served if beekeeping registration was uniformly implemented across member states. Better information on the package bee and queen production would help in understanding the ability of the industry to replace lost honey bee stocks.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/demographics-european-apicultural-industry", "reader_count"=>78, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Researcher"=>20, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>17, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Student > Master"=>14, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Researcher"=>20, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>17, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Student > Master"=>14, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Environmental Science"=>15, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>45, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Design"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>4, "Computer Science"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Design"=>{"Design"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>4}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>45}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>5}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>15}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>1, "Mexico"=>1, "France"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>6}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1278579"], "description"=>"<p>Please see the text and <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0079018#pone-0079018-t003\" target=\"_blank\">Table 3</a> for the definition of “professional beekeepers”. Data are presented according to the definition given by each country.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["beekeepers"], "article_id"=>848907, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Marie-Pierre Chauzat", "Laura Cauquil", "Lise Roy", "Stéphanie Franco", "Pascal Hendrikx", "Magali Ribière-Chabert"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079018.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Percentage_of_professional_beekeepers_in_Europe_/848907", "title"=>"Percentage of professional beekeepers in Europe.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-13 03:01:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1278580"], "description"=>"<p>European honey production in 2010.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>[], "article_id"=>848908, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Marie-Pierre Chauzat", "Laura Cauquil", "Lise Roy", "Stéphanie Franco", "Pascal Hendrikx", "Magali Ribière-Chabert"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079018.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_European_honey_production_in_2010_/848908", "title"=>"European honey production in 2010.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-13 03:01:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1278581"], "description"=>"<p>Diseases: non-specified diseases AFB: American foulbrood, SBV: Sacbrood virus, CBPV: Chronic bee paralysis virus, DWV: Deformed wing virus, EFB: European foulbrood.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["diseases", "observed"], "article_id"=>848909, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Marie-Pierre Chauzat", "Laura Cauquil", "Lise Roy", "Stéphanie Franco", "Pascal Hendrikx", "Magali Ribière-Chabert"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079018.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Main_diseases_observed_in_the_field_in_Europe_in_2010_/848909", "title"=>"Main diseases observed in the field in Europe, in 2010.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-13 03:01:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1278582"], "description"=>"<p>Diseases: non-specified diseases, AFB: American foulbrood, EFB: European foulbrood.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["causes", "beekeepers"], "article_id"=>848910, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Marie-Pierre Chauzat", "Laura Cauquil", "Lise Roy", "Stéphanie Franco", "Pascal Hendrikx", "Magali Ribière-Chabert"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079018.g004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Main_causes_of_colony_mortality_reported_by_beekeepers_in_2010_/848910", "title"=>"Main causes of colony mortality reported by beekeepers in 2010.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-13 03:01:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1278583"], "description"=>"<p>Diseases: non-specified diseases, AFB: American foulbrood, SBV: sacbrood virus, CBPV: Chronic Bee Paralysis Virus, DWV: Deformed Wing Virus, EFB: European foulbrood.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["causes"], "article_id"=>848911, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Marie-Pierre Chauzat", "Laura Cauquil", "Lise Roy", "Stéphanie Franco", "Pascal Hendrikx", "Magali Ribière-Chabert"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079018.g005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Main_causes_of_colony_mortality_reported_by_the_laboratories_in_2010_/848911", "title"=>"Main causes of colony mortality reported by the laboratories, in 2010.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-13 03:01:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1278584"], "description"=>"<p>The minimum and the maximum are reported in bold in each column.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["honeybee", "colonies", "european"], "article_id"=>848912, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Marie-Pierre Chauzat", "Laura Cauquil", "Lise Roy", "Stéphanie Franco", "Pascal Hendrikx", "Magali Ribière-Chabert"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079018.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Livestock_honeybee_colonies_number_of_beekeepers_distribution_and_density_of_honeybee_colonies_in_the_European_Union_in_2010_/848912", "title"=>"Livestock (honeybee colonies), number of beekeepers, distribution and density of honeybee colonies in the European Union in 2010.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-11-13 03:01:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1278585"], "description"=>"<p>Definition of professional beekeeper according to the different countries in Europe in 2010.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["beekeeper", "countries", "europe"], "article_id"=>848913, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Marie-Pierre Chauzat", "Laura Cauquil", "Lise Roy", "Stéphanie Franco", "Pascal Hendrikx", "Magali Ribière-Chabert"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079018.t003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Definition_of_professional_beekeeper_according_to_the_different_countries_in_Europe_in_2010_/848913", "title"=>"Definition of professional beekeeper according to the different countries in Europe in 2010.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-11-13 03:01:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1278586"], "description"=>"<p>NS: Not specified. The minimum and the maximum are reported in bold in each column.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["types", "beekeeper", "activities", "sizes", "apiaries", "europe", "2010"], "article_id"=>848914, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Marie-Pierre Chauzat", "Laura Cauquil", "Lise Roy", "Stéphanie Franco", "Pascal Hendrikx", "Magali Ribière-Chabert"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079018.t002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Description_of_the_different_types_of_beekeeper_activities_and_sizes_of_the_apiaries_in_Europe_in_2010_percentage_/848914", "title"=>"Description of the different types of beekeeper activities and sizes of the apiaries in Europe in 2010 (percentage).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-11-13 03:01:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1278587"], "description"=>"<p>The minimum and the maximum are reported in bold in each column.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["imported", "exported", "european", "sold", "wholesale", "europe"], "article_id"=>848915, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Marie-Pierre Chauzat", "Laura Cauquil", "Lise Roy", "Stéphanie Franco", "Pascal Hendrikx", "Magali Ribière-Chabert"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079018.t005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Trade_of_honey_quantity_of_honey_imported_into_and_exported_from_the_European_Union_volume_of_honey_sold_through_retail_or_wholesale_distribution_and_price_range_for_honey_in_Europe_in_2010_/848915", "title"=>"Trade of honey: quantity of honey imported into and exported from the European Union; volume of honey sold through retail or wholesale distribution and price range for honey in Europe in 2010.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-11-13 03:01:52"}
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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1278589"], "description"=>"a<p>Local surveillance projects;</p>b<p>Coloss questionnaire;</p>c<p>beekeeper associations;</p>d<p>veterinary services.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["honeybee", "colonies", "europe"], "article_id"=>848917, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Marie-Pierre Chauzat", "Laura Cauquil", "Lise Roy", "Stéphanie Franco", "Pascal Hendrikx", "Magali Ribière-Chabert"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079018.t007"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mortality_of_honeybee_colonies_in_Europe_in_2010_percentage_and_origin_of_the_data_/848917", "title"=>"Mortality of honeybee colonies in Europe in 2010, percentage and origin of the data.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-11-13 03:01:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1278590"], "description"=>"<p>Notifiable diseases according to national legislation of Member States in Europe in 2010.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["diseases", "states", "europe"], "article_id"=>848918, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Marie-Pierre Chauzat", "Laura Cauquil", "Lise Roy", "Stéphanie Franco", "Pascal Hendrikx", "Magali Ribière-Chabert"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079018.t006"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Notifiable_diseases_according_to_national_legislation_of_Member_States_in_Europe_in_2010_/848918", "title"=>"Notifiable diseases according to national legislation of Member States in Europe in 2010.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-11-13 03:01:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1278591", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1278592"], "description"=>"<div><p>Over the last few years, many European and North American countries have reported a high rate of disorders (mortality, dwindling and disappearance) affecting honeybee colonies (<i>Apis mellifera</i>). Although beekeeping has become an increasingly professional activity in recent years, the beekeeping industry remains poorly documented in Europe. The European Union Reference Laboratory for Honeybee Health sent a detailed questionnaire to each Member State, in addition to Kosovo and Norway, to determine the demographics and state of their beekeeping industries. Based on data supplied by the National Reference Laboratory for honeybee diseases in each European country, a European database was created to describe the beekeeping industry including the number and types of beekeepers, operation size, industry production, and health (notifiable diseases, mortalities). The total number of beekeepers in Europe was estimated at 620 000. European honey production was evaluated at around 220 000 tons in 2010. The price of honey varied from 1.5 to 40 €/kg depending on the country and on the distribution network. The estimated colony winter mortality varied from 7 to 28% depending on the country and the origin of the data (institutional survey or beekeeping associations). This survey documents the high heterogeneity of the apicultural industry within the European Union. The high proportion of non-professional beekeepers and the small mean number of colonies per beekeeper were the only common characteristics at European level. The tremendous variation in European apicultural industries has implication for any comprehensive epidemiological or economic analysis of the industry. This variability needs to be taken into account for such analysis as well as for future policy development. The industry would be served if beekeeping registration was uniformly implemented across member states. Better information on the package bee and queen production would help in understanding the ability of the industry to replace lost honey bee stocks.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["european", "apicultural"], "article_id"=>848919, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Marie-Pierre Chauzat", "Laura Cauquil", "Lise Roy", "Stéphanie Franco", "Pascal Hendrikx", "Magali Ribière-Chabert"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079018.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079018.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Demographics_of_the_European_Apicultural_Industry_/848919", "title"=>"Demographics of the European Apicultural Industry", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-11-13 03:01:52"}

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"163", "full-text"=>"196", "pdf"=>"11", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"133", "full-text"=>"148", "pdf"=>"9", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"156", "full-text"=>"192", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"81", "full-text"=>"90", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"7", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"116", "full-text"=>"182", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"16", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"123", "full-text"=>"145", "pdf"=>"21", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"91", "full-text"=>"118", "pdf"=>"11", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"122", "full-text"=>"139", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"108", "full-text"=>"113", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"14", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"145", "full-text"=>"159", "pdf"=>"13", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"132", "full-text"=>"149", "pdf"=>"15", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"14", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"114", "full-text"=>"129", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"20", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2013-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2013-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[269, 466, 588, 697, 800, 896, 988, 1076, 1165, 1254, 1340, 1417]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Plant science", "average_usage"=>[269, 451, 577, 699, 812, 922, 1019, 1126, 1225, 1309, 1404, 1493, 1563]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences", "average_usage"=>[264, 460, 584, 692, 794, 887, 978, 1067, 1154, 1241, 1328, 1408, 1474]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Nutrition", "average_usage"=>[273, 476, 611, 714, 821, 911, 1005, 1103, 1201, 1287, 1388, 1478, 1557]}, {"subject_area"=>"/People and places", "average_usage"=>[270, 456, 573, 676, 773, 867, 955, 1037, 1120, 1205, 1286, 1363, 1436]}, {"subject_area"=>"/People and places/Demography", "average_usage"=>[253, 440, 552, 650, 735, 820, 902, 976, 1042, 1112, 1192, 1271, 1337]}, {"subject_area"=>"/People and places/Geographical locations", "average_usage"=>[263, 456, 571, 673, 776, 866, 955, 1040, 1132, 1217, 1310, 1391, 1454]}, {"subject_area"=>"/People and places/Population groupings", "average_usage"=>[265, 456, 578, 682, 782, 881, 965, 1053, 1133, 1223, 1310, 1391, 1457]}]}
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