DNA Barcoding of Shark Meats Identify Species Composition and CITES-Listed Species from the Markets in Taiwan
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{"title"=>"DNA barcoding of shark meats identify species composition and CITES-listed species from the markets in Taiwan", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Shang Yin Vanson", "last_name"=>"Liu", "scopus_author_id"=>"37102462400"}, {"first_name"=>"Chia Ling Carynn", "last_name"=>"Chan", "scopus_author_id"=>"56038616600"}, {"first_name"=>"Oceana", "last_name"=>"Lin", "scopus_author_id"=>"56039948000"}, {"first_name"=>"Chieh Shen", "last_name"=>"Hu", "scopus_author_id"=>"56038583100"}, {"first_name"=>"Chaolun Allen", "last_name"=>"Chen", "scopus_author_id"=>"35232695600"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84894221554", "sgr"=>"84894221554", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0079373", "pmid"=>"24260209", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "pui"=>"372403028"}, "id"=>"ba824e03-4a0e-3b0b-9253-7c31f277d93b", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: An increasing awareness of the vulnerability of sharks to exploitation by shark finning has contributed to a growing concern about an unsustainable shark fishery. Taiwan's fleet has the 4th largest shark catch in the world, accounting for almost 6% of the global figures. Revealing the diversity of sharks consumed by Taiwanese is important in designing conservation plans. However, fins make up less than 5% of the total body weight of a shark, and their bodies are sold as filets in the market, making it difficult or impossible to identify species using morphological traits.\\n\\nMETHODS: In the present study, we adopted a DNA barcoding technique using a 391-bp fragment of the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I (COI) gene to examine the diversity of shark filets and fins collected from markets and restaurants island-wide in Taiwan.\\n\\nRESULTS: Amongst the 548 tissue samples collected and sequenced, 20 major clusters were apparent by phylogenetic analyses, each of them containing individuals belonging to the same species (most with more than 95% bootstrap values), corresponding to 20 species of sharks. Additionally, Alopias pelagicus, Carcharhinus falciformis, Isurus oxyrinchus, and Prionace glauca consisted of 80% of the samples we collected, indicating that these species might be heavily consumed in Taiwan. Approximately 5% of the tissue samples used in this study were identified as species listed in CITES Appendix II, including two species of Sphyrna, C. longimanus and Carcharodon carcharias.\\n\\nCONCLUSION: DNA barcoding provides an alternative method for understanding shark species composition when species-specific data is unavailable. Considering the global population decline, stock assessments of Appendix II species and highly consumed species are needed to accomplish the ultimate goal of shark conservation.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/dna-barcoding-shark-meats-identify-species-composition-citeslisted-species-markets-taiwan", "reader_count"=>94, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>20, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>17, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>29, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>13, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>20, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>17, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>29, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>13, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>10, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>10, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>63, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>2, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2, "Psychology"=>1, "Chemistry"=>2, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>63}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>10}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>10}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"New Zealand"=>1, "Republic of Singapore"=>1, "Sri Lanka"=>1, "Brazil"=>1, "Italy"=>1, "Australia"=>2, "Indonesia"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1286461", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1286462"], "description"=>"<div><p>Background</p><p>An increasing awareness of the vulnerability of sharks to exploitation by shark finning has contributed to a growing concern about an unsustainable shark fishery. Taiwan’s fleet has the 4th largest shark catch in the world, accounting for almost 6% of the global figures. Revealing the diversity of sharks consumed by Taiwanese is important in designing conservation plans. However, fins make up less than 5% of the total body weight of a shark, and their bodies are sold as filets in the market, making it difficult or impossible to identify species using morphological traits.</p><p>Methods</p><p>In the present study, we adopted a DNA barcoding technique using a 391-bp fragment of the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I (COI) gene to examine the diversity of shark filets and fins collected from markets and restaurants island-wide in Taiwan.</p><p>Results</p><p>Amongst the 548 tissue samples collected and sequenced, 20 major clusters were apparent by phylogenetic analyses, each of them containing individuals belonging to the same species (most with more than 95% bootstrap values), corresponding to 20 species of sharks. Additionally, <i>Alopias pelagicus, Carcharhinus falciformis</i>, <i>Isurus oxyrinchus,</i> and <i>Prionace glauca</i> consisted of 80% of the samples we collected, indicating that these species might be heavily consumed in Taiwan. Approximately 5% of the tissue samples used in this study were identified as species listed in CITES Appendix II, including two species of <i>Sphyrna</i>, <i>C. longimanus</i> and <i>Carcharodon carcharias</i>.</p><p>Conclusion</p><p>DNA barcoding provides an alternative method for understanding shark species composition when species-specific data is unavailable. Considering the global population decline, stock assessments of Appendix II species and highly consumed species are needed to accomplish the ultimate goal of shark conservation.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["barcoding", "meats", "cites-listed", "markets"], "article_id"=>855185, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Shang-Yin Vanson Liu", "Chia-Ling Carynn Chan", "Oceana Lin", "Chieh-Shen Hu", "Chaolun Allen Chen"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079373.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079373.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_DNA_Barcoding_of_Shark_Meats_Identify_Species_Composition_and_CITES_Listed_Species_from_the_Markets_in_Taiwan_/855185", "title"=>"DNA Barcoding of Shark Meats Identify Species Composition and CITES-Listed Species from the Markets in Taiwan", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-11-18 04:22:23"}
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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1286460"], "description"=>"<p>IUCN: population status; CITES Appendix II, population status; N: number of samples identified as the indicated shark species; Abb.: abbreviation of species name. Averaged Landing data is extracted from <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0079373#pone.0079373-Liu2\" target=\"_blank\">[44]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["20"], "article_id"=>855184, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Shang-Yin Vanson Liu", "Chia-Ling Carynn Chan", "Oceana Lin", "Chieh-Shen Hu", "Chaolun Allen Chen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079373.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_A_list_of_20_species_identified_by_genetic_barcoding_/855184", "title"=>"A list of 20 species identified by genetic barcoding.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-11-18 04:22:23"}
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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1286454"], "description"=>"<p>Numbers in parentheses indicate sample sizes, and solid lines indicate county borders.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["taiwan", "sampling", "areas", "tissues"], "article_id"=>855178, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Shang-Yin Vanson Liu", "Chia-Ling Carynn Chan", "Oceana Lin", "Chieh-Shen Hu", "Chaolun Allen Chen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079373.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>34, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Map_of_Taiwan_showing_sampling_areas_for_shark_tissues_used_in_this_study_/855178", "title"=>"Map of Taiwan showing sampling areas for shark tissues used in this study.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-18 04:22:23"}

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Relative Metric

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