New Fossil Lepidoptera (Insecta: Amphiesmenoptera) from the Middle Jurassic Jiulongshan Formation of Northeastern China
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{"title"=>"New fossil lepidoptera (Insecta: Amphiesmenoptera) from the Middle Jurassic Jiulongshan Formation of Northeastern China", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Weiting", "last_name"=>"Zhang", "scopus_author_id"=>"40661943000"}, {"first_name"=>"Chungkun", "last_name"=>"Shih", "scopus_author_id"=>"13406849900"}, {"first_name"=>"Conrad C.", "last_name"=>"Labandeira", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701788435"}, {"first_name"=>"Jae Cheon", "last_name"=>"Sohn", "scopus_author_id"=>"23490573400"}, {"first_name"=>"Donald R.", "last_name"=>"Davis", "scopus_author_id"=>"55463187600"}, {"first_name"=>"Jorge A.", "last_name"=>"Santiago-Blay", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603952496"}, {"first_name"=>"Oliver", "last_name"=>"Flint", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004280080"}, {"first_name"=>"Dong", "last_name"=>"Ren", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202034641"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"24278142", "sgr"=>"84896704729", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0079500", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84896704729", "pui"=>"372438105", "isbn"=>"2013100280", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"ed24db52-97f7-3c21-8d98-44603ea08b13", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: The early history of the Lepidoptera is poorly known, a feature attributable to an inadequate preservational potential and an exceptionally low occurrence of moth fossils in relevant mid-Mesozoic deposits. In this study, we examine a particularly rich assemblage of morphologically basal moths that contribute significantly toward the understanding of early lepidopteran biodiversity.\\n\\nMETHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Our documentation of early fossil moths involved light- and scanning electron microscopic examination of specimens, supported by various illumination and specimen contrast techniques. A total of 20 moths were collected from the late Middle Jurassic Jiulongshan Formation in Northeastern China. Our principal results were the recognition and description of seven new genera and seven new species assigned to the Eolepidopterigidae; one new genus with four new species assigned to the Mesokristenseniidae; three new genera with three new species assigned to the Ascololepidopterigidae fam. nov.; and one specimen unassigned to family. Lepidopteran assignment of these taxa is supported by apomorphies of extant lineages, including the M1 vein, after separation from the M2 vein, subtending an angle greater than 60 degrees that is sharply angulate at the junction with the r-m crossvein (variable in Trichoptera); presence of a foretibial epiphysis; the forewing M vein often bearing three branches; and the presence of piliform scales along wing veins.\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The diversity of these late Middle Jurassic lepidopterans supports a conclusion that the Lepidoptera-Trichoptera divergence occurred by the Early Jurassic.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/new-fossil-lepidoptera-insecta-amphiesmenoptera-middle-jurassic-jiulongshan-formation-northeastern-c", "reader_count"=>17, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Researcher"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Master"=>2, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Researcher"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Master"=>2, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Engineering"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>10, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>3}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>10}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>1, "Brazil"=>1, "France"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1293396"], "description"=>"<p>Male, CNU-LEP-NN-2009-003. (A), Fossil specimen. (B), Camera lucida drawing of (A), showing overall habitus.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["nel"], "article_id"=>860661, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Weiting Zhang", "Chungkun Shih", "Conrad C. Labandeira", "Jae-Cheon Sohn", "Donald R. Davis", "Jorge A. Santiago-Blay", "Oliver Flint", "Dong Ren"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079500.g013", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mesokristensenia_sinica_Huang_Nel_Minet_/860661", "title"=>"<i>Mesokristensenia sinica</i> Huang, Nel & Minet.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-22 02:54:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1293360"], "description"=>"<p>Male, holotype, CNU-LEP-NN-2006-001P/C. (A), Fossil specimen (counterpart). (B), Fossil specimen (part). (C), Camera lucida drawing of (A), showing overall habitus. (D), Genitalia (counterpart), outlined at (A). (E), Head and associated features (part). (F), Foreleg (counterpart). (G), Middle leg (counterpart). (H), Hind leg (part). (I) to (L), Camera lucida drawings of head (I), foreleg (J), middle leg (K), and hind leg (L). (M), SEM micrograph of left forewing venation, enlarged from the rectangular template in (B). Abbreviations: a, antennae; cly, clypeus; e, eye; fl, foreleg; j, jugum; md, mandible; pmx, maxillary palpus.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["et"], "article_id"=>860628, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Weiting Zhang", "Chungkun Shih", "Conrad C. Labandeira", "Jae-Cheon Sohn", "Donald R. Davis", "Jorge A. Santiago-Blay", "Oliver Flint", "Dong Ren"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079500.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Seresilepidopteron_dualis_gen_et_sp_nov_/860628", "title"=>"<i>Seresilepidopteron dualis</i> gen. et sp. nov.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-22 02:54:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1293384"], "description"=>"<p>Male, holotype, CNU-LEP-NN-2012-027. (A), Fossil specimen. (B), Camera lucida drawing of (A), showing overall habitus.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["et"], "article_id"=>860651, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Weiting Zhang", "Chungkun Shih", "Conrad C. Labandeira", "Jae-Cheon Sohn", "Donald R. Davis", "Jorge A. Santiago-Blay", "Oliver Flint", "Dong Ren"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079500.g008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Quadruplecivena_celsa_gen_et_sp_nov_/860651", "title"=>"<i>Quadruplecivena celsa</i> gen. et sp. nov.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-22 02:54:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1293436"], "description"=>"<p>Notes: <sup>1</sup>Leaf mine;</p>2<p>Head capsule. J1, Early Jurassic; J2, Middle Jurassic; J3, Late Jurassic; K1, Early Cretaceous; K2, Late Cretaceous.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["fossil", "records", "mesozoic"], "article_id"=>860697, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Weiting Zhang", "Chungkun Shih", "Conrad C. Labandeira", "Jae-Cheon Sohn", "Donald R. Davis", "Jorge A. Santiago-Blay", "Oliver Flint", "Dong Ren"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079500.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Known_fossil_records_of_Mesozoic_Lepidoptera_/860697", "title"=>"Known fossil records of Mesozoic Lepidoptera.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-11-22 02:54:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1293350"], "description"=>"<p>(A), A stem-group amphiesmenopteran, <i>Necrotaulius tener</i>, modified after Grimaldi and Engel <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0079500#pone.0079500-Grimaldi1\" target=\"_blank\">[5]</a>. (B-F), Lepidopteran forewings. (B), <i>Archaeolepis mane</i>, from Grimaldi and Engel <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0079500#pone.0079500-Grimaldi1\" target=\"_blank\">[5]</a>. (C), Forewing of an Early Jurassic Germany lepidopteran, from Grimaldi and Engel <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0079500#pone.0079500-Grimaldi1\" target=\"_blank\">[5]</a>. (D), <i>Undopterix sukatshevae</i>, modified after Skalski <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0079500#pone.0079500-Skalski2\" target=\"_blank\">[10]</a>; the red arrowhead showing Rs<sub>3+4</sub> furcation beyond the M<sub>1+2</sub> furcation. (E), <i>Netoxena nana</i>, modified after Martins-Neto <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0079500#pone.0079500-MartinsNeto1\" target=\"_blank\">[24]</a>; red line indicates a single-Y configuration. (F), <i>Mesokristensenia sinica</i>, modified after Huang <i>et al</i>. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0079500#pone.0079500-Huang1\" target=\"_blank\">[25]</a>. (G), A trichopteran, <i>Juraphilopotamus lubricus</i>, modified after Gao <i>et al</i>. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0079500#pone.0079500-Gao2\" target=\"_blank\">[43]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["stem-group"], "article_id"=>860618, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Weiting Zhang", "Chungkun Shih", "Conrad C. Labandeira", "Jae-Cheon Sohn", "Donald R. Davis", "Jorge A. Santiago-Blay", "Oliver Flint", "Dong Ren"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079500.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>78, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_A_stem_group_amphiesmenopteran_lepidopterans_and_a_trichopteran_/860618", "title"=>"A stem-group amphiesmenopteran, lepidopterans, and a trichopteran.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-22 02:54:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1293363"], "description"=>"<p>Female, paratype, CNU-LEP-NN-2006-002. (A), Fossil specimen, with a conchostracan at lower-right. (B), Camera lucida drawing of (A), showing overall habitus. Abbreviations: cly, clypeus; md, mandible; msc, mesoscutum; msl, mesoscutellum; mesc, metascutum; mesl, metascutellum; ovl, ovipositor lobes; pmx, maxillary palpus.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["et"], "article_id"=>860631, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Weiting Zhang", "Chungkun Shih", "Conrad C. Labandeira", "Jae-Cheon Sohn", "Donald R. Davis", "Jorge A. Santiago-Blay", "Oliver Flint", "Dong Ren"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079500.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Seresilepidopteron_dualis_gen_et_sp_nov_/860631", "title"=>"<i>Seresilepidopteron dualis</i> gen. et sp. nov.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-22 02:54:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1293429"], "description"=>"<p>Holotype, CNU-LEP-NN-2012-012. (A), Fossil specimen. (B), Camera lucida drawing of (A), showing overall habitus.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["et"], "article_id"=>860690, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Weiting Zhang", "Chungkun Shih", "Conrad C. Labandeira", "Jae-Cheon Sohn", "Donald R. Davis", "Jorge A. Santiago-Blay", "Oliver Flint", "Dong Ren"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079500.g020", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Trionolepidopteron_admarginis_gen_et_sp_nov_/860690", "title"=>"<i>Trionolepidopteron admarginis</i> gen. et sp. nov.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-22 02:54:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1293380"], "description"=>"<p>Male, holotype, CNU-LEP-NN-2012-014. (A), Fossil specimen. (B), Camera lucida drawing of (A), showing overall habitus.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["et"], "article_id"=>860647, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Weiting Zhang", "Chungkun Shih", "Conrad C. Labandeira", "Jae-Cheon Sohn", "Donald R. Davis", "Jorge A. Santiago-Blay", "Oliver Flint", "Dong Ren"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079500.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Dynamilepidopteron_aspinosus_gen_et_sp_nov_/860647", "title"=>"<i>Dynamilepidopteron aspinosus</i> gen. et sp. nov.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-22 02:54:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1293421"], "description"=>"<p>Holotype, CNU-LEP-NN-2012-028. (A), Fossil specimen. (B), Camera lucida drawing of (A), showing overall habitus.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["et"], "article_id"=>860686, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Weiting Zhang", "Chungkun Shih", "Conrad C. Labandeira", "Jae-Cheon Sohn", "Donald R. Davis", "Jorge A. Santiago-Blay", "Oliver Flint", "Dong Ren"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079500.g018", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Ascololepidopterix_multinerve_gen_et_sp_nov_/860686", "title"=>"<i>Ascololepidopterix multinerve</i> gen. et sp. nov.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-22 02:54:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1293435"], "description"=>"<p>Character comparisons of Agathiphagidae, Mesokristenseniidae and Ascololepidopterigidae.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["comparisons", "mesokristenseniidae"], "article_id"=>860696, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Weiting Zhang", "Chungkun Shih", "Conrad C. Labandeira", "Jae-Cheon Sohn", "Donald R. Davis", "Jorge A. Santiago-Blay", "Oliver Flint", "Dong Ren"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079500.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Character_comparisons_of_Agathiphagidae_Mesokristenseniidae_and_Ascololepidopterigidae_/860696", "title"=>"Character comparisons of Agathiphagidae, Mesokristenseniidae and Ascololepidopterigidae.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-11-22 02:54:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1293388"], "description"=>"<p>CNU-LEP-NN-2012-027. (A), Head of fossil specimen. (B), Right mid leg. (C), Hind leg and abdomen. Abbreviations: a, antennae; e, eye; lp, labial palpus.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["et"], "article_id"=>860653, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Weiting Zhang", "Chungkun Shih", "Conrad C. Labandeira", "Jae-Cheon Sohn", "Donald R. Davis", "Jorge A. Santiago-Blay", "Oliver Flint", "Dong Ren"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079500.g009", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Quadruplecivena_celsa_gen_et_sp_nov_/860653", "title"=>"<i>Quadruplecivena celsa</i> gen. et sp. nov.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-22 02:54:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1293352"], "description"=>"<p>(A), A hypothetical forewing of the Lepidoptera modified after Kristensen & Skalski <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0079500#pone.0079500-Kristensen1\" target=\"_blank\">[15]</a>; red line indicates that M<sub>1</sub>, after separation from M<sub>2,</sub> subtends an angle greater than 60 degrees and is sharply angulate at the junction with the r–m crossvein. (B), A hypothetical forewing of the Trichoptera modified after Holzenthal <i>et al</i>. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0079500#pone.0079500-Holzenthal1\" target=\"_blank\">[36]</a>; red line indicates the separation of M<sub>1+2</sub>, and M<sub>1</sub> consisting of smooth and sublinear veins. Abbreviation: ny, nygmata.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["hypothetical", "forewing", "lepidoptera"], "article_id"=>860620, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Weiting Zhang", "Chungkun Shih", "Conrad C. Labandeira", "Jae-Cheon Sohn", "Donald R. Davis", "Jorge A. Santiago-Blay", "Oliver Flint", "Dong Ren"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079500.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>29, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_A_hypothetical_forewing_of_the_Lepidoptera_and_Trichoptera_/860620", "title"=>"A hypothetical forewing of the Lepidoptera and Trichoptera.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-22 02:54:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1293376"], "description"=>"<p>Female, paratype, CNU-LEP-NN-2012-023. (A), Fossil specimen. (B), Camera lucida drawing of (A), showing overall habitus.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["et"], "article_id"=>860643, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Weiting Zhang", "Chungkun Shih", "Conrad C. Labandeira", "Jae-Cheon Sohn", "Donald R. Davis", "Jorge A. Santiago-Blay", "Oliver Flint", "Dong Ren"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079500.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Akainalepidopteron_elachipteron_gen_et_sp_nov_/860643", "title"=>"<i>Akainalepidopteron elachipteron</i> gen. et sp. nov.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-22 02:54:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1293404"], "description"=>"<p>Holotype, CNU-LEP-NN-2012-020. (A), Fossil specimen. (B), Camera lucida drawing of (A), showing overall habitus. Paratype, CNU-LEP-NN-2012-022. (C), Fossil specimen. (D), Camera lucida drawing of wing at (C).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["et"], "article_id"=>860669, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Weiting Zhang", "Chungkun Shih", "Conrad C. Labandeira", "Jae-Cheon Sohn", "Donald R. Davis", "Jorge A. Santiago-Blay", "Oliver Flint", "Dong Ren"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079500.g016", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Kladolepidopteron_subaequalis_gen_et_sp_nov_/860669", "title"=>"<i>Kladolepidopteron subaequalis</i> gen. et sp. nov.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-22 02:54:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1293365"], "description"=>"<p>Female, holotype, CNU-LEP-NN-2012-024. (A), Fossil specimen. (B), Camera lucida drawing of (A), showing overall habitus. (C), A cluster of frenular bristles (wing coupling apparatus) on hind wing, outlined at the upper-right rectangular template in (A). (D), Piliform scales on hind wing, outlined at the lower-left rectangular template in (A).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["et"], "article_id"=>860633, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Weiting Zhang", "Chungkun Shih", "Conrad C. Labandeira", "Jae-Cheon Sohn", "Donald R. Davis", "Jorge A. Santiago-Blay", "Oliver Flint", "Dong Ren"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079500.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Akainalepidopteron_elachipteron_gen_et_sp_nov_/860633", "title"=>"<i>Akainalepidopteron elachipteron</i> gen. et sp. nov.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-22 02:54:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1293434"], "description"=>"1<p>Numbers refer to apomorphies listed in the text; O = character presence, X = character absence, ? = unknown state.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["lepidopteran", "apomorphies"], "article_id"=>860695, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Weiting Zhang", "Chungkun Shih", "Conrad C. Labandeira", "Jae-Cheon Sohn", "Donald R. Davis", "Jorge A. Santiago-Blay", "Oliver Flint", "Dong Ren"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079500.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Amphiesmenopteran_and_Lepidopteran_apomorphies_for_our_specimens_/860695", "title"=>"Amphiesmenopteran and Lepidopteran apomorphies for our specimens.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-11-22 02:54:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1293397"], "description"=>"<p>Female, holotype, CNU-LEP-NN-2012-032. (A), Fossil specimen. (B), Head, showing scape with setae distally. (C), Camera lucida drawing of (A), showing overall habitus.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>[], "article_id"=>860662, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Weiting Zhang", "Chungkun Shih", "Conrad C. Labandeira", "Jae-Cheon Sohn", "Donald R. Davis", "Jorge A. Santiago-Blay", "Oliver Flint", "Dong Ren"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079500.g014", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mesokristensenia_trichophora_sp_nov_/860662", "title"=>"<i>Mesokristensenia trichophora</i> sp. nov.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-22 02:54:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1293394"], "description"=>"<p>Female, holotype, CNU-LEP-NN-2012-006P. (A), Fossil specimen. (B), Camera lucida drawing of (A), showing overall habitus. (C), SEM micrograph showing the left forewing venation, enlarged from the rectangular template in (A).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["et"], "article_id"=>860659, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Weiting Zhang", "Chungkun Shih", "Conrad C. Labandeira", "Jae-Cheon Sohn", "Donald R. Davis", "Jorge A. Santiago-Blay", "Oliver Flint", "Dong Ren"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079500.g012", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Grammikolepidopteron_extensus_gen_et_sp_nov_/860659", "title"=>"<i>Grammikolepidopteron extensus</i> gen. et sp. nov.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-22 02:54:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1293410"], "description"=>"<p>Male, holotype, CNU-LEP-NN-2012-011P/C. (A), Fossil specimen (counterpart). (B), Fossil specimen (part). (C), Head and thorax. (D), Camera lucida drawing of (A), showing overall habitus. Abbreviation: t, tegula.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["et"], "article_id"=>860675, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Weiting Zhang", "Chungkun Shih", "Conrad C. Labandeira", "Jae-Cheon Sohn", "Donald R. Davis", "Jorge A. Santiago-Blay", "Oliver Flint", "Dong Ren"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079500.g017", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Kladolepidopteron_parva_gen_et_sp_nov_/860675", "title"=>"<i>Kladolepidopteron parva</i> gen. et sp. nov.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-22 02:54:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1293390"], "description"=>"<p>Female, holotype, CNU-LEP-NN-2012-007. (A), Fossil specimen. (B), Head and associated structures. (C), Camera lucida drawing of (A), showing overall habitus.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["et"], "article_id"=>860655, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Weiting Zhang", "Chungkun Shih", "Conrad C. Labandeira", "Jae-Cheon Sohn", "Donald R. Davis", "Jorge A. Santiago-Blay", "Oliver Flint", "Dong Ren"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079500.g010", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Petilicorpus_cristatus_gen_et_sp_nov_/860655", "title"=>"<i>Petilicorpus cristatus</i> gen. et sp. nov.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-22 02:54:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1293423"], "description"=>"<p>Female, holotype, CNU-LEP-NN-2012-001. (A), Fossil specimen. (B), Camera lucida drawing of (A), showing overall habitus. (C), SEM of right forewing venation, enlarged from the rectangular template in (A).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["et"], "article_id"=>860688, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Weiting Zhang", "Chungkun Shih", "Conrad C. Labandeira", "Jae-Cheon Sohn", "Donald R. Davis", "Jorge A. Santiago-Blay", "Oliver Flint", "Dong Ren"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079500.g019", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Pegolepidopteron_latiala_gen_et_sp_nov_/860688", "title"=>"<i>Pegolepidopteron latiala</i> gen. et sp. nov.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-22 02:54:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1293400"], "description"=>"<p>Female, holotype, CNU-LEP-NN-2009-007C. (A), Fossil specimen. (B), Camera lucida drawing of (A), showing overall habitus. (C), Head and thorax. (D), Forewing. Abbreviation: prt, prothorax.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["et"], "article_id"=>860665, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Weiting Zhang", "Chungkun Shih", "Conrad C. Labandeira", "Jae-Cheon Sohn", "Donald R. Davis", "Jorge A. Santiago-Blay", "Oliver Flint", "Dong Ren"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079500.g015", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Kladolepidopteron_oviformis_gen_et_sp_nov_/860665", "title"=>"<i>Kladolepidopteron oviformis</i> gen. et sp. nov.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-22 02:54:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1293433"], "description"=>"<p>Male, CNU-LEP-NN-2012-013. (A), Fossil specimen. (B), Camera lucida drawing of (A), showing overall habitus. (C), Foreleg showing the tibial epiphysis, as outlined at the rectangular template in (A).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["unidentified"], "article_id"=>860694, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Weiting Zhang", "Chungkun Shih", "Conrad C. Labandeira", "Jae-Cheon Sohn", "Donald R. Davis", "Jorge A. Santiago-Blay", "Oliver Flint", "Dong Ren"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079500.g021", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_An_unidentified_moth_/860694", "title"=>"An unidentified moth.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-22 02:54:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1293393"], "description"=>"<p>Female, holotype, CNU-LEP-NN-2012-025P. (A), Fossil specimen. (B), Camera lucida drawing of (A), showing overall habitus.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["et"], "article_id"=>860658, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Weiting Zhang", "Chungkun Shih", "Conrad C. Labandeira", "Jae-Cheon Sohn", "Donald R. Davis", "Jorge A. Santiago-Blay", "Oliver Flint", "Dong Ren"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079500.g011", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Longcapitalis_excelsus_gen_et_sp_nov_/860658", "title"=>"<i>Longcapitalis excelsus</i> gen. et sp. nov.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-22 02:54:11"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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