Gorilla Mothers Also Matter! New Insights on Social Transmission in Gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) in Captivity
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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1296382"], "description"=>"<p>Observed animals [sex (F = female, M = male); age in years or months (mo)] during the study period in 2000. Animals showing the throw-kiss-display are marked in capital letters; animals showing puff-blowing are marked in bold. Offspring are indicated in italics and underlined below their mothers. Visual access was not given between the enclosures.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["animals"], "article_id"=>863022, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Eva Maria Luef", "Simone Pika"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079600.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Observed_animals_during_the_study_period_2000_/863022", "title"=>"Observed animals during the study period 2000.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-11-27 02:44:14"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1296379"], "description"=>"<p>Shows the puff-blowing technique in detail, which consists of several subroutines.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>[], "article_id"=>863019, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Eva Maria Luef", "Simone Pika"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079600.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Details_of_the_puff_blowing_technique_/863019", "title"=>"Details of the puff-blowing technique.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-27 02:44:14"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1296421", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1296422"], "description"=>"<div><p>The present paper describes two distinct behaviors relating to food processing and communication that were observed in a community of five separately housed groups of lowland gorillas (<i>Gorilla gorilla gorilla</i>) in captivity during two study periods one decade apart: (1) a food processing technique to separate wheat from chaff, the so-called puff-blowing technique; and (2) a male display used to attract the attention of visitors, the so-called throw-kiss-display. We investigated (a) whether the behaviors were transmitted within the respective groups; and if yes, (b) their possible mode of transmission. Our results showed that only the food processing technique spread from three to twenty-one individuals during the ten-year period, whereas the communicative display died out completely. The main transmission mode of the puff-blowing technique was the mother-offspring dyad: offspring of puff-blowing mothers showed the behavior, while the offspring of non- puff-blowing mothers did not. These results strongly support the role mothers play in the acquisition of novel skills and vertical social transmission. Furthermore, they suggest that behaviors, which provide a direct benefit to individuals, have a high chance of social transmission while the loss of benefits can result in the extinction of behaviors.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["gorilla", "mothers", "insights", "gorillas", "captivity"], "article_id"=>863060, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Eva Maria Luef", "Simone Pika"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079600.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079600.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>18, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Gorilla_Mothers_Also_Matter_New_Insights_on_Social_Transmission_in_Gorillas_Gorilla_gorilla_gorilla_in_Captivity/863060", "title"=>"Gorilla Mothers Also Matter! New Insights on Social Transmission in Gorillas (<i>Gorilla gorilla gorilla</i>) in Captivity", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-11-27 02:44:14"}

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Relative Metric

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