Ecosystem-Service Tradeoffs Associated with Switching from Annual to Perennial Energy Crops in Riparian Zones of the US Midwest
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{"title"=>"Ecosystem-service tradeoffs associated with switching from annual to perennial energy crops in Riparian zones of the US Midwest", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Timothy D.", "last_name"=>"Meehan", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006484719"}, {"first_name"=>"Claudio", "last_name"=>"Gratton", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004717736"}, {"first_name"=>"Erica", "last_name"=>"Diehl", "scopus_author_id"=>"56001276600"}, {"first_name"=>"Natalie D.", "last_name"=>"Hunt", "scopus_author_id"=>"56001243000"}, {"first_name"=>"Daniel F.", "last_name"=>"Mooney", "scopus_author_id"=>"30567473600"}, {"first_name"=>"Stephen J.", "last_name"=>"Ventura", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102997251"}, {"first_name"=>"Bradford L.", "last_name"=>"Barham", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004177835"}, {"first_name"=>"Randall D.", "last_name"=>"Jackson", "scopus_author_id"=>"7404308891"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84892425732", "sgr"=>"84892425732", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"2012670091", "pmid"=>"24223215", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0080093", "pui"=>"372116151"}, "id"=>"3a6b264f-875b-3f0f-8f36-515a6ca7a2e2", "abstract"=>"Integration of energy crops into agricultural landscapes could promote sustainability if they are placed in ways that foster multiple ecosystem services and mitigate ecosystem disservices from existing crops. We conducted a modeling study to investigate how replacing annual energy crops with perennial energy crops along Wisconsin waterways could affect a variety of provisioning and regulating ecosystem services. We found that a switch from continuous corn production to perennial-grass production decreased annual income provisioning by 75%, although it increased annual energy provisioning by 33%, decreased annual phosphorous loading to surface water by 29%, increased below-ground carbon sequestration by 30%, decreased annual nitrous oxide emissions by 84%, increased an index of pollinator abundance by an average of 11%, and increased an index of biocontrol potential by an average of 6%. We expressed the tradeoffs between income provisioning and other ecosystem services as benefit-cost ratios. Benefit-cost ratios averaged 12.06 GJ of additional net energy, 0.84 kg of avoided phosphorus pollution, 18.97 Mg of sequestered carbon, and 1.99 kg of avoided nitrous oxide emissions for every $1,000 reduction in income. These ratios varied spatially, from 2- to 70-fold depending on the ecosystem service. Benefit-cost ratios for different ecosystem services were generally correlated within watersheds, suggesting the presence of hotspots – watersheds where increases in multiple ecosystem services would come at lower-than-average opportunity costs. When assessing the monetary value of ecosystem services relative to existing conservation programs and environmental markets, the overall value of enhanced services associated with adoption of perennial energy crops was far lower than the opportunity cost. However, when we monitized services using estimates for the social costs of pollution, the value of enhanced services far exceeded the opportunity cost. This disparity between recoverable costs and social value represents a fundamental challenge to expansion of perennial energy crops and sustainable agricultural landscapes.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/ecosystemservice-tradeoffs-associated-switching-annual-perennial-energy-crops-riparian-zones-midwest", "reader_count"=>92, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>8, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Librarian"=>2, "Researcher"=>19, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>24, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>19, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Professor"=>5}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>8, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Librarian"=>2, "Researcher"=>19, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>24, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>19, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Professor"=>5}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>13, "Engineering"=>3, "Environmental Science"=>27, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>38, "Chemistry"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Computer Science"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>6}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>3}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>6}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>38}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>13}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>27}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>1, "Netherlands"=>1, "United States"=>7, "Ireland"=>1, "Ghana"=>1, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>6}

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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1270383"], "description"=>"<p>Spatial (maps) and bivariate (scatterplot, r = Pearson's correlation coefficient) relationships between average normalized benefit-cost ratios and opportunity costs of the perennial-grass scenario (difference in net income between continuous-corn and perennial-grass scenarios) for 67 study watersheds in southern Wisconsin, USA. Average normalized ratios illustrate hotspots – watersheds where switching from continuous corn to perennial-grass brought relatively high environmental benefits for relatively low opportunity cost.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["generalized", "benefit-cost", "ratios"], "article_id"=>843290, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Timothy D. Meehan", "Claudio Gratton", "Erica Diehl", "Natalie D. Hunt", "Daniel F. Mooney", "Stephen J. Ventura", "Bradford L. Barham", "Randall D. Jackson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0080093.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Relationship_between_generalized_benefit_cost_ratios_and_opportunity_costs_/843290", "title"=>"Relationship between generalized benefit-cost ratios and opportunity costs.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-06 03:28:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1270388", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1270389", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1270390", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1270391", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1270392", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1270393"], "description"=>"<div><p>Integration of energy crops into agricultural landscapes could promote sustainability if they are placed in ways that foster multiple ecosystem services and mitigate ecosystem disservices from existing crops. We conducted a modeling study to investigate how replacing annual energy crops with perennial energy crops along Wisconsin waterways could affect a variety of provisioning and regulating ecosystem services. We found that a switch from continuous corn production to perennial-grass production decreased annual income provisioning by 75%, although it increased annual energy provisioning by 33%, decreased annual phosphorous loading to surface water by 29%, increased below-ground carbon sequestration by 30%, decreased annual nitrous oxide emissions by 84%, increased an index of pollinator abundance by an average of 11%, and increased an index of biocontrol potential by an average of 6%. We expressed the tradeoffs between income provisioning and other ecosystem services as benefit-cost ratios. Benefit-cost ratios averaged 12.06 GJ of additional net energy, 0.84 kg of avoided phosphorus pollution, 18.97 Mg of sequestered carbon, and 1.99 kg of avoided nitrous oxide emissions for every $1,000 reduction in income. These ratios varied spatially, from 2- to 70-fold depending on the ecosystem service. Benefit-cost ratios for different ecosystem services were generally correlated within watersheds, suggesting the presence of hotspots – watersheds where increases in multiple ecosystem services would come at lower-than-average opportunity costs. When assessing the monetary value of ecosystem services relative to existing conservation programs and environmental markets, the overall value of enhanced services associated with adoption of perennial energy crops was far lower than the opportunity cost. However, when we monitized services using estimates for the social costs of pollution, the value of enhanced services far exceeded the opportunity cost. This disparity between recoverable costs and social value represents a fundamental challenge to expansion of perennial energy crops and sustainable agricultural landscapes.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["tradeoffs", "switching", "perennial", "crops", "riparian", "zones"], "article_id"=>843295, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Timothy D. Meehan", "Claudio Gratton", "Erica Diehl", "Natalie D. Hunt", "Daniel F. Mooney", "Stephen J. Ventura", "Bradford L. Barham", "Randall D. Jackson"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0080093.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0080093.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0080093.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0080093.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0080093.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0080093.s006"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>7, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Ecosystem_Service_Tradeoffs_Associated_with_Switching_from_Annual_to_Perennial_Energy_Crops_in_Riparian_Zones_of_the_US_Midwest_/843295", "title"=>"Ecosystem-Service Tradeoffs Associated with Switching from Annual to Perennial Energy Crops in Riparian Zones of the US Midwest", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-11-06 03:28:06"}

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Relative Metric

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