Complete Mitochondrial DNA Diversity in Iranians
Publication Date
November 14, 2013
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Miroslava Derenko, Boris Malyarchuk, Ardeshir Bahmanimehr, Galina Denisova, et al
Volume
8
Issue
11
Pages
e80673
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0080673
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0080673
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24244704
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3828245
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/24244704
Web of Science
000327143800155
Scopus
84893596909
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/complete-mitochondrial-dna-diversity-iranians
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{"title"=>"Complete mitochondrial DNA diversity in Iranians", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Miroslava", "last_name"=>"Derenko", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003956145"}, {"first_name"=>"Boris", "last_name"=>"Malyarchuk", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004086135"}, {"first_name"=>"Ardeshir", "last_name"=>"Bahmanimehr", "scopus_author_id"=>"55214968500"}, {"first_name"=>"Galina", "last_name"=>"Denisova", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006195544"}, {"first_name"=>"Maria", "last_name"=>"Perkova", "scopus_author_id"=>"16310729500"}, {"first_name"=>"Shirin", "last_name"=>"Farjadian", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603653475"}, {"first_name"=>"Levon", "last_name"=>"Yepiskoposyan", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506052050"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"24244704", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0080673", "sgr"=>"84893596909", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84893596909", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"372325206"}, "id"=>"f0b64b10-fcdd-32a4-87e5-105c2a18188f", "abstract"=>"Due to its pivotal geographical location and proximity to transcontinental migratory routes, Iran has played a key role in subsequent migrations, both prehistoric and historic, between Africa, Asia and Europe. To shed light on the genetic structure of the Iranian population as well as on the expansion patterns and population movements which affected this region, the complete mitochondrial genomes of 352 Iranians were obtained. All Iranian populations studied here exhibit similarly high diversity values comparable to the other groups from the Caucasus, Anatolia and Europe. The results of AMOVA and MDS analyses did not associate any regional and/or linguistic group of populations in the Anatolia/Caucasus and Iran region pointing to close genetic positions of Persians and Qashqais to each other and to Armenians, and Azeris from Iran to Georgians. By reconstructing the complete mtDNA phylogeny of haplogroups R2, N3, U1, U3, U5a1g, U7, H13, HV2, HV12, M5a and C5c we have found a previously unexplored genetic connection between the studied Iranian populations and the Arabian Peninsula, India, Near East and Europe, likely the result of both ancient and recent gene flow. Our results for Persians and Qashqais point to a continuous increase of the population sizes from ∼24 kya to the present, although the phase between 14-24 kya is thought to be hyperarid according to the Gulf Oasis model. Since this would have affected hunter-gatherer ranges and mobility patterns and forced them to increasingly rely on coastal resources, this transition can explain the human expansion across the Persian Gulf region.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/complete-mitochondrial-dna-diversity-iranians", "reader_count"=>56, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Librarian"=>4, "Researcher"=>10, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>11, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Librarian"=>4, "Researcher"=>10, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>11, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>12, "Mathematics"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>26, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>3, "Arts and Humanities"=>2, "Chemistry"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>7, "Computer Science"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>3}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>7}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>26}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>2}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>12}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Iran"=>1, "Malaysia"=>2}, "group_count"=>1}

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Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1281824"], "description"=>"<p>The populations from <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0080673#pone.0080673-Schnberg1\" target=\"_blank\">[40]</a> labeled with “S” after underscore.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["fst", "calculated", "mtdna", "sequences", "samples"], "article_id"=>851462, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Miroslava Derenko", "Boris Malyarchuk", "Ardeshir Bahmanimehr", "Galina Denisova", "Maria Perkova", "Shirin Farjadian", "Levon Yepiskoposyan"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0080673.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_MDS_plot_based_on_Fst_statistics_calculated_from_complete_mtDNA_sequences_for_population_samples_from_Iran_Anatolia_Caucasus_and_Europe_/851462", "title"=>"MDS plot based on Fst statistics calculated from complete mtDNA sequences for population samples from Iran, Anatolia, Caucasus, and Europe.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-14 04:28:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1281826"], "description"=>"<p>Maximum time (x axis) corresponds to the median posterior estimate of the genealogy root-height.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["median", "hypothetical", "mtdna", "genome", "qashqais"], "article_id"=>851464, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Miroslava Derenko", "Boris Malyarchuk", "Ardeshir Bahmanimehr", "Galina Denisova", "Maria Perkova", "Shirin Farjadian", "Levon Yepiskoposyan"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0080673.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_BSP_indicating_the_median_of_the_hypothetical_effective_population_size_through_time_based_on_complete_mtDNA_genome_data_for_Persians_Qashqais_and_Azeris_/851464", "title"=>"BSP indicating the median of the hypothetical effective population size through time based on complete mtDNA genome data for Persians, Qashqais and Azeris.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-14 04:28:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1281827"], "description"=>"<p>Numbers along links refer to substitutions scored relative to rCRS <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0080673#pone.0080673-Andrews1\" target=\"_blank\">[42]</a>. Transversions are further specified; ins and del denote insertions and deletions of nucleotides, respectively; back mutations are underlined; symbol < denotes parallel mutation. Iranian samples labeled as in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0080673#pone.0080673.s005\" target=\"_blank\">Table S1</a>, for published data the accession number in indicated. The box containing the sample ID is color coded according to the geographic origin of the sample. Time estimates (in kya) shown along links next to clade labels are based on the complete mtDNA genome clock (marked in blue) and the synonymous clock (marked in green) <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0080673#pone.0080673-Soares2\" target=\"_blank\">[47]</a>. Established haplogroup labels are shown in black; blue are redefined and red are newly identified haplogroups in the present study.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["phylogenetic", "mtdna", "sequences", "belonging", "haplogroup"], "article_id"=>851465, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Miroslava Derenko", "Boris Malyarchuk", "Ardeshir Bahmanimehr", "Galina Denisova", "Maria Perkova", "Shirin Farjadian", "Levon Yepiskoposyan"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0080673.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Maximum_parsimony_phylogenetic_tree_of_complete_mtDNA_sequences_belonging_to_haplogroup_R2_/851465", "title"=>"Maximum-parsimony phylogenetic tree of complete mtDNA sequences belonging to haplogroup R2.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-14 04:28:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1281828"], "description"=>"<p>Designations are as in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0080673#pone-0080673-g003\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 3</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["phylogenetic", "mtdna", "sequences", "belonging", "haplogroup"], "article_id"=>851466, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Miroslava Derenko", "Boris Malyarchuk", "Ardeshir Bahmanimehr", "Galina Denisova", "Maria Perkova", "Shirin Farjadian", "Levon Yepiskoposyan"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0080673.g004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Maximum_parsimony_phylogenetic_tree_of_complete_mtDNA_sequences_belonging_to_haplogroup_HV2_/851466", "title"=>"Maximum-parsimony phylogenetic tree of complete mtDNA sequences belonging to haplogroup HV2.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-14 04:28:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1281830"], "description"=>"<p>Designations are as in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0080673#pone-0080673-g003\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 3</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["phylogenetic", "mtdna", "sequences", "belonging", "haplogroup"], "article_id"=>851468, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Miroslava Derenko", "Boris Malyarchuk", "Ardeshir Bahmanimehr", "Galina Denisova", "Maria Perkova", "Shirin Farjadian", "Levon Yepiskoposyan"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0080673.g005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Maximum_parsimony_phylogenetic_tree_of_complete_mtDNA_sequences_belonging_to_haplogroup_N3_/851468", "title"=>"Maximum-parsimony phylogenetic tree of complete mtDNA sequences belonging to haplogroup N3.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-14 04:28:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1281831"], "description"=>"<p>Diversity indices and neutrality test values for Iranian populations based on complete mtDNA sequences.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["indices", "neutrality", "iranian", "populations", "mtdna"], "article_id"=>851469, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Miroslava Derenko", "Boris Malyarchuk", "Ardeshir Bahmanimehr", "Galina Denisova", "Maria Perkova", "Shirin Farjadian", "Levon Yepiskoposyan"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0080673.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Diversity_indices_and_neutrality_test_values_for_Iranian_populations_based_on_complete_mtDNA_sequences_/851469", "title"=>"Diversity indices and neutrality test values for Iranian populations based on complete mtDNA sequences.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-11-14 04:28:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1281832"], "description"=>"<p>Mitochondrial haplogroup frequencies (%) in Iranian populations.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["haplogroup", "frequencies", "iranian"], "article_id"=>851470, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Miroslava Derenko", "Boris Malyarchuk", "Ardeshir Bahmanimehr", "Galina Denisova", "Maria Perkova", "Shirin Farjadian", "Levon Yepiskoposyan"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0080673.t002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mitochondrial_haplogroup_frequencies_in_Iranian_populations_/851470", "title"=>"Mitochondrial haplogroup frequencies (%) in Iranian populations.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-11-14 04:28:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1281835", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1281836", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1281837", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1281838", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1281839", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1281840", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1281841", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1281842"], "description"=>"<div><p>Due to its pivotal geographical location and proximity to transcontinental migratory routes, Iran has played a key role in subsequent migrations, both prehistoric and historic, between Africa, Asia and Europe. To shed light on the genetic structure of the Iranian population as well as on the expansion patterns and population movements which affected this region, the complete mitochondrial genomes of 352 Iranians were obtained. All Iranian populations studied here exhibit similarly high diversity values comparable to the other groups from the Caucasus, Anatolia and Europe. The results of AMOVA and MDS analyses did not associate any regional and/or linguistic group of populations in the Anatolia/Caucasus and Iran region pointing to close genetic positions of Persians and Qashqais to each other and to Armenians, and Azeris from Iran to Georgians. By reconstructing the complete mtDNA phylogeny of haplogroups R2, N3, U1, U3, U5a1g, U7, H13, HV2, HV12, M5a and C5c we have found a previously unexplored genetic connection between the studied Iranian populations and the Arabian Peninsula, India, Near East and Europe, likely the result of both ancient and recent gene flow. Our results for Persians and Qashqais point to a continuous increase of the population sizes from ∼24 kya to the present, although the phase between 14-24 kya is thought to be hyperarid according to the Gulf Oasis model. Since this would have affected hunter-gatherer ranges and mobility patterns and forced them to increasingly rely on coastal resources, this transition can explain the human expansion across the Persian Gulf region.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mitochondrial", "dna"], "article_id"=>851473, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Miroslava Derenko", "Boris Malyarchuk", "Ardeshir Bahmanimehr", "Galina Denisova", "Maria Perkova", "Shirin Farjadian", "Levon Yepiskoposyan"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0080673.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0080673.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0080673.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0080673.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0080673.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0080673.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0080673.s007", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0080673.s008"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Complete_Mitochondrial_DNA_Diversity_in_Iranians_/851473", "title"=>"Complete Mitochondrial DNA Diversity in Iranians", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-11-14 04:28:17"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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