First Assessment for the Presence of Phlebotomine Vectors in Bavaria, Southern Germany, by Combined Distribution Modeling and Field Surveys
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{"title"=>"First assessment for the presence of phlebotomine vectors in bavaria, southern germany, by combined distribution modeling and field surveys", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Simone", "last_name"=>"Haeberlein", "scopus_author_id"=>"16244546200"}, {"first_name"=>"Dominik", "last_name"=>"Fischer", "scopus_author_id"=>"36659213100"}, {"first_name"=>"Stephanie Margarete", "last_name"=>"Thomas", "scopus_author_id"=>"7404654137"}, {"first_name"=>"Ulrike", "last_name"=>"Schleicher", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701555024"}, {"first_name"=>"Carl", "last_name"=>"Beierkuhnlein", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603051853"}, {"first_name"=>"Christian", "last_name"=>"Bogdan", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102586876"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84894036976", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0081088", "pmid"=>"24260539", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84894036976", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"372377729"}, "id"=>"1131f696-0615-3e6c-8c8f-2bc6a77e18d2", "abstract"=>"Leishmaniasis is caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania and transmitted by sand flies from mammalian reservoirs to humans. In recent years, a northward spread of L. infantum from highly endemic Mediterranean countries into previously non-endemic Central European areas has been suspected based on presumed sporadic cases of autochthonous leishmaniasis. Here, we investigated whether sand flies are prevalent in Bavaria in Southern Germany, a federal state in which autochthonous cases have previously been reported. Considering the present and future climatic conditions, we determined whether Bavaria is suitable for five sand fly species with assumed spreading tendencies towards Central Europe: Phlebotomus ariasi, P. neglectus, P. perfiliewi and P. perniciosus that are known vectors for Leishmania in Europe, and P. mascittii, a suspected but not proven vector. Within Bavaria we defined sampling regions based on their climatic suitability and their spatial distance to the sites of the autochthonous cases and/or to areas of reported sand fly detection in states adjacent to Bavaria. At 155 locations in 7 sampling regions, CDC light traps were placed during 38 nights in the summers of 2009 and 2010, resulting in 202 trap-nights. All traps were negative for sand flies. The results suggest that Bavaria is not yet endemic for sand flies, but do not exclude the possibility of sporadic cases of autochthonous human or zoonotic Leishmania infections. This study, which combined methodological approaches from different disciplines, serves as reference for future surveys and risk analyses of sand flies and leishmaniasis in so far non-endemic areas of Europe.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/first-assessment-presence-phlebotomine-vectors-bavaria-southern-germany-combined-distribution-modeli", "reader_count"=>19, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Researcher"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>7, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Researcher"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>7, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>10, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>3, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>3}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>10}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Czech Republic"=>1, "United States"=>1, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1285456"], "description"=>"<p>The insert shows a map of Germany with the Federal States of Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg highlighted. CDC light traps for sand fly trapping were put up in seven sampling areas in Bavaria (indicated by the numbers 1-7 and shaded in gray) which were allocated to the following administrative districts: 1, Aschaffenburg/Main-Spessart; 2, Würzburg/Kitzingen; 3, Erlangen-Höchstadt/Forchheim; 4, Regensburg/Kelheim; 5, Aichach-Friedberg/Landsberg am Lech/Weilheim-Schongau; 6, Passau; 7, Lindau am Bodensee/Oberallgäu. Sites of reported cases of autochthonous leishmaniasis in Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg and some of the reported sites of sand flies in Baden-Württemberg are marked [<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0081088#B12\" target=\"_blank\">12</a>,<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0081088#B14\" target=\"_blank\">14</a>–<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0081088#B16\" target=\"_blank\">16</a>].</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["germany", "sampling", "regions", "years", "2009"], "article_id"=>854393, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Simone Haeberlein", "Dominik Fischer", "Stephanie Margarete Thomas", "Ulrike Schleicher", "Carl Beierkuhnlein", "Christian Bogdan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0081088.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Map_of_southern_Germany_with_sampling_regions_of_the_sand_fly_survey_in_the_years_2009_and_2010_/854393", "title"=>"Map of southern Germany with sampling regions of the sand fly survey in the years 2009 and 2010.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-18 03:13:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1285457"], "description"=>"<p>Currently, the climatic suitability for sand fly species is rather low or moderate in Bavaria. The projections for future climate change refer to the A1B emission scenario of greenhouse gases, expecting an economical growth in a globalized world with a balanced use of fossil and non-fossil energy resources. During the next decades it can be expected that the suitability will increase. This is true for all analyzed sand fly species. A rather high climatic suitability can be expected for the valley of the river Main, especially for Lower Franconia in the most north-western part of Bavaria, along the river Danube and for the alpine foothills.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["projected", "climatic", "suitability", "bavaria"], "article_id"=>854394, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Simone Haeberlein", "Dominik Fischer", "Stephanie Margarete Thomas", "Ulrike Schleicher", "Carl Beierkuhnlein", "Christian Bogdan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0081088.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Current_and_projected_2011_2040_climatic_suitability_for_five_sand_fly_species_in_Bavaria_southern_Germany_/854394", "title"=>"Current and projected (2011-2040) climatic suitability for five sand fly species in Bavaria (southern Germany).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-18 03:13:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1285458"], "description"=>"<div><p>Leishmaniasis is caused by protozoa of the genus <i>Leishmania</i> and transmitted by sand flies from mammalian reservoirs to humans. In recent years, a northward spread of <i>L. infantum</i> from highly endemic Mediterranean countries into previously non-endemic Central European areas has been suspected based on presumed sporadic cases of autochthonous leishmaniasis. Here, we investigated whether sand flies are prevalent in Bavaria in Southern Germany, a federal state in which autochthonous cases have previously been reported. Considering the present and future climatic conditions, we determined whether Bavaria is suitable for five sand fly species with assumed spreading tendencies towards Central Europe: <i>Phlebotomus ariasi</i>, <i>P. neglectus</i>, <i>P. perfiliewi</i> and <i>P. perniciosus</i> that are known vectors for <i>Leishmania</i> in Europe, and <i>P. mascittii</i>, a suspected but not proven vector. Within Bavaria we defined sampling regions based on their climatic suitability and their spatial distance to the sites of the autochthonous cases and/or to areas of reported sand fly detection in states adjacent to Bavaria. At 155 locations in 7 sampling regions, CDC light traps were placed during 38 nights in the summers of 2009 and 2010, resulting in 202 trap-nights. All traps were negative for sand flies. The results suggest that Bavaria is not yet endemic for sand flies, but do not exclude the possibility of sporadic cases of autochthonous human or zoonotic <i>Leishmania</i> infections. This study, which combined methodological approaches from different disciplines, serves as reference for future surveys and risk analyses of sand flies and leishmaniasis in so far non-endemic areas of Europe. </p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["phlebotomine", "vectors", "modeling"], "article_id"=>854395, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Simone Haeberlein", "Dominik Fischer", "Stephanie Margarete Thomas", "Ulrike Schleicher", "Carl Beierkuhnlein", "Christian Bogdan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0081088", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_First_Assessment_for_the_Presence_of_Phlebotomine_Vectors_in_Bavaria_Southern_Germany_by_Combined_Distribution_Modeling_and_Field_Surveys_/854395", "title"=>"First Assessment for the Presence of Phlebotomine Vectors in Bavaria, Southern Germany, by Combined Distribution Modeling and Field Surveys", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-11-18 03:13:52"}

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Relative Metric

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