Landscape-Scale Disturbances Modified Bird Community Dynamics in Successional Forest Environment
Publication Date
November 25, 2013
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Qing Zhao, Ermias T. Azeria, Mélanie Louise Le Blanc, Jérôme Lemaître, et al
Volume
8
Issue
11
Pages
e81358
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0081358
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0081358
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24282585
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3839899
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/24282585
Web of Science
000327543500087
Scopus
84896717454
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/landscapescale-disturbances-modified-bird-community
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Mendeley | Further Information

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Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1294417", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1294418", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1294419"], "description"=>"<div><p>Ecosystem-based forest management strives to develop silvicultural practices that best emulate natural disturbances such as wildfire to conserve biodiversity representative of natural forest ecosystems. Yet, current logging practices alter forest structure and reduce the proportion of old-growth forest and, consequently, can exert long-term effects on the dynamics of forest biota. The stand- and landscape-scale factors driving bird community dynamics in post-disturbance environment remain poorly understood. In this study, we examined bird community dynamics along successional gradients in boreal ecosystems originating from fire and logging in landscapes dominated by old-growth forest. We tested if bird species richness and community compositions in clear-cutting stands became comparable to those in natural stands after 70 years, and identified the relative contributions of stand- and landscape-scale forest attributes in bird community dynamics. Based on records of bird occurrences at 185 field sites in natural and clearcutting stands, we demonstrate that (1) both forest structures and bird communities underwent evident changes along successional gradients in post-clearcutting environment; (2) bird species richness and community composition in 60- to 70-years-old clearcutting stands still differed from those in 50- to 79-years-old natural stands, in spite of the fact that most forest attributes of clearcutting stands became comparable to those of natural stands after 40 years; and (3) landscape disturbances contributed more than stand characteristics in explaining the lack of convergence of mature forest species, residents, and short-distance migrants in post-clearcutting environment. Our study points out that more regards should be paid to improve the landscape configuration of the managed forests, and implies that old-growth forest retention within logged areas, combined with selection cutting and prolonged logging rotations, can better emulate fire and alleviate forest harvesting effects on bird community assemblages typical of natural boreal ecosystem.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["disturbances", "modified", "successional"], "article_id"=>861485, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Qing Zhao", "Ermias T. Azeria", "Mélanie-Louise Le Blanc", "Jérôme Lemaître", "Daniel Fortin"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0081358.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0081358.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0081358.s003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Landscape_Scale_Disturbances_Modified_Bird_Community_Dynamics_in_Successional_Forest_Environment_/861485", "title"=>"Landscape-Scale Disturbances Modified Bird Community Dynamics in Successional Forest Environment", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-11-25 03:08:03"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1294416"], "description"=>"<p>Number of sampling sites for each age class of natural and clearcutting stands.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sampling", "sites", "clearcutting"], "article_id"=>861484, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Qing Zhao", "Ermias T. Azeria", "Mélanie-Louise Le Blanc", "Jérôme Lemaître", "Daniel Fortin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0081358.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Number_of_sampling_sites_for_each_age_class_of_natural_and_clearcutting_stands_/861484", "title"=>"Number of sampling sites for each age class of natural and clearcutting stands.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-11-25 03:08:03"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1294413"], "description"=>"<p>An arrow's length and its angle represent the strength of the correlation between the corresponding environmental variable and the first two ordination axes. The first axis of the constrained ordination diagram showed latitudinal transition of landscape-level disturbance gradients, and the second axis showed differences in canopy cover across successional gradient in post-clearcutting environment. Environmental variables: lon: longitude, lat: latitude, ba_conifer: basal area of conifer, canopy: canopy cover, sap_den: sapling density, ba_snag: basal area of snag, p_disturb_200 m: proportion of disturbed area at 200 m, p_disturb_500 m: proportion of disturbed area at 500 m, p_disturb_1 km: proportion of disturbed area at 1 km, p_disturb_2 km: proportion of disturbed area at 2 km. Age classes: C-1, C-2, C-3, and C-4: 5–19, 20–39, 40–59, and 60–70 year old clearcutting stands, respectively, N-I, N-II, and N-III: 50–79, 80–120, and >120 year old natural stands, respectively.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["positions", "sampling", "sites", "constrained", "ordination", "characterised"], "article_id"=>861481, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Qing Zhao", "Ermias T. Azeria", "Mélanie-Louise Le Blanc", "Jérôme Lemaître", "Daniel Fortin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0081358.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_positions_of_sampling_sites_in_a_constrained_ordination_space_characterised_by_environmental_variables_/861481", "title"=>"The positions of sampling sites in a constrained ordination space characterised by environmental variables.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-25 03:08:03"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1294411"], "description"=>"<p>The sampling sites are distributed in a boreal forest of the Côte-Nord region of Québec, Canada.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["locations", "sampling"], "article_id"=>861479, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Qing Zhao", "Ermias T. Azeria", "Mélanie-Louise Le Blanc", "Jérôme Lemaître", "Daniel Fortin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0081358.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Study_area_and_the_locations_of_sampling_sites_/861479", "title"=>"Study area and the locations of sampling sites.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-25 03:08:03"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1294412"], "description"=>"<p>(a) Basal area of conifer, (b) canopy cover, (c) sapling density, and (d) basal area of snag. Age classes that share the same letter (above the bar) are not significantly different in the corresponding stand structure at <i>α</i> = 0.05, according to Tukey multiple comparisons.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["se", "stand-scale", "attributes", "clearcutting"], "article_id"=>861480, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Qing Zhao", "Ermias T. Azeria", "Mélanie-Louise Le Blanc", "Jérôme Lemaître", "Daniel Fortin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0081358.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mean_177_SE_of_stand_scale_forest_attributes_in_clearcutting_and_natural_stands_/861480", "title"=>"Mean ± SE of stand-scale forest attributes in clearcutting and natural stands.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-25 03:08:03"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1294415"], "description"=>"<p>The principal component ordinations are based on Sørensen indices. The dissimilarity in assemblage patterns between different age classes of clearcutting stands versus natural stands is shown. The first principal ordination axis was along the disturbance gradient and explained 38.7% of assemblage variation, and the second principal ordination axis as along the successional gradient and explained 14.3% of assemblage variation. The ellipses enclose 80% of the variability in compositional differences accounted by the first two ordination axes. Age classes that share the same letter (in the brackets) are not significantly different in their dispersion at <i>α</i> = 0.05, according to Tukey multiple comparisons. Age classes: C-1, C-2, C-3, and C-4: 5–19, 20–39, 40–59, and 60–70 year old clearcutting stands, respectively, N-I, N-II, and N-III: 50–79, 80–120, and >120 year old natural stands, respectively.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ordinations", "dissimilarity", "assemblage"], "article_id"=>861483, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Qing Zhao", "Ermias T. Azeria", "Mélanie-Louise Le Blanc", "Jérôme Lemaître", "Daniel Fortin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0081358.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Principal_component_ordinations_represent_dissimilarity_in_assemblage_patterns_/861483", "title"=>"Principal component ordinations represent dissimilarity in assemblage patterns.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-25 03:08:03"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1294414"], "description"=>"<p>(a) All species, (b) mature forest species, (c) young forest species, (d) shrub land species, (e) generalists, (f) residents, (g) short-distance migrants, and (h) Neotropical migrants. Age classes that share the same letter (above the bar) are not significantly different in their species richness at <i>α</i> = 0.05, according to Tukey multiple comparisons.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["se", "richness", "clearcutting"], "article_id"=>861482, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Qing Zhao", "Ermias T. Azeria", "Mélanie-Louise Le Blanc", "Jérôme Lemaître", "Daniel Fortin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0081358.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mean_177_SE_of_species_richness_in_clearcutting_and_natural_stands_/861482", "title"=>"Mean ± SE of species richness in clearcutting and natural stands.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-25 03:08:03"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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