Replicability and Heterogeneity of Awake Unrestrained Canine fMRI Responses
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{"title"=>"Replicability and heterogeneity of awake unrestrained canine fMRI responses", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Gregory S.", "last_name"=>"Berns", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004116373"}, {"first_name"=>"Andrew", "last_name"=>"Brooks", "scopus_author_id"=>"26655301600"}, {"first_name"=>"Mark", "last_name"=>"Spivak", "scopus_author_id"=>"55216501700"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"24324719", "sgr"=>"84891859356", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0081698", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84891859356", "pui"=>"372081124", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"d905b056-3357-31b7-aef2-f3978835c6d8", "abstract"=>"Previously, we demonstrated the possibility of fMRI in two awake and unrestrained dogs. Here, we determined the replicability and heterogeneity of these results in an additional 11 dogs for a total of 13 subjects. Based on an anatomically placed region-of-interest, we compared the caudate response to a hand signal indicating the imminent availability of a food reward to a hand signal indicating no reward. 8 of 13 dogs had a positive differential caudate response to the signal indicating reward. The mean differential caudate response was 0.09%, which was similar to a comparable human study. These results show that canine fMRI is reliable and can be done with minimal stress to the dogs.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/replicability-heterogeneity-awake-unrestrained-canine-fmri-responses", "reader_count"=>54, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>18, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Other"=>7, "Student > Master"=>8, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>18, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Other"=>7, "Student > Master"=>8, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>3, "Unspecified"=>5, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>17, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>4, "Neuroscience"=>4, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>3, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Psychology"=>12, "Chemistry"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Computer Science"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>3}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>4}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>4}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>12}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>17}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>5}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>3}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Austria"=>1, "Hungary"=>4, "United States"=>4, "United Kingdom"=>1}, "group_count"=>5}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1302977"], "description"=>"<p>Pearl demonstrates the training device. Kady demonstrates the ear muffs. Caylin is with her chin rest, and Mason is getting his ear muffs wrapped to hold them in place.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>[], "article_id"=>868141, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Gregory S. Berns", "Andrew Brooks", "Mark Spivak"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0081698.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Dog_participants_/868141", "title"=>"Dog participants.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-12-04 03:23:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1302978"], "description"=>"<p><i>Above</i>: Callie demonstrates the chin rest inside the neck coil. Note the proximity of the upper element to the brain. <i>Below</i>: Kady demonstrates the chin rest placed within the training device that simulates the neck coil.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["coil", "configuration", "canine"], "article_id"=>868142, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Gregory S. Berns", "Andrew Brooks", "Mark Spivak"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0081698.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Neck_coil_configuration_for_canine_imaging_/868142", "title"=>"Neck coil configuration for canine imaging.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-12-04 03:23:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1302980"], "description"=>"<p>A typical T2-weighted structural image with in-plane resolution of 1.5 mm (<i>lower inset</i>: localizer.) Because the phase-encoding direction is right to left, slight motion artifacts (e.g. eye movement) appear in that direction. The caudate is easily identified in the 2<sup>nd</sup> row, inferior and posterior to the corpus callosum. The EPI image is from the mean of the functionals after motion correction and censoring. The slice shown contains the ventral part of the caudate and corresponds to the adjacent structural image. The internal capsule appears as a “chevron” (<i>green arrow</i>), and two ROIs for the caudate were placed anterior to that but posterior to the olfactory peduncle (<i>red</i>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["pearl", "epi"], "article_id"=>868144, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Gregory S. Berns", "Andrew Brooks", "Mark Spivak"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0081698.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Structural_image_of_Pearl_with_EPI_comparison_left_inset_/868144", "title"=>"Structural image of Pearl with EPI comparison (<i>left inset</i>).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-12-04 03:23:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1302981"], "description"=>"<p>The slice containing the ventral caudate for each dog is shown with the crosshairs over the area of maximal activation in the vicinity of the caudate. Colorbar indicates t-values.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["t-maps"], "article_id"=>868145, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Gregory S. Berns", "Andrew Brooks", "Mark Spivak"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0081698.g004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Unthresholded_t_maps_of_hand_signal_for_8220_reward_8221_vs_hand_signal_for_8220_no_reward_8221_/868145", "title"=>"Unthresholded t-maps of hand signal for “reward” vs. hand signal for “no reward.”", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-12-04 03:23:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1302982"], "description"=>"<p>The differential activity between “reward” hand signal and “no reward” hand signal was generally similar in both the left and right caudate for each dog. One dog (Caylin) was an outlier with deactivation bilaterally. 7 of 12 dogs had positive activations bilaterally, and 9 of 12 dogs had positive activations on at least one side.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["caudate"], "article_id"=>868146, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Gregory S. Berns", "Andrew Brooks", "Mark Spivak"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0081698.g005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparision_of_left_and_right_caudate_activation_/868146", "title"=>"Comparision of left and right caudate activation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-12-04 03:23:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1302983"], "description"=>"<p>The human data is from an instrumental conditioning task. The caudate response is to a visual cue indicating the imminent receipt of fruit juice, to which participants had to press a button to receive the juice <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0081698#pone.0081698-Pagnoni1\" target=\"_blank\">[17]</a>. The canine data is in response to the hand signal indicating “reward.” For comparison to each other, both dog and human activations are referenced to an implicit baseline.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["caudate", "humans"], "article_id"=>868147, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Gregory S. Berns", "Andrew Brooks", "Mark Spivak"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0081698.g006"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparison_of_caudate_response_in_humans_and_dogs_/868147", "title"=>"Comparison of caudate response in humans and dogs.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-12-04 03:23:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1302984"], "description"=>"<p>Demographics of dogs.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>[], "article_id"=>868148, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Gregory S. Berns", "Andrew Brooks", "Mark Spivak"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0081698.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Demographics_of_dogs_/868148", "title"=>"Demographics of dogs.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-12-04 03:23:04"}

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