The Wallpaper Effect: The Contact Hypothesis Fails for Minority Group Members Who Live in Areas with a High Proportion of Majority Group Members
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{"title"=>"The wallpaper effect: The contact hypothesis fails for minority group members who live in areas with a high proportion of majority group members", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Fiona Kate", "last_name"=>"Barlow", "scopus_author_id"=>"24758154400"}, {"first_name"=>"Matthew J.", "last_name"=>"Hornsey", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701768949"}, {"first_name"=>"Michael", "last_name"=>"Thai", "scopus_author_id"=>"56001010500"}, {"first_name"=>"Nikhil K.", "last_name"=>"Sengupta", "scopus_author_id"=>"49864492800"}, {"first_name"=>"Chris G.", "last_name"=>"Sibley", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102504126"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84892397088", "sgr"=>"84892397088", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0082228", "pmid"=>"24349227", "isbn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"372116674"}, "id"=>"34edb3c1-267f-3331-82be-bdbd87f2e33e", "abstract"=>"We aim to provide one explanation for why the link between contact and prejudice is consistently less strong for minority group members than it is for majority group members. Specifically, we propose a \"wallpaper effect\" such that contact works to increase minority group members' positivity towards majority groups when they live in areas densely populated with other minority group members. Conversely, we suggest that when minority group members live in neighborhoods patterned with majority group faces (as is so often the case), contact will be less transformative. We test this assumption using a large sample of both New Zealander minority (Māori; N = 925) and majority (European; N = 3805) group members. In line with predictions, Māori who lived in minority dense neighborhoods showed the traditional association between contact and increased warmth towards New Zealander Europeans. This relationship, however, was weak or non-existent when they lived in primarily European neighborhoods. Contact effects in majority group members were unaffected by neighborhood composition. The interaction held when controlling for, and was not explained by: gender, income, experiences of harm, cognitions of race-based rejection, or realistic threat. We provide the first evidence to suggest that when it comes to minority group members' intergroup attitudes, contact with majority group members may be a relatively ineffective predictor unless the \"wallpaper\" of their lives is minority-dense.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/wallpaper-effect-contact-hypothesis-fails-minority-group-members-live-areas-high-proportion-majority", "reader_count"=>42, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>8, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>6, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>8, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>6, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Arts and Humanities"=>2, "Philosophy"=>3, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Psychology"=>27, "Social Sciences"=>6, "Computer Science"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>6}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>27}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>2}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>3}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Chile"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1311319"], "description"=>"<p><b>Note.</b> *<i>p</i>&lt;.05, **<i>p</i>&lt;.01, ***<i>p</i>&lt;.001. All within-region effects were modeled as random. All variables were grand-mean centered.<sup></sup></p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["predicting", "zealander"], "article_id"=>874830, "categories"=>["Science Policy", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Fiona Kate Barlow", "Matthew J. Hornsey", "Michael Thai", "Nikhil K. Sengupta", "Chris G. Sibley"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082228.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Model_Statistics_for_M_ori_Predicting_Warmth_Towards_New_Zealander_Europeans_/874830", "title"=>"Model Statistics for Māori, Predicting Warmth Towards New Zealander Europeans.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-12-11 03:32:51"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1311320"], "description"=>"<p><b>Note.</b> *<i>p</i>&lt;.05, **<i>p</i>&lt;.01, ***<i>p</i>&lt;.001. All within-region effects were modeled as random. All variables were grand-mean centered.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["zealander", "predicting"], "article_id"=>874831, "categories"=>["Science Policy", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Fiona Kate Barlow", "Matthew J. Hornsey", "Michael Thai", "Nikhil K. Sengupta", "Chris G. Sibley"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082228.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Model_Statistics_for_New_Zealander_Europeans_Predicting_Warmth_Towards_M_ori_/874831", "title"=>"Model Statistics for New Zealander Europeans, Predicting Warmth Towards Māori.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-12-11 03:32:51"}

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Relative Metric

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