Micro-Biomechanics of the Kebara 2 Hyoid and Its Implications for Speech in Neanderthals
Publication Date
December 18, 2013
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Ruggero D’anastasio, Stephen Wroe, Claudio Tuniz, Lucia Mancini, et al
Volume
8
Issue
12
Pages
e82261
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082261
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0082261
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24367509
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3867335
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/24367509
Web of Science
000328740300025
Scopus
84893183741
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/microbiomechanics-kebara-2-hyoid-implications-speech-neanderthals
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Micro-biomechanics of the Kebara 2 hyoid and its implications for speech in Neanderthals", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Ruggero", "last_name"=>"D'Anastasio", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507192961"}, {"first_name"=>"Stephen", "last_name"=>"Wroe", "scopus_author_id"=>"35726136500"}, {"first_name"=>"Claudio", "last_name"=>"Tuniz", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003708200"}, {"first_name"=>"Lucia", "last_name"=>"Mancini", "scopus_author_id"=>"7103376845"}, {"first_name"=>"Deneb T.", "last_name"=>"Cesana", "scopus_author_id"=>"54781104200"}, {"first_name"=>"Diego", "last_name"=>"Dreossi", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602566555"}, {"first_name"=>"Mayoorendra", "last_name"=>"Ravichandiran", "scopus_author_id"=>"26434544200"}, {"first_name"=>"Marie", "last_name"=>"Attard", "scopus_author_id"=>"54413781300"}, {"first_name"=>"William C H", "last_name"=>"Parr", "scopus_author_id"=>"36697025000"}, {"first_name"=>"Anne", "last_name"=>"Agur", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602289622"}, {"first_name"=>"Luigi", "last_name"=>"Capasso", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006058537"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84893183741", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0082261", "pui"=>"372232262", "pmid"=>"24367509", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84893183741", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)"}, "id"=>"a3c197b2-349e-31f8-a697-6a102b904358", "abstract"=>"The description of a Neanderthal hyoid from Kebara Cave (Israel) in 1989 fuelled scientific debate on the evolution of speech and complex language. Gross anatomy of the Kebara 2 hyoid differs little from that of modern humans. However, whether Homo neanderthalensis could use speech or complex language remains controversial. Similarity in overall shape does not necessarily demonstrate that the Kebara 2 hyoid was used in the same way as that of Homo sapiens. The mechanical performance of whole bones is partly controlled by internal trabecular geometries, regulated by bone-remodelling in response to the forces applied. Here we show that the Neanderthal and modern human hyoids also present very similar internal architectures and micro-biomechanical behaviours. Our study incorporates detailed analysis of histology, meticulous reconstruction of musculature, and computational biomechanical analysis with models incorporating internal micro-geometry. Because internal architecture reflects the loadings to which a bone is routinely subjected, our findings are consistent with a capacity for speech in the Neanderthals.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/microbiomechanics-kebara-2-hyoid-implications-speech-neanderthals", "reader_count"=>107, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>6, "Researcher"=>19, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>17, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>9, "Other"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>30, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>9}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>6, "Researcher"=>19, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>17, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>9, "Other"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>30, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>9}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>35, "Arts and Humanities"=>22, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Chemistry"=>2, "Computer Science"=>3, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>7, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>2, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>4, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Psychology"=>6, "Social Sciences"=>17}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>4}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>17}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>6}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>2}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>22}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>2}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>7}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>35}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>3}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>1, "Brazil"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>5, "Italy"=>1, "France"=>2, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>3}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1320776"], "description"=>"<p>Hyoid muscle physical cross-sectional areas and forces.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Musculoskeletal system", "biomechanics", "Bone and joint mechanics", "biophysics", "Paleontology", "paleobiology", "Vertebrate paleontology", "anthropology", "Physical anthropology", "linguistics", "speech", "cross-sectional", "areas"], "article_id"=>880839, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Sociology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Ruggero D’Anastasio", "Stephen Wroe", "Claudio Tuniz", "Lucia Mancini", "Deneb T. Cesana", "Diego Dreossi", "Mayoorendra Ravichandiran", "Marie Attard", "William C. H. Parr", "Anne Agur", "Luigi Capasso"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082261.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>8, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Hyoid_muscle_physical_cross_sectional_areas_and_forces_/880839", "title"=>"Hyoid muscle physical cross-sectional areas and forces.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-12-18 02:48:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1320775"], "description"=>"<p>MPa = megapascals, SD = Standard Deviation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Musculoskeletal system", "biomechanics", "Bone and joint mechanics", "biophysics", "Paleontology", "paleobiology", "Vertebrate paleontology", "anthropology", "Physical anthropology", "linguistics", "speech", "von", "mises"], "article_id"=>880838, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Sociology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Ruggero D’Anastasio", "Stephen Wroe", "Claudio Tuniz", "Lucia Mancini", "Deneb T. Cesana", "Diego Dreossi", "Mayoorendra Ravichandiran", "Marie Attard", "William C. H. Parr", "Anne Agur", "Luigi Capasso"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082261.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mean_element_Von_Mises_stresses_/880838", "title"=>"Mean element Von Mises stresses.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-12-18 02:48:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1320772"], "description"=>"<p><i>Homo neanderthalensis</i> (Kebara 2) (A), <i>Homo sapiens</i> (SAT37) (B), <i>Homo sapiens</i> (OP1T37) (C), and <i>Homo sapiens</i> (SAT41) (D). Surface von Mises stress distributions in visual plots for each model are given for each model on the left. On the right a two dimensional graph, generated using the Graph Tool (Vs Position) in Strand7 (2.4), is provided. This gives von Mises stress for internal elements intersecting a straight line drawn between nodes at maximum lateral width of each hyoid body, i.e., between the lateral most extremes where the body would have connected with the hyoid’s greater cornua (greater horns). Values are interpolated across element edges intersected by the line. MPa = megapascals.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Musculoskeletal system", "biomechanics", "Bone and joint mechanics", "biophysics", "Paleontology", "paleobiology", "Vertebrate paleontology", "anthropology", "Physical anthropology", "linguistics", "speech", "biomechanical", "hyoid"], "article_id"=>880835, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Sociology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Ruggero D’Anastasio", "Stephen Wroe", "Claudio Tuniz", "Lucia Mancini", "Deneb T. Cesana", "Diego Dreossi", "Mayoorendra Ravichandiran", "Marie Attard", "William C. H. Parr", "Anne Agur", "Luigi Capasso"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082261.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Computational_biomechanical_analyses_of_hyoid_models_/880835", "title"=>"Computational biomechanical analyses of hyoid models.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-12-18 02:48:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1320771"], "description"=>"<p>Hyoid body volume rendering (V = 80 kV, I = 100 µA; pixel size: 12.5 µm; exposure time: 2.0 sec.; 2400 projections over 360 degrees) (a); spongy bone structure (b); histological architecture: medial sagittal section (c) and medial transverse section (d).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Musculoskeletal system", "biomechanics", "Bone and joint mechanics", "biophysics", "Paleontology", "paleobiology", "Vertebrate paleontology", "anthropology", "Physical anthropology", "linguistics", "speech", "tomography", "s36-sulmona", "fonte", "chieti"], "article_id"=>880834, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Sociology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Ruggero D’Anastasio", "Stephen Wroe", "Claudio Tuniz", "Lucia Mancini", "Deneb T. Cesana", "Diego Dreossi", "Mayoorendra Ravichandiran", "Marie Attard", "William C. H. Parr", "Anne Agur", "Luigi Capasso"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082261.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Computed_tomography_of_Homo_sapiens_N_S36_Sulmona_Fonte_d_Amore_T64_University_Museum_Chieti_Italy_/880834", "title"=>"Computed tomography of <i>Homo sapiens</i> (N. S36-Sulmona Fonte d′Amore T64, University Museum Chieti - Italy).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-12-18 02:48:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1320774"], "description"=>"<p>Muscles of the human hyoid used to determine forces and vectors applied in Finite Element Analyses reconstructed in 3D. Frontal view (a) and lateral view (b). Geniohyoid (purple); Mylohyoid (black); Stylohyoid (blue); Sternohyoid (green).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Musculoskeletal system", "biomechanics", "Bone and joint mechanics", "biophysics", "Paleontology", "paleobiology", "Vertebrate paleontology", "anthropology", "Physical anthropology", "linguistics", "speech", "reconstruction", "hyoid", "musculature"], "article_id"=>880837, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Sociology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Ruggero D’Anastasio", "Stephen Wroe", "Claudio Tuniz", "Lucia Mancini", "Deneb T. Cesana", "Diego Dreossi", "Mayoorendra Ravichandiran", "Marie Attard", "William C. H. Parr", "Anne Agur", "Luigi Capasso"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082261.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>28, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_3D_reconstruction_of_hyoid_musculature_to_the_level_of_fiber_bundles_/880837", "title"=>"3D reconstruction of hyoid musculature to the level of fiber bundles.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-12-18 02:48:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1320773"], "description"=>"<p>Porous internal structure highlighted in dark grey.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Musculoskeletal system", "biomechanics", "Bone and joint mechanics", "biophysics", "Paleontology", "paleobiology", "Vertebrate paleontology", "anthropology", "Physical anthropology", "linguistics", "speech", "finite", "kebara"], "article_id"=>880836, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Sociology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Ruggero D’Anastasio", "Stephen Wroe", "Claudio Tuniz", "Lucia Mancini", "Deneb T. Cesana", "Diego Dreossi", "Mayoorendra Ravichandiran", "Marie Attard", "William C. H. Parr", "Anne Agur", "Luigi Capasso"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082261.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>19, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Transparent_image_of_Finite_Element_Model_of_the_Kebara_2_hyoid_/880836", "title"=>"Transparent image of Finite Element Model of the Kebara 2 hyoid.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-12-18 02:48:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1320770"], "description"=>"<p>Hyoid body volume rendering (V = 80 kV, I = 100 µA; pixel size: 10.0 µm; exposure time: 3.0 sec.; 2400 projections over 360 degrees) (a); spongy bone structure (b); histological architecture: medial sagittal section (c) and medial transverse section (d).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Musculoskeletal system", "biomechanics", "Bone and joint mechanics", "biophysics", "Paleontology", "paleobiology", "Vertebrate paleontology", "anthropology", "Physical anthropology", "linguistics", "speech", "computed", "tomography", "tel", "aviv"], "article_id"=>880833, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Sociology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Ruggero D’Anastasio", "Stephen Wroe", "Claudio Tuniz", "Lucia Mancini", "Deneb T. Cesana", "Diego Dreossi", "Mayoorendra Ravichandiran", "Marie Attard", "William C. H. Parr", "Anne Agur", "Luigi Capasso"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082261.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Figure_2_Computed_tomography_of_Homo_neanderthalensis_Kebara_2_Tel_Aviv_University_Israel_/880833", "title"=>"Figure 2. Computed tomography of <i>Homo neanderthalensis</i> (Kebara 2, Tel Aviv University - Israel).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-12-18 02:48:39"}

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2013-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2013-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[269, 466, 588, 697, 800, 896, 988, 1076, 1165, 1254, 1340, 1417]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Psychology", "average_usage"=>[284, 458, 579, 688, 782, 879, 957, 1048, 1126, 1204, 1280, 1357, 1415]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences", "average_usage"=>[264, 460, 584, 692, 794, 887, 978, 1067, 1154, 1241, 1328, 1408, 1474]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Physical sciences/Physics", "average_usage"=>[254, 421, 527, 626, 720, 813, 900, 983, 1063, 1136, 1210, 1283, 1342]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences/Linguistics", "average_usage"=>[290, 461, 572, 671, 770, 847, 934, 1000, 1096, 1189, 1263, 1319, 1382]}]}
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