Organic Production Enhances Milk Nutritional Quality by Shifting Fatty Acid Composition: A United States–Wide, 18-Month Study
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Organic production enhances milk nutritional quality by shifting fatty acid composition: A United States-wide, 18-month study", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Charles M.", "last_name"=>"Benbrook", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602304592"}, {"first_name"=>"Gillian", "last_name"=>"Butler", "scopus_author_id"=>"7101909319"}, {"first_name"=>"Maged A.", "last_name"=>"Latif", "scopus_author_id"=>"55995508800"}, {"first_name"=>"Carlo", "last_name"=>"Leifert", "scopus_author_id"=>"26643242800"}, {"first_name"=>"Donald R.", "last_name"=>"Davis", "scopus_author_id"=>"57193146546"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"372094525", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0082429", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84891919776", "pmid"=>"24349282", "sgr"=>"84891919776"}, "id"=>"bccbc86a-0659-33c6-a53c-9d1671cad2a5", "abstract"=>"Over the last century, intakes of omega-6 (ω-6) fatty acids in Western diets have dramatically increased, while omega-3 (ω-3) intakes have fallen. Resulting ω-6/ω-3 intake ratios have risen to nutritionally undesirable levels, generally 10 to 15, compared to a possible optimal ratio near 2.3. We report results of the first large-scale, nationwide study of fatty acids in U.S. organic and conventional milk. Averaged over 12 months, organic milk contained 25% less ω-6 fatty acids and 62% more ω-3 fatty acids than conventional milk, yielding a 2.5-fold higher ω-6/ω-3 ratio in conventional compared to organic milk (5.77 vs. 2.28). All individual ω-3 fatty acid concentrations were higher in organic milk--α-linolenic acid (by 60%), eicosapentaenoic acid (32%), and docosapentaenoic acid (19%)--as was the concentration of conjugated linoleic acid (18%). We report mostly moderate regional and seasonal variability in milk fatty acid profiles. Hypothetical diets of adult women were modeled to assess milk fatty-acid-driven differences in overall dietary ω-6/ω-3 ratios. Diets varied according to three choices: high instead of moderate dairy consumption; organic vs. conventional dairy products; and reduced vs. typical consumption of ω-6 fatty acids. The three choices together would decrease the ω-6/ω-3 ratio among adult women by ∼80% of the total decrease needed to reach a target ratio of 2.3, with relative impact \"switch to low ω-6 foods\" > \"switch to organic dairy products\" ≈ \"increase consumption of conventional dairy products.\" Based on recommended servings of dairy products and seafoods, dairy products supply far more α-linolenic acid than seafoods, about one-third as much eicosapentaenoic acid, and slightly more docosapentaenoic acid, but negligible docosahexaenoic acid. We conclude that consumers have viable options to reduce average ω-6/ω-3 intake ratios, thereby reducing or eliminating probable risk factors for a wide range of developmental and chronic health problems.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/organic-production-enhances-milk-nutritional-quality-shifting-fatty-acid-composition-united-stateswi", "reader_count"=>122, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>27, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>13, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>26, "Other"=>9, "Student > Bachelor"=>18, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>8}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>27, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>13, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>26, "Other"=>9, "Student > Bachelor"=>18, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>8}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>9, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>48, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Chemistry"=>8, "Computer Science"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>2, "Engineering"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>11, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>22, "Sports and Recreations"=>3, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>2, "Psychology"=>3, "Social Sciences"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>22}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>3}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>3}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>3}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>9}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>11}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>2}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>2}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>8}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>48}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>1, "Austria"=>1, "United States"=>5, "Norway"=>2, "United Kingdom"=>2, "Mexico"=>1, "Kenya"=>1, "Switzerland"=>1, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>7}

CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84891919776"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84891919776?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84891919776&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84891919776&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84891919776", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84891919776", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84891919776", "dc:title"=>"Organic production enhances milk nutritional quality by shifting fatty acid composition: A United States-wide, 18-month study", "dc:creator"=>"Benbrook C.M.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"8", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"12", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2013-12-09", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"9 December 2013", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0082429", "citedby-count"=>"69", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Washington State University Pullman", "affiliation-city"=>"Pullman", "affiliation-country"=>"United States"}], "pubmed-id"=>"24349282", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e82429", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Article Coverage

Article Coverage Curated

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0082429", "share_count"=>21, "like_count"=>11, "comment_count"=>8, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>40}

Journal Comments | Further Information

Reddit

Twitter

Counter

  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"1042", "xml_views"=>"17", "html_views"=>"13143"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"388", "xml_views"=>"6", "html_views"=>"3997"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"183", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"2325"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"136", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"2405"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"92", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"1895"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"68", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"1985"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"58", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"1258"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"55", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"1253"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"40", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"1004"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"39", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"1301"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"75", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"1649"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"43", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"1244"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"46", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"842"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"48", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"735"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"41", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"652"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"41", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"774"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"48", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"664"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"36", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"688"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"36", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"684"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"53", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"832"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"513"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"691"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"45", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"647"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"34", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"606"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"541"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"553"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"661"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"540"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"48", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"697"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"37", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"512"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"375"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"389"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"42", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"464"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"54", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"577"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"678"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"703"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"635"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"35", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"736"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"36", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"799"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"34", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"862"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"45", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"804"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"53", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"735"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"594"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"534"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"620"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"718"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"47", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"930"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"39", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"1036"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"32", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"794"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"40", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"611"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"56", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"241"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"59", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"285"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"42", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"276"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"30", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"237"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"176"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"30", "xml_views"=>"6", "html_views"=>"202"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"38", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"214"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"37", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"194"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"191"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"37", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"229"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"136"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"202"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"174"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"192"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"35", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"254"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"39", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"146"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"34", "xml_views"=>"6", "html_views"=>"117"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"34", "xml_views"=>"6", "html_views"=>"126"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"33", "xml_views"=>"6", "html_views"=>"145"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"30", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"173"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"184"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"7", "html_views"=>"174"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"28", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"111"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"35", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"121"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"118"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"91"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"118"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"53", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"96"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"71"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"122"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"76"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"106"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"39", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"130"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"28", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"111"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1307541"], "description"=>"<p><b>A:</b> Linoleic acid (LA, ω-6). <b>B:</b> α-linolenic acid (ALA, ω-3). <b>C:</b> Conjugated linoleic acid. Abbreviations: NW  =  Northwest, CA  =  California, RM  =  Rocky Mountain, TX  =  Texas, MW  =  Midwest, NE  =  Northeast, M-A  =  mid-Atlantic. Numbers of samples apply to panels B and C; for panel A conventional NE is 34 and All is 107. For LA and ALA, all differences between organic and conventional contents are statistically significant by Mann-Whitney test (<i>P</i><0.005) except for the CA region (<i>P</i>≥0.10). For CLA no such differences are statistically significant (<i>P</i>>0.08) except for the NE region and All regions (<i>P</i><0.001).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["fatty"], "article_id"=>871652, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Charles M. Benbrook", "Gillian Butler", "Maged A. Latif", "Carlo Leifert", "Donald R. Davis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082429.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Regional_variation_in_fatty_acid_content_of_retail_whole_milk_g_100_g_12_month_average_177_SE_/871652", "title"=>"Regional variation in fatty acid content of retail whole milk, g/100 g (12-month average ± SE).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-12-09 02:46:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1307542"], "description"=>"<p><b>A:</b> Linoleic acid/α-linolenic acid (LA/ALA). <b>B:</b> Total ω-6/total ω-3. <b>C:</b> Total ω-6/(total ω-3 + CLA). Abbreviations: Same as Fig. 1. Numbers of samples apply to all panels.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ratios", "involving", "fatty", "acids"], "article_id"=>871653, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Charles M. Benbrook", "Gillian Butler", "Maged A. Latif", "Carlo Leifert", "Donald R. Davis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082429.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Regional_variation_in_ratios_involving_969_6_and_969_3_fatty_acids_12_month_average_177_SE_/871653", "title"=>"Regional variation in ratios involving ω-6 and ω-3 fatty acids (12-month average ± SE).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-12-09 02:46:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1307544"], "description"=>"<p>A: Linoleic acid (LA, ω-6). B: α-linolenic acid (ALA, ω-3). C: Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA). The number of monthly samples in all panels is 10 to 13 for organic and 7 to 10 for conventional milk, except 5 conventional in October 2011. For LA and ALA, all differences between organic and conventional contents are statistically significant by Mann-Whitney test (<i>P</i><0.02).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["polyunsaturated", "fatty", "18", "averages"], "article_id"=>871655, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Charles M. Benbrook", "Gillian Butler", "Maged A. Latif", "Carlo Leifert", "Donald R. Davis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082429.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Seasonal_variation_in_polyunsaturated_fatty_acid_content_of_retail_whole_milk_g_100_g_18_monthly_averages_177_SE_/871655", "title"=>"Seasonal variation in polyunsaturated fatty acid content of retail whole milk, g/100 g, 18 monthly averages ± SE.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-12-09 02:46:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1307546"], "description"=>"<p>The diets contain non-dairy fat sources with typical (left side) and low (right side) amounts of LA in the context of total dietary fat contributing 20%, 33%, or 45% of energy. Abbreviations: Mod  =  moderate, Conv  =  conventional, Org  =  organic.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["dietary", "hypothetical", "diets", "containing", "amounts", "dairy"], "article_id"=>871657, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Charles M. Benbrook", "Gillian Butler", "Maged A. Latif", "Carlo Leifert", "Donald R. Davis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082429.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Percent_progress_toward_a_dietary_LA_ALA_ratio_of_2_3_for_hypothetical_diets_of_an_adult_woman_relative_to_diets_containing_moderate_amounts_of_conventional_dairy_products_/871657", "title"=>"Percent progress toward a dietary LA/ALA ratio of 2.3 for hypothetical diets of an adult woman, relative to diets containing moderate amounts of conventional dairy products.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-12-09 02:46:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1307547"], "description"=>"<p><sup>*</sup> Based on 9.02 kcal/g of fish fat (USDA).</p><p>†Cooked fish values, estimated from USDA's raw fish values × 1.2.</p><p>‡Fat energy from <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0082429#pone-0082429-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a> (moderate dairy intake, average- or high-fat diet, 33% or 45% fat energy). FA amounts</p><p>calculated from <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0082429#pone-0082429-t002\" target=\"_blank\">Table 2</a> values (sample calculation in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0082429#pone-0082429-t003\" target=\"_blank\">Table 3</a>).</p><p>§Fat energy from <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0082429#pone-0082429-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a> (moderate dairy intake, average-fat diet, 33% fat energy). FA amounts calculated as</p><p>shown in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0082429#pone-0082429-t003\" target=\"_blank\">Table 3</a> sample calculation and footnote.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["contents", "cooked"], "article_id"=>871658, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Charles M. Benbrook", "Gillian Butler", "Maged A. Latif", "Carlo Leifert", "Donald R. Davis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082429.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Daily_average_contents_of_8_oz_per_week_of_cooked_fish_with_comparison_to_other_daily_fat_sources_/871658", "title"=>"Daily average contents of 8 oz. per week of cooked fish, with comparison to other daily fat sources.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-12-09 02:46:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1307548"], "description"=>"<p><sup>*</sup> Based on LA, ALA, and total FA from <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0082429#pone-0082429-t002\" target=\"_blank\">Table 2</a>, 8.79 kcal/g dairy fat, and 0.933 g milk FA/g milk fat.</p><p>E.g., LA 0.92 = 313 (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0082429#pone-0082429-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a>) × 0.0856×0.933/8.79/3.098.</p><p>†Based on 23.23 g LA and 1.841 g ALA per 100 kcal non-dairy fat, 8.9 kcal/g non-dairy fat.</p><p>E.g., LA 9.91 = 380 (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0082429#pone-0082429-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a>) × 23.23/8.9/100.</p><p>Corresponding calculations for low-LA non-dairy fat use 13.84 g LA and 2.731 g ALA per 100 kcal non-dairy fat.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ala", "contents", "hypothetical", "average-fat", "diets", "low-la", "non-dairy"], "article_id"=>871659, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Charles M. Benbrook", "Gillian Butler", "Maged A. Latif", "Carlo Leifert", "Donald R. Davis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082429.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_LA_and_ALA_contents_of_hypothetical_average_fat_diets_with_typical_and_low_LA_non_dairy_fat_sources_/871659", "title"=>"LA and ALA contents of hypothetical average-fat diets with typical and low-LA non-dairy fat sources.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-12-09 02:46:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1307549"], "description"=>"<p><sup>*</sup> Calculated by <i>t</i> test except as noted. Because of multiple comparisons, about 2 findings of <i>P</i> = 0.05 and 0.5 finding of <i>P</i> = 0.01 can be expected by chance.</p><p><sup>†</sup> These group means (means of sums of saturated, monounsaturated, or polyunsaturated FA) are biased slightly low, because they include some sums containing unreported small values (< 0.001) treated as zero. In contrast, when n is less than the number of samples (organic n<143, conventional n<108), means of individual FA are biased slightly high by omission of unreported small values. Thus these group means are slightly less than the sum of means of the individual FA.</p><p><sup>‡</sup> Calculated by Mann-Whitney test due to non-normal distributions with medians 0.080 (organic) and 0.091 (conventional). (<i>P</i> = 0.020 calculated by <i>t</i> test).</p><p><sup>§</sup> The <i>trans</i> FA group mean exceeds the sum of individual <i>trans</i> FA, because it includes small amounts of <i>trans</i>-14:1 omitted from the table due to small numbers of reported values (42 organic, 27 conventional).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["acids", "12", "months", "ending", "december"], "article_id"=>871660, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Charles M. Benbrook", "Gillian Butler", "Maged A. Latif", "Carlo Leifert", "Donald R. Davis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082429.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Fatty_acids_in_retail_whole_milk_g_100_g_12_months_ending_December_2011_/871660", "title"=>"Fatty acids in retail whole milk (g/100 g), 12 months ending December 2011.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-12-09 02:46:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1307551"], "description"=>"<p><sup>*</sup> Based on the following serving sizes and USDA data:</p><p>Milk 1 cup (244 g), 3.25 g fat/100 g.</p><p>Cheddar cheese 1 oz. (28.35 g), 33.14 g fat/100 g.</p><p>Vanilla ice cream 0.5 cup (66 g), 11.0 g fat/100 g.</p><p>Low-fat yogurt with fruit 6 oz. (170.1 g), 1.41 g fat/100 g.</p><p>8.79 kcal/g dairy fat.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["scenarios", "dairy", "intake", "moderately", "19"], "article_id"=>871662, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Charles M. Benbrook", "Gillian Butler", "Maged A. Latif", "Carlo Leifert", "Donald R. Davis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082429.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Hypothetical_scenarios_of_dairy_fat_intake_for_a_moderately_active_woman_age_19_to_30_/871662", "title"=>"Hypothetical scenarios of dairy fat intake for a moderately active woman, age 19 to 30.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-12-09 02:46:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1307555", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1307556", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1307557"], "description"=>"<div><p>Over the last century, intakes of omega-6 (ω-6) fatty acids in Western diets have dramatically increased, while omega-3 (ω-3) intakes have fallen. Resulting ω-6/ω-3 intake ratios have risen to nutritionally undesirable levels, generally 10 to 15, compared to a possible optimal ratio near 2.3. We report results of the first large-scale, nationwide study of fatty acids in U.S. organic and conventional milk. Averaged over 12 months, organic milk contained 25% less ω-6 fatty acids and 62% more ω-3 fatty acids than conventional milk, yielding a 2.5-fold higher ω-6/ω-3 ratio in conventional compared to organic milk (5.77 vs. 2.28). All individual ω-3 fatty acid concentrations were higher in organic milk—α-linolenic acid (by 60%), eicosapentaenoic acid (32%), and docosapentaenoic acid (19%)—as was the concentration of conjugated linoleic acid (18%). We report mostly moderate regional and seasonal variability in milk fatty acid profiles. Hypothetical diets of adult women were modeled to assess milk fatty-acid-driven differences in overall dietary ω-6/ω-3 ratios. Diets varied according to three choices: high instead of moderate dairy consumption; organic vs. conventional dairy products; and reduced vs. typical consumption of ω-6 fatty acids. The three choices together would decrease the ω-6/ω-3 ratio among adult women by ∼80% of the total decrease needed to reach a target ratio of 2.3, with relative impact “switch to low ω-6 foods” > “switch to organic dairy products” ≈ “increase consumption of conventional dairy products.” Based on recommended servings of dairy products and seafoods, dairy products supply far more α-linolenic acid than seafoods, about one-third as much eicosapentaenoic acid, and slightly more docosapentaenoic acid, but negligible docosahexaenoic acid. We conclude that consumers have viable options to reduce average ω-6/ω-3 intake ratios, thereby reducing or eliminating probable risk factors for a wide range of developmental and chronic health problems.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["nutritional", "shifting", "fatty", "united", "18-month"], "article_id"=>871666, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Charles M. Benbrook", "Gillian Butler", "Maged A. Latif", "Carlo Leifert", "Donald R. Davis"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082429.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082429.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082429.s003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Organic_Production_Enhances_Milk_Nutritional_Quality_by_Shifting_Fatty_Acid_Composition_A_United_States_8211_Wide_18_Month_Study_/871666", "title"=>"Organic Production Enhances Milk Nutritional Quality by Shifting Fatty Acid Composition: A United States–Wide, 18-Month Study", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-12-09 02:46:05"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"9", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"123", "full-text"=>"155", "pdf"=>"37", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"55", "full-text"=>"61", "pdf"=>"28", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"97", "full-text"=>"89", "pdf"=>"32", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"53", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"39", "full-text"=>"52", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"10", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"41", "full-text"=>"46", "pdf"=>"14", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"54", "full-text"=>"59", "pdf"=>"29", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"68", "full-text"=>"97", "pdf"=>"24", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"34", "pdf"=>"17", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"35", "full-text"=>"34", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"42", "full-text"=>"47", "pdf"=>"15", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"113", "full-text"=>"124", "pdf"=>"15", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"46", "full-text"=>"53", "pdf"=>"15", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"37", "full-text"=>"36", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"47", "full-text"=>"45", "pdf"=>"14", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"10", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"62", "full-text"=>"79", "pdf"=>"19", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"35", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"14", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"44", "full-text"=>"37", "pdf"=>"22", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"31", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"54", "full-text"=>"64", "pdf"=>"19", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"11", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"43", "full-text"=>"56", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"54", "full-text"=>"54", "pdf"=>"14", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"45", "full-text"=>"58", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"11", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"57", "full-text"=>"57", "pdf"=>"18", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"41", "full-text"=>"67", "pdf"=>"15", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"54", "full-text"=>"95", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"81", "full-text"=>"106", "pdf"=>"15", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"12", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"70", "full-text"=>"74", "pdf"=>"18", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"51", "full-text"=>"117", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"46", "full-text"=>"44", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"37", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"79", "full-text"=>"110", "pdf"=>"13", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"61", "full-text"=>"88", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"60", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"45", "full-text"=>"54", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"36", "full-text"=>"46", "pdf"=>"20", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"40", "full-text"=>"46", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"42", "full-text"=>"46", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"54", "full-text"=>"60", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"38", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"46", "full-text"=>"38", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"36", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"32", "full-text"=>"36", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"40", "full-text"=>"48", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"37", "full-text"=>"40", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"72", "full-text"=>"94", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"85", "full-text"=>"136", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"106", "full-text"=>"131", "pdf"=>"14", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"87", "full-text"=>"99", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"85", "full-text"=>"87", "pdf"=>"11", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"77", "full-text"=>"75", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"66", "full-text"=>"117", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"84", "full-text"=>"123", "pdf"=>"9", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"101", "full-text"=>"126", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"75", "full-text"=>"87", "pdf"=>"9", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"83", "full-text"=>"109", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"82", "full-text"=>"124", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"113", "full-text"=>"166", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"134", "full-text"=>"203", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"118", "full-text"=>"124", "pdf"=>"15", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"200", "full-text"=>"353", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"132", "full-text"=>"157", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"144", "full-text"=>"167", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"100", "full-text"=>"162", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"125", "full-text"=>"182", "pdf"=>"9", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"98", "full-text"=>"166", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"120", "full-text"=>"192", "pdf"=>"16", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"100", "full-text"=>"179", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"98", "full-text"=>"155", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"67", "full-text"=>"151", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"71", "full-text"=>"125", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"80", "full-text"=>"142", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"88", "full-text"=>"149", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"10"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2013-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2013-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Anatomy", "average_usage"=>[248, 440, 562, 666, 765, 856, 944, 1028, 1112, 1198, 1282, 1362, 1430]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Nutrition", "average_usage"=>[264, 463, 602, 708, 816, 908, 1015, 1103, 1200, 1297, 1389, 1476, 1538]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Physiology", "average_usage"=>[256, 449, 572, 676, 775, 866, 955, 1041, 1127, 1213, 1290, 1370, 1437]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Earth sciences", "average_usage"=>[296, 488, 620, 717, 828, 938, 1038, 1130, 1230, 1328, 1414, 1502, 1592]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Earth sciences/Atmospheric science", "average_usage"=>[287, 443, 560, 684, 777, 894, 989, 1065, 1143, 1235, 1335, 1423, 1477]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Anatomy", "average_usage"=>[248, 441, 564, 668, 769, 859, 948, 1034, 1117, 1202, 1290, 1368, 1437]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Nutrition", "average_usage"=>[273, 476, 611, 714, 821, 911, 1005, 1103, 1201, 1287, 1388, 1478, 1557]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Physical sciences", "average_usage"=>[254, 431, 547, 651, 748, 842, 932, 1017, 1098, 1178, 1259, 1336, 1404]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Physical sciences/Chemistry", "average_usage"=>[247, 429, 544, 647, 747, 842, 929, 1012, 1099, 1179, 1263, 1339, 1409]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts