Effect of Caffeine-Containing Beverage Consumption on Serum Alanine Aminotransferase Levels in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Infection: A Hospital-Based Cohort Study
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{"title"=>"Effect of caffeine-containing beverage consumption on serum alanine aminotransferase levels in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus infection: A hospital-based cohort study", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Yachiyo", "last_name"=>"Sasaki", "scopus_author_id"=>"55837308700"}, {"first_name"=>"Satoko", "last_name"=>"Ohfuji", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004104267"}, {"first_name"=>"Wakaba", "last_name"=>"Fukushima", "scopus_author_id"=>"8543282800"}, {"first_name"=>"Akihiro", "last_name"=>"Tamori", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005643956"}, {"first_name"=>"Masaru", "last_name"=>"Enomoto", "scopus_author_id"=>"7101998176"}, {"first_name"=>"Daiki", "last_name"=>"Habu", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003276394"}, {"first_name"=>"Shuji", "last_name"=>"Iwai", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201641250"}, {"first_name"=>"Sawako", "last_name"=>"Uchida-Kobayashi", "scopus_author_id"=>"55971868800"}, {"first_name"=>"Hideki", "last_name"=>"Fujii", "scopus_author_id"=>"56799683800"}, {"first_name"=>"Susumu", "last_name"=>"Shiomi", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102517585"}, {"first_name"=>"Norifumi", "last_name"=>"Kawada", "scopus_author_id"=>"24306705500"}, {"first_name"=>"Yoshio", "last_name"=>"Hirota", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201928968"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84892603704", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0083382", "pmid"=>"24349501", "pui"=>"372133175", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84892603704", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)"}, "id"=>"acc6d29c-75d3-3429-93fa-f357142ce0d9", "abstract"=>"INTRODUCTION: To date, there have been no prospective studies examining the effect of coffee consumption on serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level among individuals infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV). We conducted a hospital-based cohort study among patients with chronic HCV infection to assess an association between baseline coffee consumption and subsequent ALT levels for 12 months.\\n\\nMATERIALS AND METHODS: From 1 August 2005 to 31 July 2006, total 376 HCV-RNA positive patients were recruited. A baseline questionnaire elicited information on the frequency of coffee consumption and other caffeine-containing beverages. ALT level as a study outcome was followed through the patients' medical records during 12 months. The association between baseline beverage consumption and subsequent ALT levels was evaluated separately among patients with baseline ALT levels within normal range (≤45 IU/L) and among those with higher ALT levels (>45 IU/L).\\n\\nRESULTS: Among 229 patients with baseline ALT levels within normal range, 186 (81%) retained normal ALT levels at 12 months after recruitment. Daily drinkers of filtered coffee were three times more likely to preserve a normal ALT level than non-drinkers (OR=2.74; P=0.037). However, decaffeinated coffee drinkers had a somewhat inverse effect for sustained normal ALT levels, with marginal significance (OR=0.26; P=0.076). In addition, among 147 patients with higher baseline ALT levels, 39 patients (27%) had ALT reductions of ≥20 IU/L at 12 months after recruitment. Daily drinkers of filtered coffee had a significantly increased OR for ALT reduction (OR=3.79; P=0.034). However, in decaffeinated coffee drinkers, OR could not be calculated because no patients had ALT reduction.\\n\\nCONCLUSION: Among patients with chronic HCV infection, daily consumption of filtered coffee may have a beneficial effect on the stabilization of ALT levels.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/effect-caffeinecontaining-beverage-consumption-serum-alanine-aminotransferase-levels-patients-chroni-1", "reader_count"=>13, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Researcher"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>6, "Other"=>2, "Student > Master"=>2, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Researcher"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>6, "Other"=>2, "Student > Master"=>2, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>8, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3, "Neuroscience"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>8}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Japan"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1555384"], "description"=>"<p>Model includes: sex, age (≤61, 62-69, 70+ years), body mass index (≤20, 21-23, 24+ kg/m<sup>2</sup>), smoking status (never/former, current), alcohol drinking status (never/former, current), diabetes mellitus, platelet count (<10 ×10<sup>4</sup>/μL ) and other beverages in table except decaffeinated coffee.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["beverages", "alt", "20", "12", "months", "follow-up", "patients", "higher", "baseline"], "article_id"=>1075072, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Yachiyo Sasaki", "Satoko Ohfuji", "Wakaba Fukushima", "Akihiro Tamori", "Masaru Enomoto", "Daiki Habu", "Shuji Iwai", "Sawako Uchida-Kobayashi", "Hideki Fujii", "Susumu Shiomi", "Norifumi Kawada", "Yoshio Hirota"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0083382.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_association_between_consumption_of_selected_beverages_and_ALT_reduction_of_20_IU_L_or_more_during_12_months_of_follow_up_among_patients_with_higher_ALT_level_at_baseline_N_147_/1075072", "title"=>"The association between consumption of selected beverages and ALT reduction of 20 IU/L or more during 12 months of follow-up among patients with higher ALT level at baseline (N=147).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-12-11 10:30:19"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1555386"], "description"=>"<p>Model includes: sex, age (≤61, 62-69, 70+ years), body mass index (≤20, 21-23, 24+ kg/m<sup>2</sup>), smoking status (never/former, current), alcohol drinking status (never/former, current), diabetes mellitus, platelet count (<10 ×10<sup>4</sup>/μL), unfiltered coffee consumption, green tea consumption and black tea/ oolong tea consumption.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["filtered", "alt", "12", "months", "follow-up", "patients", "higher", "baseline"], "article_id"=>1075074, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Yachiyo Sasaki", "Satoko Ohfuji", "Wakaba Fukushima", "Akihiro Tamori", "Masaru Enomoto", "Daiki Habu", "Shuji Iwai", "Sawako Uchida-Kobayashi", "Hideki Fujii", "Susumu Shiomi", "Norifumi Kawada", "Yoshio Hirota"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0083382.t006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_association_between_filtered_coffee_consumption_and_ALT_reduction_of_8805_10_IU_L_8805_20_IU_L_or_8805_30_IU_L_during_12_months_of_follow_up_among_patients_with_higher_ALT_level_at_baseline_N_147_/1075074", "title"=>"The association between filtered coffee consumption and ALT reduction of ≥10 IU/L, ≥20 IU/L or ≥30 IU/L during 12 months of follow-up among patients with higher ALT level at baseline (N=147).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-12-11 10:30:19"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1555371"], "description"=>"<p><i>P</i> values of characteristics between categories of filtered coffee consumption were calculated by analysis of chi-square test or Fisher's exact test and Kruskal-Wallis test.</p><p>SD, standard deviation; ALT, alanine aminotransferase; BMI, body mass index</p><p><sup>*</sup> 182 patients among the normal ALT group and 107 patients among the higher ALT group were analyzed; the duration of HCV infection could not be calculated in 87 patients due to lack of information.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["subjects", "filtered"], "article_id"=>1075059, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Yachiyo Sasaki", "Satoko Ohfuji", "Wakaba Fukushima", "Akihiro Tamori", "Masaru Enomoto", "Daiki Habu", "Shuji Iwai", "Sawako Uchida-Kobayashi", "Hideki Fujii", "Susumu Shiomi", "Norifumi Kawada", "Yoshio Hirota"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0083382.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Baseline_characteristics_of_study_subjects_according_to_filtered_coffee_consumption_/1075059", "title"=>"Baseline characteristics of study subjects according to filtered coffee consumption.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-12-11 10:30:19"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1555374"], "description"=>"<p><i>P</i> values of characteristics between categories of green tea consumption were calculated by analysis of chi-square test or Fisher's exact test and Kruskal-Wallis test.</p><p>SD, standard deviation; ALT, alanine aminotransferase; BMI, body mass index</p><p><sup>*</sup> 182 patients among the normal ALT group and 107 patients among the higher ALT group were analyzed; the duration of HCV infection could not be calculated in 87 patients due to lack of information.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["subjects"], "article_id"=>1075063, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Yachiyo Sasaki", "Satoko Ohfuji", "Wakaba Fukushima", "Akihiro Tamori", "Masaru Enomoto", "Daiki Habu", "Shuji Iwai", "Sawako Uchida-Kobayashi", "Hideki Fujii", "Susumu Shiomi", "Norifumi Kawada", "Yoshio Hirota"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0083382.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Baseline_characteristics_of_study_subjects_according_to_green_tea_consumption_/1075063", "title"=>"Baseline characteristics of study subjects according to green tea consumption.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-12-11 10:30:19"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1555379"], "description"=>"<p><i>P</i> values of characteristics and beverages consumption between categories of baseline ALT levels were calculated by analysis of chi-square test or Fisher's exact test and Kruskal-Wallis test.</p><p>SD, standard deviation; ALT, alanine aminotransferase; BMI, body mass index</p><p><sup>*</sup> 182 patients among the normal ALT group and 107 patients among the higher ALT group were analyzed; the duration of HCV infection could not be calculated in 87 patients due to lack of information.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["subjects", "beverages", "baseline", "alt"], "article_id"=>1075067, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Yachiyo Sasaki", "Satoko Ohfuji", "Wakaba Fukushima", "Akihiro Tamori", "Masaru Enomoto", "Daiki Habu", "Shuji Iwai", "Sawako Uchida-Kobayashi", "Hideki Fujii", "Susumu Shiomi", "Norifumi Kawada", "Yoshio Hirota"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0083382.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Baseline_characteristics_of_the_study_subjects_and_beverages_consumption_according_to_baseline_ALT_levels_/1075067", "title"=>"Baseline characteristics of the study subjects and beverages consumption according to baseline ALT levels.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-12-11 10:30:19"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1555383"], "description"=>"<p>Model includes: sex, age (≤61, 62-70, 71+ years), body mass index (≤20, 21-23.4, 23.5+ kg/m2), smoking status (never/former, current), alcohol drinking status (never/former, current), diabetes mellitus, platelet count (<10 ×104/μL) and other beverages in the table.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["beverages", "alt", "12", "months", "follow-up", "patients", "baseline"], "article_id"=>1075071, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Yachiyo Sasaki", "Satoko Ohfuji", "Wakaba Fukushima", "Akihiro Tamori", "Masaru Enomoto", "Daiki Habu", "Shuji Iwai", "Sawako Uchida-Kobayashi", "Hideki Fujii", "Susumu Shiomi", "Norifumi Kawada", "Yoshio Hirota"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0083382.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_association_between_consumption_of_selected_beverages_and_normal_ALT_level_8804_45_IU_L_during_12_months_of_follow_up_among_patients_with_normal_ALT_level_at_baseline_N_229_/1075071", "title"=>"The association between consumption of selected beverages and normal ALT level (≤45 IU/L) during 12 months of follow-up among patients with normal ALT level at baseline (N=229).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-12-11 10:30:19"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"14", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"13", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"14", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"16", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2013-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2013-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Biochemistry", "average_usage"=>[266, 468, 593, 703, 804, 903, 993, 1084, 1171, 1256, 1339, 1422, 1492]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Physiology", "average_usage"=>[256, 449, 572, 676, 775, 866, 955, 1041, 1127, 1213, 1290, 1370, 1437]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences", "average_usage"=>[264, 460, 584, 692, 794, 887, 978, 1067, 1154, 1241, 1328, 1408, 1474]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Nutrition", "average_usage"=>[273, 476, 611, 714, 821, 911, 1005, 1103, 1201, 1287, 1388, 1478, 1557]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Physical sciences/Chemistry", "average_usage"=>[247, 429, 544, 647, 747, 842, 929, 1012, 1099, 1179, 1263, 1339, 1409]}]}
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