Think Leader, Think White? Capturing and Weakening an Implicit Pro-White Leadership Bias
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Think leader, think white? Capturing and weakening an implicit pro-White leadership bias", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Seval", "last_name"=>"Gündemir", "scopus_author_id"=>"47561285400"}, {"first_name"=>"Astrid C.", "last_name"=>"Homan", "scopus_author_id"=>"8764319800"}, {"first_name"=>"Carsten K.W.", "last_name"=>"De Dreu", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004919593"}, {"first_name"=>"Mark", "last_name"=>"Van Vugt", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005462737"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"372732106", "sgr"=>"84897394216", "issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"24416181", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84897394216", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0083915", "isbn"=>"1932-6203"}, "id"=>"01dd086c-044f-3464-bc56-988059ddf700", "abstract"=>"Across four studies, we found evidence for an implicit pro-White leadership bias that helps explain the underrepresentation of ethnic minorities in leadership positions. Both White-majority and ethnic minority participants reacted significantly faster when ethnically White names and leadership roles (e.g., manager; Study 1) or leadership traits (e.g., decisiveness; Study 2 & 3) were paired in an Implicit Association Test (IAT) rather than when ethnic minority names and leadership traits were paired. Moreover, the implicit pro-White leadership bias showed discriminant validity with the conventional implicit bias measures (Study 3). Importantly, results showed that the pro-White leadership bias can be weakened when situational cues increase the salience of a dual identity (Study 4). This, in turn, can diminish the explicit pro-White bias in promotion related decision making processes (Study 4). This research offers a new tool to measure the implicit psychological processes underlying the underrepresentation of ethnic minorities in leadership positions and proposes interventions to weaken such biases.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/think-leader-think-white-capturing-weakening-implicit-prowhite-leadership-bias", "reader_count"=>74, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>14, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>19, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>10, "Other"=>6, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>14, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>19, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>10, "Other"=>6, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>1, "Unspecified"=>2, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>12, "Psychology"=>38, "Social Sciences"=>12, "Computer Science"=>3, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>12}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>38}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>3}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>12}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Netherlands"=>5, "Sweden"=>1, "United States"=>2, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Italy"=>2, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84897394216"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84897394216?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84897394216&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84897394216&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84897394216", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84897394216", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84897394216", "dc:title"=>"Think leader, think white? Capturing and weakening an implicit pro-White leadership bias", "dc:creator"=>"Gündemir S.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"9", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"1", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2014-01-08", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"8 January 2014", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0083915", "citedby-count"=>"28", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam", "affiliation-city"=>"Amsterdam", "affiliation-country"=>"Netherlands"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Universiteit van Amsterdam", "affiliation-city"=>"Amsterdam", "affiliation-country"=>"Netherlands"}], "pubmed-id"=>"24416181", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e83915", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0083915", "share_count"=>0, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>0}

Twitter

Counter

  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"48", "xml_views"=>"13", "html_views"=>"604"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"146"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"110"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"134"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"222"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"168"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"114"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"81"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"124"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"99"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"85"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"67"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"76"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"57"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"68"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"30", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"81"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"74"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"60"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"52"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"57"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"103"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"80", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"114"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"166", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"89"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"81"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"84"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"91"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"68"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"66"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"75"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"52"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"84"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"227"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"304"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"6", "html_views"=>"180"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"42"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"60"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"71"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"44"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"32"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"50"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"73"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"45"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"42"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"80"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"61"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"47"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"59"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"73"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"74"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"50"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"34"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1341244"], "description"=>"<div><p>Across four studies, we found evidence for an implicit pro-White leadership bias that helps explain the underrepresentation of ethnic minorities in leadership positions. Both White-majority and ethnic minority participants reacted significantly faster when ethnically White names and leadership roles (e.g., manager; Study 1) or leadership traits (e.g., decisiveness; Study 2 & 3) were paired in an Implicit Association Test (IAT) rather than when ethnic minority names and leadership traits were paired. Moreover, the implicit pro-White leadership bias showed discriminant validity with the conventional implicit bias measures (Study 3). Importantly, results showed that the pro-White leadership bias can be weakened when situational cues increase the salience of a dual identity (Study 4). This, in turn, can diminish the explicit pro-White bias in promotion related decision making processes (Study 4). This research offers a new tool to measure the implicit psychological processes underlying the underrepresentation of ethnic minorities in leadership positions and proposes interventions to weaken such biases.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["psychology", "Applied psychology", "Industrial psychology", "Cognitive psychology", "Experimental psychology", "Human relations", "Social psychology", "Sociology", "Social discrimination", "Racial discrimination", "Social prejudice", "Social research", "Social stratification", "Social theory", "capturing", "weakening", "implicit", "pro-white"], "article_id"=>896277, "categories"=>["Sociology"], "users"=>["Seval Gündemir", "Astrid C. Homan", "Carsten K. W. De Dreu", "Mark van Vugt"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0083915", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>12, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Think_Leader_Think_White_Capturing_and_Weakening_an_Implicit_Pro_White_Leadership_Bias_/896277", "title"=>"Think Leader, Think White? Capturing and Weakening an Implicit Pro-White Leadership Bias", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-01-08 03:02:16"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1341242"], "description"=>"<p><i>Note.</i> SA-IAT =  Single Attribute Implicit Association Test. In Study 4 “names” are replaced with pictures.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["psychology", "Applied psychology", "Industrial psychology", "Cognitive psychology", "Experimental psychology", "Human relations", "Social psychology", "Sociology", "Social discrimination", "Racial discrimination", "Social prejudice", "Social research", "Social stratification", "Social theory", "ethnicity-leadership"], "article_id"=>896275, "categories"=>["Sociology"], "users"=>["Seval Gündemir", "Astrid C. Homan", "Carsten K. W. De Dreu", "Mark van Vugt"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0083915.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Procedure_of_the_Ethnicity_Leadership_SA_IAT_/896275", "title"=>"Procedure of the Ethnicity-Leadership SA-IAT.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-01-08 03:02:16"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1341243"], "description"=>"<p><i>Note.</i> IAT =  Implicit Association Test.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["psychology", "Applied psychology", "Industrial psychology", "Cognitive psychology", "Experimental psychology", "Human relations", "Social psychology", "Sociology", "Social discrimination", "Racial discrimination", "Social prejudice", "Social research", "Social stratification", "Social theory", "ethnicity-organizational", "IAT"], "article_id"=>896276, "categories"=>["Sociology"], "users"=>["Seval Gündemir", "Astrid C. Homan", "Carsten K. W. De Dreu", "Mark van Vugt"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0083915.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Procedure_of_the_Ethnicity_Organizational_Roles_IAT_Study_1_/896276", "title"=>"Procedure of the Ethnicity-Organizational Roles IAT (Study 1).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-01-08 03:02:16"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"31", "full-text"=>"38", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"34", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"54", "full-text"=>"58", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"33", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"45", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"32", "full-text"=>"46", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"32", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"34", "full-text"=>"40", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"44", "full-text"=>"54", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"43", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"40", "full-text"=>"51", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"41", "full-text"=>"38", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"43", "full-text"=>"46", "pdf"=>"10", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"60", "full-text"=>"62", "pdf"=>"9", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"40", "full-text"=>"41", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"45", "full-text"=>"50", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"61", "full-text"=>"74", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"34", "full-text"=>"36", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"10", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"57", "full-text"=>"69", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"55", "full-text"=>"68", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"73", "full-text"=>"80", "pdf"=>"13", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"83", "full-text"=>"100", "pdf"=>"17", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"76", "full-text"=>"83", "pdf"=>"12", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"44", "full-text"=>"45", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"82", "full-text"=>"94", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"78", "full-text"=>"83", "pdf"=>"13", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"100", "full-text"=>"177", "pdf"=>"15", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2014-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2014-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Computer and information sciences", "average_usage"=>[327, 511]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Engineering and technology", "average_usage"=>[282]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts