Diagnostic Utility of the Impact of Event Scale–Revised in Two Samples of Survivors of War
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{"title"=>"Diagnostic utility of the impact of event scale-revised in two samples of survivors of war", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Nexhmedin", "last_name"=>"Morina", "scopus_author_id"=>"57197268422"}, {"first_name"=>"Thomas", "last_name"=>"Ehring", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603589721"}, {"first_name"=>"Stefan", "last_name"=>"Priebe", "scopus_author_id"=>"8115293800"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84896715832", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0083916", "pui"=>"372407334", "issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"24391844", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84896715832"}, "id"=>"f46c507b-67c1-3c7c-ba53-e5f632416856", "abstract"=>"The study aimed at examining the diagnostic utility of the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R) as a screening tool for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in survivors of war. The IES-R was completed by two independent samples that had survived the war in the Balkans: a sample of randomly selected people who had stayed in the area of former conflict (n = 3,313) and a sample of refugees to Western European countries (n = 854). PTSD was diagnosed using the MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview. Prevalence of PTSD was 20.1% in the Balkan sample and 33.1% in the refugee sample. Results revealed that when considering a minimum value of specificity of 0.80, the optimally sensitive cut-off score for screening for PTSD in the Balkan sample was 34. In both the Balkan sample and the refugee sample, this cut-off score provided good values on sensitivity (0.86 and 0.89, respectively) and overall efficiency (0.81 and 0.79, respectively). Further, the kappa coefficients for sensitivity for the cut-off of 34 were 0.80 in both samples. Findings of this study support the clinical utility of the IES-R as a screening tool for PTSD in large-scale research studies and intervention studies if structured diagnostic interviews are regarded as too labor-intensive and too costly.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/diagnostic-utility-impact-event-scalerevised-two-samples-survivors-war", "reader_count"=>38, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Librarian"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Researcher"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>4, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Student > Master"=>12, "Other"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Librarian"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Researcher"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>4, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Student > Master"=>12, "Other"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>2, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>12, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Psychology"=>16, "Social Sciences"=>3, "Computer Science"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>12}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>3}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>16}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>2}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>2}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Colombia"=>2, "Australia"=>1}, "group_count"=>6}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1333070"], "description"=>"<p><i>Note. IES-R</i> = Impact of Event Scale-Revised; IES-R scores are presented as <i>M</i> (<i>SD</i>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Clinical research design", "Survey research", "Diagnostic medicine", "Test evaluation", "epidemiology", "Conflict epidemiology", "Survey methods", "Mental health", "psychiatry", "Anxiety disorders", "Neuropsychiatric disorders", "psychology", "Psychological stress", "Psychometrics", "neurology", "Neurorehabilitation and trauma", "Non-clinical medicine", "Health care policy", "Screening guidelines", "Public health", "Health screening", "Political science", "War and civil unrest", "Applied psychology", "Military psychology", "Clinical psychology", "Sociology", "demography", "Population minorities", "scores", "balkan", "countries", "refugees"], "article_id"=>889814, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Nexhmedin Morina", "Thomas Ehring", "Stefan Priebe"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0083916.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>8, "page_views"=>35, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_IES_R_Scores_Among_Participants_in_the_Balkan_Countries_and_Refugees_with_and_without_PTSD_/889814", "title"=>"IES-R Scores Among Participants in the Balkan Countries and Refugees with and without PTSD.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-12-31 02:48:54"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1333067"], "description"=>"<p>Receiver Operator Curves (ROC) showing the optimal IES-R scores for identifying diagnosable PTSD in the refugee group.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Clinical research design", "Survey research", "Diagnostic medicine", "Test evaluation", "epidemiology", "Conflict epidemiology", "Survey methods", "Mental health", "psychiatry", "Anxiety disorders", "Neuropsychiatric disorders", "psychology", "Psychological stress", "Psychometrics", "neurology", "Neurorehabilitation and trauma", "Non-clinical medicine", "Health care policy", "Screening guidelines", "Public health", "Health screening", "Political science", "War and civil unrest", "Applied psychology", "Military psychology", "Clinical psychology", "Sociology", "demography", "Population minorities", "curves", "optimal", "ies-r", "scores", "diagnosable", "ptsd"], "article_id"=>889811, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Nexhmedin Morina", "Thomas Ehring", "Stefan Priebe"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0083916.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Receiver_Operator_Curves_ROC_showing_the_optimal_IES_R_scores_for_identifying_diagnosable_PTSD_in_the_refugee_group_/889811", "title"=>"Receiver Operator Curves (ROC) showing the optimal IES-R scores for identifying diagnosable PTSD in the refugee group.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-12-31 02:48:54"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1333069"], "description"=>"<p><i>Note. SE</i> = sensitivity; <i>SP</i> = specificity; <i>AUC</i> = Area Under the Curve; <i>κ</i> (1,0) = quality index of sensitivity; <i>κ</i> (0,0) = quality index of specificity; <i>κ</i> (0.5,0) = quality index of efficiency (Kraemer, 1992; Mackinnon, 2000).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Clinical research design", "Survey research", "Diagnostic medicine", "Test evaluation", "epidemiology", "Conflict epidemiology", "Survey methods", "Mental health", "psychiatry", "Anxiety disorders", "Neuropsychiatric disorders", "psychology", "Psychological stress", "Psychometrics", "neurology", "Neurorehabilitation and trauma", "Non-clinical medicine", "Health care policy", "Screening guidelines", "Public health", "Health screening", "Political science", "War and civil unrest", "Applied psychology", "Military psychology", "Clinical psychology", "Sociology", "demography", "Population minorities", "scores", "discriminative"], "article_id"=>889812, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Nexhmedin Morina", "Thomas Ehring", "Stefan Priebe"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0083916.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Cut_off_Scores_and_Discriminative_Ability_of_the_IES_R_/889812", "title"=>"Cut-off Scores and Discriminative Ability of the IES-R.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-12-31 02:48:54"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1333066"], "description"=>"<p>Receiver Operator Curves (ROC) showing the optimal IES-R scores for identifying diagnosable PTSD in the Balkan group.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Clinical research design", "Survey research", "Diagnostic medicine", "Test evaluation", "epidemiology", "Conflict epidemiology", "Survey methods", "Mental health", "psychiatry", "Anxiety disorders", "Neuropsychiatric disorders", "psychology", "Psychological stress", "Psychometrics", "neurology", "Neurorehabilitation and trauma", "Non-clinical medicine", "Health care policy", "Screening guidelines", "Public health", "Health screening", "Political science", "War and civil unrest", "Applied psychology", "Military psychology", "Clinical psychology", "Sociology", "demography", "Population minorities", "curves", "optimal", "ies-r", "scores", "diagnosable", "ptsd", "balkan"], "article_id"=>889809, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Nexhmedin Morina", "Thomas Ehring", "Stefan Priebe"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0083916.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>43, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Receiver_Operator_Curves_ROC_showing_the_optimal_IES_R_scores_for_identifying_diagnosable_PTSD_in_the_Balkan_group_/889809", "title"=>"Receiver Operator Curves (ROC) showing the optimal IES-R scores for identifying diagnosable PTSD in the Balkan group.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-12-31 02:48:54"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1333071"], "description"=>"<p>Note. Socio-demographic data (apart from age) and combat involvement are presented as <i>N</i> (<i>%</i>); age, trauma related characteristics (apart from combat involvement), and IES-R scores are presented as <i>M</i> (<i>SD</i>); <i>IES-R</i> = Impact of Event Scale-Revised.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Clinical research design", "Survey research", "Diagnostic medicine", "Test evaluation", "epidemiology", "Conflict epidemiology", "Survey methods", "Mental health", "psychiatry", "Anxiety disorders", "Neuropsychiatric disorders", "psychology", "Psychological stress", "Psychometrics", "neurology", "Neurorehabilitation and trauma", "Non-clinical medicine", "Health care policy", "Screening guidelines", "Public health", "Health screening", "Political science", "War and civil unrest", "Applied psychology", "Military psychology", "Clinical psychology", "Sociology", "demography", "Population minorities", "ies-r-related"], "article_id"=>889815, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Nexhmedin Morina", "Thomas Ehring", "Stefan Priebe"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0083916.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Socio_demographic_Trauma_related_and_IES_R_related_Characteristics_Among_both_Samples_/889815", "title"=>"Socio-demographic, Trauma-related, and IES-R-related Characteristics Among both Samples.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-12-31 02:48:54"}

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Relative Metric

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