Biodegradation of Dispersed Oil in Arctic Seawater at -1°C
Publication Date
January 08, 2014
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Kelly M. Mc Farlin, Roger C. Prince, Robert Perkins & Mary Beth Leigh
Volume
9
Issue
1
Pages
e84297
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084297
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0084297
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24416211
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3885550
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/24416211
Web of Science
000329862500109
Scopus
84897402046
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/biodegradation-dispersed-oil-arctic-seawater-1c
Events
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Biodegradation of dispersed oil in Arctic seawater at -1°C", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Kelly M.", "last_name"=>"McFarlin", "scopus_author_id"=>"36344152600"}, {"first_name"=>"Roger C.", "last_name"=>"Prince", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201351184"}, {"first_name"=>"Robert", "last_name"=>"Perkins", "scopus_author_id"=>"8711152300"}, {"first_name"=>"Mary Beth", "last_name"=>"Leigh", "scopus_author_id"=>"7007077707"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84897402046", "pui"=>"372731991", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0084297", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "sgr"=>"84897402046", "pmid"=>"24416211"}, "id"=>"878c89df-765a-3ddb-b5ef-48d5fbb95b5a", "abstract"=>"As offshore oil and gas exploration expands in the Arctic, it is important to expand the scientific understanding of arctic ecology and environmental impact to mitigate operational risks. Understanding the fate of oil in arctic seawater is a key factor for consideration. Here we report the chemical loss due to the biodegradation of Alaska North Slope (ANS) crude oil that would occur in the water column following the successful dispersion of a surface oil slick. Primary biodegradation and mineralization were measured in mesocosms containing Arctic seawater collected from the Chukchi Sea, Alaska, incubated at -1°C. Indigenous microorganisms degraded both fresh and weathered oil, in both the presence and absence of Corexit 9500, with oil losses ranging from 46-61% and up to 11% mineralization over 60 days. When tested alone, 14% of 50 ppm Corexit 9500 was mineralized within 60 days. Our study reveals that microorganisms indigenous to Arctic seawater are capable of performing extensive biodegradation of chemically and physically dispersed oil at an environmentally relevant temperature (-1°C) without any additional nutrients.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/biodegradation-dispersed-oil-arctic-seawater-1c", "reader_count"=>59, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>12, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>14, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>13, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>12, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>14, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>13, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>5, "Unspecified"=>4, "Environmental Science"=>10, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>26, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Chemistry"=>4, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>4, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>5}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>4}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>4}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>26}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>10}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Ecuador"=>1, "Canada"=>1, "Norway"=>2, "United States"=>4, "United Kingdom"=>1}, "group_count"=>3}

CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1341381"], "description"=>"<p>Open top mesocosm incubations contained an initial loading of 2.5 ppm ANS crude oil without and with Corexit 9500 (1∶15 DOR), and no added nutrients. Chromatograms show the pattern of biodegradation after 10 days, 28 days and 63 days.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Ecological environments", "Aquatic environments", "Marine environments", "microbiology", "Applied microbiology", "Industrial microbiology", "Environmental chemistry", "Marine chemistry", "pollutants", "Environmental sciences", "Environmental engineering", "Oil spills", "ion"], "article_id"=>896386, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Engineering", "Chemistry", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Kelly M. McFarlin", "Roger C. Prince", "Robert Perkins", "Mary Beth Leigh"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084297.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_GC_MS_total_ion_chromatograms_/896386", "title"=>"GC-MS total ion chromatograms.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-08 03:09:57"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1341382"], "description"=>"<p>The higher concentrated (15 ppm) weathered oil treatments contained a small amount of nutrient supplementation (16 ppm Bushnell Haas), and were incubated in a sealed flask for parallel respirometry measurements (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0084297#pone-0084297-g004\" target=\"_blank\">Fig 4</a>). All other treatments had no added nutrients and were open to the atmosphere. Results are normalized to hopane. Standard deviations are reported in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0084297#pone-0084297-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a>. *Denotes a significant difference between treatments with and without Corexit 9500 for each test (p<0.05).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Ecological environments", "Aquatic environments", "Marine environments", "microbiology", "Applied microbiology", "Industrial microbiology", "Environmental chemistry", "Marine chemistry", "pollutants", "Environmental sciences", "Environmental engineering", "Oil spills", "biodegradation", "measurable", "petroleum", "hydrocarbons"], "article_id"=>896387, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Engineering", "Chemistry", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Kelly M. McFarlin", "Roger C. Prince", "Robert Perkins", "Mary Beth Leigh"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084297.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>28, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Primary_biodegradation_as_measured_by_loss_of_total_measurable_petroleum_hydrocarbons_at_8722_1_176_C_/896387", "title"=>"Primary biodegradation as measured by loss of total measurable petroleum hydrocarbons at −1°C.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-08 03:09:57"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1341383"], "description"=>"<p>Open top mesocosms contained an initial concentration of 2.5 ppm of 20% weathered oil with and without the chemical dispersant Corexit 9500 at a 1∶20 DOR. Standard errors are displayed. Results are normalized to hopane. *Denotes a significant difference between treatments with and without Corexit 9500 (p<0.05).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Ecological environments", "Aquatic environments", "Marine environments", "microbiology", "Applied microbiology", "Industrial microbiology", "Environmental chemistry", "Marine chemistry", "pollutants", "Environmental sciences", "Environmental engineering", "Oil spills", "weathered", "56", "days"], "article_id"=>896388, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Engineering", "Chemistry", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Kelly M. McFarlin", "Roger C. Prince", "Robert Perkins", "Mary Beth Leigh"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084297.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Percent_loss_of_weathered_oil_after_56_days_without_nutrient_addition_at_8722_1_176_C_/896388", "title"=>"Percent loss of weathered oil after 56 days without nutrient addition at −1°C.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-08 03:09:57"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1341384"], "description"=>"<p>Open top mesocosms contained an initial concentration of 2.5 ppm of fresh oil with and without the chemical dispersant Corexit 9500 at a 1:15 DOR. Standard errors are displayed. Results are normalized to hopane. No significant differences (p<0.05) were observed.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Ecological environments", "Aquatic environments", "Marine environments", "microbiology", "Applied microbiology", "Industrial microbiology", "Environmental chemistry", "Marine chemistry", "pollutants", "Environmental sciences", "Environmental engineering", "Oil spills", "63", "days"], "article_id"=>896389, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Engineering", "Chemistry", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Kelly M. McFarlin", "Roger C. Prince", "Robert Perkins", "Mary Beth Leigh"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084297.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Percent_loss_of_fresh_oil_after_63_days_without_nutrient_addition_at_8722_1_176_C_/896389", "title"=>"Percent loss of fresh oil after 63 days without nutrient addition at −1°C.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-08 03:09:57"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1341385"], "description"=>"<p>Sealed respirometer experiments contained Corexit 9500 (50 ppm) alone or 20% weathered ANS crude (15 ppm) with and without Corexit 9500 (1∶20 DOR). All treatments contained seawater and 16 ppm of Bushnell Haas.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Ecological environments", "Aquatic environments", "Marine environments", "microbiology", "Applied microbiology", "Industrial microbiology", "Environmental chemistry", "Marine chemistry", "pollutants", "Environmental sciences", "Environmental engineering", "Oil spills", "mineralization"], "article_id"=>896390, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Engineering", "Chemistry", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Kelly M. McFarlin", "Roger C. Prince", "Robert Perkins", "Mary Beth Leigh"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084297.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Percent_mineralization_at_8722_1_176_C_/896390", "title"=>"Percent mineralization at −1°C.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-08 03:09:57"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1341386"], "description"=>"<p>Biodegradation index (C<sub>18</sub>/Phytane) of mesocosms containing 2.5 ppm fresh ANS crude oil without nutrient addition incubated at −1° with and without Corexit 9500 (DOR 1:15) analyzed at 10, 28 and 63 days.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Ecological environments", "Aquatic environments", "Marine environments", "microbiology", "Applied microbiology", "Industrial microbiology", "Environmental chemistry", "Marine chemistry", "pollutants", "Environmental sciences", "Environmental engineering", "Oil spills", "mesocosms", "containing", "ppm", "ans", "crude", "incubated", "corexit", "9500", "28", "63"], "article_id"=>896391, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Engineering", "Chemistry", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Kelly M. McFarlin", "Roger C. Prince", "Robert Perkins", "Mary Beth Leigh"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084297.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>7, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Biodegradation_index_C_18_Phytane_of_mesocosms_containing_2_5_ppm_fresh_ANS_crude_oil_without_nutrient_addition_incubated_at_8722_1_176_with_and_without_Corexit_9500_DOR_1_15_analyzed_at_10_28_and_63_days_/896391", "title"=>"Biodegradation index (C<sub>18</sub>/Phytane) of mesocosms containing 2.5 ppm fresh ANS crude oil without nutrient addition incubated at −1° with and without Corexit 9500 (DOR 1:15) analyzed at 10, 28 and 63 days.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-01-08 03:09:57"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1341387"], "description"=>"<p>All treatments were incubated at −1°C.</p><p>Denotes significant difference (p<0.05) between treatments in each test, na: not applicable, nm: not measured. Standard deviations are presented for primary biodegradation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Ecological environments", "Aquatic environments", "Marine environments", "microbiology", "Applied microbiology", "Industrial microbiology", "Environmental chemistry", "Marine chemistry", "pollutants", "Environmental sciences", "Environmental engineering", "Oil spills", "biodegradation", "corexit", "9500", "ans", "crude", "respirometry", "gc-ms"], "article_id"=>896392, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Engineering", "Chemistry", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Kelly M. McFarlin", "Roger C. Prince", "Robert Perkins", "Mary Beth Leigh"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084297.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>21, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mineralization_and_primary_biodegradation_of_Corexit_9500_and_ANS_crude_oil_as_determined_by_respirometry_and_GC_MS_analysis_/896392", "title"=>"Mineralization and primary biodegradation of Corexit 9500 and ANS crude oil as determined by respirometry and GC-MS analysis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-01-08 03:09:57"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2014-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2014-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Microbiology", "average_usage"=>[317]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Engineering and technology", "average_usage"=>[282]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Physical sciences/Chemistry", "average_usage"=>[262]}]}
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