Coral Luminescence Identifies the Pacific Decadal Oscillation as a Primary Driver of River Runoff Variability Impacting the Southern Great Barrier Reef
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{"title"=>"Coral luminescence identifies the Pacific Decadal Oscillation as a primary driver of river runoff variability impacting the southern Great Barrier Reef", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Alberto", "last_name"=>"Rodriguez-Ramirez", "scopus_author_id"=>"8551630600"}, {"first_name"=>"Craig A.", "last_name"=>"Grove", "scopus_author_id"=>"36019897600"}, {"first_name"=>"Jens", "last_name"=>"Zinke", "scopus_author_id"=>"55966596400"}, {"first_name"=>"John M.", "last_name"=>"Pandolfi", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004252321"}, {"first_name"=>"Jian Xin", "last_name"=>"Zhao", "scopus_author_id"=>"7410309839"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84897433253", "sgr"=>"84897433253", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0084305", "pmid"=>"24416214", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pui"=>"372731994"}, "id"=>"5b435380-713c-3e1b-9a67-0bece7b30260", "abstract"=>"The Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) is a large-scale climatic phenomenon modulating ocean-atmosphere variability on decadal time scales. While precipitation and river flow variability in the Great Barrier Reef (GBR) catchments are sensitive to PDO phases, the extent to which the PDO influences coral reefs is poorly understood. Here, six Porites coral cores were used to produce a composite record of coral luminescence variability (runoff proxy) and identify drivers of terrestrial influence on the Keppel reefs, southern GBR. We found that coral skeletal luminescence effectively captured seasonal, inter-annual and decadal variability of river discharge and rainfall from the Fitzroy River catchment. Most importantly, although the influence of El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events was evident in the luminescence records, the variability in the coral luminescence composite record was significantly explained by the PDO. Negative luminescence anomalies (reduced runoff) were associated with El Niño years during positive PDO phases while positive luminescence anomalies (increased runoff) coincided with strong/moderate La Niña years during negative PDO phases. This study provides clear evidence that not only ENSO but also the PDO have significantly affected runoff regimes at the Keppel reefs for at least a century, and suggests that upcoming hydrological disturbances and ecological responses in the southern GBR region will be mediated by the future evolution of these sources of climate variability.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/coral-luminescence-identifies-pacific-decadal-oscillation-primary-driver-river-runoff-variability-im", "reader_count"=>35, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>6, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>5, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>6, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>5, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Environmental Science"=>7, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>9, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Computer Science"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>13}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>13}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>9}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>7}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Poland"=>1, "Australia"=>4, "Jamaica"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1341964"], "description"=>"<p>Year, PDO phase (positive/negative) and ENSO state (Niño/Niña) is indicated for each record. Asterisks denote if a record is present only in one ranking. Stream discharge data from Queensland Department of Environment and Resource Management gauging stations on the Fitzroy River at The Gap (Station number 130005A) and Riverslea (130003A) (<a href=\"http://watermonitoring.derm.qld.gov.au/host.htm\" target=\"_blank\">http://watermonitoring.derm.qld.gov.au/host.htm</a>). W = weak, M = moderate, S = strong.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Coral reefs", "Atmospheric science", "Climatology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "oceanography", "El Nino Southern Oscillation", "La Nina", "Paleooceanography", "oceans", "Pacific Ocean", "Water quality", "Paleontology", "Paleoclimatology", "paleoecology", "20", "highest", "anomalies", "discharge", "rates"], "article_id"=>896845, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Alberto Rodriguez-Ramirez", "Craig A. Grove", "Jens Zinke", "John M. Pandolfi", "Jian-xin Zhao"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084305.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparison_of_the_20_highest_G_B_anomalies_and_monthly_stream_discharge_rates_for_the_period_1921_8211_2011_/896845", "title"=>"Comparison of the 20 highest G/B anomalies and monthly stream discharge rates for the period 1921–2011.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-08 03:49:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1341963"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Monthly G/B anomalies for all six cores. (B) Number of cores used to construct the composite record. (C) Long term G/B composite record, with major flood events registered by instrumental records. Colour dashed lines under the profile denote the highest individual flood events registered at Rockhampton, the nearest gauging station to the river mouth (data from Water Division Brisbane, Bureau of Meteorology, Station 039264). Colours refer to gauge height in m. Shaded areas correspond to La Niña periods.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Coral reefs", "Atmospheric science", "Climatology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "oceanography", "El Nino Southern Oscillation", "La Nina", "Paleooceanography", "oceans", "Pacific Ocean", "Water quality", "Paleontology", "Paleoclimatology", "paleoecology", "anomalies"], "article_id"=>896844, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Alberto Rodriguez-Ramirez", "Craig A. Grove", "Jens Zinke", "John M. Pandolfi", "Jian-xin Zhao"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084305.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>21, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Time_series_of_G_B_anomalies_for_the_period_1921_8211_2011_/896844", "title"=>"Time series of G/B anomalies for the period 1921–2011.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-08 03:49:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1341972", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1341973", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1341974", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1341975", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1341976", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1341977", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1341978", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1341979", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1341980", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1341981", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1341982", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1341983", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1341984"], "description"=>"<div><p>The Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) is a large-scale climatic phenomenon modulating ocean-atmosphere variability on decadal time scales. While precipitation and river flow variability in the Great Barrier Reef (GBR) catchments are sensitive to PDO phases, the extent to which the PDO influences coral reefs is poorly understood. Here, six <i>Porites</i> coral cores were used to produce a composite record of coral luminescence variability (runoff proxy) and identify drivers of terrestrial influence on the Keppel reefs, southern GBR. We found that coral skeletal luminescence effectively captured seasonal, inter-annual and decadal variability of river discharge and rainfall from the Fitzroy River catchment. Most importantly, although the influence of El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events was evident in the luminescence records, the variability in the coral luminescence composite record was significantly explained by the PDO. Negative luminescence anomalies (reduced runoff) were associated with El Niño years during positive PDO phases while positive luminescence anomalies (increased runoff) coincided with strong/moderate La Niña years during negative PDO phases. This study provides clear evidence that not only ENSO but also the PDO have significantly affected runoff regimes at the Keppel reefs for at least a century, and suggests that upcoming hydrological disturbances and ecological responses in the southern GBR region will be mediated by the future evolution of these sources of climate variability.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Coral reefs", "Atmospheric science", "Climatology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "oceanography", "El Nino Southern Oscillation", "La Nina", "Paleooceanography", "oceans", "Pacific Ocean", "Water quality", "Paleontology", "Paleoclimatology", "paleoecology", "luminescence", "identifies", "pacific", "decadal", "oscillation", "runoff", "variability", "impacting"], "article_id"=>896853, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Alberto Rodriguez-Ramirez", "Craig A. Grove", "Jens Zinke", "John M. Pandolfi", "Jian-xin Zhao"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084305.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084305.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084305.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084305.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084305.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084305.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084305.s007", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084305.s008", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084305.s009", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084305.s010", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084305.s011", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084305.s012", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084305.s013"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>51, "page_views"=>21, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Coral_Luminescence_Identifies_the_Pacific_Decadal_Oscillation_as_a_Primary_Driver_of_River_Runoff_Variability_Impacting_the_Southern_Great_Barrier_Reef_/896853", "title"=>"Coral Luminescence Identifies the Pacific Decadal Oscillation as a Primary Driver of River Runoff Variability Impacting the Southern Great Barrier Reef", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-01-08 03:49:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1341971"], "description"=>"<p>Significant proportions of explained variation (PROP) are given in bold. CUMUL = cumulative proportion of explained variation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Coral reefs", "Atmospheric science", "Climatology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "oceanography", "El Nino Southern Oscillation", "La Nina", "Paleooceanography", "oceans", "Pacific Ocean", "Water quality", "Paleontology", "Paleoclimatology", "paleoecology", "sequential", "performed", "distlm-forward"], "article_id"=>896852, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Alberto Rodriguez-Ramirez", "Craig A. Grove", "Jens Zinke", "John M. Pandolfi", "Jian-xin Zhao"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084305.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>52, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_the_sequential_test_performed_by_DISTLM_forward_analysis_/896852", "title"=>"Results of the sequential test performed by DISTLM-forward analysis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-01-08 03:49:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1341968"], "description"=>"<p>Bold values significant at p<0.05. Correlation for period 1921–2011. Abbreviations: SOI, Southern Oscillation Index; PDO, Pacific Decadal Oscillation. Information on data sets is provided in Methods (section Environmental and climatic data).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Coral reefs", "Atmospheric science", "Climatology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "oceanography", "El Nino Southern Oscillation", "La Nina", "Paleooceanography", "oceans", "Pacific Ocean", "Water quality", "Paleontology", "Paleoclimatology", "paleoecology", "coefficients", "seasonal", "anomalies", "climatic"], "article_id"=>896849, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Alberto Rodriguez-Ramirez", "Craig A. Grove", "Jens Zinke", "John M. Pandolfi", "Jian-xin Zhao"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084305.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Correlation_coefficients_R_of_seasonal_G_B_anomalies_with_environmental_and_climatic_records_/896849", "title"=>"Correlation coefficients (R) of seasonal G/B anomalies with environmental and climatic records.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-01-08 03:49:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1341966"], "description"=>"<p>Significant spectral peaks are indicated. Green solid lines show false-alarm levels of 95% and 99%.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Coral reefs", "Atmospheric science", "Climatology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "oceanography", "El Nino Southern Oscillation", "La Nina", "Paleooceanography", "oceans", "Pacific Ocean", "Water quality", "Paleontology", "Paleoclimatology", "paleoecology"], "article_id"=>896847, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Alberto Rodriguez-Ramirez", "Craig A. Grove", "Jens Zinke", "John M. Pandolfi", "Jian-xin Zhao"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084305.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>67, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Spectral_analysis_REDFIT_of_annual_G_B_anomalies_/896847", "title"=>"Spectral analysis (REDFIT) of annual G/B anomalies.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-08 03:49:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1341967"], "description"=>"<p>Bold values significant at p<0.05. Abbreviations: SOI, Southern Oscillation Index; PDO, Pacific Decadal Oscillation; CPIPO, combined paleo IPO-PDO; IPO, Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation. PRECDS, period of record for environmental and climatic data sets. * = incomplete monthly record for the period indicated. ** = complete monthly record for the period indicated. *** = only complete annual values for the period indicated. Further information on data sets is provided in Methods (section Environmental and climatic data).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Coral reefs", "Atmospheric science", "Climatology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "oceanography", "El Nino Southern Oscillation", "La Nina", "Paleooceanography", "oceans", "Pacific Ocean", "Water quality", "Paleontology", "Paleoclimatology", "paleoecology", "coefficients", "anomalies", "climatic"], "article_id"=>896848, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Alberto Rodriguez-Ramirez", "Craig A. Grove", "Jens Zinke", "John M. Pandolfi", "Jian-xin Zhao"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084305.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Correlation_coefficients_R_of_monthly_and_annual_G_B_anomalies_with_environmental_and_climatic_records_/896848", "title"=>"Correlation coefficients (R) of monthly and annual G/B anomalies with environmental and climatic records.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-01-08 03:49:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1341965"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) and (B) Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO). Solid and dashed lines are 12-month and 85-month moving averages respectively. Data at annual resolution is provided in supplementary information (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0084305#pone.0084305.s003\" target=\"_blank\">Figure S3</a>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Coral reefs", "Atmospheric science", "Climatology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "oceanography", "El Nino Southern Oscillation", "La Nina", "Paleooceanography", "oceans", "Pacific Ocean", "Water quality", "Paleontology", "Paleoclimatology", "paleoecology", "anomalies", "climatic", "oscillations"], "article_id"=>896846, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Alberto Rodriguez-Ramirez", "Craig A. Grove", "Jens Zinke", "John M. Pandolfi", "Jian-xin Zhao"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084305.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Relationship_between_monthly_values_of_G_B_anomalies_and_climatic_oscillations_for_the_period_1921_8211_2011_/896846", "title"=>"Relationship between monthly values of G/B anomalies and climatic oscillations for the period 1921–2011.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-08 03:49:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1341962"], "description"=>"<p>Additional information about sampling sites is provided in Table S1. Satellite image obtained from <a href=\"http://glovis.usgs.gov/and\" target=\"_blank\">http://glovis.usgs.gov/and</a> inset aerial photos courtesy of P. Willams.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Coral reefs", "Atmospheric science", "Climatology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "oceanography", "El Nino Southern Oscillation", "La Nina", "Paleooceanography", "oceans", "Pacific Ocean", "Water quality", "Paleontology", "Paleoclimatology", "paleoecology", "displaying", "keppel", "sampling", "sites", "fitzroy"], "article_id"=>896843, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Alberto Rodriguez-Ramirez", "Craig A. Grove", "Jens Zinke", "John M. Pandolfi", "Jian-xin Zhao"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084305.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>19, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Map_displaying_the_location_of_the_Keppel_Islands_sampling_sites_white_dots_and_the_Fitzroy_River_/896843", "title"=>"Map displaying the location of the Keppel Islands, sampling sites (white dots) and the Fitzroy River.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-08 03:49:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1341970"], "description"=>"<p>Significant proportions of explained variation (PROP) are given in bold.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Coral reefs", "Atmospheric science", "Climatology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "oceanography", "El Nino Southern Oscillation", "La Nina", "Paleooceanography", "oceans", "Pacific Ocean", "Water quality", "Paleontology", "Paleoclimatology", "paleoecology", "marginal", "performed", "distlm-forward"], "article_id"=>896851, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Alberto Rodriguez-Ramirez", "Craig A. Grove", "Jens Zinke", "John M. Pandolfi", "Jian-xin Zhao"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084305.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>101, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_the_marginal_test_performed_by_DISTLM_forward_analysis_/896851", "title"=>"Results of the marginal test performed by DISTLM-forward analysis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-01-08 03:49:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1341969"], "description"=>"<p>Bold values significant at p<0.05.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Coral reefs", "Atmospheric science", "Climatology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "oceanography", "El Nino Southern Oscillation", "La Nina", "Paleooceanography", "oceans", "Pacific Ocean", "Water quality", "Paleontology", "Paleoclimatology", "paleoecology", "coefficients", "anomalies", "composite", "1982"], "article_id"=>896850, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Alberto Rodriguez-Ramirez", "Craig A. Grove", "Jens Zinke", "John M. Pandolfi", "Jian-xin Zhao"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084305.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Correlation_coefficients_R_of_monthly_and_annual_G_B_anomalies_between_the_composite_record_and_each_core_from_1982_to_2011_/896850", "title"=>"Correlation coefficients (R) of monthly and annual G/B anomalies between the composite record and each core from 1982 to 2011.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-01-08 03:49:13"}

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Relative Metric

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