First Early Hominin from Central Africa (Ishango, Democratic Republic of Congo)
Publication Date
January 10, 2014
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Isabelle Crevecoeur, Matthew M. Skinner, Shara E. Bailey, Philipp Gunz, et al
Volume
9
Issue
1
Pages
e84652
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084652
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0084652
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24427292
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3888414
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/24427292
Web of Science
000329868200032
Scopus
84897556138
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/first-early-hominin-central-africa-ishango-democratic-republic-congo
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Mendeley | Further Information

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Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1345499"], "description"=>"<div><p>Despite uncontested evidence for fossils belonging to the early hominin genus <i>Australopithecus</i> in East Africa from at least 4.2 million years ago (Ma), and from Chad by 3.5 Ma, thus far there has been no convincing evidence of <i>Australopithecus</i>, <i>Paranthropus</i> or early <i>Homo</i> from the western (Albertine) branch of the Rift Valley. Here we report the discovery of an isolated upper molar (#Ish25) from the Western Rift Valley site of Ishango in Central Africa in a derived context, overlying beds dated to between ca. 2.6 to 2.0 Ma. We used µCT imaging to compare its external and internal macro-morphology to upper molars of australopiths, and fossil and recent <i>Homo</i>. We show that the size and shape of the enamel-dentine junction (EDJ) surface discriminate between Plio-Pleistocene and post-Lower Pleistocene hominins, and that the Ishango molar clusters with australopiths and early <i>Homo</i> from East and southern Africa. A reassessment of the archaeological context of the specimen is consistent with the morphological evidence and suggest that early hominins were occupying this region by at least 2 Ma.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Comparative anatomy", "Evolutionary biology", "Organismal evolution", "Human evolution", "Paleontology", "Vertebrate paleontology", "anthropology", "Paleoanthropology", "Physical anthropology", "archaeology", "hominin", "africa"], "article_id"=>899605, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Sociology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Isabelle Crevecoeur", "Matthew M. Skinner", "Shara E. Bailey", "Philipp Gunz", "Silvia Bortoluzzi", "Alison S. Brooks", "Christian Burlet", "Els Cornelissen", "Nora De Clerck", "Bruno Maureille", "Patrick Semal", "Yves Vanbrabant", "Bernard Wood"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084652", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>10, "page_views"=>24, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_First_Early_Hominin_from_Central_Africa_Ishango_Democratic_Republic_of_Congo_/899605", "title"=>"First Early Hominin from Central Africa (Ishango, Democratic Republic of Congo)", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-01-10 03:06:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1345469"], "description"=>"<p>Average Raman spectra of three teeth from the NFPr layer, and of #Ish25.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Comparative anatomy", "Evolutionary biology", "Organismal evolution", "Human evolution", "Paleontology", "Vertebrate paleontology", "anthropology", "Paleoanthropology", "Physical anthropology", "archaeology", "raman", "spectra", "teeth", "nfpr"], "article_id"=>899577, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Sociology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Isabelle Crevecoeur", "Matthew M. Skinner", "Shara E. Bailey", "Philipp Gunz", "Silvia Bortoluzzi", "Alison S. Brooks", "Christian Burlet", "Els Cornelissen", "Nora De Clerck", "Bruno Maureille", "Patrick Semal", "Yves Vanbrabant", "Bernard Wood"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084652.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>19, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Average_Raman_spectra_of_three_teeth_from_the_NFPr_layer_and_of_Ish25_/899577", "title"=>"Average Raman spectra of three teeth from the NFPr layer, and of #Ish25.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-10 03:06:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1345467"], "description"=>"<p>ZPEm = Post-Emersion Zone; N.TUF = Tuffaceous Levels; SD-SFM = Hardened Sand - Fine Micaceous Sand, NFPr = Principal Fossiliferous Level, G.INF = Inferior Gravels, Lusso = Lusso Beds, R = Recent, TP = Museya Gravels Formations, TT = Ishango Gravels Formation, L = Lusso Formation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Comparative anatomy", "Evolutionary biology", "Organismal evolution", "Human evolution", "Paleontology", "Vertebrate paleontology", "anthropology", "Paleoanthropology", "Physical anthropology", "archaeology", "ishango", "11", "junction", "de", "trenches", "s2"], "article_id"=>899574, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Sociology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Isabelle Crevecoeur", "Matthew M. Skinner", "Shara E. Bailey", "Philipp Gunz", "Silvia Bortoluzzi", "Alison S. Brooks", "Christian Burlet", "Els Cornelissen", "Nora De Clerck", "Bruno Maureille", "Patrick Semal", "Yves Vanbrabant", "Bernard Wood"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084652.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>28, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Stratigraphic_section_of_Ishango_11_at_the_junction_of_de_Heinzelin_s_trenches_modified_from_31_See_Text_S1_2_and_Figure_S2_in_File_S1_for_the_detailed_description_of_the_lithology_/899574", "title"=>"Stratigraphic section of Ishango 11 at the junction of de Heinzelin’s trenches (modified from [31]). See Text S1.2 and Figure S2 (in File S1) for the detailed description of the lithology.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-10 03:06:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1345481"], "description"=>"<p>Upper part, from top to bottom: buccal, mesial, occlusal, lateral and lingual views. Scale bar = 1 cm. Lower part, three-dimensional model of the outer enamel surface (left) and the enamel-dentine junction (right).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Comparative anatomy", "Evolutionary biology", "Organismal evolution", "Human evolution", "Paleontology", "Vertebrate paleontology", "anthropology", "Paleoanthropology", "Physical anthropology", "archaeology", "three-dimensional", "reconstruction", "ishango", "molar"], "article_id"=>899588, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Sociology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Isabelle Crevecoeur", "Matthew M. Skinner", "Shara E. Bailey", "Philipp Gunz", "Silvia Bortoluzzi", "Alison S. Brooks", "Christian Burlet", "Els Cornelissen", "Nora De Clerck", "Bruno Maureille", "Patrick Semal", "Yves Vanbrabant", "Bernard Wood"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084652.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Photograph_and_three_dimensional_reconstruction_of_Ishango_left_upper_first_molar_Ish25_/899588", "title"=>"Photograph and three-dimensional reconstruction of Ishango left upper first molar (#Ish25).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-10 03:06:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1345463"], "description"=>"<p>Outlined in bold are the western and eastern branches of the African Rift. 1: Taung (South Africa); 2: Drimolen, Gladysvale, Gondolin, Kromdraai, Sterkfontein & Swartkrans (South Africa); 3: Malapa (South Africa); 4: Malema, Uraha (Malawi); 5: Olduvai (Tanzania); 6: Chemeron (Kenya); 7: West and East Turkana, Koobi Fora (Kenya); 8: Omo (Ethiopia); 9: Bouri, Hadar (Ethiopia).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Comparative anatomy", "Evolutionary biology", "Organismal evolution", "Human evolution", "Paleontology", "Vertebrate paleontology", "anthropology", "Paleoanthropology", "Physical anthropology", "archaeology", "locations", "ishango", "african", "localities", "hominins", "fossils", "plio-pleistocene", "ma"], "article_id"=>899570, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Sociology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Isabelle Crevecoeur", "Matthew M. Skinner", "Shara E. Bailey", "Philipp Gunz", "Silvia Bortoluzzi", "Alison S. Brooks", "Christian Burlet", "Els Cornelissen", "Nora De Clerck", "Bruno Maureille", "Patrick Semal", "Yves Vanbrabant", "Bernard Wood"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084652.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>52, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Geographic_locations_of_Ishango_and_other_African_localities_of_early_hominins_fossils_from_the_Plio_Pleistocene_transition_period_ca_2_6_1_8_Ma_i_e_Au_africanus_Au_garhi_Au_sediba_H_habilis_H_rudolfensis_P_aethiopicus_P_boisei_P_robustus_/899570", "title"=>"Geographic locations of Ishango and other African localities of early hominins fossils from the Plio-Pleistocene transition period, ca. 2.6–1.8 Ma (<i>i.e. Au. africanus, Au. garhi, Au. sediba, H. habilis, H. rudolfensis, P. aethiopicus, P. boisei, P. robustus</i>).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-10 03:06:37"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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