Why Publishing Everything Is More Effective than Selective Publishing of Statistically Significant Results
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{"title"=>"Why publishing everything is more effective than selective publishing of statistically significant results", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Marcel A L M", "last_name"=>"Van Assen", "scopus_author_id"=>"7801560815"}, {"first_name"=>"Robbie C M", "last_name"=>"Van Aert", "scopus_author_id"=>"56043510400"}, {"first_name"=>"Michèle B.", "last_name"=>"Nuijten", "scopus_author_id"=>"56043683600"}, {"first_name"=>"Jelte M.", "last_name"=>"Wicherts", "scopus_author_id"=>"55951677000"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84898460382", "sgr"=>"84898460382", "pui"=>"372817935", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"24465448", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0084896"}, "id"=>"a5a8bdff-5d12-3bd7-9b79-666514e921ae", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: De Winter and Happee examined whether science based on selective publishing of significant results may be effective in accurate estimation of population effects, and whether this is even more effective than a science in which all results are published (i.e., a science without publication bias). Based on their simulation study they concluded that \"selective publishing yields a more accurate meta-analytic estimation of the true effect than publishing everything, (and that) publishing nonreplicable results while placing null results in the file drawer can be beneficial for the scientific collective\" (p.4).\\n\\nMETHODS AND FINDINGS: Using their scenario with a small to medium population effect size, we show that publishing everything is more effective for the scientific collective than selective publishing of significant results. Additionally, we examined a scenario with a null effect, which provides a more dramatic illustration of the superiority of publishing everything over selective publishing.\\n\\nCONCLUSION: Publishing everything is more effective than only reporting significant outcomes.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/publishing-everything-more-effective-selective-publishing-statistically-significant-results", "reader_count"=>131, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>10, "Librarian"=>2, "Researcher"=>33, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>26, "Student > Postgraduate"=>6, "Student > Master"=>20, "Other"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>14}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>10, "Librarian"=>2, "Researcher"=>33, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>26, "Student > Postgraduate"=>6, "Student > Master"=>20, "Other"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>14}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>10, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>33, "Philosophy"=>1, "Arts and Humanities"=>2, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Computer Science"=>4, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>2, "Engineering"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>4, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>3, "Mathematics"=>3, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>12, "Neuroscience"=>2, "Sports and Recreations"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>4, "Psychology"=>38, "Social Sciences"=>3, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>12}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>3}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>1}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>4}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>38}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>3}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>10}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>4}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>2}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>2}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>2}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>2}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>33}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>4}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>3}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>5, "Japan"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>4, "Switzerland"=>1, "Canada"=>1, "Netherlands"=>4, "Czech Republic"=>1, "Belgium"=>2, "Denmark"=>1, "Brazil"=>5, "Italy"=>2, "Chile"=>2, "France"=>1, "Germany"=>6}, "group_count"=>9}

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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1350352"], "description"=>"<p>Results of 5,000 runs of meta-analyses under the publishing everything and selective publishing approaches.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Applied mathematics", "Probability theory", "Statistical distributions", "statistics", "Statistical methods", "Clinical research design", "meta-analyses", "Research assessment", "Publication practices", "Research reporting guidelines", "psychology", "Psychometrics", "runs", "publishing", "selective"], "article_id"=>903281, "categories"=>["Mathematics", "Medicine", "Science Policy", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Marcel A. L. M. van Assen", "Robbie C. M. van Aert", "Michèle B. Nuijten", "Jelte M. Wicherts"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084896.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_5_000_runs_of_meta_analyses_under_the_publishing_everything_and_selective_publishing_approaches_/903281", "title"=>"Results of 5,000 runs of meta-analyses under the publishing everything and selective publishing approaches.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-01-17 03:14:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1350353"], "description"=>"<div><p>Background</p><p>De Winter and Happee <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0084896#pone.0084896-DeWinter1\" target=\"_blank\">[1]</a> examined whether science based on selective publishing of significant results may be effective in accurate estimation of population effects, and whether this is even more effective than a science in which all results are published (i.e., a science without publication bias). Based on their simulation study they concluded that “selective publishing yields a more accurate meta-analytic estimation of the true effect than publishing everything, (and that) publishing nonreplicable results while placing null results in the file drawer can be beneficial for the scientific collective” (p.4).</p><p>Methods and Findings</p><p>Using their scenario with a small to medium population effect size, we show that publishing everything is more effective for the scientific collective than selective publishing of significant results. Additionally, we examined a scenario with a null effect, which provides a more dramatic illustration of the superiority of publishing everything over selective publishing.</p><p>Conclusion</p><p>Publishing everything is more effective than only reporting significant outcomes.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Applied mathematics", "Probability theory", "Statistical distributions", "statistics", "Statistical methods", "Clinical research design", "meta-analyses", "Research assessment", "Publication practices", "Research reporting guidelines", "psychology", "Psychometrics", "publishing", "selective"], "article_id"=>903282, "categories"=>["Mathematics", "Medicine", "Science Policy", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Marcel A. L. M. van Assen", "Robbie C. M. van Aert", "Michèle B. Nuijten", "Jelte M. Wicherts"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084896", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>35, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Why_Publishing_Everything_Is_More_Effective_than_Selective_Publishing_of_Statistically_Significant_Results_/903282", "title"=>"Why Publishing Everything Is More Effective than Selective Publishing of Statistically Significant Results", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-01-17 03:14:56"}

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Relative Metric

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