Nitrogen Forms Influence Microcystin Concentration and Composition via Changes in Cyanobacterial Community Structure
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{"title"=>"Nitrogen forms influence microcystin concentration and composition via changes in cyanobacterial community structure", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Marie Eve", "last_name"=>"Monchamp", "scopus_author_id"=>"56096327800"}, {"first_name"=>"Frances R.", "last_name"=>"Pick", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003337218"}, {"first_name"=>"Beatrix E.", "last_name"=>"Beisner", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602742933"}, {"first_name"=>"Roxane", "last_name"=>"Maranger", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603647525"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84897484673", "sgr"=>"84897484673", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0085573", "pmid"=>"24427318", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pui"=>"372763010"}, "id"=>"786a08de-6111-3ea7-96f1-8fda10f3e5f2", "abstract"=>"The eutrophication of freshwaters is a global health concern as lakes with excess nutrients are often subject to toxic cyanobacterial blooms. Although phosphorus is considered the main element regulating cyanobacterial biomass, nitrogen (N) concentration and more specifically the availability of different N forms may influence the overall toxicity of blooms. In this study of three eutrophic lakes prone to cyanobacterial blooms, we examined the effects of nitrogen species and concentrations and other environmental factors in influencing cyanobacterial community structure, microcystin (MC) concentrations and MC congener composition. The identification of specific MC congeners was of particular interest as they vary widely in toxicity. Different nitrogen forms appeared to influence cyanobacterial community structure leading to corresponding effects on MC concentrations and composition. Total MC concentrations across the lakes were largely explained by a combination of abiotic factors: dissolved organic nitrogen, water temperature and ammonium, but Microcystis spp. biomass was overall the best predictor of MC concentrations. Environmental factors did not appear to affect MC congener composition directly but there were significant associations between specific MC congeners and particular species. Based on redundancy analyses (RDA), the relative biomass of Microcystis aeruginosa was associated with MC-RR, M. wesenbergii with MC-LA and Aphanizomenon flos-aquae with MC-YR. The latter two species are not generally considered capable of MC production. Total nitrogen, water temperature, ammonium and dissolved organic nitrogen influenced the cyanobacterial community structure, which in turn resulted in differences in the dominant MC congener and the overall toxicity.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/nitrogen-forms-influence-microcystin-concentration-composition-via-changes-cyanobacterial-community", "reader_count"=>90, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>10, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>16, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>17, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>20, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>10, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>16, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>17, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>20, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>6, "Unspecified"=>9, "Environmental Science"=>38, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>4, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>24, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>6}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>6}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>6}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>24}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>4}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>9}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>38}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>2, "United States"=>3, "France"=>1, "Switzerland"=>3}, "group_count"=>1}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1345283"], "description"=>"<p>epi: epilimnion.</p><p>meta: metalimnion.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Biogeochemistry", "Community Ecology", "Ecological environments", "Freshwater ecology", "Limnetic ecology", "Marine biology", "microbiology", "microbial ecology", "Limnology", "Limnetic ecosystem"], "article_id"=>899422, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Marie-Eve Monchamp", "Frances R. Pick", "Beatrix E. Beisner", "Roxane Maranger"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0085573.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Morphological_and_physical_characteristics_for_the_three_study_lakes_/899422", "title"=>"Morphological and physical characteristics for the three study lakes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-01-10 02:57:02"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1345274"], "description"=>"<p>A) TP, B) SRP, C) TN, D) DON, E) NH<sub>4</sub><sup>+</sup>, and F) NO<sub>3</sub><sup>−</sup>+NO<sub>2</sub><sup>−</sup>. BRO INT, integrated samples from the epilimnion of lake Bromont; BRO META, samples from the metalimnion of lake Bromont; PSF, Petit Lac St. François; WAT, Lake Waterloo.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Biogeochemistry", "Community Ecology", "Ecological environments", "Freshwater ecology", "Limnetic ecology", "Marine biology", "microbiology", "microbial ecology", "Limnology", "Limnetic ecosystem", "nutrients", "april", "october"], "article_id"=>899413, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Marie-Eve Monchamp", "Frances R. Pick", "Beatrix E. Beisner", "Roxane Maranger"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0085573.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Concentration_of_nutrients_956_M_from_April_to_October_in_the_three_study_lakes_/899413", "title"=>"Concentration of nutrients (<i>μ</i>M) from April to October in the three study lakes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-10 02:57:02"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1345282"], "description"=>"<p><b>RDA</b> performed with forward selection by permutation (n-perm = 999) on A) Species biomass as explanatory variables for MC congener composition (<i>R<sup>2</sup><sub>adj.</sub></i> = 0.40, <i>p</i> = 0.001) where combined <i>Microcystis aeruginosa, Microcystis wesenbergii and Aphanizomenon flos-aquae</i> explain 40% of the variation in MC congener concentration; and B) Environmental factors as explanatory variables for cyanobacterial species biomass (<i>R<sup>2</sup><sub>adj.</sub></i> = 0.28, <i>p</i> = 0.001) where combined TN and DON explain 28% of the variation in species composition (for species abbreviations, see legend in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0085573#pone-0085573-g004\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 4</a>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Biogeochemistry", "Community Ecology", "Ecological environments", "Freshwater ecology", "Limnetic ecology", "Marine biology", "microbiology", "microbial ecology", "Limnology", "Limnetic ecosystem", "cyanobacteria", "mc"], "article_id"=>899421, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Marie-Eve Monchamp", "Frances R. Pick", "Beatrix E. Beisner", "Roxane Maranger"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0085573.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>54, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Redundancy_analysis_RDA_of_environmental_variables_cyanobacteria_species_and_MC_congeners_/899421", "title"=>"Redundancy analysis (RDA) of environmental variables, cyanobacteria species and MC congeners.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-10 02:57:02"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1345276"], "description"=>"<p>A) Lake Bromont, B) Waterloo, and C) Petit Lac St. François.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Biogeochemistry", "Community Ecology", "Ecological environments", "Freshwater ecology", "Limnetic ecology", "Marine biology", "microbiology", "microbial ecology", "Limnology", "Limnetic ecosystem", "mc", "elisa", "congeners", "hplc", "october"], "article_id"=>899415, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Marie-Eve Monchamp", "Frances R. Pick", "Beatrix E. Beisner", "Roxane Maranger"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0085573.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Temporal_variation_of_total_MC_concentration_measured_by_ELISA_full_squares_and_MC_congeners_measured_by_HPLC_stacked_bars_from_May_to_October_in_the_three_study_lakes_/899415", "title"=>"Temporal variation of total MC concentration measured by ELISA (full squares) and MC congeners measured by HPLC (stacked bars), from May to October in the three study lakes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-10 02:57:02"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1345277"], "description"=>"<p>The length of a vector is proportional to the importance of the descriptor to the sites. (IB; Bromont integrated epilimnion, MB; Bromont metalimnion, PSF; Petit Lac St. François, WAT; Waterloo). Cyanobacterial species are in <i>italics</i>, MC variants are in <b>bold</b>. <i>A. cra; Anabaena crassa, A. pla; Anabaena planktonica, A. smi; Anabaena smithii, A. spi; Anabaena spiroïdes, A. flo; Aphanizomenon flos-aquae, M. aer; Microcystis aeruginosa, M. wes; Microcystis wesenbergii, M.</i> spp.; <i>Microcystis</i> spp., <i>P. aga; Planktothrix agardhii, S.</i> spp.; <i>Spirulina</i> spp.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Biogeochemistry", "Community Ecology", "Ecological environments", "Freshwater ecology", "Limnetic ecology", "Marine biology", "microbiology", "microbial ecology", "Limnology", "Limnetic ecosystem", "cyanobacteria", "mc"], "article_id"=>899416, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Marie-Eve Monchamp", "Frances R. Pick", "Beatrix E. Beisner", "Roxane Maranger"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0085573.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>41, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Principal_component_analysis_PCA_scaling_1_of_environmental_variables_cyanobacteria_species_and_MC_congeners_/899416", "title"=>"Principal component analysis (PCA) (scaling 1) of environmental variables, cyanobacteria species and MC congeners.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-10 02:57:02"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1345275"], "description"=>"<p>A) Cyanobacterial biomass (<i>μ</i>g·L<sup>−1</sup>); and total microcystin concentration expressed as B) <i>μ</i>g·L<sup>−1</sup> and C) <i>μ</i>g·g<sup>−1</sup> dry weight.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Biogeochemistry", "Community Ecology", "Ecological environments", "Freshwater ecology", "Limnetic ecology", "Marine biology", "microbiology", "microbial ecology", "Limnology", "Limnetic ecosystem", "biomass", "microcystin", "concentrations", "october"], "article_id"=>899414, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Marie-Eve Monchamp", "Frances R. Pick", "Beatrix E. Beisner", "Roxane Maranger"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0085573.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Cyanobacterial_biomass_and_microcystin_concentrations_from_May_to_October_in_the_three_study_lakes_/899414", "title"=>"Cyanobacterial biomass and microcystin concentrations from May to October in the three study lakes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-10 02:57:02"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1345284"], "description"=>"<p>ND, not detected; Rare species with low biomass that were observed <3 times are not listed and were not used in the statistical analyses. Species marked with * are potentially nitrogen-fixing, and those with <sup>§</sup> are considered non MC-producing.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Biogeochemistry", "Community Ecology", "Ecological environments", "Freshwater ecology", "Limnetic ecology", "Marine biology", "microbiology", "microbial ecology", "Limnology", "Limnetic ecosystem", "biomass", "percent", "cyanobacterial", "taxa", "observed", "lakes", "sampling"], "article_id"=>899423, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Marie-Eve Monchamp", "Frances R. Pick", "Beatrix E. Beisner", "Roxane Maranger"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0085573.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Average_biomass_956_g_L_8722_1_and_mean_percent_of_total_cyanobacterial_biomass_cyano_of_the_dominant_cyanobacterial_taxa_observed_in_the_three_study_lakes_across_all_sampling_dates_/899423", "title"=>"Average biomass (<i>μ</i>g·L<sup>−1</sup>) and mean percent of total cyanobacterial biomass (% cyano) of the dominant cyanobacterial taxa observed in the three study lakes across all sampling dates.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-01-10 02:57:02"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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