The Effect of Approach/Avoidance Training on Alcohol Consumption Is Mediated by Change in Alcohol Action Tendency
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{"title"=>"The effect of approach/avoidance training on alcohol consumption is mediated by change in alcohol action tendency", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Jason M.", "last_name"=>"Sharbanee", "scopus_author_id"=>"55781896800"}, {"first_name"=>"Litje", "last_name"=>"Hu", "scopus_author_id"=>"56149895300"}, {"first_name"=>"Werner G.K.", "last_name"=>"Stritzke", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602896193"}, {"first_name"=>"Reinout W.", "last_name"=>"Wiers", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701516741"}, {"first_name"=>"Mike", "last_name"=>"Rinck", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003411407"}, {"first_name"=>"Colin", "last_name"=>"MacLeod", "scopus_author_id"=>"55751744332"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84899785094", "sgr"=>"84899785094", "pui"=>"373020954", "pmid"=>"24465750", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0085855"}, "id"=>"a4402d49-4ee7-3ac1-ae41-0b68b0f22e2c", "abstract"=>"Training people to respond to alcohol images by making avoidance joystick movements can affect subsequent alcohol consumption, and has shown initial efficacy as a treatment adjunct. However, the mechanisms that underlie the training’s efficacy are unknown. The present study aimed to determine 1) whether the training’s effect is mediated by a change in action tendency or a change in selective attention, and 2) whether the training’s effect is moderated by individual differences in working memory capacity (WMC). Three groups of social drinkers (total N=74) completed either approach- alcohol training, avoid-alcohol training or a sham-training on the Approach-Avoidance Task (AAT). Participants’ WMC was assessed prior to training, while their alcohol-related action tendency and selective attention were assessed before and after the training on the recently developed Selective-Attention/Action Tendency Task (SA/ATT), before finally completing an alcohol taste-test. There was no significant main effect of approach/avoidance training on alcohol consumption during the taste-test. However, there was a significant indirect effect of training on alcohol consumption mediated by a change in action tendency, but no indirect effect mediated by a change in selective attention. There was inconsistent evidence of WMC moderating training efficacy, with moderation found only for the effect of approach-alcohol training on the AAT but not on the SA/ATT. Thus approach/avoidance training affects alcohol consumption specifically by changing the underlying action tendency. Multiple training sessions may be required in order to observe more substantive changes in drinking behaviour. Citation:", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/effect-approachavoidance-training-alcohol-consumption-mediated-change-alcohol-action-tendency", "reader_count"=>44, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Master"=>5, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Master"=>5, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>3, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1, "Neuroscience"=>1, "Psychology"=>26, "Social Sciences"=>4, "Computer Science"=>1, "Decision Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>3}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>4}, "Decision Sciences"=>{"Decision Sciences"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>26}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>6}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Netherlands"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>6}

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