Surface Chemical Compositions and Dispersity of Starch Nanocrystals Formed by Sulfuric and Hydrochloric Acid Hydrolysis
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{"title"=>"Surface chemical compositions and dispersity of starch nanocrystals formed by sulfuric and hydrochloric acid hydrolysis", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Benxi", "last_name"=>"Wei", "scopus_author_id"=>"48663102000"}, {"first_name"=>"Xueming", "last_name"=>"Xu", "scopus_author_id"=>"7405292900"}, {"first_name"=>"Zhengyu", "last_name"=>"Jin", "scopus_author_id"=>"35276969500"}, {"first_name"=>"Yaoqi", "last_name"=>"Tian", "scopus_author_id"=>"25655653600"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"372609691", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84896108007", "pmid"=>"24586246", "sgr"=>"84896108007", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0086024"}, "id"=>"1548dc5b-fce7-3f9d-8d2d-1bbec4060ea2", "abstract"=>"Surface chemical compositions of starch nanocrystals (SNC) prepared using sulfuric acid (H2SO4) and hydrochloric acid (HCl) hydrolysis were analyzed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and FT-IR. The results showed that carboxyl groups and sulfate esters were presented in SNC after hydrolysis with H2SO4, while no sulfate esters were detected in SNC during HCl-hydrolysis. TEM results showed that, compared to H2SO4-hydrolyzed sample, a wider size distribution of SNC prepared by HCl-hydrolysis were observed. Zeta-potentials were -23.1 and -5.02 mV for H2SO4- and HCl-hydrolyzed SNC suspensions at pH 6.5, respectively. Nevertheless, the zeta-potential values decreased to -32.3 and -10.2 mV as the dispersion pH was adjusted to 10.6. After placed 48 h at pH 10.6, zeta-potential increased to -24.1 mV for H2SO4-hydrolyzed SNC, while no change was detected for HCl-hydrolyzed one. The higher zeta-potential and relative small particle distribution of SNC caused more stable suspensions compared to HCl-hydrolyzed sample.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/surface-chemical-compositions-dispersity-starch-nanocrystals-formed-sulfuric-hydrochloric-acid-hydro", "reader_count"=>15, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>4, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>2, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>4, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>2, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>2, "Unspecified"=>3, "Materials Science"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>4, "Chemical Engineering"=>1, "Chemistry"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>2}, "Materials Science"=>{"Materials Science"=>1}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>4}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>4}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Chemical Engineering"=>{"Chemical Engineering"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Argentina"=>1, "Mexico"=>2}, "group_count"=>0}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1401823"], "description"=>"<p>The high-resolution S 2p deconvoluted XPS spectra of (e) WMS, (f) SNC<sub>H2SO4,3</sub>, (g) SNC<sub>H2SO4,7</sub>, and (h) SNC<sub>HCl,7</sub>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["crops", "cereals", "maize", "biotechnology", "Bionanotechnology", "Chemical reactions", "hydrolysis", "Material by attribute", "Nanomaterials", "nanotechnology", "high-resolution", "2p", "deconvoluted", "xps", "spectra"], "article_id"=>947221, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine", "Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benxi Wei", "Xueming Xu", "Zhengyu Jin", "Yaoqi Tian"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086024.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>67, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_high_resolution_S_2p_deconvoluted_XPS_spectra_of_e_WMS_f_SNC_H2SO4_3_g_SNC_H2SO4_7_and_h_SNC_HCl_7_/947221", "title"=>"The high-resolution S 2p deconvoluted XPS spectra of (e) WMS, (f) SNC<sub>H2SO4,3</sub>, (g) SNC<sub>H2SO4,7</sub>, and (h) SNC<sub>HCl,7</sub>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-02-27 03:53:03"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1401822"], "description"=>"<p>The high-resolution C 1 s deconvoluted XPS spectra of (a) WMS, (b) SNC<sub>H2SO4,3</sub>, (c) SNC<sub>H2SO4,7</sub>, (d) SNC<sub>HCl,7</sub>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["crops", "cereals", "maize", "biotechnology", "Bionanotechnology", "Chemical reactions", "hydrolysis", "Material by attribute", "Nanomaterials", "nanotechnology", "high-resolution", "deconvoluted", "xps", "spectra"], "article_id"=>947220, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine", "Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benxi Wei", "Xueming Xu", "Zhengyu Jin", "Yaoqi Tian"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086024.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>169, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_high_resolution_C_1_s_deconvoluted_XPS_spectra_of_a_WMS_b_SNC_H2SO4_3_c_SNC_H2SO4_7_d_SNC_HCl_7_/947220", "title"=>"The high-resolution C 1 s deconvoluted XPS spectra of (a) WMS, (b) SNC<sub>H2SO4,3</sub>, (c) SNC<sub>H2SO4,7</sub>, (d) SNC<sub>HCl,7</sub>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-02-27 03:53:03"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1401833"], "description"=>"<p>Elemental surface composition (atomic %) and oxygen to carbon ratio of starch, HCl- and H<sub>2</sub>SO<sub>4</sub>-hydrolyzed SNC.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["crops", "cereals", "maize", "biotechnology", "Bionanotechnology", "Chemical reactions", "hydrolysis", "Material by attribute", "Nanomaterials", "nanotechnology", "carbon", "hcl-"], "article_id"=>947229, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine", "Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benxi Wei", "Xueming Xu", "Zhengyu Jin", "Yaoqi Tian"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086024.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Elemental_surface_composition_atomic_and_oxygen_to_carbon_ratio_of_starch_HCl_and_H_2_SO_4_hydrolyzed_SNC_/947229", "title"=>"Elemental surface composition (atomic %) and oxygen to carbon ratio of starch, HCl- and H<sub>2</sub>SO<sub>4</sub>-hydrolyzed SNC.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-02-27 03:53:03"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1401832"], "description"=>"<p>TEM pictures and sedimentation properties of HCl (a and b) and H<sub>2</sub>SO<sub>4</sub> (c and d) hydrolyzed SNC suspensions after 2 h and 48 h.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["crops", "cereals", "maize", "biotechnology", "Bionanotechnology", "Chemical reactions", "hydrolysis", "Material by attribute", "Nanomaterials", "nanotechnology", "pictures", "sedimentation", "hcl", "hydrolyzed", "snc", "suspensions", "48"], "article_id"=>947228, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine", "Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benxi Wei", "Xueming Xu", "Zhengyu Jin", "Yaoqi Tian"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086024.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_TEM_pictures_and_sedimentation_properties_of_HCl_a_and_b_and_H_2_SO_4_c_and_d_hydrolyzed_SNC_suspensions_after_2_h_and_48_h_/947228", "title"=>"TEM pictures and sedimentation properties of HCl (a and b) and H<sub>2</sub>SO<sub>4</sub> (c and d) hydrolyzed SNC suspensions after 2 h and 48 h.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-02-27 03:53:03"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1401825"], "description"=>"<p>Formation of sulfate esters and adsorption of formic and levulinic acids on the surface of SNC (a: Formation of sulfate ester, b: adsorption of formic and levulinic acids).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["crops", "cereals", "maize", "biotechnology", "Bionanotechnology", "Chemical reactions", "hydrolysis", "Material by attribute", "Nanomaterials", "nanotechnology", "sulfate", "esters", "adsorption", "formic", "levulinic", "acids", "snc"], "article_id"=>947223, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine", "Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benxi Wei", "Xueming Xu", "Zhengyu Jin", "Yaoqi Tian"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086024.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Formation_of_sulfate_esters_and_adsorption_of_formic_and_levulinic_acids_on_the_surface_of_SNC_a_Formation_of_sulfate_ester_b_adsorption_of_formic_and_levulinic_acids_/947223", "title"=>"Formation of sulfate esters and adsorption of formic and levulinic acids on the surface of SNC (a: Formation of sulfate ester, b: adsorption of formic and levulinic acids).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-02-27 03:53:03"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1401826"], "description"=>"<p>Data are represented as the mean ± standard deviation (n = 3).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["crops", "cereals", "maize", "biotechnology", "Bionanotechnology", "Chemical reactions", "hydrolysis", "Material by attribute", "Nanomaterials", "nanotechnology", "suspensions", "ph", "placed", "48"], "article_id"=>947224, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine", "Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benxi Wei", "Xueming Xu", "Zhengyu Jin", "Yaoqi Tian"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086024.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Zeta_potential_of_SNC_H2SO4_7_gray_color_and_SNC_HCl_7_white_color_suspensions_at_pH_6_5_and_10_6_placed_for_2_h_and_48_h_respectively_/947224", "title"=>"Zeta potential of SNC<sub>H2SO4,7</sub> (gray color) and SNC<sub>HCl,7</sub> (white color) suspensions at pH 6.5 and 10.6 placed for 2 h and 48 h, respectively.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-02-27 03:53:03"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1401824"], "description"=>"<p>FT-IR spectra of (a) WMS, (b) SNC<sub>H2SO4,3</sub>, (c) SNC<sub>H2SO4,7</sub>, and (d) SNC<sub>HCl,7</sub>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["crops", "cereals", "maize", "biotechnology", "Bionanotechnology", "Chemical reactions", "hydrolysis", "Material by attribute", "Nanomaterials", "nanotechnology", "spectra"], "article_id"=>947222, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine", "Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benxi Wei", "Xueming Xu", "Zhengyu Jin", "Yaoqi Tian"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086024.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_FT_IR_spectra_of_a_WMS_b_SNC_H2SO4_3_c_SNC_H2SO4_7_and_d_SNC_HCl_7_/947222", "title"=>"FT-IR spectra of (a) WMS, (b) SNC<sub>H2SO4,3</sub>, (c) SNC<sub>H2SO4,7</sub>, and (d) SNC<sub>HCl,7</sub>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-02-27 03:53:03"}
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PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2014-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2014-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[291]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Biochemistry", "average_usage"=>[282]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Physical sciences/Chemistry", "average_usage"=>[262]}]}
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