Ants Use Partner Specific Odors to Learn to Recognize a Mutualistic Partner
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{"title"=>"Ants use partner specific odors to learn to recognize a mutualistic partner", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Masaru K.", "last_name"=>"Hojo", "scopus_author_id"=>"8372360600"}, {"first_name"=>"Ari", "last_name"=>"Yamamoto", "scopus_author_id"=>"56157378800"}, {"first_name"=>"Toshiharu", "last_name"=>"Akino", "scopus_author_id"=>"7007108784"}, {"first_name"=>"Kazuki", "last_name"=>"Tsuji", "scopus_author_id"=>"7402728673"}, {"first_name"=>"Ryohei", "last_name"=>"Yamaoka", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003972326"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84900461243", "sgr"=>"84900461243", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0086054", "pmid"=>"24489690", "pui"=>"373070567"}, "id"=>"18cfd970-ee64-32b7-b8ad-9509b1fb6870", "abstract"=>"Regulation via interspecific communication is an important for the maintenance of many mutualisms. However, mechanisms underlying the evolution of partner communication are poorly understood for many mutualisms. Here we show, in an ant-lycaenid butterfly mutualism, that attendant ants selectively learn to recognize and interact cooperatively with a partner. Workers of the ant Pristomyrmex punctatus learn to associate cuticular hydrocarbons of mutualistic Narathura japonica caterpillars with food rewards and, as a result, are more likely to tend the caterpillars. However, the workers do not learn to associate the cuticular hydrocarbons of caterpillars of a non-ant-associated lycaenid, Lycaena phlaeas, with artificial food rewards. Chemical analysis revealed cuticular hydrocarbon profiles of the mutualistic caterpillars were complex compared with those of non-ant-associated caterpillars. Our results suggest that partner-recognition based on partner-specific chemical signals and cognitive abilities of workers are important mechanisms underlying the evolution and maintenance of mutualism with ants.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/ants-partner-specific-odors-learn-recognize-mutualistic-partner", "reader_count"=>38, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Researcher"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>12, "Student > Master"=>6, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Researcher"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>12, "Student > Master"=>6, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Mathematics"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>28, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Chemistry"=>1, "Computer Science"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>28}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>5}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Denmark"=>1, "South Africa"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1366514"], "description"=>"<p>(A) <i>Narathura japonica</i> hydrocarbons consisted of a mixture of <i>n</i>-alkanes, <i>n</i>-alkenes and <i>n</i>-alkadienes, whereas (B) <i>L. phlaeas</i> hydrocarbons mainly consisted of <i>n</i>-alkanes (see also <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0086054#pone.0086054.s004\" target=\"_blank\">Table S3</a>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Community Ecology", "Species interactions", "Chemical ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Animal behavior", "Behavioral ecology", "Evolutionary ecology", "neuroscience", "Animal cognition", "Behavioral neuroscience", "Neuroethology", "Zoology", "Entomology", "chromatograms", "hexane", "extracts", "mutualistic", "non-ant-associated"], "article_id"=>918102, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Masaru K. Hojo", "Ari Yamamoto", "Toshiharu Akino", "Kazuki Tsuji", "Ryohei Yamaoka"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086054.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>24, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Representative_chromatograms_of_hexane_extracts_of_the_mutualistic_N_japonica_and_non_ant_associated_L_phlaeas_caterpillars_/918102", "title"=>"Representative chromatograms of hexane extracts of the mutualistic <i>N. japonica</i> and non-ant-associated <i>L. phlaeas</i> caterpillars.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-29 03:55:51"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1366522", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1366523", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1366524", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1366525", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1366526", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1366527", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1366528"], "description"=>"<div><p>Regulation via interspecific communication is an important for the maintenance of many mutualisms. However, mechanisms underlying the evolution of partner communication are poorly understood for many mutualisms. Here we show, in an ant-lycaenid butterfly mutualism, that attendant ants selectively learn to recognize and interact cooperatively with a partner. Workers of the ant <i>Pristomyrmex punctatus</i> learn to associate cuticular hydrocarbons of mutualistic <i>Narathura japonica</i> caterpillars with food rewards and, as a result, are more likely to tend the caterpillars. However, the workers do not learn to associate the cuticular hydrocarbons of caterpillars of a non-ant-associated lycaenid, <i>Lycaena phlaeas</i>, with artificial food rewards. Chemical analysis revealed cuticular hydrocarbon profiles of the mutualistic caterpillars were complex compared with those of non-ant-associated caterpillars. Our results suggest that partner-recognition based on partner-specific chemical signals and cognitive abilities of workers are important mechanisms underlying the evolution and maintenance of mutualism with ants.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Community Ecology", "Species interactions", "Chemical ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Animal behavior", "Behavioral ecology", "Evolutionary ecology", "neuroscience", "Animal cognition", "Behavioral neuroscience", "Neuroethology", "Zoology", "Entomology", "odors", "mutualistic"], "article_id"=>918107, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Masaru K. Hojo", "Ari Yamamoto", "Toshiharu Akino", "Kazuki Tsuji", "Ryohei Yamaoka"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086054.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086054.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086054.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086054.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086054.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086054.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086054.s007"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>39, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Ants_Use_Partner_Specific_Odors_to_Learn_to_Recognize_a_Mutualistic_Partner_/918107", "title"=>"Ants Use Partner Specific Odors to Learn to Recognize a Mutualistic Partner", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-01-29 03:55:51"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1366512"], "description"=>"<p>The standard error of the mean is shown. Red and orange circles indicate the experienced and inexperienced treatments in (A-C and F). White and black circles indicate the paired and the unpaired treatments in (E) and (G). The effect of prior exposure to the caterpillar on ant tending behavior toward (A) the cuticular extract, (B) the hydrocarbon (HCs) fraction and (C) the non-HCs fraction. (D) The experimental protocol for each run of associative learning assays. (E) The time spent tending by workers trained with <i>N. japonica</i> cuticular odors paired with artificial secretions compared with that of workers trained with unpaired cuticular odors over 5 trials (n = 20). (F) The effect of prior exposure to caterpillars of <i>L. phlaeas</i> on ant tending behavior. (G) Tending time of workers trained with <i>L. phlaeas</i> cuticular odor paired with artificial secretions and with cuticular odor unpaired with artificial secretions over 5 trials (n = 10).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Community Ecology", "Species interactions", "Chemical ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Animal behavior", "Behavioral ecology", "Evolutionary ecology", "neuroscience", "Animal cognition", "Behavioral neuroscience", "Neuroethology", "Zoology", "Entomology", "hydrocarbons", "workers"], "article_id"=>918100, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Masaru K. Hojo", "Ari Yamamoto", "Toshiharu Akino", "Kazuki Tsuji", "Ryohei Yamaoka"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086054.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Cuticular_hydrocarbons_were_used_by_P_punctatus_workers_to_learn_to_recognize_N_japonica_caterpillars_/918100", "title"=>"Cuticular hydrocarbons were used by <i>P. punctatus</i> workers to learn to recognize <i>N. japonica</i> caterpillars.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-29 03:55:51"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1366510"], "description"=>"<p>The standard error of the mean is shown. Red, orange and green circles indicate experienced, inexperienced and unrewarded treatments respectively. (A, B) Effect of prior exposure to caterpillars on ant tending behavior. (C, D) Effect of prior exposure to reward-less caterpillars on ant tending behavior. (E, F) Effect of prior exposure to the caterpillar on ant tending behavior toward reward-less caterpillars.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Community Ecology", "Species interactions", "Chemical ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Animal behavior", "Behavioral ecology", "Evolutionary ecology", "neuroscience", "Animal cognition", "Behavioral neuroscience", "Neuroethology", "Zoology", "Entomology", "secretions", "caterpillars", "induce", "prolonged", "tending"], "article_id"=>918098, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Masaru K. Hojo", "Ari Yamamoto", "Toshiharu Akino", "Kazuki Tsuji", "Ryohei Yamaoka"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086054.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Prior_exposure_to_secretions_of_N_japonica_caterpillars_induce_prolonged_tending_behavior_by_P_punctatus_workers_/918098", "title"=>"Prior exposure to secretions of <i>N. japonica</i> caterpillars induce prolonged tending behavior by <i>P. punctatus</i> workers.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-29 03:55:51"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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