Parasites in the City: Degree of Urbanization Predicts Poxvirus and Coccidian Infections in House Finches (Haemorhous mexicanus)
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Parasites in the city: Degree of urbanization predicts poxvirus and coccidian infections in house finches (Haemorhous mexicanus)", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Mathieu", "last_name"=>"Giraudeau", "scopus_author_id"=>"16836456900"}, {"first_name"=>"Melanie", "last_name"=>"Mousel", "scopus_author_id"=>"56082252400"}, {"first_name"=>"Stevan", "last_name"=>"Earl", "scopus_author_id"=>"15729376900"}, {"first_name"=>"Kevin", "last_name"=>"McGraw", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004407439"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84896888156", "sgr"=>"84896888156", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0086747", "pmid"=>"24503816", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pui"=>"372510375"}, "id"=>"5bb31b03-4a21-3d2d-ae3b-0a05c3d75b80", "abstract"=>"Background: Urbanization can strongly impact the physiology, behavior, and fitness of animals. Conditions in cities may also promote the transmission and success of animal parasites and pathogens. However, to date, no studies have examined variation in the prevalence or severity of several distinct pathogens/parasites along a gradient of urbanization in animals or if these infections increase physiological stress in urban populations. Methodology/Principal Findings: Here, we measured the prevalence and severity of infection with intestinal coccidians (Isospora sp.) and the canarypox virus (Avipoxvirus) along an urban-to-rural gradient in wild male house finches (Haemorhous mexicanus). In addition, we quantified an important stress indicator in animals (oxidative stress) and several axes of urbanization, including human population density and land-use patterns within a 1 km radius of each trapping site. Prevalence of poxvirus infection and severity of coccidial infection were significantly associated with the degree of urbanization, with an increase of infection in more urban areas. The degrees of infection by the two parasites were not correlated along the urban-rural gradient. Finally, levels of oxidative damage in plasma were not associated with infection or with urbanization metrics. Conclusion/Significance: These results indicate that the physical presence of humans in cities and the associated altered urban landscape characteristics are associated with increased infections with both a virus and a gastrointestinal parasite in this common songbird resident of North American cities. Though we failed to find elevations in urban-or parasite/pathogen-mediated oxidative stress, humans may facilitate infections in these birds via bird feeders (i.e. horizontal disease transmission due to unsanitary surfaces and/or elevations in host population densities) and/or via elevations in other forms of physiological stress (e.g. corticosterone, nutritional).", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/parasites-city-degree-urbanization-predicts-poxvirus-coccidian-infections-house-finches-haemorhous-m", "reader_count"=>99, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>5, "Researcher"=>15, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>29, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>18, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>13, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>5, "Researcher"=>15, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>29, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>18, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>13, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Environmental Science"=>13, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>71, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>3, "Design"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1, "Psychology"=>1, "Computer Science"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Design"=>{"Design"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>3}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>71}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>13}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>2, "United Kingdom"=>1, "France"=>1, "Chile"=>1, "Switzerland"=>2}, "group_count"=>2}

CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84896888156"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84896888156?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84896888156&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84896888156&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84896888156", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84896888156", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84896888156", "dc:title"=>"Parasites in the city: Degree of urbanization predicts poxvirus and coccidian infections in house finches (Haemorhous mexicanus)", "dc:creator"=>"Giraudeau M.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"9", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"2", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2014-02-04", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"4 February 2014", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0086747", "citedby-count"=>"62", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"University of Zurich", "affiliation-city"=>"Zurich", "affiliation-country"=>"Switzerland"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Arizona State University", "affiliation-city"=>"Tempe", "affiliation-country"=>"United States"}], "pubmed-id"=>"24503816", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e86747", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true, "freetoread"=>{"value"=>[{"$"=>"all"}, {"$"=>"publisherfullgold"}, {"$"=>"repository"}, {"$"=>"repositoryvor"}, {"$"=>"repositoryam"}]}, "freetoreadLabel"=>{"value"=>[{"$"=>"All Open Access"}, {"$"=>"Gold"}, {"$"=>"Green"}]}}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0086747", "share_count"=>1, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>1}

Journal Comments | Further Information

Twitter

Counter

  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"130", "xml_views"=>"9", "html_views"=>"1332"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"32", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"297"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"262"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"240"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"226"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"158"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"93"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"91"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"47"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"98"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"82"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"88"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"118"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"71"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"62"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"64"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"75"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"74"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"80"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"61"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"57"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"69"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"32"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"104"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"159"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"185"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"28", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"380"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"237"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"236"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"245"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"242"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"215"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"217"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"225"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"189"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"222"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"176"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"233"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"203"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"138"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"53"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"53"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"82"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"73"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"53"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"47"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"44"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"64"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"33"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"55"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"108"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"79"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"91"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"96"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"76"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"85"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"28", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"77"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"111"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"98"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"78"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"77"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"102"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"113"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"33", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"92"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"121"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2021", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"153"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2021", "pdf_views"=>"33", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"181"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2021", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"35"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1375668"], "description"=>"*<p>Number of birds trapped and studied for our measurements of coccidian parasites, avian pox, and oxidative damage respectively.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Ecological metrics", "Evolutionary biology", "immunology", "microbiology", "Host-pathogen interaction", "Parasitology", "Zoology", "Ornithology", "Infectious diseases", "Zoonoses", "Veterinary diseases", "Veterinary parasitology", "sites", "studied", "finches", "maricopa"], "article_id"=>925744, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Mathieu Giraudeau", "Melanie Mousel", "Stevan Earl", "Kevin McGraw"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086747.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Characteristics_of_the_sites_at_which_we_studied_house_finches_in_Maricopa_County_USA_/925744", "title"=>"Characteristics of the sites at which we studied house finches in Maricopa County, USA.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-02-04 03:48:25"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1375666"], "description"=>"<p>Prevalence and severity of infection increase in more human populated areas with less land covered by natural habitat.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Ecological metrics", "Evolutionary biology", "immunology", "microbiology", "Host-pathogen interaction", "Parasitology", "Zoology", "Ornithology", "Infectious diseases", "Zoonoses", "Veterinary diseases", "Veterinary parasitology", "urbanization", "metric", "1-km", "radius", "prevalence", "severity", "coccidian", "parasites"], "article_id"=>925742, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Mathieu Giraudeau", "Melanie Mousel", "Stevan Earl", "Kevin McGraw"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086747.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>20, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Relationships_between_an_urbanization_metric_PC1_measured_within_a_1_km_radius_around_each_trapping_site_and_the_A_prevalence_and_B_severity_of_infection_by_coccidian_parasites_177_SE_in_male_house_finches_/925742", "title"=>"Relationships between an urbanization metric (PC1) measured within a 1-km radius around each trapping site and the (A) prevalence and (B) severity of infection by coccidian parasites (±SE) in male house finches.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-02-04 03:48:25"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1375667"], "description"=>"<p>Relationship between an urbanization metric (PC1) measured within the 1-km radius around each trapping site and the prevalence with which house finches were infected by the canary poxvirus.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Ecological metrics", "Evolutionary biology", "immunology", "microbiology", "Host-pathogen interaction", "Parasitology", "Zoology", "Ornithology", "Infectious diseases", "Zoonoses", "Veterinary diseases", "Veterinary parasitology", "urbanization", "metric", "1-km", "radius", "prevalence", "finches", "infected", "canary"], "article_id"=>925743, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Mathieu Giraudeau", "Melanie Mousel", "Stevan Earl", "Kevin McGraw"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086747.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>23, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Relationship_between_an_urbanization_metric_PC1_measured_within_the_1_km_radius_around_each_trapping_site_and_the_prevalence_with_which_house_finches_were_infected_by_the_canary_poxvirus_/925743", "title"=>"Relationship between an urbanization metric (PC1) measured within the 1-km radius around each trapping site and the prevalence with which house finches were infected by the canary poxvirus.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-02-04 03:48:25"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"37", "full-text"=>"38", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"35", "full-text"=>"43", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"42", "full-text"=>"41", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"55", "full-text"=>"63", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"51", "full-text"=>"60", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"47", "full-text"=>"51", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"41", "full-text"=>"42", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"83", "full-text"=>"89", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"37", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"52", "full-text"=>"55", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"64", "full-text"=>"75", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"70", "full-text"=>"88", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"67", "full-text"=>"75", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"54", "full-text"=>"62", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"34", "full-text"=>"39", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"35", "full-text"=>"36", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"50", "full-text"=>"56", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"42", "full-text"=>"43", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"36", "full-text"=>"40", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"51", "full-text"=>"52", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2021", "month"=>"1"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2014-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2014-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Zoology", "average_usage"=>[329]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Pathology and laboratory medicine", "average_usage"=>[287]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts