Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation of Right Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex Does Not Affect Model-Based or Model-Free Reinforcement Learning in Humans
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{"title"=>"Transcranial direct current stimulation of right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex does not affect model-based or model-free reinforcement learning in humans", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Peter", "last_name"=>"Smittenaar", "scopus_author_id"=>"23571230500"}, {"first_name"=>"George", "last_name"=>"Prichard", "scopus_author_id"=>"56150382100"}, {"first_name"=>"Thomas H.B.", "last_name"=>"FitzGerald", "scopus_author_id"=>"26767602100"}, {"first_name"=>"Joern", "last_name"=>"Diedrichsen", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004095280"}, {"first_name"=>"Raymond J.", "last_name"=>"Dolan", "scopus_author_id"=>"55027467100"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84899826677", "sgr"=>"84899826677", "pui"=>"373023191", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0086850"}, "id"=>"7cf43ebc-894c-3f42-973b-2fe32ec42750", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-right-dorsolateral-prefrontal-cortex-not-affect-modelbased-m", "reader_count"=>1, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}}, "group_count"=>0}

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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1360706"], "description"=>"<p>Participants showed a pattern of stay probabilities characteristic of hybrid model-based/model-free control (cf. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0086850#pone-0086850-g001\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 1B</a>) during both Sham and Active stimulation of dlPFC. Error bars indicate SEM.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "Cognitive neuroscience", "cognition", "Decision making", "working memory", "neurophysiology", "Central nervous system", "Behavioral neuroscience", "Learning and memory", "neuroimaging", "neurology", "psychology", "Cognitive psychology", "learning", "probabilities"], "article_id"=>913321, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Peter Smittenaar", "George Prichard", "Thomas H. B. FitzGerald", "Joern Diedrichsen", "Raymond J. Dolan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086850.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Stay_probabilities_as_a_function_of_reward_and_transition_on_previous_trial_/913321", "title"=>"Stay probabilities as a function of reward and transition on previous trial.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-24 03:32:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1360707"], "description"=>"<p>We estimated the dependence of a choice at trial <i>t</i> on reward and transition events in trials t-1 up to t-3. These regression coefficients can be interpreted as model-based and model-free influences on choice, and larger coefficients indicate a stronger influence over choice. Firstly, all regression coefficients in the plot are significantly larger than zero, suggesting that model-based and model-free systems did not just rely on events on the previous trial but rather on events as far as 3 trials in the past. We did not observe any difference between Active and Sham conditions. Error bars indicate SEM.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "Cognitive neuroscience", "cognition", "Decision making", "working memory", "neurophysiology", "Central nervous system", "Behavioral neuroscience", "Learning and memory", "neuroimaging", "neurology", "psychology", "Cognitive psychology", "learning", "model-free", "influences"], "article_id"=>913322, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Peter Smittenaar", "George Prichard", "Thomas H. B. FitzGerald", "Joern Diedrichsen", "Raymond J. Dolan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086850.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Model_based_and_model_free_influences_on_choice_/913322", "title"=>"Model-based and model-free influences on choice.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-24 03:32:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1360709"], "description"=>"<p>We estimated statistical power in our study based on effect size estimates taken from the published literature. We could then compute the power in our study based on 22 participants and a false positive rate of 0.05 (two-sided alpha). Assuming any true effect of tDCS would have a similar magnitude as the studies shown in the figure, the current study had a power of 50–80%.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "Cognitive neuroscience", "cognition", "Decision making", "working memory", "neurophysiology", "Central nervous system", "Behavioral neuroscience", "Learning and memory", "neuroimaging", "neurology", "psychology", "Cognitive psychology", "learning"], "article_id"=>913324, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Peter Smittenaar", "George Prichard", "Thomas H. B. FitzGerald", "Joern Diedrichsen", "Raymond J. Dolan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086850.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>21, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Statistical_power_to_detect_true_effects_/913324", "title"=>"Statistical power to detect true effects.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-24 03:32:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1360710"], "description"=>"<p>MF = model-free; MB = model-based; SE = standard error. Lag denotes the effect of time. Bold-face indicates p<.05 uncorrected for multiple comparisons.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "Cognitive neuroscience", "cognition", "Decision making", "working memory", "neurophysiology", "Central nervous system", "Behavioral neuroscience", "Learning and memory", "neuroimaging", "neurology", "psychology", "Cognitive psychology", "learning", "null", "contains", "mb", "mf", "regressors", "sham", "stimulation"], "article_id"=>913325, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Peter Smittenaar", "George Prichard", "Thomas H. B. FitzGerald", "Joern Diedrichsen", "Raymond J. Dolan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086850.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Regressors_in_the_null_model_which_contains_the_same_MB_and_MF_regressors_for_the_Active_and_Sham_stimulation_conditions_/913325", "title"=>"Regressors in the null model which contains the same MB and MF regressors for the Active and Sham stimulation conditions.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-01-24 03:32:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1360711"], "description"=>"<p>MF = model-free; MB = model-based; SE = standard error; χ<sup>2</sup> = chi-square distribution; df = degrees of freedom; Lag denotes the effect of time. Bold-face indicates p<.05 uncorrected for multiple comparisons.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "Cognitive neuroscience", "cognition", "Decision making", "working memory", "neurophysiology", "Central nervous system", "Behavioral neuroscience", "Learning and memory", "neuroimaging", "neurology", "psychology", "Cognitive psychology", "learning", "performed"], "article_id"=>913326, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Peter Smittenaar", "George Prichard", "Thomas H. B. FitzGerald", "Joern Diedrichsen", "Raymond J. Dolan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086850.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Contrasts_performed_on_the_full_model_/913326", "title"=>"Contrasts performed on the full model.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-01-24 03:32:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1360712"], "description"=>"<p>MF = model-free; MB = model-based; SE = standard error. Lag denotes the effect of time. Bold-face indicates p<.05 uncorrected for multiple comparisons.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "Cognitive neuroscience", "cognition", "Decision making", "working memory", "neurophysiology", "Central nervous system", "Behavioral neuroscience", "Learning and memory", "neuroimaging", "neurology", "psychology", "Cognitive psychology", "learning", "first-stage"], "article_id"=>913327, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Peter Smittenaar", "George Prichard", "Thomas H. B. FitzGerald", "Joern Diedrichsen", "Raymond J. Dolan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086850.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Regressors_in_the_full_model_for_first_stage_choices_/913327", "title"=>"Regressors in the full model for first-stage choices.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-01-24 03:32:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1360713"], "description"=>"<p>The second column refers to the number of regressors in the hierarchical regression at the individual subject level (cf. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0086850#pone-0086850-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a> and <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0086850#pone-0086850-t003\" target=\"_blank\">3</a>).</p><p>BIC: Bayesian Information Criterion; AIC: Akaike’s Information Criterion.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "Cognitive neuroscience", "cognition", "Decision making", "working memory", "neurophysiology", "Central nervous system", "Behavioral neuroscience", "Learning and memory", "neuroimaging", "neurology", "psychology", "Cognitive psychology", "learning", "null", "model-based", "model-free", "regressors", "stimulation", "tdcs", "shows", "plausible"], "article_id"=>913328, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Peter Smittenaar", "George Prichard", "Thomas H. B. FitzGerald", "Joern Diedrichsen", "Raymond J. Dolan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086850.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Model_comparison_between_a_null_model_one_set_of_model_based_and_model_free_regressors_for_both_stimulation_conditions_and_more_complex_models_that_allow_for_an_effect_of_tDCS_on_model_based_control_model_free_control_or_both_which_shows_the_null_model_i/913328", "title"=>"Model comparison between a null model (one set of model-based and model-free regressors for both stimulation conditions) and more complex models that allow for an effect of tDCS on model-based control, model-free control, or both, which shows the null model is significantly more plausible than any of the models that allow for an effect of tDCS on behavioral control.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-01-24 03:32:52"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"18", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2014-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2014-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[291]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Neuroscience", "average_usage"=>[289]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Anatomy", "average_usage"=>[266]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Physiology", "average_usage"=>[278]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Surgical and invasive medical procedures", "average_usage"=>[248, 388]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Physical sciences", "average_usage"=>[271]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Physical sciences/Mathematics", "average_usage"=>[286]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences", "average_usage"=>[318]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences/Psychology", "average_usage"=>[314, 476]}]}
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