Temporal Constraints of Behavioral Inhibition: Relevance of Inter-stimulus Interval in a Go-Nogo Task
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{"title"=>"Temporal constraints of behavioral inhibition: Relevance of inter-stimulus interval in a go-nogo task", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Francisco", "last_name"=>"Zamorano", "scopus_author_id"=>"36130783400"}, {"first_name"=>"Pablo", "last_name"=>"Billeke", "scopus_author_id"=>"8229414600"}, {"first_name"=>"José M.", "last_name"=>"Hurtado", "scopus_author_id"=>"57200926367"}, {"first_name"=>"Vladimir", "last_name"=>"López", "scopus_author_id"=>"55663085700"}, {"first_name"=>"Ximena", "last_name"=>"Carrasco", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506512123"}, {"first_name"=>"Tomás", "last_name"=>"Ossandón", "scopus_author_id"=>"55978015500"}, {"first_name"=>"Francisco", "last_name"=>"Aboitiz", "scopus_author_id"=>"56279089200"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84896368763", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0087232", "sgr"=>"84896368763", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "pmid"=>"24489875", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"373059935"}, "id"=>"993be1de-4313-3e25-a222-b2d401118c8d", "abstract"=>"The capacity to inhibit prepotent and automatic responses is crucial for proper cognitive and social development, and inhibitory impairments have been considered to be key for some neuropsychiatric conditions. One of the most used paradigms to analyze inhibitory processes is the Go-Nogo task (GNG). This task has been widely used in psychophysical and cognitive EEG studies, and more recently in paradigms using fMRI. However, a technical limitation is that the time resolution of fMRI is poorer than that of the EEG technique. In order to compensate for these temporal constraints, it has become common practice in the fMRI field to use longer inter-stimulus intervals (ISI) than those used in EEG protocols. Despite the noticeable temporal differences between these two techniques, it is currently assumed that both approaches assess similar inhibitory processes. We performed an EEG study using a GNG task with both short ISI (fast-condition, FC, as in EEG protocols) and long ISI (slow-condition, SC, as in fMRI protocols). We found that in the FC there was a stronger Nogo-N2 effect than in the SC. Moreover, in the FC, but not in the SC, the number of preceding Go trials correlated positively with the Nogo-P3 amplitude and with the Go trial reaction time; and negatively with commission errors. In addition, we found significant topographical differences for the Go-P3 elicited in FC and SC, which is interpreted in terms of different neurotransmitter dynamics. Taken together, our results provide evidence that frequency of stimulus presentation in the GNG task strongly modulates the behavioral response and the evoked EEG activity. Therefore, it is likely that short-ISI EEG protocols and long-ISI fMRI protocols do not assess equivalent inhibitory processes.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/temporal-constraints-behavioral-inhibition-relevance-interstimulus-interval-gonogo-task", "reader_count"=>32, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>8, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>8, "Student > Bachelor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>8, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>8, "Student > Bachelor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>6, "Neuroscience"=>7, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Psychology"=>11, "Social Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>7}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>11}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>6}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>1, "France"=>1, "Chile"=>1}, "group_count"=>3}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1365975"], "description"=>"<p>A. ERP difference between Nogo and Go trials (Nogo Effect) in FC (blue line) and SC (orange line), measured at FCz electrode. B, C. ERPs elicited by Nogo stimuli when 1,3,5, or 7 Go trials preceded a Nogo trial, in the FC (B) and in the SC (C), measured at FCz electrode. D, E. ERPs elicited by the 1st, 3th, 5th, or 7th consecutive Go stimuli, in the FC (D) and in the SC (E). A–D. The gray bar indicates regions of statistical significance (p<0.05, cluster based permutation test).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "neuroimaging", "fmri", "Diagnostic medicine", "Clinical neurophysiology", "electroencephalography", "psychology", "behavior", "Cognitive psychology", "Experimental psychology", "Psychometrics", "Sociology", "nogo", "trials", "classified", "preceding"], "article_id"=>917677, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Francisco Zamorano", "Pablo Billeke", "José M. Hurtado", "Vladimir Lopez", "Ximena Carrasco", "Tomás Ossandón", "Francisco Aboitiz"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0087232.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_ERP_results_for_Go_and_Nogo_trials_classified_by_preceding_Go_trials_/917677", "title"=>"ERP results for Go and Nogo trials classified by preceding Go trials.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-29 03:19:57"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1365974"], "description"=>"<p>A. ERP for Nogo and Go trials in FC (blue line) and SC (orange line), measured at FCz electrode. B. Topographic distributions of Nogo-N2, Nogo-P3, Go-N2 and Go-P3 for FC (first raw) and SC (second raw). Statistical differences between FC and SC topographies are depicted in the third row.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "neuroimaging", "fmri", "Diagnostic medicine", "Clinical neurophysiology", "electroencephalography", "psychology", "behavior", "Cognitive psychology", "Experimental psychology", "Psychometrics", "Sociology", "nogo"], "article_id"=>917676, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Francisco Zamorano", "Pablo Billeke", "José M. Hurtado", "Vladimir Lopez", "Ximena Carrasco", "Tomás Ossandón", "Francisco Aboitiz"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0087232.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_ERP_results_for_all_Go_and_Nogo_trials_/917676", "title"=>"ERP results for all Go and Nogo trials.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-29 03:19:57"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1365977"], "description"=>"<div><p>The capacity to inhibit prepotent and automatic responses is crucial for proper cognitive and social development, and inhibitory impairments have been considered to be key for some neuropsychiatric conditions. One of the most used paradigms to analyze inhibitory processes is the Go-Nogo task (GNG). This task has been widely used in psychophysical and cognitive EEG studies, and more recently in paradigms using fMRI. However, a technical limitation is that the time resolution of fMRI is poorer than that of the EEG technique. In order to compensate for these temporal constraints, it has become common practice in the fMRI field to use longer inter-stimulus intervals (ISI) than those used in EEG protocols. Despite the noticeable temporal differences between these two techniques, it is currently assumed that both approaches assess similar inhibitory processes. We performed an EEG study using a GNG task with both short ISI (fast-condition, FC, as in EEG protocols) and long ISI (slow-condition, SC, as in fMRI protocols). We found that in the FC there was a stronger Nogo-N2 effect than in the SC. Moreover, in the FC, but not in the SC, the number of preceding Go trials correlated positively with the Nogo-P3 amplitude and with the Go trial reaction time; and negatively with commission errors. In addition, we found significant topographical differences for the Go-P3 elicited in FC and SC, which is interpreted in terms of different neurotransmitter dynamics. Taken together, our results provide evidence that frequency of stimulus presentation in the GNG task strongly modulates the behavioral response and the evoked EEG activity. Therefore, it is likely that short-ISI EEG protocols and long-ISI fMRI protocols do not assess equivalent inhibitory processes.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "neuroimaging", "fmri", "Diagnostic medicine", "Clinical neurophysiology", "electroencephalography", "psychology", "behavior", "Cognitive psychology", "Experimental psychology", "Psychometrics", "Sociology", "constraints", "relevance", "inter-stimulus", "go-nogo"], "article_id"=>917679, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Francisco Zamorano", "Pablo Billeke", "José M. Hurtado", "Vladimir Lopez", "Ximena Carrasco", "Tomás Ossandón", "Francisco Aboitiz"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0087232", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>100, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Temporal_Constraints_of_Behavioral_Inhibition_Relevance_of_Inter_stimulus_Interval_in_a_Go_Nogo_Task_/917679", "title"=>"Temporal Constraints of Behavioral Inhibition: Relevance of Inter-stimulus Interval in a Go-Nogo Task", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-29 03:19:57"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1365976"], "description"=>"<p>Spearman partial correlation analysis for FC and SC. Solid color lines indicate significant correlation coefficients between variables (blue for FC and orange for SC).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "neuroimaging", "fmri", "Diagnostic medicine", "Clinical neurophysiology", "electroencephalography", "psychology", "behavior", "Cognitive psychology", "Experimental psychology", "Psychometrics", "Sociology", "fc", "lines", "coefficients", "variables"], "article_id"=>917678, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Francisco Zamorano", "Pablo Billeke", "José M. Hurtado", "Vladimir Lopez", "Ximena Carrasco", "Tomás Ossandón", "Francisco Aboitiz"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0087232.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Spearman_partial_correlation_analysis_for_FC_and_SC_Solid_color_lines_indicate_significant_correlation_coefficients_between_variables_blue_for_FC_and_orange_for_SC_/917678", "title"=>"Spearman partial correlation analysis for FC and SC. Solid color lines indicate significant correlation coefficients between variables (blue for FC and orange for SC).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-29 03:19:57"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1365973"], "description"=>"<p>A. Density distribution for reaction times to Go trials in FC (blue), and SC (orange). The bar below represents regions where the distributions are significantly different (blue, FC > SC; orange, SC >FC; p<0.05, Bonferroni corrected). B. Go trial reaction times classified by the number of consecutive Go trials that preceded a Nogo trial (1,3,5 and 7) for FC (blue) and SC (orange). C. Correlation coefficients (Rho) between Go trials that preceded a Nogo trial and the respective Go trial reaction time, calculated per each subject and condition. D. Nogo trial errors classified by the number of consecutive Go trials that preceded a Nogo trial (1,3,5 and 7) for FC (blue) and SC (orange). E. Correlation coefficients (Rho) between Nogo trial errors and number of Go trials that preceded a Nogo trial, calculated per each subject and condition. B, D. Boxes represent the interquartile range and the whiskers the most extreme data points. C, E. Error bar represent the 95% confidence interval by bootstrapping distributions.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "neuroimaging", "fmri", "Diagnostic medicine", "Clinical neurophysiology", "electroencephalography", "psychology", "behavior", "Cognitive psychology", "Experimental psychology", "Psychometrics", "Sociology"], "article_id"=>917675, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Francisco Zamorano", "Pablo Billeke", "José M. Hurtado", "Vladimir Lopez", "Ximena Carrasco", "Tomás Ossandón", "Francisco Aboitiz"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0087232.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Behavioral_results_/917675", "title"=>"Behavioral results.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-29 03:19:57"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1365972"], "description"=>"<p>Schematic representation of the task A. Representation of ISI differences between FC and SC. B.- Diagram of sequences used for stimulus presentation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "neuroimaging", "fmri", "Diagnostic medicine", "Clinical neurophysiology", "electroencephalography", "psychology", "behavior", "Cognitive psychology", "Experimental psychology", "Psychometrics", "Sociology", "isi", "differences", "fc", "diagram", "sequences"], "article_id"=>917674, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Francisco Zamorano", "Pablo Billeke", "José M. Hurtado", "Vladimir Lopez", "Ximena Carrasco", "Tomás Ossandón", "Francisco Aboitiz"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0087232.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Schematic_representation_of_the_task_A_Representation_of_ISI_differences_between_FC_and_SC_B_Diagram_of_sequences_used_for_stimulus_presentation_/917674", "title"=>"Schematic representation of the task A. Representation of ISI differences between FC and SC. B.- Diagram of sequences used for stimulus presentation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-29 03:19:57"}

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