Alternatives to Conventional Evaluation of Rideability in Horse Performance Tests: Suitability of Rein Tension and Behavioural Parameters
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{"title"=>"Alternatives to conventional evaluation of rideability in horse performance tests: Suitability of rein tension and behavioural parameters", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Uta", "last_name"=>"König Von Borstel", "scopus_author_id"=>"38361824400"}, {"first_name"=>"Chantal", "last_name"=>"Glißman", "scopus_author_id"=>"56154486200"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84900314736", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0087285", "pui"=>"373059944", "pmid"=>"24489890", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84900314736", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"8f986863-9525-39bd-b564-d310e9c24837", "abstract"=>"Rideability, i.e. the ease and comfort with which a horse can be ridden, is considered to be one of the most important traits in riding horses. However, at present rideability is evaluated rather subjectively in breeding horse performance tests. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the role horse behaviour as well as degree and quality of rein tension might play in judges' evaluation of horses' rideability. Mares (n=33) and stallions (n=13) from two different mare- and one stallion-testing station were observed twice during their performance test dressage training. During these rides, rein tension was measured continuously, and frequency of behaviour patterns such as head-tossing, tail swishing, and snorting was recorded. Rein tension parameters showed reasonable repeatabilities within horse-rider pairs (e.g. mean rein tension: r(2)=0.61 ± 0.11; variance of rein tension: r(2)=0.52 ± 0.14). Regression analysis revealed that a larger proportion of variance in rideability scores could be explained by maximum (17%), mean (16%) and variance (15%) of rein tension compared to horses' or riders' behavioural parameters (tail-swishing: 5% and rider's use of hands: 5%, respectively). According to mixed model analysis, rideability scores dropped (all P<0.05) with increasing mean, maximum and variability in rein tension (e.g. -0.37 ± 0.14 scores per additional 10 Newton in mean tension). However, mean rein tension differed between testing stations (P<0.0001) ranging between 9.1 ± 1.6 N in one station and 21.7 ± 1.3 N in another station. These results indicate that quantity and consistency of rein tension is either directly or indirectly an important factor for judges to derive rideability scores. Given the importance of rein tension parameters to both rider comfort and horse welfare, potentially, measurements of rein tension along with behaviour observations assessing the quality of rein contact (e.g. distinguishing a light contact from attempts to evade contact) might be used to make the assessment of rideability more impartial.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/alternatives-conventional-evaluation-rideability-horse-performance-tests-suitability-rein-tension-be", "reader_count"=>45, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>6, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>6, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>20, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>5, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>10, "Sports and Recreations"=>3, "Psychology"=>1, "Computer Science"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>5}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>3}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>20}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>10}}, "group_count"=>1}

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Figshare

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