Characterisation of Host Growth after Infection with a Broad-Range Freshwater Cyanopodophage
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{"title"=>"Characterisation of host growth after infection with a broad-range freshwater cyanopodophage", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Siobhan C.", "last_name"=>"Watkins", "scopus_author_id"=>"56797484400"}, {"first_name"=>"James R.", "last_name"=>"Smith", "scopus_author_id"=>"35280857900"}, {"first_name"=>"Paul K.", "last_name"=>"Hayes", "scopus_author_id"=>"55426058200"}, {"first_name"=>"Joy E.M.", "last_name"=>"Watts", "scopus_author_id"=>"23494158800"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"373070234", "sgr"=>"84900403587", "issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"24489900", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84900403587", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0087339"}, "id"=>"43c8e7d2-fdb9-335e-b49b-30f786edd2e6", "abstract"=>"Freshwater cyanophages are poorly characterised in comparison to their marine counterparts, however, the level of genetic diversity that exists in freshwater cyanophage communities is likely to exceed that found in marine environments, due to the habitat heterogeneity within freshwater systems. Many cyanophages are specialists, infecting a single host species or strain; however, some are less fastidious and infect a number of different host genotypes within the same species or even hosts from different genera. Few instances of host growth characterisation after infection by broad host-range phages have been described. Here we provide an initial characterisation of interactions between a cyanophage isolated from a freshwater fishing lake in the south of England and its hosts. Designated ΦMHI42, the phage is able to infect isolates from two genera of freshwater cyanobacteria, Planktothrix and Microcystis. Transmission Electron Microscopy and Atomic Force Microscopy indicate that ΦMHI42 is a member of the Podoviridae, albeit with a larger than expected capsid. The kinetics of host growth after infection with ΦMHI42 differed across host genera, species and strains in a way that was not related to the growth rate of the uninfected host. To our knowledge, this is the first characterisation of the growth of cyanobacteria in the presence of a broad host-range freshwater cyanophage.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/characterisation-host-growth-after-infection-broadrange-freshwater-cyanopodophage", "reader_count"=>34, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>8, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>10, "Student > Master"=>7, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>8, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>10, "Student > Master"=>7, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Engineering"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>3, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>4, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>22, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>22}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>4}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>3}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Switzerland"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1366247"], "description"=>"<p>A shows a single phage, similar in morphology to the family <i>Podoviridae</i>. B shows a single phage among associated cell debris, the presence of a viral capsid confirms size and morphology of the structures observed in A. Repeating units on the capsid are highlighted with arrows.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "biodiversity", "Bioindicators", "Freshwater ecology", "microbiology", "Virology", "Viral transmission and infection", "Host cells", "Viral classification", "Viral evolution", "Viral persistence and latency", "Viral structure", "bacteriology", "microbial ecology", "viewed", "magnification", "tem"], "article_id"=>917889, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Siobhan C. Watkins", "James R. Smith", "Paul K. Hayes", "Joy E. M. Watts"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0087339.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_966_MHI42_viewed_at_high_magnification_using_A_TEM_and_B_AFM_/917889", "title"=>"φMHI42 viewed at high magnification using: A. TEM and B. AFM.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-29 03:42:33"}
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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1366249"], "description"=>"<p>Error bars represent standard deviation. Growth rates were assessed for significant difference with the ANOVA test and differences separated with a Bonferroni corrected t-test.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "biodiversity", "Bioindicators", "Freshwater ecology", "microbiology", "Virology", "Viral transmission and infection", "Host cells", "Viral classification", "Viral evolution", "Viral persistence and latency", "Viral structure", "bacteriology", "microbial ecology", "replicates", "cultures", "infected", "137", "9316"], "article_id"=>917891, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Siobhan C. Watkins", "James R. Smith", "Paul K. Hayes", "Joy E. M. Watts"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0087339.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Statistical_analysis_based_on_mean_r_values_for_replicates_cultures_of_each_host_strain_infected_by_MHI42_M_aeruginosa_BC84_1_A_M_aeruginosa_1450_8_B_Planktothrix_agardhii_137_C_Planktothrix_rubescens_9316_D_/917891", "title"=>"Statistical analysis based on mean r values for replicates cultures of each host strain infected by ΦMHI42 - <i>M. aeruginosa</i> BC84/1 (A), <i>M. aeruginosa</i> 1450/8 (B), <i>Planktothrix agardhii</i> 137 (C), <i>Planktothrix rubescens</i> 9316 (D).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-29 03:42:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1366250"], "description"=>"_", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "biodiversity", "Bioindicators", "Freshwater ecology", "microbiology", "Virology", "Viral transmission and infection", "Host cells", "Viral classification", "Viral evolution", "Viral persistence and latency", "Viral structure", "bacteriology", "microbial ecology", "sets", "primer", "pcr"], "article_id"=>917892, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Siobhan C. Watkins", "James R. Smith", "Paul K. Hayes", "Joy E. M. Watts"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0087339.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Primer_sets_used_in_this_study_Primer_sequence_and_PCR_conditions_are_provided_in_the_references_/917892", "title"=>"Primer sets used in this study. Primer sequence and PCR conditions are provided in the references.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-01-29 03:42:33"}

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