On the Variability of the Dmanisi Mandibles
Publication Date
February 20, 2014
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
José María Bermúdez De Castro, María Martinón Torres, Mark Jan Sier & Laura Martín Francés
Volume
9
Issue
2
Pages
e88212
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088212
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0088212
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24586309
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3930530
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/24586309
Web of Science
000331714700009
Scopus
84895861734
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/variability-dmanisi-mandibles
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"On the variability of the dmanisi mandibles", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"José María", "last_name"=>"Bermúdez De Castro", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003670066"}, {"first_name"=>"María", "last_name"=>"Martinón-Torres", "scopus_author_id"=>"6505967345"}, {"first_name"=>"Mark Jan", "last_name"=>"Sier", "scopus_author_id"=>"35491570000"}, {"first_name"=>"Laura", "last_name"=>"Martín-Francés", "scopus_author_id"=>"51763866100"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84895861734", "sgr"=>"84895861734", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"24586309", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0088212", "pui"=>"372566211"}, "id"=>"30944e85-77c7-3bde-8628-caf59041a4e9", "abstract"=>"The description of a new skull (D4500) from the Dmanisi site (Republic of Georgia) has reopened the debate about the morphological variability within the genus Homo. The new skull fits with a mandible (D2600) often referred as 'big' or 'enigmatic' because of its differences with the other Dmanisi mandibles (D211 and D2735). In this report we present a comparative study of the variability of the Dmanisi mandibles under a different perspective, as we focus in morphological aspects related to growth and development. We have followed the notion of modularity and phenotypic integration in order to understand the architectural differences observed within the sample. Our study reveals remarkable shape differences between D2600 and the other two mandibles, that are established early in the ontogeny (during childhood or even before) and that do not depend on size or sexual dimorphism. In addition, D2600 exhibits a mosaic of primitive and derived features regarding the Homo clade, which is absent in D211 and D2735. This mosaic expression is related to the location of the features and can be explained under the concept of modularity. Our study would support the possibility of two different paleodemes represented at the Dmanisi site. This hypothesis has been previously rejected on the basis that all the individuals were constrained in the same stratigraphic and taphonomic settings. However, our revision of the complex Dmanisi stratigraphy suggests that the accumulation could cover an undetermined period of time. Even if \"short\" in geological terms, the hominin accumulation was not necessarily synchronic. In the same line we discard that the differences between D2600 and the small mandibles are consequence of wear-related dentoalveolar remodeling. In addition, dental wear pattern of D2600 could suggest an adaptation to a different ecological niche than the other Dmanisi individuals.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/variability-dmanisi-mandibles", "reader_count"=>65, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>17, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>11, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Professor"=>6}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>17, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>11, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Professor"=>6}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Engineering"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>2, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>14, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Arts and Humanities"=>17, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>12, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>8, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>2}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>12}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>8}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>14}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>5}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>2}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>17}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>1, "Netherlands"=>1, "United States"=>2, "Denmark"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1392796"], "description"=>"<p>On top the D 2600 mandible (a), also referred as the “big mandible”, and below the D2735 mandible (b). Photo courtesy of D. Lordkipanidze.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Musculoskeletal system", "bone", "developmental biology", "Evolutionary developmental biology", "ecology", "Evolutionary ecology", "paleoecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Paleontology", "paleobiology", "Vertebrate paleontology", "dmanisi"], "article_id"=>939970, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["José María Bermúdez de Castro", "María Martinón-Torres", "Mark Jan Sier", "Laura Martín-Francés"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088212.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Lateral_view_of_two_Dmanisi_mandibles_/939970", "title"=>"Lateral view of two Dmanisi mandibles.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-02-20 03:22:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1392797"], "description"=>"<p>Adult individuals composed by D2600 and D4500 (red) and D3900 and D3444 (green) are found in layer B1y. The adolescent individual composed by D2700 and D2735 (red) is recovered from B1x. A third adult individual is found at level B1z (red). Figure combined and modified from <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0088212#pone-0088212-g001\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 1b</a> of Lordkipanidze et al. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0088212#pone.0088212-Lordkipanidze3\" target=\"_blank\">[9]</a> and Figure S1–lower- from Lordkipanidze et al. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0088212#pone.0088212-Lordkipanidze4\" target=\"_blank\">[11]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Musculoskeletal system", "bone", "developmental biology", "Evolutionary developmental biology", "ecology", "Evolutionary ecology", "paleoecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Paleontology", "paleobiology", "Vertebrate paleontology", "stratigraphic", "hominin", "remains", "recovered"], "article_id"=>939971, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["José María Bermúdez de Castro", "María Martinón-Torres", "Mark Jan Sier", "Laura Martín-Francés"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088212.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Projected_stratigraphic_location_of_the_main_hominin_remains_recovered_from_Block_2_/939971", "title"=>"Projected stratigraphic location of the main hominin remains recovered from Block 2.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-02-20 03:22:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1392798"], "description"=>"<p>Note the forward position of the anterior marginal tubercles at the level of the canines, the large canine eminences, and the clear mental protuberance.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Musculoskeletal system", "bone", "developmental biology", "Evolutionary developmental biology", "ecology", "Evolutionary ecology", "paleoecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Paleontology", "paleobiology", "Vertebrate paleontology"], "article_id"=>939972, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["José María Bermúdez de Castro", "María Martinón-Torres", "Mark Jan Sier", "Laura Martín-Francés"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088212.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Anterior_view_of_D2600_/939972", "title"=>"Anterior view of D2600.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-02-20 03:22:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1392799"], "description"=>"<p>Note how the internal alveolar border, at the level of the mandibular tuberosity, turns buccalwards just behind the M3, as well as the small size of the retromolar area in D2735 (a) in relation to D2600 (b). The different spatial relationship between the corpus and ramus in the two mandibles has an influence on the breadth of the corpus at both the lateral protuberance level and the extramolar sulcus.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Musculoskeletal system", "bone", "developmental biology", "Evolutionary developmental biology", "ecology", "Evolutionary ecology", "paleoecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Paleontology", "paleobiology", "Vertebrate paleontology", "distal", "2735"], "article_id"=>939973, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["José María Bermúdez de Castro", "María Martinón-Torres", "Mark Jan Sier", "Laura Martín-Francés"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088212.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Scheme_of_the_distal_part_of_the_corpus_of_D_2735_and_D_2600_/939973", "title"=>"Scheme of the distal part of the <i>corpus</i> of D 2735 and D 2600.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-02-20 03:22:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1392800"], "description"=>"<p>Note that the ramus is wholly aligned with the corpus in D2600 (left) and displaced backwards, whereas in D2735 (right) the ramus deviates strongly buccalwards (see the text for more details). White bar: 2 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Musculoskeletal system", "bone", "developmental biology", "Evolutionary developmental biology", "ecology", "Evolutionary ecology", "paleoecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Paleontology", "paleobiology", "Vertebrate paleontology", "spatial", "corpus", "ramus", "d2600"], "article_id"=>939974, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["José María Bermúdez de Castro", "María Martinón-Torres", "Mark Jan Sier", "Laura Martín-Francés"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088212.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>19, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Detail_of_the_spatial_relationship_between_the_corpus_and_ramus_in_D2600_and_D2735_/939974", "title"=>"Detail of the spatial relationship between the corpus and ramus in D2600 and D2735.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-02-20 03:22:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1392801"], "description"=>"<p>Note the molarized root bifurcation of the left P3.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Musculoskeletal system", "bone", "developmental biology", "Evolutionary developmental biology", "ecology", "Evolutionary ecology", "paleoecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Paleontology", "paleobiology", "Vertebrate paleontology"], "article_id"=>939975, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["José María Bermúdez de Castro", "María Martinón-Torres", "Mark Jan Sier", "Laura Martín-Francés"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088212.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Detail_of_the_left_side_of_D2600_/939975", "title"=>"Detail of the left side of D2600.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-02-20 03:22:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1392802"], "description"=>"<p>Traits 1 to 7 are common to D211, D2735 and D2600. However, traits 8 to 14 are derived in D2600.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Musculoskeletal system", "bone", "developmental biology", "Evolutionary developmental biology", "ecology", "Evolutionary ecology", "paleoecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Paleontology", "paleobiology", "Vertebrate paleontology", "primitive", "mandibular", "clade", "considered"], "article_id"=>939976, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["José María Bermúdez de Castro", "María Martinón-Torres", "Mark Jan Sier", "Laura Martín-Francés"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088212.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Summary_of_the_primitive_mandibular_features_in_the_Homo_clade_considered_in_this_report_/939976", "title"=>"Summary of the primitive mandibular features in the <i>Homo</i> clade considered in this report.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-02-20 03:22:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1392803"], "description"=>"<p>No taxonomical attributions are assumed in this table.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Musculoskeletal system", "bone", "developmental biology", "Evolutionary developmental biology", "ecology", "Evolutionary ecology", "paleoecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Paleontology", "paleobiology", "Vertebrate paleontology", "included"], "article_id"=>939977, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["José María Bermúdez de Castro", "María Martinón-Torres", "Mark Jan Sier", "Laura Martín-Francés"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088212.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparative_sample_included_in_this_study_originals_and_high_quality_casts_/939977", "title"=>"Comparative sample included in this study (originals and high quality casts)*.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-02-20 03:22:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1392804"], "description"=>"<p>This angle measures the spatial relationship between the corpus and ramus. The Atapuerca-SH sample includes the mandibles of individuals I, IV, VI, XII, XIX, XXI, XXII, and XXIII.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Musculoskeletal system", "bone", "developmental biology", "Evolutionary developmental biology", "ecology", "Evolutionary ecology", "paleoecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Paleontology", "paleobiology", "Vertebrate paleontology", "formed", "alveolar", "corpus", "prolongation"], "article_id"=>939978, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["José María Bermúdez de Castro", "María Martinón-Torres", "Mark Jan Sier", "Laura Martín-Francés"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088212.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Measurement_of_the_angle_formed_between_the_internal_alveolar_border_of_the_corpus_and_its_prolongation_in_the_internal_border_of_the_ramus_/939978", "title"=>"Measurement of the angle formed between the internal alveolar border of the corpus and its prolongation in the internal border of the ramus.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-02-20 03:22:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1392805"], "description"=>"<p>List of mandibular morphological features considered in this study.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Musculoskeletal system", "bone", "developmental biology", "Evolutionary developmental biology", "ecology", "Evolutionary ecology", "paleoecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Paleontology", "paleobiology", "Vertebrate paleontology", "mandibular", "morphological", "considered"], "article_id"=>939979, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["José María Bermúdez de Castro", "María Martinón-Torres", "Mark Jan Sier", "Laura Martín-Francés"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088212.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_List_of_mandibular_morphological_features_considered_in_this_study_/939979", "title"=>"List of mandibular morphological features considered in this study.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-02-20 03:22:13"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"50", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"25", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
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Relative Metric

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