Impact of Mental and Physical Stress on Blood Pressure and Pulse Pressure under Normobaric versus Hypoxic Conditions
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{"title"=>"Impact of Mental and Physical Stress on Blood Pressure and Pulse Pressure under Normobaric versus Hypoxic Conditions", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Michael", "last_name"=>"Trapp"}, {"first_name"=>"Eva-Maria", "last_name"=>"Trapp"}, {"first_name"=>"Josef W.", "last_name"=>"Egger"}, {"first_name"=>"Wolfgang", "last_name"=>"Domej"}, {"first_name"=>"Giuseppe", "last_name"=>"Schillaci"}, {"first_name"=>"Alexander", "last_name"=>"Avian"}, {"first_name"=>"Peter M.", "last_name"=>"Rohrer"}, {"first_name"=>"Nina", "last_name"=>"Hörlesberger"}, {"first_name"=>"Dieter", "last_name"=>"Magometschnigg"}, {"first_name"=>"Mila", "last_name"=>"Cervar-Zivkovic"}, {"first_name"=>"Peter", "last_name"=>"Komericki"}, {"first_name"=>"Rosemarie", "last_name"=>"Velik"}, {"first_name"=>"Johannes", "last_name"=>"Baulmann"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0089005", "issn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"24817135"}, "id"=>"c8cfc469-1ced-3576-bfd3-b545a69f3c7a", "abstract"=>"OBJECTIVE: Hypobaric hypoxia, physical and psychosocial stress may influence key cardiovascular parameters including blood pressure (BP) and pulse pressure (PP). We investigated the effects of mild hypobaric hypoxia exposure on BP and PP reactivity to mental and physical stress and to passive elevation by cable car. METHODS: 36 healthy volunteers participated in a defined test procedure consisting of a period of rest 1, mental stress task (KLT-R), period of rest 2, combined mental (KLT-R) and physical task (bicycle ergometry) and a last period of rest both at Graz, Austria (353 m asl) and at the top station Dachstein (2700 m asl). Beat-to-beat heart rate and BP were analysed both during the test procedures at Graz and at Dachstein and during passive 1000 m elevation by cable car (from 1702 m to 2700 m). RESULTS: A significant interaction of kind of stress (mental vs. combined mental and physical) and study location (Graz vs. Dachstein) was found in the systolic BP (p = .007) and PP (p = .002) changes indicating that during the combined mental and physical stress task sBP was significantly higher under hypoxic conditions whereas sBP and PP were similar during mental stress both under normobaric normoxia (Graz) and under hypobaric hypoxia (Dachstein). During the passive ascent in cable car less trivialization (psychological coping strategy) was associated with an increase in PP (p = .004). CONCLUSION: Our data show that combined mental and physical stress causes a significant higher raise in sBP and PP under hypoxic conditions whereas isolated mental stress did not affect sBP and PP under hypoxic conditions. PP-reaction to ascent in healthy subjects is not uniform. BP reactions to ascent that represents an accumulation of physical (mild hypobaric hypoxia) and psychological stressors depend on predetermined psychological traits (stress coping strategies). Thus divergent cardiovascular reactions can be explained by applying the multidimensional aspects of the biopsychosocial concept.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/impact-mental-physical-stress-blood-pressure-pulse-pressure-under-normobaric-versus-hypoxic-conditio", "reader_count"=>35, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>6, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Other"=>4, "Student > Master"=>12, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>6, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Other"=>4, "Student > Master"=>12, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>5, "Unspecified"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>2, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>10, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3, "Sports and Recreations"=>2, "Psychology"=>8, "Social Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>5}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>10}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>8}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>2}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>1}, "group_count"=>9}

Scopus | Further Information

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