Mixed Grazing Systems Benefit both Upland Biodiversity and Livestock Production
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Mixed grazing systems benefit both upland biodiversity and livestock production", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Mariecia D.", "last_name"=>"Fraser", "scopus_author_id"=>"55665399200"}, {"first_name"=>"Jon M.", "last_name"=>"Moorby", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004913966"}, {"first_name"=>"James E.", "last_name"=>"Vale", "scopus_author_id"=>"7103059946"}, {"first_name"=>"Darren M.", "last_name"=>"Evans", "scopus_author_id"=>"8069736900"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0089054", "sgr"=>"84895752802", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"372545374", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"24551216", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84895752802"}, "id"=>"aa5b8d4a-7182-369e-9bbd-eb9b22bd000d", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: With world food demand expected to double by 2050, identifying farming systems that benefit both agricultural production and biodiversity is a fundamentally important challenge for the 21(st) century, but this has to be achieved in a sustainable way. Livestock grazing management directly influences both economic outputs and biodiversity on upland farms while contributing to potentially damaging greenhouse gas emissions, yet no study has attempted to address these impacts simultaneously. METHODS: Using a replicated, landscape-scale field experiment consisting of five management 'systems' we tested the effects of progressively altering elements within an upland farming system, viz i) incorporating cattle grazing into an upland sheep system, ii) integrating grazing of semi-natural rough grazing into a mixed grazing system based on improved pasture, iii) altering the stocking ratio within a mixed grazing system, and iv) replacing modern crossbred cattle with a traditional breed. We quantified the impacts on livestock productivity and numbers of birds and butterflies over four years. RESULTS CONCLUSION AND SIGNIFICANCE: We found that management systems incorporating mixed grazing with cattle improve livestock productivity and reduce methane emissions relative to sheep only systems. Systems that also included semi-natural rough grazing consistently supported more species of birds and butterflies, and it was possible to incorporate bouts of summer grazing of these pastures by cattle to meet habitat management prescriptions without compromising cattle performance overall. We found no evidence that the system incorporating a cattle breed popular as a conservation grazer was any better for bird and butterfly species richness than those based on a mainstream breed, yet methane emissions from such a system were predicted to be higher. We have demonstrated that mixed upland grazing systems not only improve livestock production, but also benefit biodiversity, suggesting a 'win-win' solution for farmers and conservationists.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/mixed-grazing-systems-benefit-both-upland-biodiversity-livestock-production", "reader_count"=>65, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>14, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>10, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Student > Master"=>14, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>9, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>14, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>10, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Student > Master"=>14, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>9, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>1, "Unspecified"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>16, "Materials Science"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>41, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>2, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Materials Science"=>{"Materials Science"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>41}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>16}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>1, "Brazil"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>2}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84895752802"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84895752802?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84895752802&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84895752802&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84895752802", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84895752802", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84895752802", "dc:title"=>"Mixed grazing systems benefit both upland biodiversity and livestock production", "dc:creator"=>"Fraser M.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"9", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"2", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2014-02-13", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"13 February 2014", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0089054", "citedby-count"=>"26", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Institute of Biological, Environmental and Rural Sciences", "affiliation-city"=>"Aberystwyth", "affiliation-country"=>"United Kingdom"}], "pubmed-id"=>"24551216", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e89054", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0089054", "share_count"=>0, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>0}

Twitter

Counter

  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"86", "xml_views"=>"20", "html_views"=>"489"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"30", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"199"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"32", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"161"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"140"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"108"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"70"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"53"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"93"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"137"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"87"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"77"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"102"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"59"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"77"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"70"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"128"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"82"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"33", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"351"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"115"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"83"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"89"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"62"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"74"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"55"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"37"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"70"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"57"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"62"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"52"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"112"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"95"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"145"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"241"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"142"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"93"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"166"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"129"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"188"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"185"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"124"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"89"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"43", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"53"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"45"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"30", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"27"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"50"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"30", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"76"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"84"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"63"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"82"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"84"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"55"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"55"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"84"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"61"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"72"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"66"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"91"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"95"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"72"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"80"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"61"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"59", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"66"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"30"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1386276", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1386277"], "description"=>"<div><p>Background</p><p>With world food demand expected to double by 2050, identifying farming systems that benefit both agricultural production and biodiversity is a fundamentally important challenge for the 21<sup>st</sup> century, but this has to be achieved in a sustainable way. Livestock grazing management directly influences both economic outputs and biodiversity on upland farms while contributing to potentially damaging greenhouse gas emissions, yet no study has attempted to address these impacts simultaneously.</p><p>Methods</p><p>Using a replicated, landscape-scale field experiment consisting of five management ‘systems’ we tested the effects of progressively altering elements within an upland farming system, viz i) incorporating cattle grazing into an upland sheep system, ii) integrating grazing of semi-natural rough grazing into a mixed grazing system based on improved pasture, iii) altering the stocking ratio within a mixed grazing system, and iv) replacing modern crossbred cattle with a traditional breed. We quantified the impacts on livestock productivity and numbers of birds and butterflies over four years.</p><p>Results, Conclusion and Significance</p><p>We found that management systems incorporating mixed grazing with cattle improve livestock productivity and reduce methane emissions relative to sheep only systems. Systems that also included semi-natural rough grazing consistently supported more species of birds and butterflies, and it was possible to incorporate bouts of summer grazing of these pastures by cattle to meet habitat management prescriptions without compromising cattle performance overall. We found no evidence that the system incorporating a cattle breed popular as a conservation grazer was any better for bird and butterfly species richness than those based on a mainstream breed, yet methane emissions from such a system were predicted to be higher. We have demonstrated that mixed upland grazing systems not only improve livestock production, but also benefit biodiversity, suggesting a ‘win-win’ solution for farmers and conservationists.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Agroecology", "Animal management", "Animal nutrition", "Animal performance", "Animal production", "Sustainable agriculture", "ecology", "Community Ecology", "Physiological ecology", "Population ecology", "Terrestrial ecology", "Population biology", "geochemistry", "Carbon cycle", "grazing", "systems", "upland", "biodiversity", "livestock"], "article_id"=>934904, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine", "Chemistry"], "users"=>["Mariecia D. Fraser", "Jon M. Moorby", "James E. Vale", "Darren M. Evans"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0089054.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0089054.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>9, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mixed_Grazing_Systems_Benefit_both_Upland_Biodiversity_and_Livestock_Production_/934904", "title"=>"Mixed Grazing Systems Benefit both Upland Biodiversity and Livestock Production", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-02-13 03:28:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1386273"], "description"=>"<p>See <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0089054#pone-0089054-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a> for legend information. Butterfly surveys were conducted between May – September each year. Bird values are based on surveys between April – March each year (see text for details). Note: values for 2008 based on surveys between April – November 2008 only.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Agroecology", "Animal management", "Animal nutrition", "Animal performance", "Animal production", "Sustainable agriculture", "ecology", "Community Ecology", "Physiological ecology", "Population ecology", "Terrestrial ecology", "Population biology", "geochemistry", "Carbon cycle", "farmland", "richness"], "article_id"=>934901, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine", "Chemistry"], "users"=>["Mariecia D. Fraser", "Jon M. Moorby", "James E. Vale", "Darren M. Evans"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0089054.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Effects_of_farmland_management_system_on_A_bird_and_B_butterfly_species_richness_177_1_SD_2005_8211_08_/934901", "title"=>"Effects of farmland management system on A) bird and B) butterfly species richness (±1 SD) 2005–08.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-02-13 03:28:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1386274"], "description"=>"<p>Where S = management system, Y = year.</p><p>S PP = sheep only grazing permanent pasture; S/C6L PP = sheep and Limousin cross cattle grazing permanent pasture at a ratio of 6∶1; S/C6L SN = sheep and Limousin cross cattle grazing permanent pasture at a ratio of 6∶1 with cattle removed to semi-natural vegetation for 10 weeks; S/C12L SN = sheep and Limousin cross cattle grazing permanent pasture at a ratio of 12∶1 with cattle removed to semi-natural vegetation for 10 weeks; and S/C6BG SN = sheep and Belted Galloway cattle grazing permanent pasture at a ratio of 6∶1 with cattle removed to semi-natural vegetation for 10 weeks.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Agroecology", "Animal management", "Animal nutrition", "Animal performance", "Animal production", "Sustainable agriculture", "ecology", "Community Ecology", "Physiological ecology", "Population ecology", "Terrestrial ecology", "Population biology", "geochemistry", "Carbon cycle", "upland", "farming", "livestock"], "article_id"=>934902, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine", "Chemistry"], "users"=>["Mariecia D. Fraser", "Jon M. Moorby", "James E. Vale", "Darren M. Evans"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0089054.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Effects_of_upland_farming_system_on_livestock_output_/934902", "title"=>"Effects of upland farming system on livestock output.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-02-13 03:28:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1386275"], "description"=>"<p>Values are for the entire summer grazing period unless otherwise stated. For treatment details see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0089054#pone-0089054-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a>.</p><p>Where S = management system, Y = year.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Agroecology", "Animal management", "Animal nutrition", "Animal performance", "Animal production", "Sustainable agriculture", "ecology", "Community Ecology", "Physiological ecology", "Population ecology", "Terrestrial ecology", "Population biology", "geochemistry", "Carbon cycle", "upland", "farming", "enteric", "methane", "emissions", "turnout", "april", "weaning", "semi-natural", "grazing", "pasture", "pp"], "article_id"=>934903, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine", "Chemistry"], "users"=>["Mariecia D. Fraser", "Jon M. Moorby", "James E. Vale", "Darren M. Evans"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0089054.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Effects_of_upland_farming_system_on_estimated_enteric_methane_emissions_of_cattle_and_sheep_where_pre_weaning_8202_8202_from_turnout_in_April_to_weaning_in_July_post_weaning_8202_8202_from_weaning_to_the_end_of_September_early_summer_8202_8202_from_turno/934903", "title"=>"Effects of upland farming system on estimated enteric methane emissions of cattle and sheep (where pre-weaning = from turnout in April to weaning in July; post weaning = from weaning to the end of September; early summer = from turnout onto semi-natural rough grazing (SNRG) to return to permanent pasture (PP); late summer = from return to PP until removal for weaning and housing at the beginning of October).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-02-13 03:28:23"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"14", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"43", "full-text"=>"49", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"33", "full-text"=>"38", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"32", "full-text"=>"34", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"35", "full-text"=>"51", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"38", "full-text"=>"40", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"35", "full-text"=>"40", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"38", "full-text"=>"43", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"40", "full-text"=>"45", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"40", "full-text"=>"42", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"32", "full-text"=>"34", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"37", "full-text"=>"38", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"45", "full-text"=>"49", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"50", "full-text"=>"60", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"36", "full-text"=>"36", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"36", "full-text"=>"33", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"47", "full-text"=>"50", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"42", "full-text"=>"44", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"63", "full-text"=>"66", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"40", "full-text"=>"41", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"58", "full-text"=>"59", "pdf"=>"9", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"57", "full-text"=>"73", "pdf"=>"9", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"58", "full-text"=>"72", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"64", "full-text"=>"81", "pdf"=>"16", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"8"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2014-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2014-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Organisms", "average_usage"=>[310]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Zoology", "average_usage"=>[329]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences", "average_usage"=>[320]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences/Habitats", "average_usage"=>[348, 516]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Physical sciences/Chemistry", "average_usage"=>[262]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts